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Fulton County in the World War 



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GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00724 6140 



FULTON COUNTY, .,^v£. 



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WORLD 


WAR 


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Reviewed Under the ^Direction and Censorship of the 

FULTON COUNTY 
COUNCIL of DEFENSE 



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Edited by 

HAROLD VAN TRUMP 



* Honor to Whom Honor is Due 



1480986 
PREFACE 



DO 



As Chairman of the County Council of Defense, it is a privilege 
for me to dedicate this volume as a permanent record of the splendid 
co-operation of the people of Futton county in the winning of the 
world war. To the boy^ who answered their country's call, and to 
the men, w^omen and children at home who stood solidly behind them 
in every effort tending to bring the great struggle to a victorious con- 



ERROR 

Through an error the Rochester Township Council of Defense, which 
did effective work all through the war, was omitted from its proper place on 
page 47. The personnel of the organization was as follows: Chairman, Milton 
Smiley; Mrs. Charles Emmons, Secretary; Vice-Chairmen-Northeast Section, 
Benjamin F. Carr; Northwest Section, Warren Gohn; Southeast Section, 
George Tohey: Southwest Section. A. J. Haimbaugh. 






upon Fulton county's war record. The omissions are due to modes- 
ty, indifference and other causes wholly beyond the control of the 
compilers of the history. Every efifort was made and a great amount 
of time consumed in order to give proper recognition for all service, 
but the knowledge remains that the history is, at best, only a partial 
chronicle of the patriotism of Fulton county. However, as such it 
is a record of loyalty and devotion worth preserving and cherishing. 

WILLIAM H. DENISTON, 

Chairman County Council of Defense. 



1480986 
PREFACE 



DD 



As Chairman of the County Council of Defense, it is a privilege 
for me to dedicate this volume as a permanent record of the splendid 
co-operation of the people of Futton county in the winning of the 
world war. To the boy^ who answered their country's call, and to 
the men, women and children at home who stood solidly behind them 
in every effort tending to bring the great struggle to a victorious con- 
clusion, the record of Fulton county is one in which we can all take 
just pride. 

By reason of my work as head of the County Council of Defense, 
none know better than I of the loyal, patriotic spirit of the people of 
Fulton county which manifested itself in unselfish devotion to the 
common cause. No work was too ardurous, no hours too long, no 
personal sacrifice too great, but that among our people were found 
more volunteers for service than could be assigned to work. The 
county stood as a cohesive mass behind the government, ready to 
carry out, without question, every order from our leaders. We can 
all take pride in the fact that Fulton county was known far and near 
as one of the best organized counties in the state, and that it answer- 
ed every call, of every nature, promptly and efficiently. 

This spendid record of our people deserves to be preserved in 
permanent form that it may be handed down from generation to gen- 
eration, not only as a record of a duty well performed, but as an in- 
spiration to those who follow us. For this very reason, it is a mat- 
ter of sincere regret that this history is not as complete as it should 
be. Many names are omitted from the following pages which have 
a proper place there. Among them are soldiers who served in for^ 
eign fields, men and women who gave unselfishly of time and money. 
It must not be intimated that those whose names were omitted were 
disployal or undeserving of recognition, because there was no blot 
upon Fulton county's war record. The omissions are due to modes- 
ty, indifference and other causes wholly beyond the control of the 
compilers of the history. Every effort was made and a great amount 
of time consumed in order to give proper recognition for all service, 
but the knowledge remains that the history is, at best, only a partial 
chronicle of the patriotism of Fulton county. However, as such it 
is a record of loyalty and devotion worth preserving and cherishing. 

WILLIAM H. DENISTON, 
Chairman Countv Council of Defense. 



THE WORLD WAR 






That the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the throne 
of Austria-Hungary, and his morganatic wife at Sarajevo, in Bosnia, 
June 28th, 1914, was an event which would vitally affect the daily 
life of every citizen of Fulton county would have seemed preposter- 
ous had such a prediction been made when this news was flashed 
around the world on that memorable day. 

That the fanatical youth who slew the royal pair should involve 
the whole world in war and bring death to over five million men ; 
that his act should have to do with the peace and prosperity of Ful- 
ton county; that it should take the best of our young men from the 
fields, the stores, the factories, and send them beyond the seas to 
fight and die, if need be; that it should have to do with the food we 
ate, the clothes we wore, the money we spent or saved; that it 
should mobilize the thought and energy of practically every mind 
in Fulton county and bring us to stand united in a single purpose, 
was wholly unbelievable when the newspapers carried the story of 
his crime. 

The death of the Archduke Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 was the 
beginning of the war so far as dates go. Yet, plans for the war 
on the part of Germany had been made many years in advance of 
this date by extensive preparation employing men, money and 
science in a mad dream of world domination. The assassination was 
only the spark which started the general conflagration. 

For a time it appeared that the assasination of the royal couple 
would pass as an incident common to Europe. So far as outward 
manifestations were concerned the matter had almost dropped from 
the minds of average men and women when, on the 23rd of July, the 
Austrian government delivered to Servia an ultimatum which prac- 
tically deprived that country of its sovereignty and put Austrian of- 
ficials in charge of its aft'airs. Forty-eight hours was given for an 
answer and at the end of that period Austria, backed by Germany, be- 
gan the bombardment of Belgrade. 

The war had started. 

Peace-loving men and nations made every endeavor to avert war, 
but all over Europe the mobilization of armies began. On August 

9 



10 THE WORLD WAR 

1st, Germany formally declared war on Russia upon the pretext that 
the mobilization of the Russian army was a menace to Germany. Au- 
tomatically France became involved as a part of the Triple Entente- 
England, France and Russia. England, utterly unprepared for war 
except at sea and with a people strongly wedded to peaceful pursuits, 
made every effort to avert war. The determination of Germany to 
attack France, by striking through the neutral territories of Belgium 
and the Duchy of Luxemburg on August 2nd, 1914, brought vigor- 
ous protests from Great Britain. The Germans followed by making 
formal request to King Albert of Belgium for permission to move 
troops through his territory, and offered guarantees of protection of 
life and property. The reply, "Belgium is a nation, not a highway," 
stamped King Albert as one of the most courageous figures of the 
war and marked the entry of Belgium into the struggle. A day later 
German troops entered Belgium, and as the invasion continued evi- 
dence of the complete lawlessness and total depravity of the German 
troops and the German high command became so convincing that 
those who hoped and prayed that peace might still be maintained 
gave up that hope and faced the stern reality of war. August 4th, 
the German army of the Meuse, the very flower of the perfectly equip- 
ped, highly efficient German army came into conflict with the Bel- 
gian forces, and on the same date Great Britain formally declared 
war on Germany. In the German Reichstag, Minister von Jagow 
said : "We are now in a state of necessity and necessity knows no 
law. We are compelled to override the just protests of the Luxem- 
burg and Belgian governments. The wrong — I speak openly — that 
we are committing we will endeavor to make good as soon as our 
military goal is reached." And later in a personal letter to Presi- 
dent Wilson, transmitted through Ambassador Gergard, Kaiser Wil- 
liam declared that "Belgian neutrality had to be violated by Germany 
of stragetic grounds, news having been received that France was al- 
ready preparing to enter Belgium." But the untruth of this 
statement is proven from the fact that when the German army 
came rushing through Belgium, the French army was facing the 
Germany frontier and it took days for them to reach the point of at- 
tack. Thus Germany disregarded the treaty of 1839, and reaffirmed 
in 1870, by which Great Britain, Russia and Prussia — the German 
Empire not having been in existence at that time — agreed to defend 
the neutrality of Belgium. This treaty was the one which was after- 
ward contemptously referred to as a "scrap of paper" by the German 
Emperor. Following the invasion of Belgium, the whole of Europe 
faced the fact that war was inevitable and Germany and Austria were 



FIRST BATTLE OF THE MARNE 11 

faced by France, Great Britain, Russia, Serbia and Japan. The num- 
erical superirity of the allied countries and the vast resources of men 
and money made it appear as an unequal contest with the odds favor- 
ing the allies, but against this apparent advantage was the most per- 
fect war machine in the history of the world — a huge standing army, 
drilled to perfection and an accumulation of munitions such as the 
world had never seen before. 

At the outset of the war the task of stopping the German tide 
fell mostly upon France and Belgium. England, like the United 
States, had never believed in a large standing army, and its 150,000 
men in arms were scattered over the various British possessions all 
over the world. She at once began recruiting men, and in eight 
months General Kitchener had 750,000 men equipped and ready for 
service. The Belgian Army of 100,000 men attempted to hold the 
200,000 Germans who demanded free passage into France. The great 
German howitzers, litterally smashed their way into Belgium, proved 
the utter uselessness of forts and demonstrated that the war was to 
be fought under new rules. In every town and village in Belgium, 
atrocities were practiced which, at the outset of the war, were unbe- 
lievable. Stories of the murder of innocent civilians, of the destruc- 
tion of private property, the maiming of little children and wholesale 
crimes against women, were received with skepticism all over the 
civilized world, but subsequent proof of the guilt of the invaders left 
no room for doubt and showed that a well defined plan of "terrorism" 
was to be a part of German warfare. 

On Thursday, August 10th, the German army had massed in 
heavy numbers before Namur, where the English and French await- 
ed their attack, confident that they could hold their position by reas- 
on pf their stragetic position at the junction of the Meuse and Sambre 
rivers and the strength of the Namur forts. The British forces num- 
bered approximately 70,000 men under Gen John French and Gen- 
eral Jofifre had approximately 120,000 French soldiers in his command. 
But the Germans With 700,000 men and powerful long range guns, 
pounded the Namur forts into powder and surged on relentlessly. 
The allied forces, surprised by the numbers of the German army and 
the superiority of their field guns, broke in retreat and for a time it 
appeared the retreat would become a rout, but the skill of the allied 
commanders saved the day and an orderly retreat was engineered 
which demanded the maximum toll of German lives for a minimum 
loss to the Allied forces. On August 21st a fierce German assault 
drove the allies back to Mauberge. On the 22nd the British lines 
were just inside the Belgian boundary at Mons. A week later they 



12 THE WORLD WAR 

were at LaFere, only eight-five miles from Paris. At Rheims, the 
famous cathedral became a target for the German howitzers and the 
French lost the town, 410 guns and 12,000 men. The Army of the 
Crown Prince was advancing through Luxembourg, menacing Paris 
from that direction. Germany was wild with joy and it appeared 
that nothing could stop the successful advance on Paris. 

September 1st, the Germans crossed the Marne into France, and 
the famous battle of the Marne began and lasted until the 9th, when 
the German line was pierced and the German retreat began. The 
forces engaged in this gigantic battle are said to have numbered near- 
ly two-and-a-half million men, a million-and-a-half of allied troops 
' pitted against a million of the Kaiser's fighters. The numerical 
strength of the allies was nullified to a certain extent from the fact 
that a large part of the forces were men of peaceful pursuits and of but 
little military training, while the Germany army was made up of sea- 
soned soldiers equipped with better munitions of war. By the 11th 
the entire Germany army was in retreat, and the Von Kluck com- 
mand at the extreme right was threatened with complete oblitera- 
tion. Whole regiments were cut ofif and captured, cannon and 
munitions were left on the field, and only the remarkable strategy of 
the German commander enabled him to bring the torn remnants of 
this army back in safety. The battle of the Marne marked the first 
check in the German advance and, ended the prospect of "Christmas 
dinner in Paris" for the Germany Army. 

By September 12th, 1914, the battle of the Marne became the 
battle of the Ainse. The German retreat hand stopped, and here en- 
sued fighting which ranged along a front from Lille to Nancy and 
lasted for eighteen months. Towns and villages were taken and re- 
taken, shelled and reshelled until historic edifices became but piles of 
broken brick and mortar. The front seemed to be dead-locked, but 
never did the fighting cease. All Belgium, except 35 square miles in 
the extreme corner, was in German hands. Poison gas became an 
instrument of warfare in German hands. Ypres twice became a bat- 
tle ground, and in the second defense the Canadian troops fighting 
under the British flag, showed a courage which made the new world 
proud. Hundreds of thousands of men were sacrificed in attack, and 
counter attack along the western battle line without appreciable re- 
sults. 



Fighting in the East 






The overwhelming ferocity of the attack of Belgium and France 
centered public attention on the western front and made important 
events of the war in the east seem of comparatively small importance. 
The apparent intention of the German war lords to strike France 
quickly and decisively in the hope of taking Paris, and to give at- 
tention to the war in the east after triumphing over France, left only 
three army corps for the defense of East Prussia and Galicia. The 
Czar's forces were striking the eastern border of Prussia almost im- 
mediately following the declaration of war. A Russian army of 
three-quarters of a million men was in possession of East Prussia 
the small German army was hardly a stumbling block to their ad- 
vance. To stop this advance it became necessary for Germany to 
withdraw men from Belgium and France for the defense of her own 
territory. 

General Von Hindenburg with a force of 350,000 men was 
placed in command of the eastern army and within a week had stop- 
ped the Russian army's advance. This feat was accomplished, 
against heavy odds, by taking advantage of Von Hindenburg's inti- 
mate knowledge and study, from a military point of view, of the 
Masurian Lake district. It illustrates too, the boasted German efifici- 
ency and the complete preparation for war. The Masurian Lake dis- 
trict was a region of bogy, marshy lands. What appeared to be solid 
ground changed into sink holes when heavy traffic attempted to cross 
it. The Germans had built narrow roads through these marshes and 
liad mapped and studied the physical aspects of the territory as a 
means of defense in case of invasion. It was natural, therefore, that 
Von Hindenburg's small army should make a stand in this territory 
and await the onrush of the larger body of victorious Russians. A 
portion of the Russian forces were caught in this trap and it is esti- 
mated that near a hundred thousand men lost their lives in this quag- 
mire, together with immense stores and munitions, and almost an 
equal number were captured. By October 1st the whole eastern 
front had been cleared of the Russians and a large part of the Ger- 
man forces could again be used in France. The superior strategy of 
the German commanders enabled them, with a comparatively small 

13 



14 THE WORLD WAR 

force of German and Austrian soldiers to invade Russian territory and 
the world watched with wonder the continued retreat of the stronger 
Russian army, until it was learned that Russia's small supply of 
muntions was practically exhausted and that treachery on the part 
Russian officials was sending food and munitions through the Rus- 
sian lines into Germany. 

It was months before the armies of the Czar were again suitably 
equipped for war and in the meantime the Germans had pushed on 
until Warsaw was threatened. On October 4th a force of more than 
half a million Germans and Austrians were at the very door of War- 
saw where the Grand Duke Nicholas with an army of approximately 
a million men, met the enemy, and drove them back into Germany 
again encroaching upon German territory in East Prussia and Galicia. 
The Russians had come back and turned victory for the Germans 
into disaster. A long, bitter struggle for Warasw ensued with loss- 
es exceeding a million men, killed and captured, by the contending 
armies, and ended in August 1915 with the evacuation of Warsaw. 

The fall of Warsaw started the third Russian retreat and again 
East Prussia was sept clear of the invaders. On June 1st, 1916, the 
Russian army, a million and a half strong, swept forward again for 
an attack upon the Germans. The line of battle extended from Riga 
on the Baltic sea to Czera now within Austria-Hungary. The success 
of the Russians along the southern end of the line, where they were 
fighting the Austrians, was overwhelming and it appeared that Rus- 
sia was again to be the decisive factor, in winning an allied victory. 
Czernowith, Dubno and Lutsk had been taken and a quarter of a 
million prisoners, and great stores of supplies, had been passed back 
through the Czar's lines. .In the north, Kuropatkin was pushing back 
Von Plindenburg as succesfully as Brussilov was operating in the 
south. The Austrian losses in men and supplies had been enormous. 
There was talk of Austria-Hungary suing for a separate peace. 

In spite of the success of her arms, the bravery of the Russian 
soldiery and the competence of most of the officers, it was soon ap- 
parent that the dash and vim had gone from the Russian attack. The 
slightest set-back was followed by long spells of inactivity. The 
most trivial defeat was followed by a retreat. Interest in the ac- 
complishment of the Russian arms turned to the government and 
politicians. Stories of treachery and German influence gained prom- 
inence. The assasination of Rasputin, a monk who had gained an 
influence over the royal household, followed and was credited to those 
who endeavored to check the pro-German tendencies of the ruling 
classes. The force of the great Russian army was being crippled 



TURKEY ENTERS WAR 15 

and made ineffective by treachery in high places. German intrigue 
and German propaganda was turning an effective weapon of warfare 
into a harmless mob. Russian and German soldiers fraternized in 
the trenches. 

As the war progressed Germany's strength became apparent. 
The unity of purpose, the careful working out of a long-thought-out 
plan revealed the Kaiser's dream of world empire and "Mittel Euro- 
pa" as a Teutonic nation. The object of the Kaiser's friendliness to 
Turkey, of the German training of the "young Turks" in military 
matters became obvious when Turkish troops, commanded by German 
of^cers entered the war. The Turks brought an effective fighting 
force of a million men to the Teutonic allies. Another addition of 
600,000 fighters came when Bulgaria, in October 1915, went over to 
the Germans. Greece became a bone of contention between the war- 
ring factions. King Constance was pro-German, but the Prime Min- 
ister Venizelos had sufficient hold on the people to elect a cabinet 
favorable to the allied cause and give the Allies the use of her rail- 
ways, telegraph lines and harbors. The king became an exile from 
his own capital and abdicated in favor of his son Alexander. The 
Grecian port of Saloniki became the headquarters of the French and 
English armies in Greece and in course of time more than 300,000 
men were gathered here and rushed into Macedonia to join the rem- 
nant of the Serbian Army, but the union was made too late to be of 
much benefit to Serbia because early in October a great German force 
under Makensen had entered Serbia and practically obliterated the 
army and drove the civil population beyond the boundaries of their 
own land. On August 27, 1916 Roumania declared war on Austria- 
Hungary and on the same day Italy entered the war on the side of 
Allies. This action on the part of Roumania ended disasterously for 
her as her small army was powerless against the enemy after Russia 
became a negligent factor in the strife. The British expedition 
against the Dardanelles — characterized as the greatest blunder of the 
war — started in March 1915 and ended in failure in the following 
January. The British figures of the losses were reported as 112,921 
killed and 96,683 admitted to the Allies' hospitals. The only extra- 
ordinary thing about the expedition as the withdrawal of the troops 
without losses of any consequence, when the hopelessness of the situ- 
ation was realized. 

Meanwhile, south of the Dardanelles the Turkish Empire was 
threatened by different forces. The Rusians had taken Erzerum, a 
Turkish stronghold. From there a part of the army of Grand Duke 
Nicholas was dispatched to take Trebizond, the chief port on the 



16 THE WORLD WAR 

Black Sea. On April 18th, Trebizond had fallen to the army cooper- 
ating with the fleet in the Black Sea. The British were fighting their 
way up the River Tigris toward Jerusalem, encountering stiff resist- 
ance and meeting with disheartening defeats. But the perseverance 
of the British forces finally won and December 1917 Jerusalem was 
taken by the Britsh under command of General Sir Edmund Allenby. 
This year closed with the British in full control of Syria, Palestine and 
Mesopotamia, but the Rusian operations, essential to complete Allied 
success were held in check by the conditions of anarchy prevailing in 
Petrograd. 1 



The War at Sea and In the Air 

an 

DD 

The supremacy of England on the seas practically tied up the Ger- 
man battle ships, as well as all German merchant ships at home and 
in neutral waters, at the very beginning of the war. British destroy- 
ers promptly sunk practically every German vessel which attempted 
to run the blockade, while merchant ships flying the British flag 
supplied her people with food, transported her armies from the colon- 
ies and kept them supplied with munitions of war. The Allied plan 
was to control the seas and by enforcing a food blockade, eventually 
starve Germany into submission. At the outset of the war, the ulti- 
mate success of this plan seemed certain, however, on September 
22nd, 1914, three British cruisers the Aboukr, Cressy and Hougue 
were quickly sunk by the German submarine U-9. in charge of Captain 
Otto Weddigen with 26 men aboard. Twelve hundred men, mater- 
ials of immense value and three fine crusiers were totally destroyed 
by a handful of men. This marked the entrance of the submarine as 
an instrument of war. 

The effectiveness of the submarines became more and more ap- 
parent as the war progressed, and despite the protests of neutral na- 
tions, merchant ships, bearing food and supplies, were sunk regardless 
as to whether they were armed or unarmed. On May 7th, 1915 oc- 
curred the sinking of the Lusitania, a passenger ship carrying more 
than 2000 people, including many women and children as well as a" 
number of distinguished Americans. 1,198 lives were lost, including 
114 Americans. This act, more than any one thing aroused the ire 
of, the Aemrican people, and made it apparent that sooner or later 
the United States must enter the war on the side of the Allies. Pres- 



THE WEST FRONT 17 

ident Wilson made vigorous protest to the German government, and 
it appeared that the United States was on the verge of war, but 
Germany practiced a diplomatic deceit which temporarily lulled sus- 
picion and postponed the American entry. 

The air, like land and sea, was a battle ground. When the war 
opened there was a little difference between the air power of the bel- 
ligerents, Germany had a considerable fleet of Zeppelins, which prov- 
ed a djsappointment when placed in operation. France had some- 
thing near 2000 military planes at the beginning of the war, England 
800, and the Central powers had, perhaps, as many planes and dirig- 
ibles as the Allies. The utility of these "eyes of the army" became 
more and more of importance as the war progressed and thousands 
of planes were in daily use in the conflict. 



The West Front 

DD 
UD 

September 15th, 1915 brings us again to the war on the west 
front when the French oft'ensive in the Champaigne started with rush 
which drove the firmly-entrenched Germans from their front line 
trenches and swept them back two and one-half miles along a fifteen 
mile front in a single day. Simultaneously the French and British, 
under General Foch, were flighting to the northward along Vimy 
Ridge. The battle started in September and lasted until January 
1916, with losses of approximately 165,000 to the Allies and 200,000 
for the Central Powers, when the active fighting shifted to the east- 
ward and the historic battle of Verdun was begun. The Crown 
Prince was in command of the German forces, and the French determ- 
ination crystallized in the cry "They shall not pass" resulted in ef- 
fectually breaking the offensive of the German army and placing 
them on the defensive for the first time since the beginning of the 
,war. The tremendous preparations of the Germans, the massing of 
huge armies relieved from service on the Eastern front by the collapse 
of the Russians, the wealth of big guns and munitions, were gathered 
together for breaking the Allied lines and continuing the march to 
Paris. It was the supreme effort of Germany to break the French, 
but after six weeks of fighting, Germany^ had sacrificed a quarter of 
a million men while the Allied losses were estimated at 100,000 men. 
The fighting continued until June 23, 1916, when the last great Ger- 



18 THE WORLD WAR 

man effort was made against Verdun and the Crown Prince again 
threw the flower of the German army upon the Allied lines. The 
battle raged for months and ended in demonstrating the futility of 
forcing the Allied defense. 

Italy entered the war on May 23rd, 1915 by declaration of war 
against Austria. Long a member of the Triple Alliance — Germany, 
Austria and Italy — which bound her to the Central Powers in a de- 
fensive war, it required many stormy arguments in the Italian parli- 
ment to bring that country into the conflict. The Russians were in 
full retreat from Galicia when Italy came to the aid of the Allies with 
aproximately a million men, ready for service. By the end of July 
Italy was in possession of most of Trentino and her troops were at- 
tacking along a front of seventy-five miles from Tarvis to the Adri- 
atic. By December 1915, Italy had established herself within Aus- 
tria's borders and made an Austrian invasion of her own country ap- 
pear well nigh impossible. 

In May 1916 the Austrians launched an attack which, in ten days, 
reclaimed practically all of the territory gained by the Italians and 
left the Austrians in possession of 300 square miles of Italy. The dis- 
aster resulted in an overthrow of the Italian ministry, and a stiffening 
of the Italian defense turned the advance into a deadlock. Soon, an- 
other Italian offensive was launched and on August 9th, King Vic- 
tor Emanuel and the Duke of Acosta rode into the captured city of 
Goriza. Here Italy paused to recuperate her powers, and Germany, 
long apparently indifferent to the losses Italy had inflicted upon the 
Austrians, turned her attention to the menace of Italy. She withdrew 
great bodies of troops from the Russian front and in connection with 
the Austrians prepared for a decisive attack. Italy was without prop- 
er munitions and food, German propaganda had worked dissatisfac- 
tion in the ranks of the army and with the socialistic party in Italy. 
The Allies had been slow in appreciating the dire necessity of Italy 
for food and munitions. Austrian and Italian troops fraternized and 
mutual promises of no more killing were pledged. Then, the Aus- 
trian troops were withdrawn and replaced by German shock troops 
who smashed through the Italian lines, almost unopposed. The gap 
opened by this treachery was big enough to disorganize the whole 
Italian line and in three days the entire army was in retreat. By Feb- 
ruary 1918 the Italian army had fallen back to the River Piave, and 
only then did they succeed in reorganizing their forces and stopping 
the German advance. The Piave became to Italy what Verdun meant 
to the French. 



The Russian Collapse 



an 



On March 16, 1917, the Czar's train was located on a siding at 
the little town of Pskov. Guchkoff and Shulgni came down from 
Petrograd and demanded the Czar's abdication in favor of his son. 
He declined to be separated from his son and signed an abdication in 
favor of his brother, the Grand Duke Michael. When the news of 
the abdication was reported to the Duma, a storm of protest broke and 
the Grand Duke rejected the proffered regency and the power passed 
into the hands of a Provisional Government, the members of which 
were appointed by the Duma. So passed the oldest autocracy in Eu- 
rope and the real troubles of Russia began. The Duma was the legal 
instrument of government in Russia but its powers were immediate- 
ly usurped by the "Council of Workmen's and Soldier's Deputies," 
known more briefly as the soviet. Alexander Kerensky, a member 
of both the Duma and the council, became the head of the govern- 
ment. He made a heroic effort to stem the tide of revolt and to 
hold Russia in line with the Allies. Nicolai Lenine and Leon Trot- 
zky, leaders of the Soviet, overthrew the Kerensky government, ob- 
literated the Duma and the Provisional Government, and established 
a reign of anarchy in Russia that continues until the present time. 
The overthrow of the Kerensky government ended the participation 
of Russia in the war. 



19 



The United States Enters the War 



DO 



From the very outset of the war there was a "war party" in the 
United States, however small in number. The great mass of the 
American people viewed the struggle as an European muddle in 
which we had no interest, and in which we would be very foolish to 
interfere. The invasion of Belgium, and the almost unbelievable at- 
rocities visited by the Germans upon civilians in that country and 
northern France, added vastly to the war sentiment in this country 
The war party clamored wildly for war, many American boys and 
men, roused by stories of the ravishing of women and maiming little 
children, enlisted in the French, English or Canadian tVoops, but the 
great majority of Americans were wedded to peace. A growing num- 
ber favored military preparations on a large scale but wanted to cling 
to neutrality so long as such a course could be pursued with honor. 

The sinking of the Italian liner Falaba, in which one American 
lost his life, and the attack upon the American ship, Gulflight, in 
which her captain lost his life, were followed by protests to the Ger- 
man government. By the sinking of the Lusitania, in which 1198 
lives were lost, 114 of whom were Americans, Germany forced the 
United States into the war. On May 13, 1915 the President lodged 
a dignified and firmly worded protest against this murderous viol- 
ation of the rights of neutrals and the German government replied 
with voluminous correspondence by which it sought to gain time. 
While this exchange of views was taking place, the White Star Lin- 
er Arabic was torpedoed without warning, on August 19, 1915. The 
Germans followed this act by giving orders that "liners will not be 
sunk without warning, and without insuring the safety of non-com- 
batants." Time mellowed the Lusitania disaster, and the war party 
grew slowly — but surely. The President was re-elected in th.e fall 
of 1516 in a campaign in which the slogan "He kept us out *.A war," 
was a factor. The sentiment of the country was against war. Wil- 
liam J. Bryan, a pronounced pacifist, resigned his portfolio as Secre- 
tary of State, following the diplomatic exchanges of opinion over the 
sinking of the Lusitania. The pacific tendency of the United States, 
the tenacity with which we clung to neutrality, convinced the Ger- 
man government that the United States could not be dragged into 

20 



PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS- ACTS 21 

the world conflict. A large population of Gerrnans and citizens of 
German ancestry, was an added reason for the Teutonic belief that 
the United States would not enter the war on the side of the Allies. 
Here Germany made an error in judgment which ended her dreams of 
world supremacy. Other submarine sinkings continued, the Tubab- 
tia and Palembang — Dutch liners were sunk without warning. In 
March 1916 the channel steamer Sussex was torpedoed with great loss 
of life, including many American citizens. The Sussex incident caus- 
ed the President, in a message to Congress, delivered on April 19th, 
to declare that "Unless the Imperial German Government should now 
immediately declare and effect an abandonment of its present methods 
of warfare against passenger and freight vessels, the Government can 
have no choice but to sever diplomatic relations with the Govern- 
ment of the German Empire altogether." 

Further attempts on the part of Germany to continue diplomatic 
correspondence only showed the futility of attempting to remain neu- 
tral. On the 1st of February, Ambassador von Bernsdorff was hand- 
ed his passports after delivering the ultimatum that Germany would 
continue sinking both neutral and belligerent ships found in the war 
zones. Following this additional sinkings were chronicled and Con- 
gres was called in special session on April 2nd, when the President 
read his message, which ended with these impressive words : 

"It is a fearful thing to lead this great, peaceful people into war, 
into the most terrible and disasterous of all wars, civilization itself 
seems to be in the balance. But the right is more precious than 
peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried 
nearest our hearts — for democracy, for the right of those who submit 
to authority to have a voice in their own governments, for the rights 
and liberties of small nations, for a universal dominion of right by 
such concert of free peoples as shall bring peace and safety to all 
nations and make the world itself at last free. 

"To such a task we can dedicate our lives and our fortunes, every- 
thing that we are and everything that we have, the the pride of those 
who know that the day has come when America is privileged to spend 
her blood and her might for the principles that gave her birth and 
happiness and the peace which she has treasured. 

"God helping her, she can do no other." 

Congress was not slow in granting all the President asked. The 
joint Resolutions declaring a state of war to exist was passed by the 
Senate April 4th and by the House April 5th. The same date the 
President issued a proclamation to all the world and the United 
States had entered the war. 



22 THE WORLD WAR 

But the United States was not prepared for war. Always a 
peace-loving nation, our Army and Navy was negligible when judg- 
ed by European standards. Like England, we faced the problem of 
building an effective war machine from the ground up. At the begin- 
ning of 1916 our army numbered 5,016 officers and 92,973 men includ- 
ing 5,733 in the Phillipines. Our Navy had but 58,000 men. We were 
without transports, munitions, food and clothing. The tremendous 
task of financing the war, getting together the men and munitions, 
was not accomplished without blunders, waste and acrimonious de- 
bate. Delays that were criminal as well as heart-breaking resulted, 
but the United States moved forward, slowly but surely, in the 
building of a war machine. Twenty-eight days after the United 
States entered the war, an American fleet under Admiral William S. 
Sims reached the shores of Great Britain and joined the British navy 
to patrol the sea. In June 1917, an American Expeditionary Force 
under Gen. John Pershing was co-operating with the Allies on the 
fields of France. American factories were building ships, making 
airplanes, munitions, clothing and other supplies on a magnificent 
scale. The draft was mobilizing the man power of the country. The 
registration of June 5th, 1917 enrolled the names of nine and a half 
million men, from whom nearly 700,000 were selected for service and 
placed in training camps. The National Guard of nearly half a mil- 
lion men were either in camps or on their way over seas. By the end 
of 1917 more than 1000 ships were in service with almost that many 
more in course of construction. The food supply of the country had 
been placed in the hands of Herbert Hoover, who had saved Belgium 
from starvation during and after the German invasion, and men above 
military age, women and children were exerting every effort to raise, 
and conserve, foodstuffs for feeding our soldiers and their Allies. In 
France, American soldiers built harbors and docks and railroads, prep- 
aratory to landing and handling the great American forces in Eu- 
rope. Camps and training quarters, both in this country -and Eu- 
rope, were built. The first of the American contingent to land in 
France and England were received with shouts of joy and tremendous 
demonstrations by the French and English. The Allies, war worn 
and deadlocked, took heart with the first coming of the American 
troops. The morale of the Allied Army was vastly improved even 
though the force of the Americans was numerically small. However, 
the extensives preparations of the United States for war was con- 
vincing evidence that America as in to stay until the finish, and 
there was little doubt among the Allies as to the ultimate result. 

On March 1918 the Germans launched a drive which for more 



LAST GERMAN DRIVE 23 

than a month seemed able to sweep everything before it. General 
Ludendorf, with a force of 1,800,000 men, launched a ferocious at- 
tack on the Allied line from Lens to Rheims. For three months, the. 
French and English, fighting heroically were forced \o give ground 
until the German line stood within less than fifty miles of Paris. 
The German plan was to crush the Allies before help from the 
United States could arrive in sufficient numbers to stem the tide. 
Shells, hurled by a monster German gun, were falling hourly in the 
streets of Paris. 

July 15th, the fifth — and last — German drive was launched. 
Forty-two German divisions, went into action on a front extending 
from Chateau Thierry, past Rheims almost to the forests of Argonne. 
At the former point the Americans faced the German line, and among 
them were battalions of the United States Marine Corps. The first 
terrific onslaught of the Germans drove the Americans back and the 
enemy crossed the Marne at two points. At the Soissons-Rheims 
salient the British and French were pushed back. But the next day, 
the line stiffened and the small detachment of marines held Chateau 
Thierry against the German horde and convinced the world that 
America could fight. The last German drive was stopped. General 
Foch, in command of the Allied forces believed that the time had 
come for an offensive against the Germans. By early August prac- 
tically all of the territory taken by Germany between Lens and 
Rheims had been restored. Then came the most spectacular and, to 
the Americans at least, the most satisfactory operation of the cam- 
paign. American forces had been operating in conjunction with the 
British and French in various sectors of the front, but now, sufficient 
Americans were on the battlefields to form a great American army 
and this force under General Pershing, made its first great stroke at 
St. Mihiel, where four years before- the Germans had made a great 
bend into French territory and held it against all attacks. But the 
.Americans drove them out in two days, and pushed on until American 
guns were in range of Metz, the German stronghold in Lorraine. 
Late in August the Americans advanced far up the valley of the 
Meuse west of Verdun. Late in November the railroad over which 
the Germans received their supplies and munitions was cut by the 
American forces at Sedan. 

Prior to this, Bulgaria had surrendered. In Palestine the Brit- 
ish army under. Sir Edmund Allenby, was sweeping all before it, 
capturing great Turkish armies. Turkey surrendered during the 
last week in October and the English fleet, unopposed passed the 
Dardanelles and took possession of Constantinople. Italy had roused 



24 THE WORLD WAR 

herself, and under the leadership of General Diaz, had pounded the 
demoralized forces of Austria-Hungary until an armistice was 
agreed to on November 4th, which put Austria out of the war for 
good. 

The hope of Germany for world empire was dead. 

November 8th, German officers, blindfolded and under the white 
flag, came humbly to General Foch's headquarters to learn upon what 
terms their surrender would be accepted. On the following day the 
Kaiser abdicated and Germany became a republic. November 11th, 
1918, the armistice was signed and 11 o'clock of the same day the 
war had ended so far as battles went. 

Arrayed against the Central Powers, made up of Germany, Au- 
stria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey, were the United States, Bel- 
gium, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Cuba, France, Guatamala, Great 
Britain, Greece, Haiti, Honduras, Itay, Japan, Siberia, Montenegro, 
Nicaragua, Panama, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, San Marino, Ser- 
bia and Siam. Of the Allies,, Russia alone, is a changed nation and 
will be years in righting her internal troubles. 

Germany lost all she hoped to gain. The Kaiser lost his throne 
and had to take refuge in Holland and may eventually be called upon 
to face a tribunal to answer for the terror he visited upon the world. 
Millions of his men are dead or crippled and the country faces a war 
debt which will be a burden to children yet unborn. The country 
has lost Alsace and Lorraine, Poland and all colonies. 

The old Austrian Emperor is dead and the new one had to give up 
his throne and seek refuge in Switzerland. The empire is broken 
into many bits from which will spring new nations. The Bulgarian 
throne crumbled, Turkey is shorn of her power. 

The peace treaty was drawn up after many months of work 
with President Wilson representing America, Premier Clemanceau 
for France, Premier Lloyd George for Great Britain and Premier 
Nitti for Italy taking the chief parts. Briefly sketched, the main 
points of the treaty are : Germany must pay for the property ruined 
in the war; she must give Alsace and Loraine to France, and Poland 
to the Poles ; she must not form a large army or navy and Allied sol- 
diers will occupy parts of her territory until she has paid in full. 

Along with the peace treaty was drawn up the "Covenant of the 
League of Nations," designed to make future wars impossible, but 
the fate of this agreement still hangs in the balance as this is written. 



General Pershing's Report of 
America's Part in -the War 

DO 
DD 

The following pages are from General John J. Pershing's official 
report to The Secretary of War, detailing the part America played 
on the western front : 

COMBAT OPERATIONS 

During our periods of training in the trenches some of our 
divisions had engaged the enemy in local combats, the most important 
of which was Seicheprey by the 26th on April 20th, in the Toul sec- 
tor, but none had participated in action as a unit. The 1st Division, 
which had passed through the preliminary stages of training, had 
gone to the trenches for its first period of instruction at the end of 
October, and by March 21st, when the German offensive in Picardy 
began, we had four divisions with experience in the trenches, all of 
which were equal to any demands of battle action. The crisis which 
this offensive developed was such that our occupation of an American 
sector must be postponed. 

On March 28th I placed at the disposal of Marshal Foch, who 
had been agreed upon as Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies, all 
of our forces, to be used as he might decide. At his request the 1st 
Division was transferred from the Toul sector to a position in reserve 
at^ Chaumont-en-Vexin. As German superiority in numbers re- 
quired prompt action, an agreemnet was reached at the Abbeville con- 
ference of the Allied Premiers and Commanders and myself on May 
2nd by which British shipping was to transport ten American divisions. 
to the British army area, where they were to be trained and equipped, 
and additional British shipping was to be provided for as many di- 
visions as possible for use elsew^here. 

On April 26th the 1st Division had gone into the line in the Mont- 
didier salient on the Picardy battle front. Tactics had been sudden- 
ly revolutionized to those of open warfare, and our men confident of 
the results of their training were eager for the test. On the morn- 
ing of May 28th this division attacked the commanding German posi- 
tion in its front, taking with splendid dash the town of Cantigny and 
all other objectives which were organized, and held steadfastly 

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General Pershing's Headquarters in France 




Aeroplaiie View of General Headquarters A. E. F. in France 



GEN. PERSHING'S REPORT 27 

against vicious counter-attacks and galling artillery fire. Although 
local, this brilliant action had an electrical effect, as it demonstrated 
our fighting qualities under extreme battle conditions, and also that 
the enemy's troops were not altogether invincible. 

The German's Aisne offensive, which began on May 27th, had ad- 
vanced rapidly toward the River Marne and Paris, and the Allies 
faced a crisis equally as grave as that of the Picardy offensive in 
March. Again every available man was placed at Marshal Foch's 
disposal, and the. 3rd Division, which had just come from its prelim- 
inary training area, was hurried to the Marne. Its motorized ma- 
chine gun battalion preceded the other units, and successfully held 
the bridgehead at the Marne opposite Chateau-Thierry. The 2nd 
Division, in reserve near Montididier, was sent by motor trucks and 
other available transport to check the progress of the enemy toward 
Paris. The division attacked and retook the town and railroad sta- 
tion at Bouresches and sturdily held its ground against the enemy's 
best Guard divisions. In the battle of Belleau Wood which followed 
our men proved their superiority, and gained a strong tactical posi- 
tion with far greater loss to the enemy than to ourselves. On July 
1st, before the 2nd was relieved, it captured the village of Vaux with 
most splendid precision. 

Meanwhile, our Second Corps, under Major General George W. 
Read, had been organized for the command of our divisions with the 
British which were held back in training areas or assigned to second 
line defenses. Five of the ten divisions were withdrawn from the 
British area in June, three to relieve divisions in Lorraine and the 
Vosges, and two to the Paris area to join the group of American di- 
visions which stood between the city and any further advance of the 
enemy in that direction. 

The great June-July troop movement from the States was well 
under way, and, although these troops were to be given some pre- 
liminary training before being put into action, their very presence 
warranted the use of all the older divisions in the confidence that 
we did not lack reserves. Elements of the 42nd Division were in 
the line east of Rheims against the German off'ensive of July 15th, 
and held their ground unflinchingly. On the right flank of this offen- 
sive four companies of the 28th Division were in position in face of 
the German infantry. The 3rd Division was holding the bank of 
the Marne from the bend east of the mouth of the Surmelin to the 
west of Mezy, opposite Chateau-Thierry, where a large force of Ger- 
man infantry sought to force a passage under suport of powerful ar- 
tillery concentrations and under cover of smoke screens. A single 



28 THE WORLD WAR 

regiment of the 3rd wrote one of the most brilliant pages in our mili- 
tary annals on this occasion. It prevented the crossing at certain 
points on its front, while, on either flank, the Germans who had gain- 
ed a footing pressed forward. Our men firing in three directions 
met the German attacks with counter-attacks at critical points, and 
succeeded in throwing two German divisions into complete confusion, 
capturing six hundred prisoners. 

The great force of the German Chateau-Thierry offensive estab- 
lished the deep Marne salient, but the enemy was taking chances, and 
the vulnerability of this pocket to attack might be turned to his dis- 
advantage. Seizing the opportunity to support my conviction, every 
division with any sort of training was made available for use in a 
counter offensive. The place of honor in the thrust toward Soissons 
on July 18th was given to our 1st and 2nd divisions, in company with 
chosen French divisions. Without the usual brief warning of a pre- 
liminary bombardment, the massed French and American artillery, 
firing by the map, laid down its rolling barrage at dawn while the 
infantry began its charge. The tactical handling of our troops un- 
der these trying conditions was excellent throughout the action. The 
enemy brought up large numbers of reserves and made a stubborn 
defense both with machine guns and artillery, but through five days' 
fighting the 1st Division continued to advance until it had gained the 
heights above Soissons and captured the village of Berzy-le-Sec. 
The 2nd Division took Beaurepaire farm and Vierzy in a very rapid 
advance and reached a position in front to Tigny at the end of its sec- 
ond day. These two divisions captured 7,000 prisoners and over 
100 pieces of artillery. 

The 26th Division, which with a French division was under com- 
mand of our First Corps, acted as a pivot of the movement toward 
Soissons. On the 18th it took the village of Torcy, while the 3rd Di- 
vision was crossing the Marne in pursuit of the retiring enemy. The 
26th attacked again on the 21st, and the enemy withdrew past the 
Chateau-Thierry-Soissons road. The 3rd Division continuing its 
progress took the heights of Mont St. Pere and the villages of Char- 
teves and J^ii-ilgonne in the face of both machine gun and aitillery fire. 

On the 24th, after the Germans had fallen back from Trugny and 
Fpiede, our 42nd Division, which had been brought ovei; from the 
Champagne, relieved the 26th, and, fighting it way through the For- 
est de Fere, overwhelmed the nests of machine guns in its path. By 
the 27th it had reached the Ourcq, whence the 3rd and 4th divisions 
were already advancing, while the French divisions with which we 
were co-operating were moving forward at other points. 



BATTLE OF ST. MIHIEL 29 

The 3rd Division had made its advance into Roncherees Wood on 
the 29th, and was relieved for rest by a brigade of the 32nd. The 
42nd and 32nd undertook the task of conquering the heights beyond 
Cierges, the 42nd capturing Sergy and the 32 nd capturing Hill 230, 
both American divisions joining in rapids pursuit of the enemy to the 
Vesle, and thus the operation of reducing the salient was finished. 
Meanwhile the 42nd was relieved by the 4th at Chery-Chartreuve, 
and the 32nd by the 28th, while the 77th Division took up a position 
on the Vesle. The operations of these divisions on the Vesle were 
under the Third Corps, Major General Robert L. Bullard command- 
ing. 

BATTLE OF ST. MIHIEL 

With the reduction of the Marne salient we could look forward 
to the concentration of our divisions in our own zone. In view of 
the forthcoming operation against the St. Mihiel salient, which had 
long been planned as our first offensive action on a large scale, the 
First Army was organized on August 10th under my personal com- 
mand. While American units had held different divisional and corps 
sectors all along the western front, there had not been up to this 
time, for obvious reasons, a distinct American sector; but in view of 
the important part the American forces were now to play it was 
necessary to take over a permanent portion of the line. According- 
ly on August 30th the line beginning at Port-sur-Seille east of the 
Moselle and extending to the west through St. Mihiel, thence north 
to a point opposite Verdun, was placed under my command. The 
American sector was afterward extended across the Meuse to the 
western edge of the Argonne Forest, and included the 2nd Colonial 
French Corps which held the point of the salient, and the 17th French 
Corps which occupied the heights above Verdun. 

The preparation for a complicated operation against the formid- 
able defenses in front of us included the assembling of divisions, and 
of corps and army artillery, transport, air craft, tanks, ambulances, 
the location of -hospitals, and the moulding together of all the ele- 
ments of a great modern army, with its own railheads, supplied di- 
rectly by our own Service of Supply. The concentration for this op- 
eration, which was to be a surprise, involved the movement mostly at 
night of approximately 600,000 troops and required for its success the 
most careful attention to every detail. 

The French were generous in giving us assistance in corps and 
army artillery, with its personnel, and we were confident from the start 
of our superiority over the enemy in guns of all calibres. Our heavy 



30 THE WORLD WAR 

guns were able to reach Metz and to interfere seriously with Ger- 
man rail movement. The French independent air force was placed 
under my command, which, together with the British bombing squad- 
rons and our own forces, gave us the largest assembly of aviation that 
had ever been engaged in one operation on the western front. 

From Les Eparges around the nose of the salient of St. Mihiel 
to the Moselle River the line was roughly forty miles long and situ- 
ated on commanding ground, greatly strengthened by artificial de- 
fenses. Our First Corps (82nd, 90th, 5th and 2nd divisions), under 
command of Major General Hunter Liggett, resting its right on Pont- 
a-Mousson, with its left joining our Fourth Corps (the 89th, 42nd 
and 1st divisions), under Major General Joseph T. Dickman, in line 
to Xivray, were to swing in toward Vigneulles on the pivot of the 
Moselle River for the initial assault. From Xivray to Mouilly the 
Second Colonial French Corps was in line in the center, and our 
Fifth Corps, under command of Major General George H. Cameron, 
with the 26th and 4th U. S. divisions and a French division at the 
western base of the salient, were to attack three difficult hills, Les 
Eparges, Combres and Amaranthe. Our First Corps had in reserve 
the 78th Division, our Fourth Corps the 3rd Division, and our First 
Army the 35th and 91st divisions, with the 80th and 33rd available. 
It should be understood that our corps organizations are very elastic, 
and that we have at no time had permanent assignments of divisions 
to corps. 

After four hours' artillery preparation the seven American di- 
visions in the front line advanced at 5 A. M. on September 12th, as- 
sisted by a limited number of tanks, manned partly by Americans 
and partly by the French. These divisions, accompanied by groups 
of wire cutters and and other armed with bangalore torpedoes, went 
through the successive bands of barbed wire that protected the en- 
emy's front line and support trenches in irresistible waves on schedule 
time, breaking dowp all defense of an enemy demoralized by the great 
volume of our artillery fire and ou,r sudden appearance out of the fog. 

Our First Corps took Thiaucourt, while our Fourth Corps curved 
back to the southwest through Nonsard. The Second Colonial 
French Corps made the slight advance required of it on very difficult 
ground, and the Fifth Corps took its three ridges and repulsed a 
counter attack. A rapid march brought reserve regiments of a di- 
vision of the P'ifth Corps into Vigneulles in the early morning, where 
it linked up with patrols of our fourth Corps, closing the salient and 
forming a new line west of Thiaucourt to Vigneulles and beyond Fres- 
nes-en-Woevre. At the cost of only 7,000 casualties, mostly light. 



MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE 31 

we had taken 16,000 prisoners and 443 guns, a great quantity of ma- 
terial, released the inhabitants of many villages from enemy domina- 
tion and established our lines in a position to threaten Metz. The 
signal success of the new American First Army in its first offensive 
was of prime importance. The Allies found they had a formidable 
army to aid them, and the enemy learned finally that he had one to 
reckon with. 

MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE— FIRST PHASE 

On the day after we had taken the St. Mihiel salient, much of our 
corps and army artillery which had operated, at St. Mihiel, and our 
divisions in reserve at other points, were already on the move toward 
the area back of the line between the Meuse River and the western 
edge of the Forest of Argonne. With the exception of St. Mihiel, the 
German front line from Switzerland to the east of Rheims was still 
intact. In the general attack planned all along the line, the operation 
?.?signed the American Army as the hinge of this allied offensive was 
dir.-^ded toward the important railroad communications of the Ger- 
m?.n armies through Mezieres and Sedan. The enemy must Irrjld 
fast to this part of his lines or the withdrawal of his forces with four 
years' accumulation of plants and material would be dangerously im- 
periled. 

The German Army had as yet shown no demoralization, and, 
while the mass of its troops had suffered in morale, its first class di- 
visions and notably its machine gun defense were exhibiting remark- 
able tactical efficiency as well as courage. The German General 
Staff was fully aware of the consequences of a success on the Meuse- 
Argonne line. Certain that he would do everything in his power to 
oppose us, the action was planned with as much secrecy as possible, 
and was undertaken with the determination to use all our divisions 
in forcing a decision. We expected to draw the best German divis- 
ions to our front and consume them, while the enemy was held under 
grave apprehension lest our attack should break his line which it was 
our firm purpose to do. 

Our right flank was protected by the Meuse, while our left em- 
braced the Argonne Forest, whose ravines, hills and elaborate de- 
fenses screened by dense thickets had been generally considered im- 
pregnable. Our order of battle from right to left was the Third Corps 
from Malancourt to Vauquois, with the 70th, 37th and 91st divisions 
in line and the 32nd Division in corps reserve ; and the First Corps, 
from Vauquois to Vienne-le-Chatueau, with the 35th, 28th and 77th 
divisions in line and the 92nd in corps reserve. The army reserve 
consisted of the 1st, 29th and 82nd divisions. 



32 ' THE WORLD WAR 

On the night of Septemtfer 25th our troops quietly took the place 
of the French who thinly held the line in this sector, which had long 
been inactive. In the attack which began on the 26th we drove 
through the barbed wire entanglements and the sea of shell craters 
across No Man's Land, mastering all the first line defenses. Contin- 
uing on the 27th and 28th, against machine guns and artillery of an 
increasing number of enemy reserve divsions, we penetrated to a 
depth of from three to seven miles and took the village of Montfaucon 
and its commanding hill, and Exermont, Gercourt, Cuisy, Septsarges, 
Malancourt, Ivoiry, Epinonville, Charpentry, Very and other villages. 
East of the Meuse, one of our divisions which captured Marcheville 
and Rievelle, giving further protection to the flank of our main body. 
We had taken 10,000 prisoners ; we had gained our point of forcing the 
battle into the open, and were prepared for the enemy's reaction 
which was bound to come, as he had good roads and ample railroad 
facilities for bringing up his artillery and reserves. 

In the chill rain of dark nights our engineers had to build new 
roads across spongy, shell torn areas, repair broken roads beyond No 
Man's Land, and build bridges Our gunners, with no thought of 
sleep, put their shoulders to wheels and drag-ropes to bring their 
guns through the mire in support of the infantry now under the in- 
creasing fire of the enemy's artillery. Our attack had taken the 
enemy by surprise, but, quickly recovering himself, he began fierce 
counter attacks in strong force, supported by heavy bombardments 
with large quantities of gas. From September 28th until October 
4th we maintained the oflfensive against patches of woods defended 
by snipers and continuous lines of machines guns, and pushed for- 
ward our guns and transport, seizing strategical points in preparation 
for further attacks. 

OTHER UNITS WITH ALLIES 

Other 'divisions attached to the Allied armies were doing their 
part. It was the fortune of our Second Corps, composed of the 27th 
and 30th divisions, which had remained with the British, to have a 
place of honor, in co-operation with the Australian Crops, on Sep- 
tember 29th and October 1st, in the assault upon the Hindenburg 
line, where the St. Quentin Canal passes through a tunnel under a 
ridge. The 30th Division speedily broke through the main line of 
defense for all its objectives, while the 27th pushed on impetuously 
through the main line until some of its elements reached Guoy. In 
the midst of the maze of trenches and shell craters, and under cross 



MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE 33 

fire from machine guns, the other elements fought desperately 
against odds. In this and in later actions, from ( )ctober 6th to' Oc- 
tober 19th, our Second Corps captured over 6,000 prisoners and 
advanced over 13 miles. The spirit and aggressiveness of these 
divisions have been highly praised by the British Army Commander 
under whom they served. 

On October 2nd-9th our 2nd and 36th divisions were sent to 
assist the French in an important attack against the old German po- 
sitions before Rheims. The 2nd conquered the complicated defense 
works on their front against a persistent defense worthy of the grim- 
mest period of trench warfare and attacked the strongly held wood- 
ed hill of Blanc. Mont, which they captured in a second assault, 
sweeping over it with consummate dash and skill. This division then 
repulsed strong counter attacks before the village and cemetery of 
St. Etienne, and took the town, forcing the Germans to fall back be- 
fore Rheims and yield positions they had held since September. 1914 
On October 9th the 36th Division relieved the 2nd, and, in its first 
experience under fire, withstood very severe artillery bombardment, 
and rapidly took up the pursuit of the enemy now retiring behind the 
Aisne. 

MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE— SECOND PHASE 

The Allied progress elsewhere cheered the efforts of our men in 
this crucial contest as the German command threw in more and more 
first class troops to stop our advance. We made steady headway in 
the almost impenetrable and strongly held Argonne Forest, for, de- 
spite his reinforcements, it was our Army that was doing the driv- 
ing. Our aircraft was increasing in skill and numbers and forcing 
the issue, and our infantry and artillery were improving rapidly with 
each new experience. The replacements fresh from home were put 
into exhausted divisions with little time for training, but they had the 
advantage of serving beside men who knew their business and who, 
had almost become veterans over night. The enemy had taken every 
advantage of the terrain, which especially favored the defense, by a 
prodigal use of machine guns manned by highly trained veterans and 
by using his artillery at short ranges. In the face of such strong 
frontal positions we should have been unable to accomplish any pro- 
gress according to previously accepted standards, but I had every 
confidence in our aggressive tactics and the courage of our troops. 

On October 4th, the attack was renewed all along our front. The 
Third Corps tilting to the left followed the Brieulles-Cunel road ; our 
Fifth Corps took Gesnes, while along the irregular valley of the x\ire 
River and in the wooded hills of the Argonne that border the river, 



34 THE WORLD WAR 

used by the enemy with all his art and weapons of defense, the First 
Corps advanced for over two miles. This sort of lighting continued 
against an enemy striving to hold every foot of ground and whose very 
strong counter attacks challenged us at every point. On the 7th, the 
First Corps captured Chatel-Chehery and continued along the river to 
Cornay. On the east of the Meuse sector, one of the two divisions 
co-operating with the French captured Consenvoys and the Haumont 
Woods. On the 9th, the Fifth Corps, in its progress up the Aire, took 
Fleville, and the Third Corps, which had continuous fighting against 
odds, was working its way through Brieulles and Cunel. On the 10th 
we had cleared the Argonne Forest of the enemy. 

It was now necessary to constitute a Second Army and on Octo- 
ber 10th, the immediate command of the First Amry was turned over 
to Lieutenant General Hunter Liggett. The command of the Sec- 
ond Army, whose divisions occupied a sector in the Woevre, was giv- 
en to Lieutenant General Robert L. Bullard, who had been command- 
er of the 1st Division and then of the Third Corps. Major" General 
Dickman was transferred to the command of the First Corps, while 
the Fifth Corps was placed under Major General Charles P. Summer- 
all, who had recently commanded the 1st Division. Major General 
John L. Hines, who had gone rapidly up from regimental to division 
commander, was assigned to the Third Corps. These four officers 
had been in France from early days of the Expedition and had learn- 
ed their lessons in the school of practical warfare. 

Our constant pressure against the enemy brought day by day 
more prisoners, mostly survivors from machine gun nests captured in 
fighting at close quarters. On 18th there was very fierce fighting in 
the Caures Woods, east of the Meuse, and in the Orniont Wood. On 
the 14th the First Corps took Saint Juvin, and the Ffith Corps, by 
hand to hand encounters, entered the formidable Kriemhilde line, 
where the enemy had hoped to check us indefinitely. Later the Fifth 
Corps penetrated further the Kriemhilde line, and the First Corps 
took Champigneulles and the important town of Grand Pre. Our 
dogged offensive was wearing down the enemy, who continued des- 
perately to throw his best troops against us, thus weakening his line 
in front of our Allies and making their advances less difficult. 

DIVISIONS IN BELGIUM 

Meanwhile, we were not only able to continue the battle, but our 
37th and 91st divisions were hastily withdrawn from our front and 
dispatched to help the French Army in Belgium. Detraining in the 
neighborhood of Ypres, these divisions advanced by rapid stages to 
the fighting line and were assigned to adjacent French Corps. Oh 



148098^ 

MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE 35 

October 31st, in continuation of the Flanders offensive, they attacked 
and methodically broken down all enemy resistance. On November 
3rd the 37th had completed its mission in driving the enemy across the 
Escant River and firmly established itself along the east bank includ- 
ed in the division zone of action. By a clever flanking movement, 
troops of the 91st Division captured Spitaals Bosschen, a difficult 
wood extending across the central part of the division sector, reach- 
ed the Scheldt and penetrated into the town of Audenarde. These 
divisions received the high commendation from the corps command- 
ers for their dash and energy. 

MEUSE-ARGONNE— LAST PHASE 

On the 23rd. the Third and Fifth Corps pushed northward to the 
level of BantheviUe. While we continued to press forward and throw 
back the enemy's violent counter attacks with great loss to him, a re- 
grouping of our forces was under w^ay for the final assault. Evi- 
dences of loss of morale by the enemy gave our men more confidence 
in attack and more fortitude in enduring the fatigue of incessant ef- 
fort and the hardships of very inclement weather. 

With comparatively well rested divisions the final advance in the 
Meuse-Argonne front was begun on November 1st. Our increased 
artillery force acquitted itself magnificently in support of the ad- 
vance, and the enemy broke before the determined infantry, which 
by its persistent fighting of the past weeks and the dash of this attack, 
had overcome his will to resist. The Third Corps took Aincreville, 
Doulon and Andevanne, and the Fifth Corps took Landres-et-St. 
Georges and pressed through successive lines of resistance to Bayon- 
ville and Chennery. On the 2nd, the First Corps joined in the move- 
ment which now became an impetuous onslaught that could not be 
stayed. 

On the 3rd, advance troops w^ere hurried forward in pursuit, some 
by motor trucks, while the artillery pressed along the county roads 
close behind. The First Corps reached Authe and Chatillon-sur-Bar, the 
Fifth Corps, Fosse and Nouart, and the Third Corps Halles penetrat- 
ing the enemy's line to a depth of twelve miles. Our large calibre 
guns had advanced apd were skillfully brought into position to fire 
upon the important railroad line at Montmedy, Longuyon and Con- 
flans. Our Third Corps crossed the Meuse on the 5th, and the other 
corps in the full confidence that the day was their, eagerly cleared the 
way of machine guns as they swept northward, maintaining complete 
co-ordination throughout. On the 6th, a division of the First Corps 
reached a point on the Meuse opposite Sedan, tw^enty-five miles, from 



36 THE WORLD WAR 

our line of departure. The strategical goal which was our highest 
hope was gained. We had cut the enemy's main line of communica- 
tions, and nothing but surrender or an armistice could save his army 
from complete disaster. 

In all, forty-four enemy divisions had been used against us in 
Meuse-Argonne battle. Between September 26th and November 
6th we took 16,059 prisoners and 468 guns on this front. Our di- 
visions engaged were the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 26th, 28th, 29th, 32nd, 
33rd, 35th, 37th, 42nd, 77th. 78th, 79th, 80th, 82nd, 89th, 90 th and 91st. 
Many of our divisions remained in line for a length of time that re- 
quired nerves of steel, while others were sent in again after only 
a few days' rest. The 1st, 2nd, 5th, 26th, 42nd, 77th, 79th, 80th, 89th 
and 90th were in the line twice. Although some of the divisions 
were fighting their first battle, they soon became equal to the best. 

OPERATIONS EAST OF THE MEUSE 

On the three days preceding November 10th, the 3rd Corps and 
the 2nd Colonial and 17th French Corps fought a difBcult struggle 
through the Meuse hills south of Stenay and forced the enemy into 
the plain. Meanwhile my plans for further use of the American 
forces contemplated an advance between the Meuse and the Moselle 
in the direction of Eongwy by the 1st Army, while at the same time 
the 2nd Army should assume the offensive toward the rich iron fields 
of Briey. These operations were to be followed by an oft'ensive to- 
ward Chateau-Salins east of the Moselle, thus isolating Metz. Ac- 
cordingly, attacks on the American front had been ordered, and that 
of the 2nd Army was in progress on the morning of November 11th 
when instructions were received that hostilities should cease at 11 
o'clock a. m. • . 

At this moment the American sector from right to left began at 
Port-sur-Seille, thence across the Moselle to Vandieres and through 
the Woevre to Bezonvaux in the foothills of the Meuse, thence along 
the foothills and through the northern edge of the AVoevre forests to 
the Meuse at Mouzay, thence along the Meuse connecting with the 
French near Sedan. 

RELATIONS WITH THE ALLIES 

Co-operation among the Allies has at all times been most cor- 
dial. A far greater effort has. been put forth by the allied armies and 
staffs to assist us than could have been expected. The French gov- 
ernment and army have always stood ready to furnish us with sup- 
plies, equipment and transportation and to aid us in every way. In 
the towns and hamlets wherever our troops have been stationed or 



COMMENDATION 37 

billeted, the French i)eople have everywhere received them more as 
relatives and intimate friends than as soldiers of a foreign army. For 
these things, words are ciuite inadequate to express our gratitude. 
There can be no doubt that the relations growing out of our associa- 
tions here assure the permanent friendship between the two peoples 
Although we have not been so intimately associated with the people 
of Great Britain, yet their troops and ours when thrown together 
have always warmly fraternized. The reception of those of our 
forces who have passed through England and of those who have been 
stationed there has always been enthusiastic. Altogether it has been 
deeply impressed upon us that the' ties of language and blood bring 
the British and ourselves together completely and inseparably. 

STRENGTH 

There are in Europe altogether, including a regiment and some 
sanitary units with the Italian army and the organizations at Mur- 
mansk, also including those en route from the States, approximately 
2,053,347 men, less our losses. Of this total there are in France 
1.338,169 combatant troops. Forty divisions have arrived, of which 
the infantry personnel of 10 have been used as replacements, leaving 
30 divisions now in France, organized into three armies of three corps 
each. 

The losses of the American army up to November 18th are : Kill- 
ed and died of wounds, 36,154; died of disease, 14,811 ; deaths unclas- 
sified, 2,204; wounded, 179,625; prisoners, 2,163; missing, 11,660. We 
have captured altogether about 44,000 prisoners and 1,400 guns, how- 
itzers and trench mortars. 

COMMENDATION 
The duties of the general stafif, as well as those of the army and 
corps staffs, have been very ably performed. Especially is this true 
when we consider the new and difficult problems with which they 
have been confronted. This body of officers, both as individuals and 
as an organization, have, I believe, no superiors in professional abil- 
ity, in efficiency, or in loyalty. 

Nothing that we have in France better reflects the efficiency and 
devotion to duty of Americans in general than the Service of Supply, 
whose personnel is thoroughly imbued with a patriotic desire to do its 
full duty. They have at all times fully appreciated their responsibil- 
ity to the rest of the army, and the results produced have been most 
gratifying. 

Our Medical Corps is especially entitled to praise for the general 
eflfectiveness of its-work both both in hospitals and at the front. Em- 



3S THE WORLD WAR 

bracing men of high professional attainments, and splendid women 
devoted to their calling and untiring in their efforts, this department 
has made a new record for medical and sanitary proficiency. 

The Quartermaster Department has had a difficult and varied 
task, but it has more than met all demands that have been made upon 
it. Its management and its personnel have been exceptionally effici- 
ent and deserve every possible commendation. 

As to the more technical services, the able personnel of the Ord- 
nance Department in France has splendidly fulfilled its functions both 
in procurment and in forwarding the immense quantities of ordnance 
required. The officers and men and the young women of the Signal 
Corps have performed their duties with a large conception of the 
problem and with a devoted and patriotic spirit to which the perfec- 
tion of our communications daily testifies. While the Engineer Corps 
has been referred to in another part of this report it should be further 
stated that their work has required large vision and high professional 
skill, and great credit is due their personnel for the high efficiency 
that they have constantly maintained. 

Our aviators have no equals in daring or in fighting ability, and 
have left a record of courageous deeds that will ever remain a bril- 
liant page in the annals of our army. While the Tank Corps has had 
limited opportunity its personnel has responded gallantly on every 
possible occasion and has shown courage of the highest order. 

The Adjutant General's Department has been directed with a 
systematic thoroughness and excellence that surpasses any previous 
work of its kind. The Inspector General's Department has risen to 
the highest standards, and throughout has ably assisted commanders 
in the enforcement of discipline. The able personnel of the Judge 
Advocate General's Department has solved with judgment and wis- 
dom the multitude of difficult legal problems, many of them involv- 
ing questions of great international importance. 

It would be impossible in this brief preliminary report to do jus- 
tice to the personnel of all the different branches of this organization 
which I shall cover in detail in a later report. 

The Navy in European waters has at all times most cordially aid- 
ed the Army, and it is most gratifying to report that there has never 
before been such perfect co-operation between these two branches 
of the service. 

As to Americans in Europe not in the military services, it is the 
greatest pleasure to say that, both in official and in private life they 
are intensely patriotic and loyal, and have been invariably sympa- 
thetic and helpful to the Army. , ., 



MISCELLANEOUS STATISTICS 39 

Finally, I pay the supreme tribute to our officers and soldiers of 
the line. A\'hen I think of their heroism, their patience under hard- 
ship, their unflinching spirit of offensive action, I am filled with 
emotion which I am unable to express. Their deeds are immortal 
and they have earned the eternal gratitude of our country. 

JOHN J. PERSHING, 

Commander-in-Chief A. E. F. 

November 20, 1918. 



A FEW MISCELLANEOUS STATISTICS 

If all the railroads constructed by the A. E. F., were laid in a con- 
tinuous straight line the track would reach from St. Nazaire on the 
Atlantic Ocean, across France and Germany, to the Russian frontier. 
If fall the building construction were consolidated into one building 
having the width of our standard barrack,' it would extend from St. 
Nazaire across France and into Germany as far as the River Elbe. 
If all the fire-wood produced by the A. E. F. were piled in a row, one 
meter high and one meter wide, it would extend one thousand three 
hundred and twenty-five (1,325) miles, enough to form an unbroken 
wall around three sides of the Republic of France. The Transporta- 
tion Corps has erected and placed in operation in France 18,543 Amer- 
ican railroad cars and 1,496 locomotives. If all of these were made 
up into a single train they would reach from St. Nazaire to Tours, a 
distance of 157 miles. On the day the armistice was signed the A.' 
E. F. was operating 2,240 kilometers of light railways, of which 
1740 kilometers had been taken from the Germans, and the 
balance newly constructed or rebuilt. Up to February 1st, 1919, 
our light railways had handled a total of 860,652 tons of material 
of which a total of 166,202 tons was ammunition. The Di- 
vision of Construction and Forestry of the Engineers Corps had 81 
saw-mills in operation in October, 1918, and had produced, up to De- 
cember 1. 1918, 189,564,000 ft. b. m. of lumber, 2, 728,000 standard 
gauge railroad ties, 923,560 narrow gauge ties, 1,739,000 poles and pit 
props, besides fuel wood and other miscellaneous forestry products. 
On November 11, 1918, the Quartermaster Corps had 844 activities 
functioning in the A. E. F., distributed over a total of 267 localities. 
If all motor vehicles were placed end to end on a straight road they 
would extend over 290 miles forming a continuous convoy from Paris 
to The Hague, in Holland. Statistics similar to the foregoing could 
be given almost indefinitely, but these will suffice to impress the ex- 
tent of the A. E. F., supply achievements in France. ^ 



Fulton County in the War 



DD 
DD 



Prior to our formal entry into the war, by act of Congress, on 
April 6th, 1917, Fulton county, like many other counties over the 
country, was divided in opinion on the matter of our participation 
in the great conflict. We had our conscientious objectors, pacifists, 
those who imagined that Germany was not a menace to the United 
States and those who, by reason of German ancestry, gave no cred- 
ence to the tales of German brutality and terriorism. but when the 
United Statse actually entered the war the people of Fulton coun- 
ty rallied to the call of country and accepted the judgment of the 
President and Congress. Whatever opposition was expressed to 
our participation in the war vanished almost at once and the whole 
population of the county soon became a united body in patriotic en- 
deavor. 

Long before our actual entry into the war many of our boys 
had enlisted in the regular army, hoping for a chance at the Boches, 
others had already entered the fight with the French, British or 
Canadian forces. Many of our citizens had volunteered for some 
sort of war service on the side of the Allies. 

The first step taken officially in this county was made w^hen it 
became apparent that conscription would be necessary to raise a 
large army with the least possible delay and Governor Goodrich, 
acting upon advices from Washington, appointed a conscription 
board in each county and called these boards to Indianapolis in or- 
der to explain the plans of the government, and to Cjuickly and ef- 
fectually organize Indiana for war work. The board thus appointed 
in this county consisted of Sherifif Lewis Clay Sheets, County Clerk 
Andrew E. Babcock and Harold Van Trump, and they met in Indian- 
apolis on Monday, April 30th, 1917, with other men similarly called 
by the Governor, to receive instruction for carrying out the con- 
scription law, yet to be enacted. It was the plan of Governor Good- 
rich to so thoroughly organize Indiana that by the time the draft 
law was passed, this state would be ready to act immediately. 

40 



FULTON COUNTY IN THE WAR 41 

The board returned home and appointed the following, men to act 
as conscription registrars in their various townships : John L. Hoesel 
for Aubbeenaubbee, John D. Heighway and Fred G. Rowe for 
Henry, George A. Black for Liberty, Charles T. Jones for Newcastle. 
\\^illiam Foster for Richland, Dell Kessler, Mahlon Bell and William 
K. Stevenson for Rochester, Geo. W. Garman for Union and Frank 
Douglas for Wayne. It became apparent that a physician was need- 
ed on the board and Dr. M. O. King replaced Harold Van Trump 
on May 17, 1917. 

This organization began organizing Fulton county for War 
work, but the completion of the government plans centered the var- 
ious war activities in the County Council of Defense which was cre- 
ated on Monday, June 4th, 1917, by Judge Smith N. Stevens, of the 
Fulton Circuit Court, acting on the request of Governor Goodrich. 
Judge Stevens named the following persons to serve for Fulton coun- 
ty: William H. Deniston, Rochester; Mrs. Perry Heath, Rochester; 
James H. Moore, Fulton; Austin O. Farry, Akron; Andrew A. Gast, 
Akron; L. M. Shoemaker, Kewanna and Dr. B. F. Overmyer, Leiters 
Ford, the purpose of the Council was defined as to "co-operate with 
the Federal and State governments in organizing the resources of 
the state in men and materials. The council was further instructed 
to meet on Monday, June 11th, 1917, to elect one of its members as 
chairman and another as secretary. This meeting resulted in the 
selection of William H. Deniston as Chairman and Mrs. Perry Heath 
as Secretary. As the work progressed J. Howard Reed, of Liberty 
township, and Asa J. Murray, of Wayne township, were added to the 
membership of the council, and upon this body devolved the gigan- 
tic task of unifying the sentiment of Fulton county for the winning 
of the war, of carrying out the many orders from the State and Na- 
tional Councils of defense and of completely organizing the county 
as a defensive unit. 

To say that the duties were arduous and continuous is only em- 
phasizing an obvious fact and it is but faint praise to say that 
they were performed with a fine patriotism and a uniform devotion 
to duty on the part of every member of the council. 

It was a fortunate thing for Fulton county that we numbered 
among our citizens at this time, Mr. Grosvenor Dawe, a man of large 
experience as an organizer and in community work. Mr. Dawe was 
serving as secretary of the Farmers and Merchants Association of 
Fulton county and his services were requisitioned by the County 
Council of Defense. Co-operating with the council, Mr. Dawe speed- 



A2 THE WORLT) WAR 

ily built up an organization which placed one man and one woman 
in each square mile of the county's area, ready and willing to carry 
out the work assigned and to stand responsible for the square mile. 
The organization proved efificient to a remarkable degr,ee. 

The personnel of the County Organization as efifected by the 
County Council of Defense and other agencies of the government will 
be found on the following pages. The untiring efforts of these men 
and women, their unselfish devotion to the common cause and their 
practical patriotism was responsible for the fine record made by Ful- 
ton county in all forms of war work. 

FULTON COUNTY COUNCIL OF DEFENSE— Chairman, W. H. 
Deniston, Rochester, Ind. Secretary, Mrs. Perry Heath, Rochester, Ind. A. 
A. Gast, Akron, Ind. A. O. Farry, Rochester, Ind. L. M. Shoemaker, Ke- 
wanna, Ind. Dr. B. F. Overmyer, Leiters Fprd, Ind. James H. Moore Ful- 
ton, Ind. J. H. Reed, Rochester, Ind. A. J. Murray, Grass Creek, Ind. 

PUBLICITY COMMITTEE— Earle Miller. Dean L. Barnhart. Pete 
Van Trump. S. N. Shesler, Akron News. F. C. Gould, Kewanna Herald. 
T. H. Moore, Fulton Leader. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— Arthur Metzler. A. L. Deniston. Henry 
Bibler. Chas. Emmons. Maurice Shelton. 

FINANCE COMMITEE— A. J. Haimbaugh. J. E. Beyer. F. E. Bryant. 
O. B. Smith. Will Biddinger. A,. A. Gast. J. H. Reed. A. O. Ferry. 

PUBLIC POLICY COMMITTEE— George W. Holman. Enoch Myers. 
Otto McMahan. H. G. Miller. Grosvenor Dawe. 

MEDICAL— Dr. B. F. Overmyer, Leiters Ford. 

WOMEN'S ACTIVITIES— Mrs. Perry Heath. 

SHIPPING INTERESTS— A. L. Deniston. 

LEGAL — Enoch Myers. 

LABOR— H. G. Miller. 

MILITARY AFFAIRS— Cyrus M. Davis. 

PUBLIC MORALS— Rev. George Pullman. Rev. Geo. Chandler. 

EDUCATIONAL— A. L. Whitmer. 

EMPLOYER'S COOPERATION— Alfred Goodrich. 

PROTECTIVE— A. A. Gast. 

ORGANIZATION— Edward E. Murphy. 

EXECUTIVE— Arthur Metzler. 

CONTROL OF SOLICITATION— J. F. Dysert. 

SPEAKERS— E. H. Sutherland. 

WAR CONFERENCE— Charles E. Emmons. 

HONOR ROLL— Mrs. Frank N. Hoflfman. 

LIBERTY GUARD ORGANIZER— Martin A. Irvine. 

R. R. TRANSPORTATION— J. E. Beyer. 



WAR WORKERS 43 

U. S. SPECIAL APPOINTMENTS 

FEDERAL EXPLOSIVE INSPECTOR— Xormaii R. Stoner. 

BOYS WORKING RESERVE— T. F. Berry. 

U. S. PUBLIC SERVICE— E. E. Murphy. 

SURVEY OF MAN POWER— Otto McMahan. 

U. S. COMMUNITY LABOR BOARD— Judge Harry Bernetha, Chair- 
man. Harold Van Trump. Arthur W. Brubaker. 

FOUR MINUTE MEN— C. K. Plank. Enoch Myers. F. J. Mattice. 

CHAIRMAN— FOURTEEN MINUTE WOMEN— Mrs. Arthur Metzler. 

EXPLOSIVE INSPECTION— Norman R. Stoner. 

WAR INDUSTRIAL— Howard DuBois. 

MERCHANT'S ECONOMY— Ike M. Wile. 

COUNTY AGENT— L. R. Binding. 

FOOD ADMINISTRATION— John R. Barr, County Administrator. 
Emerson Felder, Fulton — Liberty. Fletcher Stoner, Akron — Henry. Omer 
Montgomery, Talma — Newcastle. Dr. Saunders, Grass Creek — Wayne. Dr. 
Gilbert, Kewanna — Union. O. Brugh, Leiters Ford — Aubbeenaubbee. Har- 
rison Wynn, Tiosa — Richland. 

TOWNSHIP WORKERS 

WAYNE TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE— Chairman, Harold 
Hendrickson. Secretary, Miss Dessie Buchanan. Dr. Saunders. Roy 
Kumler, Treasurer. A. J. "Murray. John McLaughlin. E. E. Murphy, Direc- 
tor. 

WAYNE TOWNSHIP SQUARE MILE MEN— Carl Brewer. Harry 
Mogle. C. S. Callahan. Melvin Moore. Guy Nellans. Chas. Caton. Sher- 
man Marsh. Earl Marsh. Leonard Carr. W. K. Costello. Samuel Hower. 
Harry Barnett. George Koenig. John Calvin. Thomas Search. James 
Barnett. Carrie Walsch. John Feidner. Chas. Dukes. Freemont Philips. 
E. J. Urbin. Chas. Nickels. Paul Costello. Frank Roberts. Ed Costello. 
Henry Ware. Albert Kerschner. William Walsch, Jr. Florence Hendrick- 
son. John Shankley. Virgil Graffis. Emett Burns. Ed Kumler. John Her- 
old. Otto Applegate. Henry Lease. Ed Gill. M. E. Jones. Roy Geyer. 
A. J. Murray. Melvin Sommers. Lawrence Funk. William King. I. R. 
Burns. Roy Todd. Odie Wills. Lyman Hill. Edgar Hill. 

WAYNE TOWNSHIP SQUARE MILE WOMEN— Mrs. Carl Br^er. 
Mrs. Harry Mogle. Mrs. Melvin Moore. Mrs. C. S. Callahan. Mrs. Lloyd 
Rouch. Mrs. Chas. Caton. Mrs. Sherman Marsh. Mrs. Earl Marsh. Mrs. 
Leonard Carr. Mrs. William K. Costello. Mrs. Samuel Hower. Mrs. Harry 
Barney. Mrs. George Koenig. Mrs. Edna Comer. Mrs. Zella Horton. Mrs. 
James Barnett. Mrs. Carrie Walsh. Mrs. John Feidner. Mrs. William Al- 
len. Mrs. Carrie Calvin. Mrs. G. T. Urbin Mrs. Chas. Nickels. Mrs. Pat 



44 THE WORLD WAR 

Sinnott. Mrs Frank Roberts. Mrs. Ed Costello. Mrs. Ella Sinnott. Mrs. 
Albert Kerschner. Mrs. William Walsh Jr. Mrs. Roy Benham. Miss Alice 
Shanley. Mrs. Virgil Graffis. Miss Carrie Burns. Mrs. Ed Kumler. Mrs. 
John Herold. Mrs. Otto Applegate. Mrs. Mazelle Brown. Mrs. Ed Gill. 
Mrs. M. E. Jones. Mrs. Roy Geier. Mrs. A. J. Murray. Mrs. Melvin Som- 
mers. Mrs. Lawrence Funk. Mrs. Willam King. Mrs. L R Burns. Mrs. 
Roy Todd. Mrs. Emma Herrold. Mrs. Lyman Hill. Mrs Edgar Hill. 

UNION TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE— Chairman, George 
M. Calvin. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— Rev. G. S. Reedy. Rev. J. H. Ferris. 
Thos. Willoughby. Dr. A. J. Gilbert. W. H. Gohl. H. D. Snepp. L. M. 
Shoemaker. David Hudkins, Secretary. Guy Barr, Director. 

UNION TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE MILE 

MEN— George Morris. Chas. Mathias. S. S. Collins. Otto Morrow. John 
Herr. Howard Mutchler. David Brooker. Ray Lough. Alvah Lebo. 
Jesse Wentzel. Jesse Stamn. Link Overmyer. John Baker. Steven Bruce. 
William Shine. U. E. Dukes. Thos. Neff. Bert Talbott. Clifford Felder. 
Leroy Garman. Frank Miller. Geo. Pratt. W. W. McBeth. Frank Smith. 
Cline Sales. William Gray. Jacob Kreamer. Frank Hudkins. Howard Zel- 
lars. L. J. Hudkins. Vere Calvin. Jester Sparks. D. H. Snepp. Thos. 
Graffis. Frank Lamborn. David Keeney. Don Wagoner. Frank Hendrick- 
son. Fred Gillespie. Forest Willoughby. William Calvin. William Collins. 
Frank Moon. Lester Stubl)s. 

UNION TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE MILE 

WOMEN— Mrs. George Mathias. Mrs. S. S. Collins. Mrs. Otto Morrow. 
Mrs. John Herr. Mrs. Howard Mutchler. Mrs. David Brooker. Mrs. Ray 
Lowe. Mrs. Alvah Lebo. Mrs. Jesse Wentzel. Mrs. Jesse Stamm. Mrs. 
Lincofti Overmyer. Mrs. John Baker. Mrs. Steven Bruce. Mrs. William 
Shine. Mrs. Locke. Mrs. Thomas Neff. Mrs. Bert Talbot. Mrs. Clifford 
Felder. Mrs. Margaret Garman. Mrs. Frank Miller. Mrs. George Pratt. 
Mrs. W. M. McBeth. Mrs. Frank Smith. Mrs. Cline Sales. Mrs. Will 
Gray. Mrs. Jacob Kreamer. Mrs. Frank Hudkins. Mrs. Howard Zellars. 
Mrs. L. J. Hudkins. Mrs. Bere Calvin. Mrs. Justin Sparks. Mrs. D. H. Snepp. 
Mrs. Tom Graffis. Mrs. Ed McVay. Mrs. Davis Keeney. Mrs. Belle Ayers. 
Mrs. Frank Hendrickson. Mrs. Samuel Woods. Mrs. Forest Willoughby. 
Mrs. Will Calvin. Mrs. Will Collins. 

AUBBEENAUBEE TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE— A. J. 
Ginther, Chairman. B. F. Overmyer. L. Luckenbill. Charley Kreichbaum. 
John D. Holman, Director. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— B. F. Overmyer, L. Luckenbill. P. A. 
Gttlse. Samuel Kelley. George Brugh. 

AUBBEENAUBBEE TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE 
SQUARE MILE MEN— Klta Davis. Elsworth Edgington. Samuel Mun- 
vers. Simon Kaley. Junanuel Ditmire. Henry Fox. Richard Frey. Samuel 
Kelley. Edward Cavendcr. William Fernbaugh. Frank Kurtz. William Mehr- 
lin^. Lester' Mahrer. K. J. Wagoner. Albert Faulstich. Simon Lahman. Ben 



WAR WORKERS 45 

Overmyer. E. S. Ullom. Dean Ginther. John \'an kirk. T. J. Bridegroom. 
J. J. Beerwart. George Brugh B. B. Campbell. Abraham Ginther. W. A. 
Baldwin. Samuel McKee. Joseph Guise. Leroy Guise. Henry Wentzel. 
Frank Freece. H. H. Moore. Henry Brugh. 

AUBBEENAUBEE TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE 
MILE WOMEN — Mrs. Elta Davis. Mrs. Elsworth Edgington. Mrs. George 
Wilson. Mrs. Simon Kaley Mrs. Henry Fox. Mrs. Sam Kelley. Mrs. Alvin 
Hartle. Mrs. William Baldwin. Mrs. John Barger. Miss Florence Mahler. 
Mrs. Jessie Toner. Mrs. Albert Faulstich Mrs. Simon Lahman. Mrs. Ben 
Overmyer. Mrs. E. S. Ullom. Mrs. Nellie Cunningham. Mrs Omar Southall. 
Mrs. .Thomas Bridegroom. Mrs. Maude Sales. Mrs. Chloe Hackett. Mrs. 
Rhoda Campbell. Mrs. Pearl Hiatt. Mrs. Walter Myers. Mrs. Wm. Yelton. 
Mrs. Pearl Milliser. Mrs. Sam McKee. Mrs. Edna Guise. Mrs. Perry Guise. 
Mrs. Harry Wentzel. Mrs. Omar Reichard. Mrs. Edith Moon. Mrs. Lou 
Bailey. Mrs. Harry Brugh. Mrs. Myrtle Luckenbill. 

RICHLAND TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE— Chairman. Robt. 
W. Shafer. Melvidore Briney, Sec. Bert Sausaman. Chauncey Overmyer. 
Albert Bunn. Perry W^alters. .A.lbertus Runnells. Bert Leedy. Robert 
Mowe. John Beck. A. J. Riddle. Byron Smith. Take Reed. Arthur L. Den- 
iston, Director. 

RICHLAND TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE MILE 
MEN — David Care}'. Bert Leedy. Chas. Leedy. Ben Halternian. Robert 
Mowe. Ezra Leedy. Byron Smith. Ed Smith. Mahlon Baer. A. J. Riddle. 
John Beck. Dean \ellans. Joe Thompson. Mel Briney. R. W. Shafer. Bert 
.Sausaman. Milo Anderson. Hugh Guise. Irvin Walters. Bert Bunn. Mart 
Jackson. William Burkett. Bert Runnells. Orville Miller. Jake Reed. Perry 
Walters. Russel Warren. Clarence Castleman. Alvin Hiatt. Harry Over- 
myer. C. D. Overmyer. Del Anderson. Leo Rhinesmith. Howard Reed. 
Ed McGrifif. George Adams. 

RICHLAND TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE MILE 
WOMEN — Mrs. David Carey. Mrs. Bert Leedy. Mrs. Chas. Safford. Mrs. 
Ben Halterman. Mrs. Robert Mowe. Mrs. Ezra Leedy. Mrs. Mil Wynn. 
Mrs. George Wright. Mrs. Mae Wynn. Mrs. Samuel Arnold. Miss Rosa 
Hisey. Mrs. Edna Conrad. Mrs. Bertha Conrad. Mrs. Clar Nellans. Mrs. 
R. W. Shafer. Mrs. Bert Sausaman. Mrs. Milo Anderson. Mrs. Hugh 
Guise. Mrs. Irvin Walters. Mrs. Bert Bunn. Mrs. Bessie Walters. Mrs. 
William Burkett. Mrs. Bert Runnells. Mrs. Mary Drew. Mrs. Tena Beehler. 
Mrs. Oss Burkett. Mrs. Ambrose Overmyer. Mrs. Clarence Castleman. Mrs. 
Estella Hiatt. Mrs. Harry Overmyer. Mrs. Chas. Cunningham. Mrs. Del 
Anderson. Miss Anna Kerler. Mrs. Estella Hassenplug. Mrs. Ed McGriff. 
Mrs. Lee Mowe. 

LIBERTY TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE— Chairman, George 
A. Black, Fulton, Indiana. Ass't. Chairman, Lawrence Hendrickson. Sec'y- 
Si Treas., Mrs. R. A. Johnson. Milton Henderson. Andrew Oliver. Ancil 
Gray. Otto McMahan, Director. 



46 THE WORLD WAR 

LIBERTY TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE MILE 

MEN— George Black. Lawrence Hendrickson. Ora Hudson. Chas. 
Horton. Andrew Oliver. Ancil Gray. Ray Mortz. Herbert Peflfers. 
Henry Heckathorn. Chas. Cornell. Chas. Brown. Truman Ward. Leonard 
Cool. Lee Pownall. V. J. Pownall. Clyde Champ. Thos. Reed. Wm. 
Pownall. Wm. Gray. Chas. Mathias. John Dewald. John Shields. Thos. 
Enyart. Ernest Green. J. A. Large. Ben Dewald. Wm. Cunningham. Lee 
Davidson. Chas. Horton. Edgar McCarter. Dell Calloway. John Smith. 
Chester Whybrew. Thos. DuBois. Noble Goodner. Alfred Showley. Nelson 
Trout. Chas. Fry. Floyd Wildermuth. Nelson Rouch. Deo Rannells. 
George Surface. Andrew Rentschler. John Leavell. L. G. Armstrong. John 
Moss. Elmer Eytcheson. Town of Fulton (North Half)— Bowen and Zook. 
(South Half) — Deilman and Redmond. 

LIBERTY TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE MILE 

WOMEN — Mrs. George Black. Mrs. Lawrence Hendrickson. Mrs. Ora 
Hudson. Mrs. M. Henderson. Mrs. Andrew Oliver. Mrs. Ancil Gray. Mrs. 
Ray Mortz. Mrs. Robert Peffers. Mrs. H. Heckathorn. Mrs. Chas. Cornell. 
Mrs. Chas. Brown. Mrs. Truman Ward. Mrs. Leonard Cool. Mrs. Lee 
Pownall. Mrs. V. J. Pownall. Mrs. Clyde Champ. Mrs. Thos. Reed. Mrs. 
Wm. Pownall. Mrs. Wm. Gray. Mrs. Chas. Mathias. Mrs. John Dewald. 
Mrs. John Shields. Mrs. Thos. Enyart. Mrs. Ernest Gohn. Mrs. J. A. Large. 
Mrs. Ben Dewald. Mrs. Wm. Cunningham. Mrs. Lee Davidson. Mrs. Chas. 
Horton. Mrs. Edgar McCarter. Mrs. Del Calloway. Mrs. John Smith. Mrs. 
Chester Whybrew. Miss Ethel DuBois. Mrs. C. B. Apt. Mrs. Noble Good- 
ner. Mrs. Alfred Showley. Mrs. Wilson Trout. Miss Mable Easterday. Mrs. 
F. Wildermuth. Mrs. Nelson Rouch. Mrs. Deo Rannells. Mrs. George Sur- 
face. Mrs. Andrew Rentschler. Miss Garnett Leavell. Mrs. L. G. Armstrong. 
Mrs. John Moss. Mrs. Elmer Eytcheson. 

HENRY TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE— Chairman, Ivan R. 
Godwin. V. Chairman, W. C. Miller. E. 1. Scott. W. C. Hossman. Dr. Hoss- 
man. Robert Burns. S. N. Shesler. W. D. Shewman, Sec'y- Frank Press- 
nail, Treas. Norman R. Stoner, Director. Executive Comittee — John Heigh- 
way. Robert Burns. Jake King. Chas. Flohr. A. A. Gast. Frank Dickey. 
Dr. Hosman. 

HENRY TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE MILE 

MEN — S. C. Reeder. Reuben Royer. Allen Craft. George King. Chas. 
Miller. U. S. Croft. Chas. Hoffman. Hugh Miller. E. Burkholder. William 
Gerard. Frank Dielman. Otto Groninger. Alvah Clinker. Ora Leech. 
Oscar Heater. Alvin Kuhn. Joe Barnett. G. H. Hutchinson. Dave Cleven- 
gcr. Chas. Swartzlander. R. J. Maddox. Earl Barr. Ernest Bright. John 
Orr. Merrill Whittenberger. Lawrence Townsend. D. R. Sifert. John Funk. 
C. B. Wilhoit. Alfred Poor. Willis Ward. Chas. McMahan. Chas. Smoker. 
L. F. Merley. Justin Curtis. E. L. Scott. Frank Thompson. Mason Grogg. 
Tra Putman. Harry Yarlan. Selah Maby. Vern Miller. Ray Wildermuth. 
Nelson Bowen. Albert Bowen. Harvey Long. Jacob King. Clarence Pon- 
tius. 



WAR WORKERS 47 

HENRY TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE MILE 
WOMEN — Mrs. S. C. Reeder. Mrs. Elbridge Carpenter. Mrs. Ruth Lynch. 
Mrs. John Kreamer. Mrs. U. S. Croft, Mrs. Chas. Hofifman. Mrs. Ralph 
Trout. Mrs. Joe Dickerhoff. Mrs. Alice Dickerhoflf. Mrs. Chas. Floor. Mrs. 
Roy Groninger. Mrs. Frank Dickey. Miss Delta Halderman. Mrs. Will Lein- 
inger. Mrs. Frank Peterson. Mrs. James H. Hutchinson. Mrs. John D. 
Heighway. Mrs. Irvin Bryant. Mrs. Oliver Utter. Mrs. Earl Barr. Mrs. 
Chas. Kreig. Mrs. Jesse Klise. Mrs. Daisy Slaybaugh. Mrs. Herbert Harter. 
Mrs. Daisy Merley. Mrs. Marion Moore. Mrs. Clifford Wilhoit. Mrs. Clark 
Foor. Mrs. Willis Ward. Mrs. Gilbert Nye. Mrs. Bert Wilhoit. Mrs. Viola 
Huling. Mrs. Minnie Curtis. Mrs. Chas. Day. Mrs. C. E. Smith. Mrs. Win- 
field Kuhn. Mrs. Ira Putman. Mrs. Henry Yarian. Mrs. Orville Moore. 
Mrs. Harry Mastellar. Mrs. Ray Wildermuth. Mrs. Nelson Bowen. Mrs. 
Perry Zartman. Mrs. Harvey Long. Miss Gertrude Givler. Mrs. Voris 
Davis. Mrs. W. C. Miller. Mrs. Roy Jones. Mrs. B. F. Dawson. Mrs. Dr. 
Ferry. Mrs. Amy Walton. Mrs. Albert Scott. Mrs. S. Thompson. Mrs. Geo. 
Kinder. Miss Dessie Sayger. Mrs. Dr. Stinson. Mrs. A. A. Gast. 



ROCHESTER TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE 

MILE MEN— Carl Miller. Wni. Wagoner. Chas. Darr. Alvin Good. Del Kes- 
sler. Bert Cole. Ed Hagan. Elijah Wilson. Frank Carrithers. A. G. Neer- 
man. Milton Smiley. Bert Myers. Charles Holden. William Ball. James 
Downs. Charles Stahl. John Wolf. William Hanna. Harry Estabrook. 
Calder Alspach. Fin C. Wiser. Chas. Woods. Wm. H. King. John McClung. 
Oscar Tatman. Omar Camerer. P. W^ Lowe. Joel Brubaker. Carl Newcomb. 
Geo. Tobey. John W. Conrad. Ed Fishback. Steve Pyle. William Clay. 
Dee Berrier. Will Kennell. Fred Moore. Lloyd Castleman. John Cessna. 
Warren Gohn. Clarence Graffis. L. E. Crabbs. Charles Pyle. Herman Cle- 
land. Jake Crabill. Web Beattie. William Clayburn. Jacob Eisenman. 
David Wolf. Delno Crabill. John Hayes. John DeVore. George Newman. 
James Westwood. Ray Woodcox. Ray Beattie. Charles Finney. Alex 
Black. Robert Miller. John McKinney. Daniel Kline. Stephen Bloom. 
Frank Davidson. J. W. Evans. Cora Vandegrift. Harley Kochenderfer. 
Abner McKay. H. E. Barkman. Lon Rogers. Oliver Ewing. Frank Mar- 
riot. Ulysses Personett. Levi Leiter. Wm. Anderson. J. W. Rhinehart. 
Milton Poffenberger. Ben Noftsger. Amos Sanders. J. C. Berry. Chas. 
Wiley. 



ROCHESTER TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE 
MILE WOMEN— Mrs. Milton Smiley. Mrs. B. F. Carr. Mrs. Elmer Hen- 
derson. Mrs. Toughman. Mrs. Dell Kessler. Mrs. Bert Cole. Mrs. Nellie 
Hagan. Miss Louise Wilson. Mrs. Pierce Wilson. Mrs. A. G. Neerman. 
Miss Gladys Smiley. Mrs. William Zellars. Mrs. Henry Becker. Mrs. Kent 
Sibert. Mrs. Ezra Alspach. Mrs. Fred Mercer. Mrs. Charles Stahl. Mrs. 
Clippinger. Mrs. William Hanna. Mrs. Calder Alspach. Mrs. A. C. Nixon. 
Mrs. John B. Bush. Mrs. Madge Snyder. Mrs. John L. McClung. Mrs. 
Elmer Oliver. Mrs. William Brubaker. Mrs. Ben Lowe. Miss Etta Black- 
etor. Mrs. O. M. Miller. Mrs. George Tobey. Mrs. Roscoe Conrad. Mrs. 



48 THE WORLD WAR 

Ethel Fishback. Mrs. Dora Pyle. Mrs. Ida Clay. Mrs. Eula Berrier. Mrs. 
Gertie Kennell. Mrs. John Fultz. Mrs. Ruth Castleman. Mrs. Nellie Zega- 
fuse. Mrs. Hannah I. Gohn. Mrs. Lelah Graffis. Mrs. L. E. Crabbs.. Mrs. 
Gresham Bearss. Mrs. Herman Cleland. Mrs. Jake Crabill. Mrs. Web 
Beattie. Mrs. Allen. Mrs. Jake Eisenman. Mrs. Clay Greer. Mrs. Delno 
Crabill. Mrs. John Werner. Mrs. Sam Phoebus. Mrs. George Newman. 
Miss Harriett King. Mrs. Ray Woodcox. Mrs. William Stone. Mrs. George 
Finney. Mrs. Alex Black. Mrs. James Charters. Mrs. Carrie McKinney. 
Mrs. Mel Hayes. Mrs. Martindale. Mrs. J. W .Evans. Mrs. Pat McMahan. 
Mrs. Nora Fultz. Mrs Leondias Rogers. Mrs. Oliver Eviring. Miss Gladys 
Garner. Mrs. Clem Miller. Mrs. Levi Leiter. Mrs. William Hetzner, Mrs. 
Lon Sheets. Mrs. Ben Noftsger. Mrs. Amos Sanders. Mrs. Hugh McMahan. 
Mrs. Chas. Wiley. 

NEWCASTLE TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE— Chairman— 
Chas. T. Jones. Secretary — Mrs. M. Deemer. Milton Kessler. Obe Haim- 
baugh. Clint Walburn. Will Mickie. Colfax Heighway. Carey Zolman. 
Meade Haimbaugh. Director — Chas. E. Emmons. 



NEWCASTLE TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE 

MILE MEN — Obe Haimbaugh. Will Foor. Verdie Brockey. William Sev- 
erns. Fred Busenburg. Roy Maxwell. Joseph Bybee. Milt Kessler. John 
A. Rouch. Ancil Jefferies. Vinson Meredith. Loren Busenburg. John Nor- 
ris. Charles Peterson. F. C. Mickey. S. P. Zoln>an. C. C. Heighway. W. 
H Sheets. Samuel Nelson. Isaac Batz. George Stockberger. John Long. 
Miles Perschbacher. Meade Haimbaugh. Clinton Walburn. Mainan Deem- 
er. Will Mickey. Mondo Barkman. John B. Haimbaugh. F. C. Montgom- 
ery. Alonzo Long. Carey Zolman. Joseph Kochenderfer. Charles Dalton. 
F. A. Rogers. 



NEWCASTLE TOWNSHIP COUNCIL OF DEFENSE SQUARE 
MILE WOMEN— Mrs. Obe Haimbaugh. Mrs. William Foor. Mrs. Verd 
Brockey. Mrs. Ora E. Horn. Mrs. Fred Busenburg. Mrs. Roy Maxwell. 
Mrs. Joseph Bybee. Mrs. Milton Kessler. Mrs. John A. Rouch. Mrs. Ancil 
Jefferies. Mrs. Vinson Meredith. Mrs. Loren Busenburg. Mrs. John R. 
Norris. Mrs. Charles Peterson. Mrs. F. C. Mickey. Mrs. Colfax Heighway. 
Mrs. W. H. Sheets. Mrs. Sam Nelson. Mrs. Isaac Batz. Mrs. G. A. Stock- 
berger Mrs. J. D. Long. Mrs. Miles Perschbacher. Mrs. Meade Haimbaugh. 
Mrs. C. L. Walburn. Mrs. M. F. Deemer. Mrs. Will Mickey. Mrs. Mondo 
Barkman. Mrs. J. B. Haimbaugh. Miss Belle Montgomery. Mrs. Alonzo 
Long. Mrs. Carey Zolman. Mrs. Jos. Kochenderfer. Mrs. Charles Dalton. 
Mrs. F. A. Rogers. 



CHAIRMAN SQUARE MILE WOMEN— Rochester— Mrs. Wylie Bo- 
nine. Union — Mrs. Una Wilson. Newcastle — Mrs. M .F. Deemer. Richland 
—Mrs. J. H. Reed. Henry— Mrs. A. A. Gast. Aubbeenaubbee— Mrs. S. T. 
Kelley. Wayne — Mrs. Floyd Leasure. Liberty — Mrs. R. A. Johnson. 



WAR WORKERS 49 

CITY ORGANIZATION 

In April, 1917, the Women's Committee was organizedby Mrs. 
Perry Heath, Secretary for the "Fulton County Council of Defense." 

Mrs. Charles Emmons was appointed City Chairman, with four 
vice-chairman, or "Quarter Town Women", with one woman for 
every two blocks, or "Two Block Women". 

The "Quarters Town Women" were : 
Mrs. B. F. Fretz — Southeast Quarter. 

Mrs. Charles Davis — Northeast Quarter. 

Mrs. J. D. Bonine — Northwest Quarter. 

Miss Ruth Sutherland — Southwest Quarter. 

In October. 1918, it became necessary to make some changes in 
the Women's Committee." Mrs. J. D. Bonine was appointed City 
Chairman, with 

]^Irs. B. '^. Fretz — Chairman, S. E. Q. 

Mrs. F. R. Burns — Chairman, N. E. Q. 

Mrs. I. N. Good— Chairman. N. W. Q. 

Mrs. Frank Tracy — Chairman, S. W. Q. 

Mrs. B. F. Fretz' TWO BLOCK WOMEN— Mrs. J. F. Dysert. Mrs. 
Stephen Parcel. Mrs. E. D. Gordon. Mrs. Ray B. Fretz. Mrs. Leslie 
Richter. Mrs. Charles Mogle. Mrs. Clara Rhodes. Mrs. Margaret Ewing. 
Miss Agnes McKee. Mrs. Walter House. Mrs. P. J. Stingley. Mrs. Fred 
Tipton. Mrs. K. W. Hartung. Mrs. Milo Coplen (dec.) Mrs. Gertrude 
Madary. Mrs. Ella Mogle. Mrs. Bessie Hurst. Mrs. Elsie Green. Miss 
Louise Bailey. 

Mrs. F. R. Burn's TWO BLOCK WOMEN— Mrs. Harry Louderback. 
Mrs. Ed Smith. Mrs. Fred Perschbacher. Mrs. Merl Craig. Mrs. Alvah 
McCarter. Mrs. Loy Ross. Mrs. Frank Sheward. Miss Myrtle Ross. Miss 
Maude Clayton. Mrs. Roscoe Pontius. Mrs. Charles Raymer. Mrs. Ray 
Myers. Mrs. James V. Coplen. Mrs. Omar Wagoner. Mrs. Harry Young. 
Miss Rosella Stoner. Miss Marie Clayton. Miss Sue Thompson. 

Mrs. I. N. Good's TWO BLOCK WOMEN— Mrs. Arthur Shore. Mrs. 
Heber Dunlap. Mrs. Earle Shore. Mrs. Sam Wenger. Mrs. L. K. Brower 
Mrs. Ralph Arnold. Mrs. Clarence Viers. Mrs. Charles Appleinan. Mrs. 
Atwell Seigfried. Mrs. Martha Ginther. Mrs. Scott Bowen. Miss Olive 
Hardin. Mrs. Al. Fenstermacher. Mrs. Charles Stahl. Mrs. Charles Brac- 
kett. Mrs. M. O. Shipley. Mrs. L. G. Holtz. Mrs. Fred Rannells. Mrs. L. 
G. Zimmerman. Mrs. John Hoover. Mrs. lelda Thornburg. Miss Mae Leiter. 
Miss Mary Stacey. Miss Magdalene Stegemann. 



50 THE WORLD WAR 

Mrs. Frank Tracy's TWO BLOCK WOMEN— Mrs. Charles Robbins. 
Mrs. Thurston Young. Mrs. Marion Reiter. Mrs. Raymond McElwee. 
Mrs. Alex. Ruh. Mrs. Effie Brackett. Miss Florence White. Miss Edith 
Bitters. Miss Ruth Wallace. Miss Margaret Keeley. Mrs. Roy Deniston. 
Mrs. Frank Bryant. Mrs. Charles Gould. Mrs. George Dawson. Mrs. War- 
ren Davis. Miss Rose Wile. Miss Edna Bitters. Miss Flavilla Tracy. Miss 
Ruth Coplen. Miss Myra Paramore. 

The women of Rochester, being so thoroughly organized, made it pos- 
sible to go over the top in every drive. They responded quickl}^ and worked 
systematically. In the Fifth Liberty Loan Drive they sold $12,350 in bonds. 

(Signed) MRS. J. D. BONINE 



WOMAN'S EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES 

REGISTRATION— County— Mrs. Chas. Emmons. Union— Mrs. Una 
Wilson. Newcastle — Mrs. M. F. Deemer. Richland— Mrs. Byron Smith. 
Aubbeenaubbee — Mrs. S. T. Kelley. Henry — Mrs. Minnie Curtis. Liberty — 
Mrs. R. A. Johnson. Rochester — Mrs. F. S. Tracy. Wayne — Miss Margaret 
Hines. 

HOME ECONOMICS— County— Mrs. H. G. Miller. Union— Maude Con- 
rad. Newcastle — Mrs. Meade Haimbaugh. Richland — Miss Bessie Walter. 
Aubbeenaubbee — Miss Eveljm Robinson. Henry — Mrs. W. C. Miller. Liberty 
— Mrs. R. A. Johnson. Rochester — Mrs. J. D. Bonine. Wayne — Mrs. A. J. 
Murray. 

FOOD CONSERVATION— County— Mrs. Perry Heath. Union— Flor- 
ence Buchanan. Newcastle — Mrs. Colfax Heighway. Richland — Mrs. Lon 
Jackson. Aubbeenaubbee — Mrs. Thos. Bridegroom. Henry — Mrs. A. A. 
Gast. Liberty — Mrs. Frank Bowen. Rochester — Mrs. John McClung. Wayne 
Mrs. Mollie Moore. 

FOOD PRODUCTION— County— Mrs. O. L. Walter. Union— Mrs. 
Wm. Miller. Newcastle — Mrs. O. A. Farry. Richland — Mrs. Lewis Metzger. 
Aubbeenaubbee — Mrs. Nellie Cunningham. Henry — Mrs. Geo. Kinder. Lib- 
erty — Mrs. Milton Henderson. Rochester — Mrs. Hannah Gohn. Wayne — 
Mrs. Floyd Leasure. 

PUBLICITY— County— Mrs. D. L. Barnhart. Union— Mrs. F. P. Gould. 
Newcastle — Miss ^Fern Arter. Richland — Miss Esther Burket. Aubbeenaub- 
bee — Mrs. Martha Rouch. Henry — Mrs. Amy Walton. Liberty — Mrs. J. H. 
Moore. Rochester — Miss Ruth Sutherland. Wayne — Miss Nora Hines. 

CHILD WELFARE— County— Mrs. Enoch Myers. Union— Mrs. E. "b. 
Devault. Newcastle— Miss Edna King. J^ichland — Miss Ruth Foster. Aub- 
beenaubbee— Mrs. Elta Barr. Henry — Mrs. T. L. Ferry. Liberty — Mrs. 
Claudia Studebaker. Rochester — Mrs. B. F. Fretz. Wayne — Mrs. Janet Al- 
bro. 

RED CROSS— County— Mrs. O. M. Hendrickson. Union— Pearl Shoe- 
maker. Newcastle— Mrs. Chas. T. Jones. Richland— Mrs. A. E. Babcock. 
Aubbeenaubbee— Mrs. Joseph Harris. Henry— Mrs. Maude Jones. Liberty 
—Mrs. W. E. Redmond. Rochester— Mrs. C. A. Davis. Wayne— Miss Dessie 
Buchanan. 



WAR WORKERS 51 

HOME AND ALLIED RELIEF— County— Mrs. Fred Paramore. Union 

Georgia Scott. Newcastle — Miss Eva Grass. Richland — Mrs. E. C. 

Trimble. Aubbeenaubbee — Mrs. A. D. Toner. Henry — Mrs. Frank Presnall. 
Liberty — Mrs. Wm. Gray. Rochester — Mrs. A. J. Haimbaugh. Wayne — Miss 
Dessie Buchanan. 

MAINTAINING S. S. AIDS— County— Mrs. A. E. Babcock. Union- 
Nannie Sparks. Newcastle — Miss Edith Haimbaugh. Richland — Mrs. Caro- 
line Herbic. Aubbeenaubbee — Mrs. John Campbell. Henry — Mrs. B. F. 
Dawson. Liberty — Mrs. Wm. Patterson. Rochester — Mrs. William Hanna. 
Wayne — Mrs. Ella C. Hines. 

LIBERTY LOAN— County— Mrs. Lucile Leonard. Union— Jessie Slick. 
Newcastle — Mrs. Ancil Jefferies. Richland — Mrs. Myrtle Bunn. Aubbee- 
naubbee — Mrs. Myrtle Luckenbill. Henry — Mrs. Albert Scott. Liberty — 
Mrs. Redmond. Rochester — Mrs. Milton Smiley. Wayne — Mrs. Ed Costello. 

HEALTH AND RECREATION— County— Miss Rose Wile. Union- 
Minnie Finlay. 2\ewcastle — Mrs. Estil Bryant. Richland — Mrs. Chanc Over- 
myer. Aubbeenaubbee — Miss Grace Cook. Henry — Mrs. A. E. Stinson. Lib- 
erty — Mrs. Andrew Oliver. Rochester — Mrs. Robt. Miller. Wayne — Mrs. 
Con 0*~Hare. 

EDUCATIONAL PROPAGANDA — -County— Mrs. Arthur Metzler. 
Union — Plaudia Enyart. Newcastle — Mrs. Lloyd Eherman. Richland — Miss 
Carmen Palmer. Aubbeenaubbee — Mrs. Wm. Yeltorr. Henry — Miss Dessie 
Sayger. Liberty — Mrs. Robert Heath. Rochester — Mrs. Levi Leiter. Wayne 
— Miss Opal Spotts. 

THOSE APPOINTED FOR THE PROTECTION OF SOLDIERS, 
ETC.— ATTORNEYS— Harry Bernetha, Rochester. M. A. Baker, Rochester. 
P. M. Buchanan, Rochester. J. H. Bibler, Rochester — Chairman. C. K. Bit- 
ters, Rochester. F. E. Bryant. Rochester. S. J. Brown, Rochester. C. C. 
Campbell, Rochester. R. R. Carr, Akron. O. A. Davis, Rochester. E. B. 
Devault, Kewanna. C. E. Emmons, Rochester. B. F. Fretz, Rochester. G. 
W. Holman, Rochester. M. W. Ivey, Rochester, Arthur Metzler, Rochester. 
Enoch Myers, Rochester. E. E. Murphy, Rochester. F. J. Mattice, Roches- 
ter. Julius Rowley, Rochester. Oliver Ewing, Rochester. Geo. Douglas, G. 
C, Wayne. Harley Davis, Leiters — Richland. Dr. Ferry, Akron, Henry. 
George Rentschler, Fulton, Liberty. Dr. B. F. Overmyer, Leiters, Aubbee- 
naubbee. F. C. Montgomery, Rochester, Newcastle. 

WOMEN TOWNSHIP CHAIRMEN FOR GENERAL WAR WORK— 
Henry — Mrs. A. A. Gast, Akron. Liberty — Mrs. R. A. Johnson, Fulton. Aub- 
beenaubee — Mrs. Samuel Kelley, Delong. Wayne — Mrs. Floyd Leasure, Grass 
Creek. Union — Mrs. Una Wilson, ^ewanna. Richland — Mrs. J. H. Reed, 
Rochester. Newcastle — Mrs. M. F. Deemer, Rochester. Rochester — Mrs. 
Chas. E. Emmons, City. 

CHAIRMEN WOMAN'S LIBERTY LOAN— Rochester— Mrs. Milton 
Smiley, Rochester. Liberty— »Mrs. W. E. Redmond, Fulton. Union — Miss 
Jessie Slick, Kewanna. Richland — Mrs. Myrtle Bunn, LeitersFord. New- 
castle — Mrs. Ancil Jefferies, Rochester. Aubbeenaubbee — Mrs. Myrtle Luck- 
enbill, Leiters. Henrj- — Mrs. Everett Strong, Akron. Wayne — Mrs. Mable 
Costello, Grass Creek. 



52 THE WORLD WAR 

MISCELLANEOUS COMMITTEES 

MEN'S LIBERTY LOAN COMMITTEE— Chairmen— Omar B. Smith. 
First. Frank I£. Bryant, Second-Third-Fourth. H. G. Miller, Fifth. 

DIRECTORS— A. L. Deniston. A. E. Babcock. Omar B. Smith. E. 
E. Murphy. Chas. E. Emmons. Norman R. Stoner. Otto McMahan. John 

D. Holman. J. F. Dysert. Guy R. Barr. Ike M. Wile. 

PUBLICITY— Dean L. Barnhart. Harold Van Trump. 

SPEAKERS— Arthur Metzler. George W. Holman. 

FOURTEEN MINUTE WOMEN— Mrs. Lillian Babcock. Mrs. Faye 
Van Trump. Mrs. B. F. Dawson, Akron. Mrs. Una Wilson, Kewanna. Mrs, 
Maude Emmons. Mrs. Myrtle Young. Miss Jessie McMahan. Miss Clara 
Mae Robbins. Mrs. Evangeline Holman. Miss Belle Montgomery. Mrs. 
Cynthia Deemer. Mrs. W. A. Patterson, Akron. Mrs. Imogene Hendrick- 
son. Mrs. Glendolyn Heath. Mrs. Lucile Leonard. Mrs. Arthur Metzler, 
Chairman. 

HONOR ROLL FOR ROCHESTER TOWNSHIP— Mrs. Milton Smiley. 
Mrs. John McClung. Mrs. Warren Gohn. Mr. Tom Toughman. Mr. Wm 
Wagoner. 

HONOR ROLL FOR UNION TOWNSHIP— Mrs. L. M. Shoemaker, 
Chairman. Frank P. Gould. Geo. W. Ralston. Mrs. John Barnett Jr. Mrs. 
J. R. McCarsdyha. 

HONOR ROLL FOR NEWCASTLE TOWNSHIP— Mrs. Mainan Deem- 
er, Rochester. Mrs. F. C. Mickey, Rochester. Mrs. Frank Montgomery. 

HONOR ROLL FOR HENRY TOWNSHIP— Mrs. W. H. Patterson, 
Chairman. Mrs. Roy Jones. Mrs. A. E. Scott. Cecil Kuhn. S. N. Shesler. 

HONOR ROLL FOR AUBBEENAUBBEE TOWNSHIP— F. L. Beery, 

Chairman. Mrs. Pearth Hiath, LeitersFord. Mrs. Samuel Kelley, Delong. 

HONOR ROLL FOR LIBERTY TOWNSHIP— Prof W. E. Nickels. W. 

E. Nickels. W. E. Redmond. Lawrence Hendrickson. Wm. Gray. Miss 
Mabel Easterday. 

^ HONOR ROLL FOR RICHLAND TOWNSHIP— J. Howard Reed, 
Rochester — Chairman. Dr. Meek. Mrs. Harrison Wynn. 

HONOR ROLL FOR WAYNE TOWNSHIP— Miss Ella Costello, Ke- 
wanna — Chairman. Mrs. Rhoda Burns, Grass Creek. Mrs. Warren Pensinger, 
Grass Creek. 

GOOD ROAD COMMITTEE— W^ H. Deniston. J. R. Barr. A. E. 
Babcock. Mr. Binding. Alvin Oliver. 

WAR INDUSTRIAL COMMITTEE— Howard Dubois— Chairman. M. 
A. l>aker. Henry Pfeiffer. Joel Stockberger. Alvin V. Oliver. 

MAINTAINING AN HONOR ROLL— Mrs. F. N. Hoffman— Chairman. 
Mrs. C. E. Emmons. Mrs. Lucile Leonard. MVs. H. G. Miller. Mrs. Omar 
Smith. 

MERCHANTS ECONOMY COMMITTEE— Ike Wile— Chairman. Earl 
Leininger, Akron. George W. Ralston, Kewanna. John Fultz, Fulton. 



WAR WORKERS 53 

UNITED WAR WORKING ORGANIZATIONS— Y. M. C. A.— Dean L. 
Barnhart. Y. W. C. A.— Mrs. Hugh B. Holmaii. Knights of Columbus— H. 
G. Hirsch, Grass Creek. Jewish Welfare — Miss Rose Wile. War Camp Com- 
munity Service — A. E. Babcock. American Liberty Association — Wm. Brink- 
man. Salvation Army. 

CHAIRMAN OF UNITED WAR WORKERS DRIVE— Dean L. Barn- 
hart. 

SPEAKERS' BUREAU— Dr. E. H. Sutherland— Chairman. C. C. 
Campbell. C. K. Bitters. L. M. Brackett. F. N. Hofifman. Mrs. Arthur 
Metzler. 

TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE— Guy Alspach— Chairman. . Geo. 
V. Dawson. J. D. Ho'man. Guy Barr. H. A. Fristoe. James V. Coplen. 
Norman R. Stoner. John E. Troutman. Fulton — Chas Becker. Akron — E. 
L. Scott. Kewanna — D. W. Sibert Talma — Frank Arter. Tiosa — Earl 
Wynn. Leiters — I. Luckenbill. 

VOLUNTEER SPEAKERS— M. A. Baker. Mahlon Bell. J. H. Bibler. 
C. K. Bitters. Frank E. Bryant. Dean L. Barnhart. Harry Bernetha. L. 
R. Binding. A. W. Bitters. Rev. Geo. Crane. Vere S. Calvin — Kewanna. C. 
B. Carlton. C. C. Campbell. Rev. H. A. Davis — Leiters. Lloyd Ehernman— 
Talma. Chas. E. Emmons. E. B. DeVault — Kewanna. Rev. W. L Eiler. 
Rev. L H. -Ferris — Kewanna. B. F. Fretz. Rev. Ivan Godwin — Akron. Rev. 
H. G. Gaige. Rev. Jos. B. Harris — Leiters. G. W. Holman. John D. Heigh- 
way — Akron. M. W. Ivey. R. C. Johnson. Roy Jones — Fulton. C. J. Lor- 
ing. F. J. Mattice. Arthur Metzler. H. G. Miller. Archie B. Miller. James 
R. Moore. Fred Moore. James H. Moore — Fulton. E. E. Murphy. Enoch 
Myers. Otto McMahan. Hugh McMahan. Henry PfeifTer. Rev. Geo. C. 
Pullman. J. H. Reed. Rev. G. S. Reedy — Kewanna. M. C. Shelton. S. N. 
Shesler — Akron. W. D. Shewman — Akron. Omar B. Smith. F. M. Sterner. 
Dr. E. H. Sutherland. Dr. H. W. Taylor. Rev. A. W. Warriner. Carl Van 
Trump. Prof. A. L. W^hitmer. Dr. Wilson A. Smith. Rev. Geoge J. Nixen. 

COUNTY THRESHING COMMITTEE— John R. Barr— Chairman. L. 
Binding — Secretary. Chas. Coplen. Perry Hill. W. H. Deniston. Henry 
Thompson, General Superintendent. 

THRESHERMEN IN FULTON COUNTY— Charles Mauser. Martin 
Werner. Chas. E. Rader. Daniel Smith. Joe Mohler. Chas. Baird. W. S. 
Overmyer. William Blackburn. H. O. R ans. A. T. Coplen. Albert Bowen. 
B. Davis. Jake Eisenman. Nate O'Blenis. Virl Zartman. Edward Martin. 
Oliver Grier. William Baird. diaries Kimball. J. P. O'Connell. Edward 
Myers. Joseph Slaybaugh. Ezra Leedy. William Mahler. Ray Smith. 
George Deck. Fred Ault. Vernon Zartman. Lon Lowe. Vernon Runkle. 
\'irgil Baker. L. L. Sheets. Charles Fry. Chas. Holloway. William Bright. 
Charles Coplen. J. P. Hill. Chas. O'Connell. Wlliam Saygers. Thomas 
Dubois. Philip Mikesell. Sherman Overmyer. Ben Harpster. J. B. Sheets. 

SHEEP COMMITTEE— A. J. Haimbaugh, Chairman. J. H. Reed. A. 
O. Farry. Dr. B. F. Overmyer. A.. A. Gast. A. J. Murray. L. M. Shoe- 
maker. J. H. Moore. 

COMMITTEE ON ARRANGEMENTS— William Brinkman. Grosvenor 
/"'awe. Maurice Shelton. Dean L. Barnhart. 



54 THE WORLD WAR 

National, State and County Councils of Defense 

When- it became evident that the United States of America, much 
against her will, tradition and teachings, would eventually be forced 
into the war, Congress passed an Act creating what is known as the 
Council of National Defense, said Council to consist of the Secretary 
of War, the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary of the Interior, the 
Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce and the Secre- 
tary of Labor. 

The law in brief says that the Council of National Defense is 
established for the coordination of industries and resources for na- 
tional security and welfare. That the Council shall nominate to the 
President, and the President shall appoint an advisory commission, 
consisting of not more than seven persons each of whom shall have 
special knowledge of some industry or be otherwise, specially quali- 
fied, in the opinion of the Council, for the performance of their duties 
vdiich were many and varied, having to do with every phase of the 
war work. 

In compliance with the law the Council of National Defense early 
in March, 1917 nominated and the President appointed as an advisory 
commission the following named men, to-wit : Daniel Williard 
president B. & O. Railroad; Howard E. Coffin, vice president Hud- 
son Motor Co. ; Julius Rosenwald, president Sears, Roebuck & Co. ; 
Bernard M. Baruch, banker ; Dr. Hollis Godfrey, president Drexel In- 
stitute ; Samuel Gompers, president American Federation of Labor 
and Dr. Franklin Martin, secretary General American College of Sur- 
geons, Chicago, and they together with those named in the Act as- 
sumed the duties and responsibilities of their office. 

Newton Baker, secretary of War, was elected chairman of the 
Council and on May 2nd, 1917, there was called in Washington, D. C. 
a conference of all the states, and from this meeting, which was ad- 
dressed by many of the great men of the nation, sprang the council 
of defense system as we know it. 

The Council of National Defense suggested that the Governor of 
each state appoint for their respective states, a State Council of De- 
fense, and Governor James P- Goodrich of Indiana, appointed as mem- 
bers of the Indiana State Council the following well known persons 
of Indiana, to-wit : Will H. Hays, Frank Wampler, George Ade, A. 
W. Brady, Mrs. Carolyn Fairbank, Dr. Charles P. Emerson, Charles 
W. Fairbanks, Charles Fox, Will J. Freeman, Wm. G. Irwin, J. L. 



COUNCILS OF DEFENSE 55 

Reach. H. R. Kurrie, A. E. Reynolds, N. E. Squibb, Rev. A. B. 
Storms, Isaac D. Straus, Thomas Taggart, E. M. Wilson and Evans 
Woolen. On May 19th, 1917 they met for organization and Will H. 
Hays was elected chairman and Frank- Wampler secretary. Since 
that time the pressure of business aflfairs necessitated the retirement 
of Mr. Hays as chairman and Michael Foley was selected to succeed 
Mr. Hays to the office of chairman, and for the same reason Frank 
Wampler retired as secretary, and was suceeded in office by Frank 
C. Daily. Mrs. Anne Studebaker Carlisle was appointed as a mem- 
ber of the Council to replace Mrs. Carolyn Fairbank who was com- 
pelled to retire from active work on account of ill health. 

At the first meeting of the State Council of Defense, in order to 
reach every county in the State of Indiana, the Council requested the 
various judges of the Circuit Court, to nominate a County Council 
of Defense, in each county of their judicial district, to consist of seven 
members, one of whom was to be a woman and another to be a rep- 
resentative of labor. The judge of the Fulton circuit court on the 
4th day of June, 1917, appointed as members of the Fulton County 
Council of Defense the following well known residents of Fulton 
county, to-wit: William H. Deniston, Andrew A. Gast, Austin O. 
Farry, Mrs. Perry Heath, L. M. Shoemaker, Dr. B. F- Overmyer 
and James H. Moore. At a later date it was thought best to enlarge 
the committee, and J. H. Reed and A. J. Murray were appointed as 
additional members thereto. 

On the 11th day of June, 1917, they met and William H. Den- 
iston was elected chairman and Mrs. Perry Heath secretary. These 
three Councils worked together as a unit, in perfect harmony in 
mobilizing our resources and materials, and it awakened the National 
conscience to the many problems necessary to the winning of the 
war. So thoroughly was the United States organized that the coun- 
cil of defense system had 184,400 different units, made up of state, 
county, municipal and community councils of defense, and the most 
of this work was accomplished voluntarily. Indiana and Fulton 
county can always look back with pride to the part they played in 
helping to organize the resources and materials of the state and coun- 
ty. It was said by John Winterbotham of Chicago, chairman of the 
Western Division Section on State Councils, Council of National De- 
fense, that Indiana was known and recognized as the model State 
Council of Defense, and the writer was told by one high in authority 
that Fulton county had one of the best organizations in the state, 
due to its County Council of Defense. 



36 THE WORLD WAR 

While it is true that practically every man, woman and child 
in Fulton county was loyal, patriotic and true and never faltered, but 
always went over the top when called upon and did well and nobly 
their part in helping to bring to a successful termination the world's 
greatest conflict, yet the burden fell heaviest upon your County Coun- 
cil of Defense. These eight men and one woman for nearly two years 
were in the front ranks giving freely of their time, energy and abiHty. 

I know the people of Fulton county fully appreciate and feel 
grateful to each member of the County Council of Defense for the un- 
usual amount of work, time and energy so graciously given in their 
behalf, and while their work was difificult and hard, and at times un- 
pleasant, yet like good soldiers they never faltered but did their 
work faithfully and well. 

JUDGE. S. N. STEVENS. 



Fulton County's Policy 






One of the interesting acts of the County Council of Defense was 
the preparation, in January 1918, of a "Statement of Public Policy" 
which was prepared for reading in churches, lodges, schools and 
other public gatherings. The statement was printed and posted in 
various public places and attracted much attention. 

The statement read as follows : 

"In order that every responsible person in Fulton County may 
reach an understanding of each individual's part in the war between 
the United States and the Central Powers of Europe, the Committee 
on Public Policy has prepared, by the authority of the County Council 
of Defense, a brief statement which will be left in charge of the of- 
ficers of each Church and of each assemblage before whom members 
or representatives of the Committee may appear. 

The United States, and therefore each citizen in Fulton County, 
is in a state of war with the German Empire and with the dual mon- 
archy of Austria-Hungary. It is probable that it will soon be in a 
state of war with Turkey and Bulgaria. These four nations are 
spoken of as the Central Powers of Europe. 



FULTON COUNTY'S POLICY 57 

Alien Residents 

By the fact that the United States and therefore each citizen in 
Fulton County is at war with the Central Powers it follows that every 
resident of Fulton County who has come here from Germany or Aus- 
tria-Hungary, and is not a naturalized citizen of the United States, 
is from an enemy nation and is therefore an enemy of the United 
States, and of each citizen of Fulton County, unless he expresses his 
purpose among his neighbors to be loyal to the United States, even 
though not now able to become a citizen. 

Loyal Citizenship 

Each citizen of Fulton County, whether born in the United States 
or in a foreign country, has become an enemy of the Central Pow- 
ers, and is therefore bound by his citizenship to support the govern- 
mejit of the United States against the enemies of the United States, 
and of Fulton County. Consequently, if any of a citizen's acts can 
be interpreted as giving aid to the Central Powers he, by such acts, 
becomes a traitor to the United States. 

Treason 

The Constitution of the United States says 'Treason against the 
United States consists in adhering to their enemies ; giving them aid 
and comfort.' The penalty is death, or at the discretion of the 
court, imprisonment at hard labor for not less than five years and a 
fine of not less than $10,000. Knowledge of treason, not revealed is 
c' crime and is defined, with penalty as follows : 

Knowledge of Treason 

"Every person owing allegiance to the L^nited States and hav- 
ing knowledge of the commission of any treason against the United 
States, who conceals and does not, as soom as may be, disclose and 
make known the same to the President, or some judge of the United 
States, (or others named in the law) is guilty of mis-prison of treason, 
the penalty for which is imprisonment for not more than seven years 
and a fine of not more than one thousand dollars. 

Our Associates in the War 

The Central Powers are at war with England, France, Japan, 
Italy, Brazil, China, and the majority of all smaller countries of the 
world — eighteen in all Beside those at war eleven other countries 
have broken ofT relations with Germany because of her ruthless war- 
fare and disregard of the rights of small nations. The fact that we 
are at war with the Central Powers therefore brings us into friendly 



58 THE WORLD WAR 

relations with all other nations opposed to the Central Powers. Con- 
sequently, it is the duty of every citizen of Fulton County, not only 
to safeguard the rights of the United States in this struggle, but to 
uphold our associates in the war — commonly known as our allies— 
against all criticism or aspersion that might weaken Fulton County's 
sense of loyalty to the joint effort these great nations are making. 

The Causes of War 

The causes which have brought us into war with the Central 
Powers are of such a nature that if the United States, and therefore 
Fulton County, had not met force with force we should have been 
regarded forever as a craven nation and people. These causes can 
best be summed up by quoting from the President's message to the 
Congress, December 4th, 1917. 

"The purposes of the Central Powers strike straight at the 
very heart of everything we believe in ; their method of warfare 
outrages every principle of humanity and of knightly honor; 
their intrigue has corrupted the very thought and spirit of many 
of our people ; their sinister and secret diplomacy has sought to 
take our very territory away from us and disrupt the Union of 
the States. Our safety would be at end, our honor forever sullied 
and brought into contempt were we to permit their triumph. 
They are striking at the very existence of democracy and liber- 

ty." 

Our war with the Central Powers is therefore a defensive war. 

Victory in Europe Essential 

As confirming the causes mentioned by the President, we remind 
our fellow citizens of Fulton County that since 1914, when the World 
War broke out, documentary evidence has been secured showing that 
the German Empire expected to destroy the power of France and of 
England, then to destroy the great Monroe Doctrine of the Western 
Hemisphere, and later to bring the United States into subjection. It 
will thus be evident to^our fellow citizens that unless the United 
States, and therefore Fulton County, stand with our associates in 
the war — our allies — to win the battle in Europe the fight will be 
transferred to the United States ; and our homes, our loved ones, our 
property and our sacred honor as men will be subjected to the bru- 
tality of the German government's thought in conquest. 



FULTON COUNTY'S POLICY 59 

Evil Let Loose 
To indicate what we may expect from the brutalized views of 
the German government, we quote what an authority said on his re- 
cent return from that part of France cleared of Germans forces. 

"You have been told that our women and our girls have been 
protected by the British navy from the fate that befell the wo- 
men of France and Belgium. Men, believe it ; it is absolutely 
true. It is more than true : I have been in the hospital in the 
Department of Lamerk, of France, where there are nearly a 
thousand girls ; not one is eighteen years of age, and all will be 
mothers. And 61 per cent, are in addition afflicted with the most 
filthy, unspeakable malady that we know of, and 11 per cent, in 
addition are stark mad. I have seen the boys that will never be 
men ; I have seen the boys who have been cruelly mutilated." 

There are thousands of photographs and tens of thousands of af- 
fidavits as to the ruthless destruction of innocent people and their pos- 
sessions by German soldiers, under orders from their rulers. Our war 
with the Central Powers is therefore a righteous war. 

A War to Free All People 

Our President in his great message at the entrance of the United 
States into the World War used the words "To make the world safe 
for democracy." We wish to make the meaning of this clear to each 
one present. To make the world safe for democracy means "to make 
the world safe for all the people." Under such a form of govern- 
ment as the German Empire is trying to fasten on the world the 
people would have no freedom unless they carried out orders from 
powers above. Under our idea of government all the people select 
their own authorities, and set them up to govern; and change them 
by their votes or by other procedure in law. 

Restriction By Free Will 

In order to reach the minds of all hearers in this gathering with 
a further truth we shall turn President Wilson's words around and 
say that the great test in the United States, and therefore Fulton 
County, just now is this, "Is democracy — government by the whole 
people — safe for the world?" Will you, the people of Fulton County 
of your own free will, put yourselves under restriction in food, in 
fuel, in self-gratification for the sake of saving the constitution under 



60 THE WORLD WAR 

which we live? If you will not, then the dream of our fathers 
relative to a free people was only a dream and we deserve to have 
the heel of German Militarism rest upon our necks. 

We Must Win or Perish 

It happens that this stupendous struggle comes in the life time 
of those assembled in this gathering. Consequently it is impossible 
for any one to close the eyes and say that this struggle has nothing 
to do with us. It has everything to do with us, with our children, 
with our property, with all our rights ; for if the German idea should 
conquer in the field of battle not a single person or property or right 
would remain as before. Being alive in this moment of history makes 
each individual responsible for the outcome, otherwise we are in the 
position of the selfish, unthinking person who accepts all benefits 
from the past but w\\\ do "nothing to pass those benefits on to his 
children. 

Question All Must Answer 

We have been left free for fifty years to pursue our individual 
aims, as if the nation and its past or its future were not our personal 
responsibility. But the trumpet of war's alarms has been blowing 
among us and we, just like preceding generations, are face to face 
with three questions: (1) whether in all our afifairs we will acquit us 
like men for the glory that is yet to be the United States; or (2) 
whether softness, ease, pleasure have destroyed our merit to be in- 
heritors of greatness; or (3) whether we, of Fulton County, permit 
our minds and acts to oppose the government of the United States 
and are thus traitors — shooting our soldiers and our leaders in the 
rear. 

Small Self-Denials 

We ask all households in Fulton County to understand that the 
requests from the United States Food Administrator to reduce con- 
sumption of meat, wheat, sugar and fats are requests based upon the 
urgent needs of our associates in the w^ar — our allies — for these nec- 
essities ; to understand that every particle of saving in beef, mutton, 
pork, wheat, sugar and fats is to give support to the nations that are 
carrying at the present time the heaviest burden of the war for Amer- 
ican freedom and have carried it uncomplainingly since 1914. Our 
self-denial on their behalf is nothing compared with their sacrifices 
and the sacrifices our boys are yet to make. 



FULTON COUNTY'S POLICY 61 

Each at His Task 

We call upon each fellow citizen to be cheerful and industrious 
and to be loyal in every thought and act ; and to put into his daily la- 
bor a feeling of devotion, so that his task may be glorified as a small 
but essential part in winning new glory for that nation whose boast 
has been that it is the greatest republic on the face of the earth. 

Our Pledge of Loyalty 

AVe now call upon every one who hears this message to pledge 
support to requests coming from our government concerning increas- 
ed production, the prevention of waste, the taxing of industries, the 
taxing of incomes ; and without reserve to give his co-operation to 
the government in raising whatever funds may be needed for the suc- 
cessful progress of this supreme struggle of the ages between the 
divine rights of humanity and the supposed divine rights of autocrats. 

Our Judgment is Near 

Jhe Hebrew Scriptures record that a divine hand wrote words 
on the wall of a banquet room in ancient Babylon meaning "weigh- 
ed in the balance and found wanting," and a mighty force entered the 
city that night and destroyed the Babylonian civilization. The same 
divine hand is near each heart in Fulton County to write thereon 
"Worthy of Freedom" or "Unworthy of Freedom." Nonje can 
escape the measuring of our personal merit which this moment in 
history has brought to us. We are either worthy or unworthy oi 
the fights made by the Pilgrim Fathers for freedom to worship God ; 
or by the Revolutionary soldiers for political freedom ; or by the 
heroes of the War between the States for freedom from the disgrace 
of human slavery. 

The Summing Up 

This Statement of Public Policy has made clear in brief form, 
1 — Who are enemies : — 2— The dangers of treason : — 3 — The causes 
of the war with the Central Powers: — 4 — The dangers that lurk in 
defeat: — 5 — The test of our value as citizens: — 6 — The personal task 
of each citizen in Fulton County. 

Nine-tenths of all the inhabitants of the world agree that the 
German purpose is wrong. Each citizen of Fulton County must, 
therefore, align himself with right as against wrong. 

We repeat that all who know of treasonable utterances or acts 
must report them. We earnestly hope no treason may be found or 



62 THE WORLD WAR 

heard in Fulton County, but to avoid any excuses of ignorance, this 
statement is being made in all assemblages over the County." 

The statement was signed by William H. Deniston, as chairman, 
and Glendolyn Myers Heath, as secretary of the County Council of 
Defense, and by George W. Holman, Enoch Myers, Otto McMahan, 
Hiram G. Miller and Grosvenor Dawe, for the Committee of Public 
Policy. 

The statement received wide attention over the country and was 
reproduced, with flattering comment, in Leslie's Weekly which re- 
sulted in a deluge of letters asking for copies of the statement and in 
letters of a congratulatory nature from many prominent men, includ- 
ing Theodore Roosevelt, William H. Taft and other distinguished 
citizens. The statement was used as a model for similar statements in 
many counties over the country and many letters were received from 
industrial plants and public buildings, asking for copies of the state- 
ment for hanging on bulletin boards and in gathering places in these 
institutions. 



Financing the War 



DD 
DO 

The Liberty Loan Drives 

The expression of patriotism through money loaned to the gov- 
ernment gave an opportunity to those who could serve m no other 
way to "do their bit" in winning the war. Fulton county responded 
nobly to every call for funds and in the five Liberty Loan drives sub- 
scribed lor nearly two million dollars worth of government bonds. 
After the county was once organized every drive went over with an 
over-subscription of the quota set for us and went over promptly. 
When one stops to consider that Fulton county has a population of 
only 16,879 people, and is not regarded as a rich county, the loyalty 
of our people is splendidly expressed in the results of the various 
drives- 
First Liberty Loan 

The First Liberty Loan was handled through the banks of the 
county without the extensive preparation and efTective organization 
which was built up for the succeeding loans. Mr. Omar B. Smith was 



FINANCING THE WAR 63 

made chairman of the loan. The public was educated through publi- 
city donated by the newspapers and underwritten by the business 
men. No quota was set for the county and subscriptions were open- 
ed at the banks on June 2, 1917 and continued to June 13. In this 
effort $72,300.00 worth of bonds were sold and the per capita subscrip- 
tion was $4.28. 

Second Liberty Loan 

Frank E. Bryant, president of the Indiana Bank & Trust Com- 
pany, Rochester, Indiana, was chosen county chairman for the second 
loan. 

The second loan was called for October 15, 1917, at a time 
when the country was not yet aroused to the great need and impor- 
tance of individual effort. 

No tangible county organization had been effected, and the only 
channel through which to work quickly and directly, was the banks 
of the county. A strong effort was made by the banks to place these 
bonds with their customers. In some localities, the people had 
awakeiied to the miportance of the hour and bought quite liberally, 
but for the most part, the banks obligated themselves to the county 
chairman to take all they could themselves. 

Our quota was set at $342,270, which made the per capita sub- 
scription $20.30. $229,400 of this issue was sold, the captia sub- 
scription being $13.60. 

Third Liberty Loan 

The third loan was called for April 12, 1918. 

The pe(5ple throughout the entire country had become intensely 
aroused by this time, and every county in Indiana had a working or- 
ganization of some kind. In Fulton county, the organization of the 
Square Mile Men under the auspices of the County Council of De- 
fense, was a great boost for victory in all succeeding calls of the 
nation. Fulton county has the distinction of having been organized 
down to the smallest unit, viz : The Square Mile, of any couty in the 
state. 

Frank E. Bryant was again appointed county chairman by Will 
H. Wade, chairman of the State Liberty Loan Committee, Indian- 
apolis, Indiana. 

A Central Committee was appointed by the county chairman, 
consisting of nine members, representing and becoming responsible 



04 THE WORLD WAR 

for their respective township in the county and the city of Rochester, 
as individual units in the drive. These members were to serve for 
the duration of the war. 

John D. Holman, working with Aubbeenaubbee township; Nor- 
man R. Stoner, working with Henry township; Otto McMahan, work- 
ing with Liberty township ; Charles E. Emmons, working with New- 
castle township; A. L. Deniston, working with Richland township; 
Joseph F. Dysert, working with Rochester township; Andrew E. 
Babcock, working with Union township; Edward E. Murphy, work- 
ing with Wayne tow'nship ; Omar B. Smith, working with Rochester 
city; Dean L. Barnhart, chairman of publicity; and Arthur Metzler, 
chairman of speakers' Bureau. 

This committee worked with the county and township chair- 
men of the County Council of Defense, the Square Mile Men of the 
townships and the Two-Block Women of the cities. 

As a crowning result of the splendid work of these war organiza- 
tions, the Third Liberty Loan was oversubscribed by $126,750, 
$456,750 being the total subscription, with a per capita of $27.06. 

Fourth Liberty Loan 

For the third time, Frank E. Bryant was appointed county chair- 
man by Will H. Wade, Federal Director of Sales for Indiana, for the 
fourth loan which was launched October 1. 1918. The work fell 
upon the same leaders who handled the previous loan except Ike M. 
Wile replaced Joseph F. Dysert as chairman for Rochester township, 
and Rev. J. W. Niven replaced Andrew E. Babcock as chairman for 
Union township. 

The largest quota of all the loans was set for us in this effort, 
$575,000 or a per capita of $34.07, being asked. FuJton county 
responded promptly with an over-subscription of $67,950.00, or a 
total of $642,850 and a" per capita subscription of $38.09. 

Victory Liberty Loan 

On March 15. 1919, Will H. Wade appointed Mayor Hiram G. 
Miller as county chairman for the fifth, or \'ictory. Liberty Loan 
and the date of the drive was set for April 20, 1919. There was some 
apprehension that, the war being over, the money could not be raised 
as readily as formerly, but again Fulton county demonstrated her 
loyalty and patriotism by finishing the job with an over-subscription. 
The same organization which had been perfected by the County 
Council of Defense was again called upon to put the loan over and it 
responded with the sarne enthusiasm shown in the midst of the war- 



FINANCING THE WAR 65 

Following are the members of the Central Committee for the 
Victory Loan: Hiram G. Miller, chairman; A. L. Deniston, vice- 
chairman ; Harold Van Trump, publicity ; George W. Holman, speak- 
ers; Omar B. Smith, Rochester city; Edward E. Murphy, Wayne; 
A. E. Babcock, Union; John D. Holman, Aubbeenaubbee ; Guy R. 
Barr, Richland; Ike M. Wile, Rochester township; Otto McMahan, 
Liberty; Norman R. Stoner, Henry, and Charles E. Emmons, New- 
castle. 

The quota asked for the Victory Loan was $425,000.00, or a per 
capita of $25.18. The response was an oversubscription of $63,350.00, 
or a total of $488,530.00 and a per capita subscription of $28.93. 

In each of the loans the newspapers of the county rendered 
valuable service by donating their space most liberally and by solicit- 
ing the merchants to use and pay for loan advertising. 



Our Part in the War Savings Drive 

Prior to, our entrance into the world war the people of Fulton 
county, like all people of the United States, were exceptionally pros- 
perous and as a result had grown extravagant. In December, of 
1917, our government called upon all to encourage saving to the end. 
that thrift would prevail. The plan was to sell Thrift Stamps and 
War Savings Stamps. A Thrift Stamp to sell for twenty-five cents 
and a War Savings Stamp to sell for $4.12 was placed on the market 
by the government. Thrift Stamps were to be redeemed for War 
Savings Stamps as War Savings Stamps were to bear interest at the 
rate of 4 per cent compounded quarterly. No individual could hold 
more than $1000.00 maturity value of this issue, the object in this 
limitation being to give the small investor an opportunity to assist 
the government, as the large investor had had an opportunity in the 
sale of Liberty Bonds. 

After the plan had been launched it was necessary that an organi- 
zation for the sale of the stamps be perfected. The Honorable J. D. 
Oliver of South Bend, Indiana, was chosen to head the state organiza- 
tion, with offices at South Bend, Indiana. He gave all his time and 
plenty of money to make the drive a success. The state was divided 
into districts to correspond to the congressional divisions, conse- 
quently we were in the Thirteenth. The Hon. Rome C. Stephenson 
of South Bend, a former Fulton County resident, was chosen to head 
the district organization, and Frank E. Bryant, president of the 



WORK ON FARMS 67 

Indiana Bank and Trust Co., Rochester, Indiana, was chosen to 
head Fulton county's organization. Mr. Bryant at once chose the 
following men to assist in the work in our county. A central com- 
mittee composed of the following: Frank Bryant, chairman; W. H. 
Deniston, chairman C. C. D. ; Otto McMahan, postmaster, Rochester, 
Ind. ; County Superintendent of Schools T. F. Berry ; Omar B. Smith, 
President First National Bank, Rochester, Ind. ; L. R. Binding, coun- 
ty agent, and Superintendent of City Schools A. L. Whitmer. 

The following men were to head the respective townships of the 
county : Earl Rouch, Wayne township ; Rev. Harley Davis, Rich- 
land township; Lloyd Eherenmann, Newcastle township; W. D. 
Shewman, Henry township ; W. F. Nickols, Liberty township ; A. L. 
Whitmer, Rochester township, and L. L. Lukenbill, Aubbeenaubbee 
township. 

Under this organization Mr. Bryant was very successful in 
getting the schools of the county at work to the end that about 
$150,000.00 had been sold and pledged at the end of the first six 
months. At this time Mr. Bryant found that his duties as chairman 
of the various Liberty Loan drives were such that he could not 
longer act as chairman of the War Savings committee, so he tendered 
his resignation and Otto McMahan, .postmaster, Rochestelr, Ind., 
was appointed to fill the vacancy. McMahan at once added all the 
postal employees of the county to the above organization and start- 
ed an active drive through the postoffice of the county. The first 
drive of one week netted about $10,000.00. Great credit should be 
given the postal employees as some carriers sold as much as $11,000.00 
worth in the week. The work of the postal employes during vaca- 
tion of schools had accomplished so much that it was easy to place 
the county over the top with the assistance of the schools when con- 
vened again. Fulton county was the. only county in her district to 
reach her quota. The quota was $337,500.00 and we sold more than 
$350,000.00 worth. 



Work on the Farms 



an 

DD 



In this history of the deeds and accomplishments of various 
bodies and divisions of the citizens of Fulton county in their united 
efforts toward winning the great war, there is no brighter page than 
that written by the farmers of the county in their efforts to increase 
the production of foodstuffs. A volume might be written on this one 



68 THE WORLD WAR 

subject, giving instances of individual effort and sacrifice, but as such 
a list of personal endeavor would need to include one for practically 
every farm family in the county, as all put forth the best effort of 
which they were capable, therefore we must content ourselves with 
presenting some general figures on the results accomplished. 

The normal acreages of the leading food crops in Fulton county 
for the years preceding the war were about as follows: 

Wheat— 18000 to 19000 acres. 

Corn— 45000 to 55000 acres. 

Oats— 17000 to 20000 acres. 

Rye— 1500 to 2000 acres. 

Hogs on hand Jan. 1st, 17000 to 19000. 

Compare these figures with those of 1917, the first year we were 
in the war. The wheat crop for this year, being sown in the fall of 
1916, before we were in the war is only normal, but all other products 
show large increases. The figures are as follows : 

Wheat — 18931 acres, a practically normal acreage. 

Corn — 62493 acres, increase above maximum normal acreage of 
13%. 

Oats — 20506 acres, increase above maximum normal acreage of 
2/.%. 

Rye— 2972 acres,, increase above maximum acreage of 48%- 

Hogs on hand December 31st, 1917, 20976, an increase above 
maximum normal of over 10%. 

This gives a total acreage for 1917 of 104,902, compared with 
the maximum normal of about 96000 acres. 

The year 1918 shows still more remarkable results. The 
acreages for that year are : 

Wheat — 25392 acres, increase over 1917 of 34%. 

Rye — 6000 acres, increase over 1917 of 102%. 

Oats — 23000 acres, increase over 1917 of 12%. 

Corn — 53600 acres, decrease from 1917 of 16%. 

Hogs on hand Tan. 1st, 1919, 28,070, an increase of 34% over 
Jan. 1, 1918. 

Some of the increase in the small grain crop acreage was made 
up by decreasing the corn acreage, but the total acreage for 1918 was 
107992, exceeding the 1917 acreage by 3090 acres. 

But it was in 1919 when the farmers of the United States were 
all prepared to deal their heaviest blows to the Kaiser and win the 
war with food and in this effort the farmers of Fulton county were 
prepared to do their full share- The crop acreages for 1919 were: 

Wheat— 36064, increase over 1918 of 42%. 



WORK ON FARMS 69 

Rye— 8600, increase over 1918 of 43%. 

Oats— 22700, decrease from 1918 of 1.3%. 

Corn— 50100, decrease from 1918 of 7%. 

Again the acreage of corn and oats was decreased somewhat in 
order to increase the acreage of bread grains but the total acreage 
for 1919 shows the sum of 117464 acres, exceeding that of 1918 by 
9472, and the maximum normal acreage of 96000 by 21464. 

These achievements of Fulton county farmers appear the greater 
when it is remembered that about 400 of Fulton county's men w^ere 
in the army. A large majority of these men were either farmer boys 
or lived in the small towns of the county and did a part of the work 
on the surrounding farms. 

These great increases in the food producing acreages of Fulton 
county show that by the end of 1918 practically every acre of tillable 
land was under cultivation and producing its quota of foodstuffs. 
But it was not in increased acreage alone that the farming population 
of the county showed their eagerness and ability to help carry the 
load. In response to the appeals of the National Food Administra- 
tion and the Indiana committee on Food Production and Conservation 
to make every acre produce at its maximum, largely increased quanti 
ties of commercial fertilizer were used, especially on wheat, in spite 
of the extremely high prices which prevailed for it. As a result, the 
reports sent in by the operators of threshing outfits in the county 
showed an average yield of wheat for the county of 21.4 bushels. 
Committees of farmers and threshers, acting with the County Council 
of Defense, undertook to see that none of this great wheat crop was 
wasted in harvesting and threshing, and were responsible for initiat- 
ing such saving practices as spreading a canvas under the machine, 
using tight bottomed racks and wagon boxes, and being on the alert 
at all times to see that no wheat was being wasted in the manner of 
former years. As a result of this vigilance, an inspector from the 
United States Grain Corporation who was through the county at 
threshing time declared that conditions here were the best that he 
had seen in any of his inspection work. Great credit is also due the 
threshermen for their co-operation in this wheat saving, especially 
in the efficient operation of their machines to prevent grain being 
carried over into the straw, also for the willingness and promptness 
which they showed in making reports on yields and acreages of grain. 
Out of all the threshermen in the county, only three failed to report. 

Another appeal for food conservation which met a ready response 
from farm owners was that for more silos. Believing that the thirty 
or forty per cent of the corn crop which goes back upon the ground 



70 THE WORLD WAR 

when corn is picked should be saved in the war emergency, the Food 
Conservation Committee in the spring of 1918 sent out the word for 
a campaign in every county to increase the number of silos. Mr. 
Otto McMahan was appointed chairman of this campaign in this 
county and a series of township meetings were held. At the begin- 
ning of the campaign there were, according to the Indiana Year Book 
for 1918, 225 silos on the farms of Fulton county During that sum- 
mer 43 new ones were built, an increase of 19%. One township had 
a 100% increase in this line. 

Throughout all the strenuous endeavors that they were making, 
and in the face of everything they were asked to do, the Fulton 
county farmers gladly did all that was asked of them. They did not, 
as the men in some other lines of industry did, take advantage of 
their position as the source of the food supply, to jeopardize the lives 
and comfort of our boys on the battlefields by striking, or threaten- 
ing to strike in order to get more pay for the work they were doing. 
If some of them made money during the war it was not because they 
were receiving any unduly high prices for their produce, but be- 
cause of the longer and harder hours they put in and the greater 
amount they produced. The prices that they received were not high 
compared with those in other lines. They went ahead and did their 
best, content to take whatever those at the helm allowed them, know- 
ing that they were doing the best they knew for all concerned, feel- 
ing that nothing that was asked of them was too hard if it was of 
value in bringing victory to our side. 

L. R. BINDING, County Agent. 



The Food Administration 



DD 
DD 



The conservation of food was a new thing to America. To have 
someone tell you how much or how little you could buy of the various 
necessities, regardless of how much money you had, was a radical 
departure from the existing order of things, and the food adminis- 
tration was not met with wild demonstrations of approval when it 
was first launched. The emergency of war which had taken thou- 
sands of producers out of the fields and the necessity of feeding 
millions of our allies combined to make strict conservation imperative. 
As the great need for economy of foodstuffs and increased produc- 
tion was pressed home to the people, they accepted the situation with 



FOOD ADMINISTRATION 71 

good grace and co-operated in every possible way to make ends meet. 

The food administrators were given broad powers. They fixed 
fair prices, limited the quantities of sugar and flour to be consumed 
in homes, bakeries, restaurants and hotels, and enforced the use of 
substitutes for flour. They had full authority to curb profiteering 
and to close any place of business which failed to observe the rules 
of the administration. 

John R. Barr was appointed federal food administrator for Fulton 
county, December 5, 1917 and served until February 1919, and 
through his efforts and the efl:orts of his deputies splendid results 
were accomplished with very little friction and unpleasantness. As 
the people realized the necessity for the work they gave the food 
administration every support within their power. Mr. Barr and his 
deputies served without compensation. The county commissioners 
furnished a room in the court house for carrying on the work, and 
paid the salary of a stenographer, Mrs. Norabelle Bryant. 

The personnel of the County Food Administration for Fulton 
county was as follows : John R. Barr, food administrator. Deputies : 
Dr. Saunders for Wayne township. Dr. Gilbert for Union township, 
Harry Brugh for Aubbeenaubbee township, Emerson Felder for 
Liberty township, Harrison Wynn for Richland township, F. M. 
Stoner for Henry township, with Doctor Hossman, of Akron and Dr- 
Stinson, of Athens, as assistants, Frank Arter for Newcastle town- 
ship. O. M. Montgomery replaced Mr. Arter in Newcastle after his 
removal from the township in June 1918. Oren Karn, of Rochester, 
had charge of the bakery division and Wyle Bonine of the hotel and 
restaurant work. Henry Thompson, of Rochester, was chairman of 
the threshing division, and accomplished splendid work by prevent- 
ing the waste of grain during the threshing season. 



The Conscription Board 






The declaration of war against Germany on April 5, 1917. found 
the country without a plan for raising an army commensurate with 
its needs, having in consideration the requirements of its industrial 
and agricultural means of support, until the enactment by Congress 
on May 18, 1917, of the Selective Service Regulations, which provided 
for the registration of the entire male population between certain 
prescribed ages, and their classification for military service in the 
order of the least possible disturbance to existing conditions. Civil 



72 THE WORLD WAR 

war experiences with the canvassing method, bounty payments and 
the hiring of substitutes had not been satisfactory, and as it was 
early evident that the volunteer system would not prove sufficiently 
responsive to existing war demands, public opinion readily accepted 
the more equitable and business-like method of providing a National 
Army through the draft or conscription plan. In compliance with this 
law, and with the county as the principal unit, the people of the coun- 
try responded with patriotic co-operation to the call for a census of 
its available man-power, and in less than a month after the law had 
been enacted, nearly 10,000,000 men were available for classification 
and the details of procedure that were prepared for the intricate pro- 
cesses of selecting an army. The assignment of this duty to civilians, 
aided by the moral support of voluntary war organizations, gave full 
opportunity for popular participation in the selective service, lent 
confidence to its success, and demonstrated an abiding faith in the 
American people and the solidarity of their institutions. The pro- 
visions of the first registration were that all male persons of the 
country, who had attained the age of 21 years and not yet reached the 
age of 31, should report on June 5, 1917, in their several designated 
places, and formally enroll their names for military service. This 
registration yielded 1173 names in Fulton county, and from its eligi- 
bles was to be selected the county's first quota for any call for general 
service men. 

• A brief review of the history and activities of the local board 
during the war with Germany shows that on June 29, 1917, Cyrus 
M. Davis, Dr. Harley W. Taylor and Frank H. Terry received notice 
from the War Department that they had been appointed members of 
the "Local Board for the County of Fulton." With full knowledge of 
the responsibilities involved, these men unhesitatingly accepted the 
trust, and were sworn in on the following day and on July 7th met at 
the court house at 9 :00 a. m., and organized the board by selection 
of Cyrus M. Davis as chairman. Doctor Harley W. Taylor as medical 
director and Frank H. Terry as secretary. Each of the members 
named continued in active service until the resignation of Doctor 
Taylor was finally accepted by the War Department, that his un- 
bounded spirit of patriotism might be better recognized by his en- 
listment on July 24, 1917, under the commission of first lieutenant in 
the Medical Corps. 

His place was thereafter filled by appointment of Doctor Archi- 
bald Brown who took the oath of office and responded with the same 
unswerving integrity and zeal as his predecessor, serving until the 
final discharge of the board. 



THE CONSCRIPTION BOARD 73 

On July 17th notice was received that a net quota of 99 men had 
been apportioned to Fulton county to be furnished from the first 
draft, and on July 20th the first drawing of registrants was held in 
Washington to determine the order of call to the service, the first 
number drawn being 258 — the serial number of George E. Warfield 
of Union township. 

This drawing created widespread anxiety and the stern fact 
was forcibly brought to the people that the great war was on — and 
that America was preparing to strike. 

The steady progress of preparation may be best realized by a 
brief reference to current events. 

On August 3rd the board issued the first call for 196 registrants 
to appear for physical examination, on the 8th day of the same month 
the first meeting of the board was held for physical examination, 
with Doctor A. Brown also present as assistant examiner — and by 
some strange irony of fate the first man examined for physical abiHty 
in war was pre-eminently a man of peace — the Rev. George Conrad 
Pullman of the city of Rochester. 

On August 15th the board was joined by Albert W. Bitters, who 
presented an appointment by Governor Goodrich as government ap- 
peal agent, and who did vaHant service and gave valuable assistance 
to the board. v 

The first two men inducted by the board were George E. Warfield 
and James I. McMahan, entrained on September 5th to Camp Zachary 
Taylor, Ky., followed two days later by L. V. R. Louderback, James 
Stansbury and Omer Fennimore, and from this time on the calls for 
men grew steadily. 

The insistent and increasing demands upon the time and energy 
of the local boards became so great that provision was finally made 
for assistance and in December, 1917, Joseph A. Myers was appoint- 
ed chief clerk and continued to act as such during the war, relieving 
the board of much clerical work. 

During the winter following, and the first few months of the 
year 1918, the calls for men were light by reason of severe weather 
and the impossibility of adequate provision for their comfort, but 
with the advent of spring preparations again became active, as shown 
by the record of young men sent to the front in the 60 days beginning 
with March 29th, 1918. 

March 29th, 17 men were entrained to Camp Taylor, Ky. ; April 
3rd, 15 men to Fort Hamilton, N. Y. ; April 26th, 30 men to Camp 
Taylor; April 27th, two men to Purdue Training School; May 2nd, 
four men to Ft. Thomas, Ky. ; May 6th, two men to Ft. Ben Harrison, 



74 THE WORLD WAR 

Ind. ; May 22nd, four men to Columbus Barracks, Ohio, and May 
25th, 34 men to Camp Taylor — the latter entrainment being the 
largest contingent called for at any one time during the war. 

Immediately following the Act of Congress of May 18th, 1917, 
a Board of Registration composed of A. E. Babcock, L. C. Sheets and 
Doctor M. O. King had been appointed for the purpose of taking the 
first registration of all male persons of the county, who had attained 
the age of 21 years and not yet reached the age of 31. This first 
registration of June 5th, 1917, was taken by the registration board 
which, on July 2nd following, turned the list of 1148 registrants over 
to the local board and was thereupon dissolved. 

On June 5th, 1918 — one year from the date of the first registra- 
tion — a second registration was held, embracing those who had attain- 
ed the age of 21 since the first registration and produced 118 men, 
followed on August 24th by a supplementary registration of those 
reaching the age of 21 since June 5th, and produced an additional 25 
men. 

These registrations of the youths just reaching manhood proved 
all too small to meet the ever increasing demands of the War De- 
partment and on September 12th, 1918, came the final registration, 
embracing all male citizens and declarants between the ages of 18 and 
45, both inclusive, not already registered, and produced an additional 
1810 men, making a total registration in this county to that date of 
3101 and out of which a total of 310 of our vigorous young manhood 
were forwarded to the various training camps, inclusive of those re- 
ceived at the several student army training schools. This number 
does not include the large number of voluntary enlistments in the 
Regular Army and Navy, closely estimated at 75% of those forward- 
ed by the local board, nor does it include our boys sent from other 
boards in the many large factory centers. 

The last contingent sent to the colors were Dale Anderson 
and Alfred T. Butler, inducted and entrained for Camp Wadsworth, 
S. C, on November 11th, 1918, and stopped at Indianapolis and re-~ 
turned on receipt of wire announcing signing of armistice — and with 
the signing of this. armistice the war closed, the active, exacting duties 
and strenuous labors of the local board ceased. 

It is only fitting, closing a review of the activities of the Con- 
scription Board, to give full credit to Frank H. Terry, the secretary, 
for the long hours and efficient service which he gave to the work. 
Mr. Terry, who furnished much of the information from which the 
above facts were written, modestly refrained from mention of himself, 
but his associates on the .board, fully cognizant of his faithful and 



WAR WORK IN THE SCHOOLS 75 

strenuous labors, his impartiality and fairness in a trying position, 
state that Mr. Terry did a lion's share of the work. Due credit should 
also be given to the attorneys of the county, all of whom labored 
many hours in giving free assistance in filling out the questionnaires 
of the registrants. 



War Work in the Schools 

Joint High School 

In keeping with the spirit of the times, the Rochester Joint High 
school and Grades were glad to cooperate with the various agencies 
for war work in the county in doing their part 'to win the victory 
for world freedom from militarism. 

Perhaps our most brilliant success in any line was the fact that 
every pupil in the city schools enrolled either in the Junior or Senior 
Red Cross and quite a number paid the fee in both organizations. 
The girls of the Domestic Art class made fifty petticoats for foreign 
children and some sixty-five Red Cross banners for the country 
schools. 

As a result of the United War Work drive in the High school 
by Rev. W. J. Niven, the pupils pledged and paid $200. 

The most active campaign and the one producing the greatest 
results was that for the sale of War stamps and Liberty bonds. The 
Columbia school sold approximately $5000 worth of stamps, the Lin- 
coln, $5000 and the High school $2000. The bond sales by three 
schools totalled a good amount and reflected credit on both teachers 
and pupils. The teachers not only contributed their share in a finan- 
cial way but kept up an active campaign which brought good results 
in more ways than one. 

In addition, there was the work of the rake and the hoe. Most 
of the boys and many of the girls in the upper grades had their war 
gardens and thereby helped if only in a very small way to feed those 
in need. This work had a value not counted merely in dollars and 
cents. It meant larger visions of service and a broader spirit of 
altruism. Thus out of these hard and trying war times came many 
good and lasting results. 

A. L. WHITMER. 



76 THE WORLD WAR 

Henry Township Schools 

When school opened in the fall of 1917, the country was afire 
with the news of war and the preparation for war and, of course, the 
spirit aroused by this news permeated the school system from the old 
gray headed official to the youngest child who had just entered 
school for the first time. 

During all that period of anxiety while the United States was 
actively engaged in war operations, the schools had a two-fold pur- 
pose, one to function in the ordinary way of preparing citizenship 
for the future and the other of assisting in every way possible in 
carrying on the war. 

In pursuance of this two-fold ideal,, every official, every teacher, 
and every pupil felt an individual responsibility and consecrated him- 
self whole-heartedly to the task. 

In its efiforts to help win the war, there were two ways that 
the schools were able to assist ; e. i. ; in the spreading of information 
and government requests among the people and secondly in aiding 
in many ways directly. There was no factor more potent in dis- 
seminating federal information and regulations than the public 
schools. During the whole period of the struggle, our school walls 
were covered with posters and bulletins bringing the country's needs 
and requests to the pupils who in turn imparted the things learned 
at school to their parents at home. Not only did the school keep a 
continuous exhibit of patriotic pictures and literature but it was the 
central distributing point for a great many pamphlets to be sent to 
parents. Announcements of all important poHcies and all public 
war gatherings were made and speakers came in who brought added 
enthusiasm and patriotism to the community through the pupils. 
The schools were so organized that they were prepared to rearrange 
their regular schedule at a minute's notice in order to give time to 
any activity which would be of service to our country. 

Our educational organizations were a very important factor in 
every effort of conservation, production, and finance made by Henry 
township during the war. The domestic science department so ar- 
ranged its courses that a great deal of the work emphasized the con- 
servation programme and so that the girls taking these courses could 
devote a part of their school times to aiding in the work of the local 
Red Cross society. All of the girls in the upper grades gave a de- 
finite amount of time each week to Red Cross work. These girls, 
inspired by their teachers and by a desire for service, not only aided 
during the school year but met at regular intervals during the summer 
of 1918 to sew for the Red Cross. Our boys worked diligently morn- 



WAR WORK IN THE SCHOOLS 77 

ing and evening- and on Saturdays to increase farm production and a 
number joined the Boy's Working Reserve in the spring. They quit 
school a few weeks early to begin productive work but at the same 
time they made up their school work so that they would get their 
credits. 

In order that each pupil could become identified personally with 
the wonderful service of the Red Cross, the Junior Red Cross was 
formed in the fall of 1917. An appeal came to the schools for the 
children to join the junior society. They responded quickly and al- 
most the entire body of pupils, who were eligible, became members. 

Not only did the pupils and teachers belong to the Red Cross and 
aid it in its service but the schools, in an organized way, aided the 
society financially. The graded schools dedicated an entertainment 
to its aid and the high school basketball team gave a benefit basket- 
ball game for the same purpose. In addition to these the Senior 
class of 1918 turned the net proceeds of their class play into the Red 
Cross treasury. 

A number of pupils bought Liberty Loan Bonds and a prepara- 
tion for each drive was made through the schools but the greatest 
financial effort of the war period, in which the school participated 
actively, was the buying of Thrift and War Savings Stamps and the 
solicitation of outsiders to buy these securities. The buying of 
stamps was stimulated in a variety of ways too numerous to record, 
but each school room had in it some device of honorable recognition, 
songs, competitions and games to encourage pupils in buying stamps 
and to make them understand the meaning of their investment. 
There were individual and collective efforts to raise money for this 
purpose. The schools gave entertainments and suppers, girls sold 
candy and popcorn, and the pupils industriously solicited adults for 
waste paper, old bottles, and anything that was salable. Children 
ransacked the home premises for old rags, old rubber, and old iron. 
Sometimes parents were irritated by the efforts of the pupils and yet 
they were serving with a consecration that probably few adults at- 
tained. These various activities of the children netted them between 
two and three thousand dollars' worth of War Savings Stamps dur- 
ing the school year 1917-18 in the grades alone. Perhaps the most spec- 
tacular single financial effort was made in March, 1918, when the girls 
of the high school competed with the boys for ten days to see which 
could dispose of the most War Savings Stamps by direct sale and 
pledge. The prize to the winners was to be a free moving picture 
show at the expense of the losers. During these ten days, parties 
from the two rival camps scoured the township of evenings and over 



78 THE WORLD WAR 

the week end soliciting for War Savings Stamp sales. Absolute 
secrecy prevailed between the groups of competitors. The whole 
community was divided into factions, one supporting the girls and 
the other the boys. Sales and pledges from twenty-five cents to a 
thousand dollars were taken in this record drive. On the morning 
of the eleventh day, the rival organizations met in separate rooms to 
make an inventory of their sales. Intense excitement prevailed at 
these meetings. Pupils and teachers made talks urging others to 
pledge all they felt they could pay. After an hour of discussion, ex- 
hortation, cheering, and pledging, both sections returned to the as- 
sembly room where the results, totaling $20,400.00 and showing the 
girls to be the winners, were reported. The pupils were pitched to 
such high nervous tension that school was out of the question so a 
parade was held through town amid the shouting and singing of the 
pupils and the applause of the citizens. On the following afternoon, 
the boys took the girls to the show which was given by the owner 
with the understanding that the proceeds were to go to the Red Cross. 

The per capita sales of War Savings Stamps in Henry township 
stood high among the units of the state of Indiana and this splendid 
record is certainly due, in no small M^ay, to the work of the schools 
in buying, advertising and soliciting. 

In every township drive : Liberty Bonds, Red Cross, Y. W. C. A., 
Y. M. C. A., United War Work fund, the records will show liberal 
support and devoted service on the part of school officials, teachers, 
and pupils. 

Not only did the schools, as organized in 1917-18, bend every 
effort to their consecrated duty but the flower of the township's young 
manhood, no doubt influenced in many ways by their previous school- 
ing, delivered themselves a living sacrifice in the training camps and 
on the field of battle. One former pupil of the schools, Adolph Merley, 
made the supreme sacrifice. Others were ready and willing to brave 
any danger when their country called them. Because of their former 
member and the thousands of other American boys who lie in France, 
the vision of the schools of Henry township will no longer be bound- 
ed on the east by the Atlantic but will ever reach beyond where our 
thousands fought and fell for an ideal. 

The schools will go on, as before, with the steady purpose among 
patrons, officials, and teachers to prepare a future citizenship ever 
ready to sacrifice in service of country and fellow man and always 
prepared to trample down and throttle those theories which raise 
their heads in opposition to the ideals of true democracy as set up by 
our forefathers and tested by more than a century of prosperous 



FUEL ADMINISTRATION 79 

history. The greatest problem of the schools is to instill the patriot- 
ism of peace and to be ready to assist if war comes. The Henry 
township schools have proven themselves equal to the task in the 
past and will always do so with the united support of the citizens of 
the communitv. 



Victory Boys and Girls 



Among the many notable features of the war work carried on at 
home was that of the boys and girls of our land. None were more 
loyal or more patriotic. In the United War AVork Drive of the seven 
great welfare organizations, it was felt that our youngest citizens 
should be asked to help. They were vitally interested, for nearly 
every one had a brother or other relative in service. How well they 
responded can be seen by the hundreds and thousands whose united 
subscriptions amounted to several millions of dollars in the "Victory 
Boys and Girls" campaign. To become a "Victory Boy" or a "Vic- 
tory Girl," it was necessary to make a pledge to earn and give five 
dollars in a specified length of time. Of all the millions given by 
the "Victory Boys and Girls", our own Fulton County gave its pro- 
portionate share. Rev. W. J. Niven, of Rochester, was chosen chair- 
man for the County, organizing it into districts, with a chairman for 
each. 

The work was done chiefly thru the schools, where the best op- 
portunity was offered for the fullest explanation of the importance 
of the campaign. Two thousand dollars was pledged by the children 
of the county as follows : 

Rochester City $720. Rochester tp. $234. Wayne tp. $350. 
Liberty tp. $243. Union tp. $140. Newcastle tp. $105. Henry tp. 
$100. Aubbeenaubbee tp. $85. Richland tp. $25. 



Report of Fuel Administrator. 

In obedience to an order from Indianapolis, the C6unty Council 
of Defense, acting in conjunction with the Farmer's and Merchant's 
Association, recommended the appointment of Grosvenor Dawe, to 
act as Fuel Administrator during the critical coal famine period of 
1917 — 1918. The position was an arduous one, inasmuch as the 
serious coal shortage was made more dangerous than it would other- 
wise have been, by an unusually cold winter. 

Backed by the authority of a federal officer, Mr. Dawe appor- 
tioned the very small amounts of coal received by allotments, some- 
times as small as fifty pounds, relieving actual need first, and others 



80 THE WORLD WAR 

on the order of their urgency. During; January, 1918, there was a 
terrific bHzzard which effectually cut the county off from any out- 
side communication, and the fuel situation was acutely dangerous; 
nothing but absolute organization could have handled it, and that 
organization was apparent in the office of the Fuel Administrator; 
men were sent into the country to cut wood, farmers were urged to 
use their fallen timber, citizens were compelled to conserve fuel, and 
by co-operation of the closest- sort, the crisis was successfully passed, 
not, however, without the further inconvenience, entailed by the 
abandonment of public meetings, and the early closing of stores, 
with accompanying saving of fuel. 

In July, 1918, Mr. Dawe resigned his position, which was filled 
during the remainder of the war by A. E. Babcock. In the early 
winter of 1918-19, there was a shortage of anthracite coal but no 
serious effects were felt, because there was an ample supply of Indiana 
coal for the whole county. Mr. Babcock received his discharge in 
February, 1919. 



The Library Helped 

During the whole period of the war the Rochester Public Library 
cooperated with national and local war organizations. One room in 
the basement was used by the Red Cross as a sewing room, and an- 
other was fitted up especially for a surgical-dressing room. Many 
meetings were held in the assembly room. 

Hundreds of bulletins issued by various departments of the Uni- 
ted States government on cooking, canning, saving fuel, etc. were dis- 
tributed. 

When the call was made by the American Library Association for 
books for the soldiers Rochester responded liberally. The library 
collected 1,215 books, which were sent to camps and hospitals at 
home and abroad. Posters of various drives were always given prom- 
inent places in the library. 

Many books of interest in connection with the war were purchas- 
ed. Some of the books gave the folks at home a better idea of the 
experiences of the boys at the front and what they had to endure, 
■others were of value in that they expounded the views of noted 
men as to the cause and effect of the great war, together with docu- 
mentary evidence, while still others gave help in practical ways in or- 
der that the war might be won 



The Liberty Guards 

On December 18, 1917, the 17th separate company of Liberty 
•Guards was organized in Rochester with 162 members, all of whom 
Avere residents of Fulton county and ranged from 18 to 42 years of 
age. The company met on Monday nights of each week for drill ani' 
training and the attendance was good. 

The first officers elected were Captain, Cyrus M. Davis ; First 
Lieutenant, Harley McCarter ; Second Lieutenant, Hector De Zias, 
and First Sergeant, Floyd J. Mattice. 

On February 18th the company was newly organized and muster- 
ed into the service of the state of Indiana by Judge Stevens and new 
■officers elected as follows : Captain, Cyrus M. Davis ; First Lieuten- 
ant, Harley McCarter; Second Lieutenant, William Delp ; First Ser- 
geant, Harry Bitters ; Second Sergeant, John Swartwood ; Third Ser- 
geant, Merle Ream ; Fourth Sergeant, Edward Jones ; Fifth Sergeant, 
Ayrton Howard ; Sixth Sergeant, Walter House ; First Corporal, 
Dean L. Barnhart ; Second Corporal, Admiral Smith ; Third Corporal, 
Earle L. Miller ; Fourth Corporal, Milo Coplen ; Fifth Corporal, Con- 
rad Irvine ; Sixth Corporal, Rev. H. G. Gaige. The company continued 
to drill under the above officers until the 9th of December, 1918, when 
they were mustered out of service by Capt. C. M. Davis. 

The company was uniformed and equipped by the business men 
of Rochester and other citizens of the county who raised a fund for 
this purpose. 

Following is the personnel of the Liberty Guard organization : 



Barger, Guy 

Bailey, Elliott 

Ball, Omer 

Barnhart, Dean, Corporal 

Biddinger, William 

Bitters, Harry, Sergeant 

Braman, Milo 

Braman, John 

Butler, Jess 

Byrley, Charles 

Boulter, Otto 

Coplen, George 

Coplen, Milo 

Davis, Cy, Captain 

Delp, Wm., 2nd Lieut. 

Dixon, Henry 

Fields, Guy 

Foglesong, Harry 

Fretz, Ray 

Gaige, Rev. 

Garver, V. L. 

Green, Dwight 

Greek, Robert P. 



Hetzner. Earl 

Hiatt, Dee 

House, Walter. Sergt. 

Howard, Ayrton, Corp. 

Irvine, Wilbert 

Irvine, Conrsd 

Jackson, Willis 

Jones, Ed., Sergt. 

Kennell, Wm. 

Lynch, B. B. 

Louderback, Harry 

Mathias, Earl 

Mathias, J. W. 

Marsh, Ora 

Marsh, Marion 

Manson, Fred 

Mattice, F. J. 

McCarter, Harley, 1st Lieut. 

Miller, Earle, Corp. 

Miller, Hugh 

Miller, Otto 

Montgomery. Ray 

Myers, Ray 



81 



RED CROSS WORK 83 

TNewby, Fred Snapp, Cecil 

•Oliver, Rue Slaybaugh, John 

Overmyer, Russell Snyder, Roy 

Overmyer, Harley Snyder, Willard 

Parker, J. C. Smith, Admiral 

Pontius, Rosco, Bugler Stanley, John 

Railsback, Don Swartwood, John, Sergt. 

Ream, Merle, Sergt. Swihart, Jerome C. 

Rouch, Dwight . Tubbs, S. M. 

Rouch, Eugene Wagner. Omar 

Saunders, John Wertz, L. I. 

Saunders, Elza Wicks. Earl 

Sherbondy, Bruce Young, Thurston 

Seigfried, P. A. Zimmerman. Emerson 

Zimmerman, Leo 



Red Cross Work 



an 

The Fulton County Chapter of the A. R. C. was organized June 
2, 1917, with R. C. Johnson, chairman ; Mrs. Imogene Hendrickson, 
vice-chairman; Omar B. Smith, treasurer, and Miss Edna Roth, sec- 
Tetary. 

At the time of organization, 650 members were enrolled, but by 
1919 the membership had increased to 3000. 

Four thousand articles were turned out by ladies in the sewing 
room. Some of these workers also helped knit a part of the 1700 
Tcnitted articles sent out from the county. Surgical dressing classes 
made 24,786 articles of all kinds, for hospital use. 

The expenditures for supplies for 1918 totalled $6,335.00 

In 1917, the county quota asked for, was $7,000, but the amount 
given was $8,000. In 1918, the quota was $7,500, and our response was 
-$11,000. 

In December, 1918, the Fulton County Chapter furnished 225 
Christmas boxes for the parents of soldiers and sailors to fill for the 
boys at war, and also undertook the transportation of the same. 

The Comfort Kit Committee, throughout the county, gave a fill- 
•ed comfort kit to every boy who left the county for the service, so 
far as was known. 

After the War, the attention of the chapter was given to needs of 
the returning soldiers ; insurance was cared for, mileage and delayed 
checks were traced, and the care of the fighting men was not given 
over until they were safely placed in their own before-the-war con- 
ditions. 

There was the promptest response from the county to every ap- 



84 THE WORLD WAR 

peal made by the officers, throughout the war, and no work seemed 
too much, nor no amount too large, to be successfully and willingly 
handled. 

Upon Mr. Johnson's resignation, because of other duties inter- 
fering, Mr. A. S. Warriner was appointed as chairman in 1918, and 
he held that position until the end of the War. 



The Junior Red Cross 

During the summer of 1917 when the American Red Cross was 
making plans for a greater work in helping win the war, it was sug- 
gested by some one in authority that, a Junior Red Cross be formed, 
as to take in all the children in school in the United States. 

In Fulton County, Thomas F. Berry, County Superintendent of 
Schools, was selected as the Junior Red Ci'oss Chairman. 

When school opened in September the county superintendent 
took up the question of securing Junior Red Cross members, with 
the teachers of all the schools in the county. The organization was 
greatly handicapped by the fact that no definite details of how to 
organize could be secured from Headquarters ; but the splendid en- 
thusiasm of teachers and pupils was so strong to do their part in 
winning the war, that it was impossible to hold them in check ta 
await orders from the higher officials. By Thanksgiving many town- 
ships had enrolled every school child, and by Christmas every town- 
ship, excepting one, had a 100 per cent enrollment and had sent in 
$500. After Christmas Rochester city enrolled 800 members and 
increased the Junior Fund to $700.00. Thus before final instructions 
were received Fulton County Junior Red Cross was over the top. 
The credit for this work is wholly due to the patriotic efforts of the 
teachers and pupils- 

The demand for Junior Red Cross Buttons and Banners was so 
great that it was not possible for the sewing classes to make the 
banners fast enough. Many of the pupils from the High Schools of 
the county did a great deal of sewing and knitting and in many cases 
helped the Red Cross Chapters raise money for different enterprises. 

In February of 1918 the county Chairman received a letter from 
the State Chairman of Indiana Junior Red Cross saying that Fulton 
County was the first county, so far as he knew in the United States 
to complete a 100 per cent enrollment. Thus the teachers and pupils 
were justly proud of the part they played. It was patriotism exem- 
plified in doing. 



RED CROSS WORK 85 

Union Township Red Cross 

The Kewanna and Union township Branch of the Fulton County 
chapter American Red Cross was organized June 12, 1917, with the 
following officers: Chairman, Mrs. L. M. Shoemaker; vice chairman, 
Mrs. C. B. Hiatt; secretary, Miss Jessie Slick; treasurer, E. J. 
Buchanan. 

,The first canvass for members resulted in a membership of two 
hundred. 

The Red Cross drive for the War Relief Fund was made during 
the week beginning July 2 under direction of Dr. A. I. Gilbert who was 
appointed chairman of the drive. Union township's share, $560.00, 
was oversubscribed. 

The membership was divided into units for work. Mrs. Shoe- 
maker was appointed chairman and the inspectors were Mrs. Etta 
Teeter, Mrs. George Troutman, Mrs. A. I. Gilbert, Mrs. Etta Singer, 
Mrs. Una Wilson, Mrs. Fred Russell,' Mrs. E. J. Buchanan and Mrs. 
Chas. Snepp. 

Sewing machines and other equipment were provided in the 
library where the workers met on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday 
and Friday of each week. The sewing was carefully planned and in- 
spected so that the garments sent out from this shop showed strictly 
high class work. 

This branch made and sent to headquarters more than six hundred 
hospital garments, including pajamas, hospital bed shirts, surgeon's 
aprons, seventy-five sweaters, twenty pairs of wrislets, six scarfs, two 
hundred and five pairs of socks and one thousand surgical dressings. 
A comfort kit fully equipped was furnished to every soldier who went 
mto service from Union township. 

The Kewanna branch responded to every call including the old 
clothes drive, the linen shower, etc. During the week beginning 
May 20, 1918, Kewanna's quota for Red Cross money, $700.00, was 
ove: subscribed. The Christmas roll call universal membership, 1918, 
was finished with 425 members. 



Henry Township Red Cross 

Authority to organize an Akron Branch of the Fulton County 
Chapter of the American Red Cross, with jurisdiction over Henry 
township, was granted June 28, 1917. The temporary committee on 
organization was made up of Roy Jones, A. A. Gast, S. N. Shesler, 
Miss Deborah V. Strong, John McCullough, E. L. Scott. E. O. Strong, 
Rev. I. R. Godwin, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Patterson. 



86 THE WORLD WAR 

Mrs. M. L. Patterson was made temporary chairman and Miss 
Deborah V. Strong temporary secretary. The Chapter was or- 
ganized with the same officers until November 6, 1917, when an 
election of officers was held and the following were elected for one 
year: Mrs. M. L. Patterson, chairman; Mrs. A. A. Kistler, vice- 
chairman ; Mrs. W. A. Patterson, secretary ; Mr. John McCullough, 
treasurer. 

In the December Red Cross membership drive the Akron Branch 
enrolled 497 Seniors and seven Juniors. Besides these members, the 
Grade Schools of Akron gave an entertainment and used the pro- 
ceeds to join the Junior Red Cross in a body. During the early 
spring. Miss Ruth Sutherland, of Rochester, held three classes daily 
in surgical dressings and thirty ladies completed the course. These 
in turn acted as instructors for the various classes under the super- 
vision of Mrs. Roy Jones. Several hundred surgical dressings were 
completed and sent to headquarters at Rochester. 

In October, 1918, new Red Cross officers were elected for one 
year, as follows: Mrs. M. L. Patterson, chairman; Mrs. F. M. 
Weaver, vice-chairman ; Miss Elizabeth Morrett, recording secretary ; 
Mrs. R. R. Carr, corresponding secretary ; Mr. John McCullough, 
treasurer. 

The Christmas membership drive gave the Chapter an enrollment 
of 572 Seniors and 229 Juniors. The Chapter has always been strong 
financially due to the loyal support of its members and friends. 
Several entertainments were given for the Red Cross, mcluding a 
High School play, a two-day, all-star cast moving picture show, two 
entertainments by the graded schools and several suppers. A horse, 
a young heifer, a quilt and a hand-painting were donated and sold, 
making a total of $448.00. Besides these there were many smaller 
donations which added to the treasury. 

The executive officers made an effort to expend the money wise- 
ly, viz. home-charities, pneumonia jackets for our sick during the 
flu epidemic and for two adopted French orphans whose father had 
given his life in the World's War. Liberal donations were also 
made to the Armenian and Syrian Relief Funds, Jewish Welfare 
and "Soldiers' and Sailors' Home Coming Day" held at Akron, 
Thursday, September 11, 1919. Considerable money was expended 
in buying materials for the Red Cross workers. It is impossible to 
give the exact number of knitters. Suffice it to say, that yarn was 
continually in demand. The Chapter and friends knit, in all, 229 
pairs of socks. 111 sweaters, 15 pairs of wristlets, 32 scarfs, 34 helmets, 
three quilts and several dozen wash rags and wipes. The sewers were 



WOMEN'S WORK 87 

just as faithful. The first work they did was to make and fill a com- 
fort kit for every Henry township service boy and 300 navy comfort 
kits for the Great Lakes Training Station, Chicago, Illinois. Dur- 
ing the summer of 1918 the sewing groups were kept busy making 
up ready-cut operating gowns and underclothing, supplied by coun- 
ty headquarters. More than a dozen boxes and barrels, each, of old, 
as well as new clothing, besides several comforters made by the 
school children, were shipped to France. Two boxes were shipped to 
the "Battleship Indiana," as Christmas Greetings. Forty-seven 
Christmas boxes were sent to soldiers overseas, three marked to un- 
known. The Chapter had a faithful auxiliary body of workers at 
Athens, under the supervision of Mrs. Frank Pontious, who did their 
part of all the work required of the township Red Cross. 

The fifth and sixth grades of Akron schools knit enough blocks 
to complete two quilts, the first going to France — the second to West 
Baden, Indiana. During the summer of 1918 the fifth and sixth 
grade girls met weekly at the Red Cross room and pieced comforter 
tops, also a class of older girls met and completed a comforter top 
and a quilt, all were sent to France. We had many Junior knitters in 
the grades and high school. 



Report of the Women's Work 

DD 
DD 

Immediately following the appointment of the woman member 
of the County Council of Defense, as chairman of Women's Activities 
in the county, a call came from the State Food Chairman, Dr. H. E. 
Barnard, of Indianapolis, to organize the county by having food con- 
servation pledges signed by housewives. An organization to carry 
out this request was at once appointed, as follows : Union township : 
Chairman — Mrs. Una Wilson. Wayne township : , Chairman — Miss 
Dessie Buchanan. Richland township : Chairman — Mrs. J. H. Reed. 
Newcastle township : Chairman — Mrs. M. F. Deemer. Rochester 
township : Chairman — ^Mrs. Chas. Emmons. Liberty township : 
Chairman — Mrs. R. O. Johnson. Aubbeenaubbee township : Chair- 
man — Mrs. Sam. Kelley. Henry township : Chairman — Mrs. A. A. 
Gast. These women served as chairman of their townships for the 
entire period of the war, with the exception of Miss Buchanan, who 
resigned her chairmanship in order to give her entire time to the 
Red Cross Work, and was succeeded by Mrs. Floyd Leasure. To 



88 THE WORLD WAR 

this group of women should be given the greater share of credit for 
the splendid record of the county. 

In the Food Card drive, the chairmen organized their helpers, 
and undertook to obtain the signature of all the women in the coun- 
ty, but because of the haste necessary, which gave little time for the 
education of the women as to the necessity of this move, a very 
small percent of the women appealed to, took the matter in an in- 
terested way, and the drive was a failure from the point of numbers ; 
however, the seed thus tediously planted bore much fruit, and in 
time, when the food conditions were understood, there were no more 
consistently conserving communities anywhere, than in Fulton coun- 
ty- 

In January, 1918, in response to a request from Mrs. Anne S. 
Carlisle, state chairman of Women's Activities, a more intensive 
organization was undertaken, and twelve women were appointed in 
each township retaining the original chairman. These women were 
then each one given the chairmanship of one of the twelve depart- 
ments, advised by headquarters, for her township. By this means, 
when there came a necessity for special emphasis on any one phase 
of war work, the entire township could be expected to work on that 
committee, the permanent chairman giving for the moment, her place 
to the department chairman. Futhermore, there was always a com- 
plete county committee on any department, for the county chairman 
to use, if occasion arose and finally all of these chairmen, with the 
county chairman, formed an executive committee, which was ready to 
act upon any necessary questions. This system seemed a trifle com- 
plex, at first, but it proved to be surprisingly effective, and it is a 
matter of county pride, that the women, thus organized, went over 
the top, in every drive, in the shortest possible time consistent with 
a complete canvass. When, at the time of the men's finger-tip organi- 
zation, a square-mile woman was appointed to work with every 
square-mile man, it is safe to say that not a county in the union was 
more thoroughly prepared, or more fittingly represented for the most 
efifective work in any crisis which might need to be faced. 

The second drive which the women handled was the Registration 
drive, which was planned for April, 1918. The purpose of the drive 
was the registration of every woman in the state in regard to her fit- 
ness for some form of war work, at home or afield. The drive was 
preceded by an educative period, during which speeches were made 
by the Fourteen Minute Women in every locality in the county, ex- 
plaining the use of the cards, and their necessity in case of a prolong- 
ed war. As a result of the clear understanding thus obtained, there 



WOMEN'S WORK 89 

was more than a 99% enrollment made, every woman except fifty, 
so far as was known, having signed in some capacity. This report, it 
may be interesting to note, was one of the ten best in the state. A 
tabulated report, showing the various departments in which the 
women enrolled, would be interesting, too, but unfortunately, it is 
not available. 

Also in April, 1918, was undertaken the Child Welfare Drive for 
the physical examination of all children under five. Thanks to the 
generous co-operation of all the county physicians, this examination 
was completed and the report sent in, first of all the counties in the 
state and later it proved to be one of the most complete reports sent 
in. There were, so far as known, less than fifty babies unexamined, 
and this meant that for one whole week, every doctor's office was 
filled with a steady stream of mothers and babies — the latter being 
weighed, measured, and tested carefully for weakness, malnutrition, 
or disease. Too much appreciation cannot be expressed for the 
energy, time, and skill which the physicians gave so freely to this 
work. It is interesting to notice, in this connection, that, because of 
the information thus received, many parents have taken steps to 
correct the abnormal conditions pointed out changing diet, having 
tonsils and adenoids removed, etc., so that the net results of this 
drive was a distinct rise in the children's health rate for the county. 

The women's organization helped in three Liberty Loan drives, 
the United War Work drive, the Y. W. C. A. drive, the book and 
magazine drive, the organization of food clubs, which was the only 
activity introduced into the county, not eagerly taken up, since there 
was but one successful food club (the Mt. Zion) in the county, and 
in many other places of equal importance, of less note. It is due the 
women, too, to add that the enthusiasm showed in the very last work 
was as keen and earnest as in the first; and no one showed any dis- 
position to slow up, so long as there was any need for the organiza- 
tion to continue its war activities. 

There were two dififerent Domestic Science instructors sent to 
the county through the efforts of the Home Economics department, 
who gave demonstrations in the use of substitutes, and in cold-pack 
canning. These were only fairly well received, and the results, while 
gratifying to those in attendance, were not so far-reaching as had 
been hoped. But it is safe to say that as an echo of these visits, 
many canned who had never canned before, and many learned lessons 
of thrift in home cooking who had thought they had nothing in that 
line to learn. 



90 THE WORLD WAR 

The Fourteen Minute women, organized for the purpose of pre- 
senting the various requests of the committee at Indianapolis, and 
of explaining the need for concerted action in the many drives, were 
very successful in their efiforts. They delivered about seventy-five 
speeches, some four minute, some fourteen and some longer than 
either. They were always heard with courtesy and interest. In con- 
junction with the recreation committee, they put on "Community 
Sings" at the lake hotels during the summer months. 

The latter committee, too, put song leaflets into the churches, 
and with the co-operation of the pastors, introduced a fifteen minute 
"sing" before the Sunday evening service. 



Women's Club Work 

DD 

The past four years have been without precedent in the history of 
club work while the black shadows of the gigantic tragedy were low- 
ering over our loved land. No club woman of Fulton county ever 
shirked her share of the great responsibility in aiding our government 
to win the war for humanity. When the President of the General 
Federation of Women's Clubs telegraphed to Washington within 24 
hours after the declaration of war, saying that the club women of 
America stood loyally behind the government in the national crisis 
and offering their organization for service, the club women of Indiana 
and Fulton County interpreted that pledge literally and enlisted as 
soldiers, obedient to every command. There are fifteen clubs in Ful- 
ton county, not including the social clubs, with about three hundred 
members, and all answered their country's call. 

Club programs were constructed on war service plans — to offer 
a plan not only, patriotic in its intent but also in its effect — to em- 
phasize the amazing scope of the war work — to prove that every phase 
of war activity could be made a potent factor in winning the war. 
The clubs took on a broader and greater scope and- a larger view of 
causes and effects, looking into the future for great results. They in- 
terested themselves in the health laws, better legislation, home ec- 
onomics, good food, clothing and shelter, conservation, good roads, 
forestry, education, literature, music and art. Thus the clubs felt 
they were helping to make better citizens, better Americans, there- 
fore "A Greater America." 

The clubs of Fulton county were all concerned in these studies, 
all doing their part in every way possible. We realized that it was 



WOMEN'S WORK 91 

our patriotic duty to have healthy men and women and that child- 
hood must be looked after to this end ; that healthful and clean sur- 
roundings, good food and clothing are helpful to a citizen's patriotism. 
That in reducing the death rate we were working for the highest 
patriotism and for our country. We learned that good roads facilitat- 
ed war transportation; that forest conservation related itself to ships 
and aeroplanes ; that bird production meant crop prxaduction. Years 
ago we realized the great problem of Americanization and bent our- 
selves to help in every way to inspire American ideals. How civics 
helped to build our democracy and government; how art was used 
in the war in camouflage and various ways ; how music helped to 
keep up the spirit and morale of our boys at the front ; none of these 
subjects were new. The clubs only put more energy and stress on 
these old questions and while perhaps we could not see immediate 
results, it all counted for much and made conditions possible for the 
winning of the war. 

The clubs of Fulton county played an important role in all war 
work of the county. There was a close co-operation between The 
Council of Defense and the club women, the latter assisting in every 
way possible to carry on the war work. The clubs furnished many of 
the square mile and two block women. Many of the 15 minute speak- 
ers were club women. They helped to make all the different drives, 
in the registration and distribution of food cards. They conserved 
food by using substitutes and many made war gardens to increase 
the food supply. 

The Woman's Club of Rochester gave twenty-nine dollars to 
the Furlough Homes in France and twenty-four dollars to a Red 
Cross hospital outfit. This club also bought two fifty dollar Liberty 
Bonds and thirty of its members bought twenty thousand dollars 
worth of bonds. 



Report of the Women's Liberty Loan Committee 

The women were not represented in the First Liberty Loan, but 
for the Second, Mrs. Lucile Holman Leonard was recommended for 
the Woman's County Chairman, by Mrs. Perry Heath, secretary of 
the County Council of Defense. Mrs. Alice Foster McCulloch of Ft. 
Wayne, Woman's State Chairman for Liberty Loans. 

The women were asked to help in the publicity end of the Drives, 
going into different parts of the county distributing literature and 
putting up posters at war meetings. 



92 THE WORLD WAR - 

The Third Liberty Loan found the women organized — 

Township Chairmen as follows : Rochester — Mrs. Milton Smi- 
ley. Henry — Mrs. Albert Scott. Liberty — Mrs. W. E. Redman. 
Wayne — Mrs. Ed. Costello. Union — Miss Jessie Slick. Aubbeenaub- 
bee — Mrs. Myrtle Luckenbill. Richland — Mrs. Myrtle Bunn. New- 
castle — Mrs. Ancil Jeffries. 

Meetings were held in the different townships where speeches 
were made in behalf of the Liberty Loan. One at Belong was made 
especially enlightening by a little English girl, the young wife of a 
returned soldier. She had recently gone through the air raids over 
London. Her appeal for subscriptions was especially helpful to the 
Loan Committee. In Rochester, Akron, Kewanna and Fulton the two 
block women made a house to house canvass for subscriptions. 

During the various drives, fourteen minute women attended all 
Woman's Clubs, Ladies' Aid and other meetings, picture shows etc., 
speaking in behalf of the Loan. Akron women at first were going 
to give their whole attention to Red Cross work but how they did 
work and raise quotas after they had a change of heart. Wayne 
township had to be shown- but met the emergency nobly. Newcastle 
was always up and doing, and Liberty wanted no suggestions. They 
did things for themselves. 

The same committee chairmen worked for War Savings, selling 
stamps and bonds and backing the movement through the schools. 

The first day of the drive for the Fourth Liberty Loan came dur- 
ing the Fulton County Fair and a great parade marched through the 
streets of Rochester to the Fair Grounds. After much consultation, 
planning and work by the women, ever keeping in mind the public- 
ity of the loan, each township brought in floats, representing Liberty 
and war work, to join the bands, the Red Cross, and all the organi- 
zations forming the line of march. 

Woman's mission in each drive seemed to be to help the men. 
This they tried to do to the best of their ability. When the Victory 
Loan drive promised to start out badly, enthusiasm waning because 
of the signing of the armistice, the woman's county chairman attend- 
ed the Seventh Federal Reserve Victory Loan Convention held in 
Chicago in March, 1919, hearing Carter Glass, the new Secretary of 
the Treasury, on the subject of the Loan. Five states represented 
two thousand strong, with drum corps and speakers and enthusiasm 
ran high. The slogan "Finish the Job" spread rapidly and the work- 
ers at the first call, jumped into harness. 

Prizes of German helmets were offered to the school children 
of the county, for the best essay on "The Victory Loan." Columbia 



WOMEN'S WORK 93 

School of Rochester, being the only school to respond to the invita- 
tion of the Committee and arrange such a contest, all four prizes were 
awarded to pupils of this school. Margaret Elizabeth Bryant receiv- 
ed first prize, Jean Rannells second, George Hurst third and Dean 
McMahan fourth. 

MRS. LUCILE H. LEONARD, 
County Chairman Woman's Liberty Loan Committee. 



Women's Activities in Newcastle Township. 

The women of Newcastle township tried to follow out to the 
letter everything that was asked of them during the war. They or- 
ganized with 34 square mile women, observed registration week with 
an almost 100% registration, observed Child Welfare week and saw 
that every child under school age was examined, placed food conserva- 
tion cards in practically every home and held a Food Conservation 
Demonstration at Talma. 

The Red Cross had three organizations in the township, the 
Bethlehem unit with Mrs. F. C. Mickey as manager, the Palestine 
unit with Mrs. Frank Collins and Mrs. Meade Haimbaugh as 
managers and the Talma unit with Mrs. Lou Grove and Mrs. Charles 
Jones as managers. Miss Fern Arter had charge of the knitting for 
the township. Mrs. Frank Montgomery knitted 104 pairs of sox and 
Mras first in the county to use the rainbow colors in the sox and the 
only one to knit the emblem of the Red Cross in them. 



Bridge Workers Helped 



In a large measure the plant of the Rocheser Bridge Company 
became a shipyard, where steel was fabricated for the American mer- 
chant marine. Early in the ship-building program of the government 
this plant was given small contracts for ship parts, and so success- 
fully did the company handle the w^ork that the plant was practically 
double and between one hundred and fifty and two hundred men were 
continuously employed in government work. Through many months, 
the men in the employ of the local bridge plant gave tireless support 
to the Nation in helping to build ships which went into the merchant 
marine and were used to carry food to the American army and the 
hungry people overseas. These workmen showed a fine loyalty to 
the government by their effort, and in every Liberty Bond drive and 
other fund-raising effort contributed liberally of their earnings. 



94 



THE WORLD WAR 



Newspapers and Banks Loyal 

In giving credit for loyalty and devotion to the common cause,, 
not to mention the newspapers of the county w^ould be to ignore one 
of the important factors in successfully uniting the sentiment of the 
county for effective v^ar w^ork. Without exception every newspaper 
of the county did heroic service in carrying government publicity, 
without charge, and in giving liberally of their space for every drive 
for funds. The Rochester Sentinel, Republican and Sun, the Akron 
News, the Kewanna Herald and the Fulton Leader carried columns- 
of government publicity and aided in every possible way to give pub- 
licity to all war matters. 

The banks of the county, without exception, and with an un- 
selfish patriotism, aided in every financial effort. Without the whole- 
hearted support of the banks of the county it would have been im- 
possible to "go over the top" in every demand for funds. 




The Boys in Khaki 



DD 



Fulton county had approximately 650 of her sons in some branch 
of the service. Every effort was made by the compilers of this his- 
tory to secure the service record of every Fulton county boy who 
served Uncle Sam in the world war. Questionnaires were mailed, 
not once, but several times to the last known address of our boys in 
the service as well as to relatives, but in spite of the exhaustive effort 
■ made, the list is not nearly so complete as it should be. Modesty, 
indifference and probably still other motives unknown to the com- 
pilers, prevented the completion of the list after months of effort to 
make it complete. Neither is it as accurate as one would wish, but 
still it shows, unmistakably that Fulton county boys did their part 
in winning- the war in many widely separated fields of endeavor. 

ADAMSON, Arthur B., 30, Rochester, cook, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Homer L. Adamson, entered service May 24, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Camp Taylor and West Point, Ky. 1st cook 325 Hdqrs. 
Co., F. A. Sailed Sept. 8, 1918 and served as cook in France. Mus- 
tered out March 1, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

ANDERSON, Lloyd Wilbur, 20, Kewanna, R. R. Clerk, son of 
William T. and Maude L. Anderson, entered service Oct. 1, 1918 at 
Chicago. Served as acting Corporal, Co. D., S. A. T. C. Detachment. 
Mustered out Dec. 11, 1918 at Chicago. 

ARMSTRONG, Max Ray, 28, Kewanna, optician. Entered serv- 
ice Sept. 18, 1917. Trained at St. Paul, Minn., and assigned to 
air service. ]\/[ustered out Feb. 18, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

ADAMSON, Edgar H., 20, Rochester, telephone work, son of 
Homer L. and Isabelle A. Adamson, entered service July 29, 1918, 
trained at Great Lakes, promoted to second class seaman, did coast 
patrol work. Mustered out Dec. 3, 1918 on U. S. S. Montana. 

ANDERSON, Dale, 21, Rochester, railroad, son of William and 
Ella M. Anderson, entered service Nov. 10, 1918 at Rochester. Arm- 
istice was signed en route to Camp Taylor. 

ANDERSON, Max, 18, Leiters Ford, railroader, son of J. W. 
and Adda Anderson, entered service April 24, 1918, at Logansport, 
trained at Jeft'erson Barracks, Ft. Totten, Eustis, Stuart, Ft. Han- 
cock and Campt Grant. Private Battery C, 37th. Mustered out at 
Camp Grant, Dec. .19, 1918. 

95 




GLEN EMMONS 
HERBERT ROGERS 
JAMES A. BABCOCK 



PERCY SMITH 

ERNEST H. McCALI. 

CLARENCE 'i. SNYDER 



WILLIAM SOWERS 
RAYMOND GOSS 
EDWARD K. GILLILANI) 



BOYS IN KHAKI 97 

ANDERSON, Harley R., 22, Tiosa, teacher, son of Harmon and 
Malinda Anderson, entered service at Rochester, March 29, 1918, 
trained at Camp Taylor and Upton, made first class private Co. A., 
nith Regt. Div. 28. Sailed May 5, 1918 and with 1st. 2nd, 3rd and 
4th Army Corps in France. Mustered out May 13, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 

AULT, William H., 22, Leiters Ford, farmer, son of John and 
Mary Ault. entered servi-^- Sept. 21, 1917, trained at Camp Knox, 
promoted from private to wagoner. Supply Co. 325 F. A. Sailed 
Sept. 8, 1918 and served as teamster. Mustered out April 9, 1919 at 
Camp Taylor. 

ADAMS, Otis B., 2Z, Kewanna, athletic coach, son of Aimer and 
Elizabeth Adams. Entered service March 2, 1917, at Ft. Benjamin 
Harrison, trained at Camp laylor, Camp Gordon and Camp Sher- 
idan. Promoted from private to 2nd Lt., 2nd to 1st Lt., 1st Lt. to 
Captain. Served as Regimental Adjutant and was instructor of bay- 
onet. 5th Inft. Mustered out at Camp Benning. Sailed from U. S. 
Nov. 7th, 1918 and was recalled by wireless. 

BAILEY, Garl Forrest, 21, (irass Creek, carpenter, son of James 
and Nettie Bailey, entered service May 22, 1918 at Logansport, Ind., 
trained at Jefferson Barracks and Ft. Caswell, private, Battery A., 
75th Reg. Sailed Oct. 21, 1918, Battery D., 118 Field Artillery, 31st 
Division, 56th Brigade, training for Instrument DetaiL Mustered 
out Jan. 14, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

BAGGERLY, Clifford, 21, Kewanna, farmer, son of Charles M. 
and Melissa Baggerly, entered service June 3, 1918 at Indianapolis, 
trained at Great Lakes and Ithica, N. Y. Seaman. Discharged 
June 9, 1919, at Great Lakes. 

BECKER, Ernest Ferdinand, 26, Fulton, telephone lineman, son 
of Mrs. Mary M. Becker, entered service April 25, 1918, Rochester, 
trained at Camp Taylor and Washington Barracks, private Co. A., 
314 Engineers. 89th Div. Sailed June 13, 1918, in battles of St. 
Mihiel, Sept. 12 and Meuse-Argonne, Nov. 1. Discharged June 4, 
1919 at Camp Taylor 

BRYAN, Clarence S., 21, Leiters Ford, electrician, married, son 
of Frank J. and Emma E. Bryan. Entered service at Niles, Ohio, 
Oct. 7, 1917, trained at Camps Sherman and Pike, promoted from 
])rivate to corporal, Co. L., 348th Inf. Sailed Aug. 26, 1918, slightly 
gassed. Did convoy work. Mustered out March 22, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 




RALPH HATFIELD 
OMER H. MIKESELL 
BOYD PETERSON 



OMER DRUDGE 
GROVER SMITH 
RALPH BROUILLETTE 



1 OWELL E. SMITH 

FRED ROBBINS 

IVAN MURR PERSONNETTE 



BOYS IN KHAKI 99 

BAIT.KY, Clark, 29, Rochester, farmer, son of Lewis and Am- 
anda Bailey, enter -d service June 15, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Camp jMcClellan, promoted from private to wagoner and did truck 
driving- wath Supply Co. 36th Regt., F. *A. Mustered out Feb. 17. 
19 '9 at Camp Taylor. 

BENNETT, Forrest L., 28, Mishawaka, Ind., printer, son of 
N. E. and Margaret Bennett, Kewanna. Entered service May 20, 
1918 at Mishawaka, Ind., trained at Columbus Barracks, Ft. Snelling, 
*Camp Gordon, Camp Grant. Made 2nd Lt. U. S. A. 36th Inf. Co. E. 
Instructor of Infantry in Officers Training School. Mustered out 
Dec. 3, 1918 at Camp Grant. 

BAKER, Ermal C, 24, Kentland, Ind., dentist, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. J. R. Baker, Union township, entered service June 1, 1918, at 
Marine Barracks, Paris Island, S. C. Private Marine Corps. Dis- 
charged Dec. 19, 1918 at Marine Barracks. 

BRUCE, Earnest P., 21, Kewanna, railroad work, son of Richard 
F. and Minnie P. Bruce. Entered service Dec. 12, 1917, trained at 
Camps Taylor, Green and Hancock. Sailed June 21, 1917 and did 
motorcycle dispatch work for Headquarters Co., 3rd Air Service. 
Mustered out July 12, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

BYRER, Joel Frederick, 25, Kewanna, electrician, son of J. C. 
and Ida B. Byrer. Entered service April 2, 1918 at Rochester. Train- 
ed at Ft. Wadsworth. Made first class private. Battery D., 70th 
Artillery, C. A. C. Sailed July 15, 1918. Mustered out March 12, 
1919, at Camp Sherman. 

BABCOCK, James A., 28, married. Rochester, carpenter, son of 
Andrew O. and Sarah Babcock. Entered service Sept. 18, 1917, train- 
ed at Camps Pike and Dodge. Private Co. E., 313th Eng. Sailed 
March 5, 1918 with Co. A., 1st Gas Regt., 1st Army Corps. Partici- 
pated in battles on Alsace-Loraine front, St. Mihiel and Argonne 
drives. Wounded by shrapnel at apex of right lung, Oct. 15, 1918 
Mustered out Feb. 15, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

BACON, LeRoy H., 19, Rochester, clerk, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Elmer Bacon, entered service Nov. 4, 1917 at Indianapolis, trained 
at Kelly Field and Ft. Thomas. Promoted from private to corporal 
to chaufTeur, 73rd Aero Squadron. Sailed July 13, 1918 and served 
as chaufifeur in 1st and 2nd Army. In battles of St. Mihiel and Ar- 
gonne. Mustered out July 1, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 




•'^ai*^':^ 



■JL^'Hrtf 



4»?^ 



;«C 



P^^ 



DEAN K. VICKERY 
RALPH SHELTON 
DANIEL KOPP 



DENNIS rAMES MAHONEY 
LT. LYMAN E. BRACKETT 
LEO S. HARTER 



HARRV EARL P.EATTH'"; 
I OTUS TROY THRUSH 
EDGAR ADAMSON 



BOYS IN KHAKI 101 

BARNETT, Victor Fitzgerald. 24. Chicago, newspaper reporter, 
son of Philip A. and Nellie Barnett. Entered service Oct. 2, 1917 at 
Madison, Wis. Promoted from private to 2nd Lt. C. I., 341st Inf.. 
Co. I., 230th Inf., Hdqrs. Co,, 360th Inf. Sailed May 6th, 1918, served 
as instructor R. O. T. C, A. E. F. In Somme offensive July 4th to 
Aug 12th. Discharged July 14, 1919. 

BECK, Thomas William, 23, married, Rochester, farmer, son of 
John and Anna Beck, entered service May 24th, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Camps Taylor and Greenleaf. served as officer's cook and 
mess sergeant, 159th Depot Brigade, 17th Co. Discharged Jan. 10. 
1919 at Camp Taylor. 

BARR. Fred D., 19, Talma, lineman, son of Burr and Elizabeth 
Barr. Entered service April 14, 1917 at Columbus Barracks, Ohio, 
trained there and Ft. Andrews, Mass., promoted private to corporal, 
Bat. C,. 44th Artillery. Sailed Aug. 14, 1917 and served as gun point- 
er and lineman. In battles W'eller, Alsace April 16 to May 25, 1918; 
Rammersmatt. Alsace, May 25 to July 29 ; Hagenback, Alsace, July 
29 to Sept. 7; St. Mihiel drive Sept. 12 to 15; Bouillonville Sept. 17 
to Nov. 11, A. E. F. to Feb. 4, 1919. ' Mustered out Feb. 20. 1919 
at Camp Sherman. 

BOWEN, Ray, 22, Leiters Ford, farmer, son of John P. and 
Rebecca Bowen, entered service July 29, 1917 at Ft. Thomas, Ky., 
trained at Kelley Field, Texas, and Garden City, L. I., made private 
first class and did carpenter work with 492nd Aero Squadron. Sailed 
Nov. 22, 1917. Mustered out Feb. 13, 1919 at Garden City, L. I. 

BEATTIE, Harry Earl, 26, Rochester, horse trainer, son of 
Wilbur and Elizabeth Beattie, entered service Oct. 4, 1917 at Roches- 
ter, trained at Camp Taylor, promoted private to sergeant and serv- 
ed as stable sergeant Bat. E., 325th F. A. Sailed Sept. 7, 1918. Mus- 
tered out March 1, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

BROUILETTE, Ralph, 29, married, Rochester, farmer, son of 
Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Brouilette, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Roch- 
ester, trained at Camp Taylor, promoted private to saddler. Battery B. 
325th F. A. Sailed Sept. 9th, 1918 with 84th Div. and served as 
saddler in France. Mustered out Feb. 13. 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

BOWMxAN, Sidney L., Akron, farmer, son of Edward L. and 
Minerva Bowman, entered service Sept. 21, 1917 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Taylor and Shelby. Made private 1st Class. Sailed Aug. 6, 
1918 with Co. I., 83rd Div. and served as P. M. overseas. 



/iMiaiiiiiiaaiiyiiiKiiaistM'; 




A 1 




DON BIDDINGER 
JOHN W. COSTELLO 
FORREST L. BENNETT 



ROBERT E. DANIEI, 
WALTER J. SWIHART 
FRED CAMERER 



OTTO R. BEERY 
ROBERT GAULT 
FLORENCE HENDRICKSON 



BOYS IN KHAKI 103 

BURNS, Vernon L., 21, Akron, farmer, son of George A. and 
Mary E. Burns, entered service Oct. 5, 1917 at Rochester, trained at 
Taylor and Hamilton. Private C. A. C. Sailed July 15, 1918 and 
carried messages to front in Meuse-Argonne offensive. Mustered out 
April 4, 1919. 

BURNS, Cecil R., 30, Akron, farmer, son of George A. and Mary 

E. Burns, entered service Oct. 4, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Camps 
Taylor and Shelby. Private Co. H., 152nd Inf. Mustered out Jan. 
25th, 1919 at Camp Shelby. 

BACON. Fred B.. 27, Macy, electrician, married, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Elmer Bacon, entered service August 15, 1918. trained at Ft. 
Wayne, Mich., corporal, 1st Aerial Recruit Squadron. Mustered out 
Jan. 22, 1919 at Ft. Wayne, Mich. 

BRYANT, Wilbert Andrew. 28. mechanic, son of Rudy and Har- 
riet Bryant, entered service June 28, 1918, trained at Camp Taylor, 
promoted from private to mechanic and sergeant. Bat. A.. 6th Regt. 
Mustered out Dec. 14, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 

BRUCE, George Franklin, 19, Rochester, barber, son of Richard 

F. and Harriett E. Bruce, entered service April 10. 1917, at Roches- 
ter, trained at Ft. Delaware, Ft. DuPont, Camp Eustis and Brinon 
Sur Soldare, Fr. Promoted from private to 1st Gunner and Acting 
Sgt., served as gun pointer and drilled recruits, 3rd Co. 8th. 6th, 48th 
and 74th, C. A. C. Sailed Oct. 7, 1918 with 48th and 92nd. C. A. C. 
Bat. B. Participated in battles of Chateau Thierry and Argonne. 
Gassed and bayonetted. Discharged March 29, 1919 at Camp Tay- 
lor. 

BRICKEL, Harry A.. 31. Rochester, lineman, son of Mrs. S. A. 
Wenger, entered service June 23. 1916 at Plymouth. Ind.. trained 
at Ft. Benj. Harrison, private and telephone work Bat. A., 150th F. 
A. Sailed Oct. 16, 1917 with 42nd Div.. 150th Regt. and did tele- 
phone work. In Battles of Champagne, Marne. Chateau Thierry, St. 
Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne. Wounded at Chateau Thierry. Discharg- 
ed May 9, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

BROWSER, George L.. 24, Rochester, clerk, son of Louis K. and 
Kate Brower, entered service May 11, 1917 at Ft. Benj. Harrison, 
made 2nd Lt., promoted to Captain. 801st Pioneer Infantry. Sailed 
Sept. 8, 1918. Mustered out Aug. 28, 1919 at Camp Dix. 




RAY BOWEN 

JOSEPH BATT 

R. E. HUDTWALCKER 



ESTIL DEAN BRUGH 
FREDERICK P. CAMPBELL 
WILLIAM EASTWOOD 



CLINTON HOWARD YEAZEL 
FORREST W. HIGGINS 



BOYS IN KHAKI 103 

BRILES. Dale Morten, 29. married. Rochester, bookkeeper, son 
of Charles F. and Eva I. Briles. entered service Aug. 29. 1918 at Roch- 
ester, trained at Camp Gordon, Private Co. B.. 6th Inf. Replacement 
Regt. Recommend for Sgt. when armistice was signed. Discharged 
Jan. 4, 1919 at Camp Gordon. 

BRACKETT. Lyman E., 24, Rochester, wholesale grocer, son 
of Lyman M. Brackett, entered service May 12, 1917 at Ft. Benjamin 
Harrison, trained at Taylor, New Orleans, Jefferson Barracks and 
Overseas. Private to 2nd Lt. Aug. 15, 1917, to 1st Lt., Feb. 15, 1918. 
Administrative ofticers D. Q. M. and Purchasing Officer, D. Q. M., 
New Orleans Sailed Oct. 2, 1918, hospital patient. On British front 
near Mons, Belgium, Nov 5 to 10, 1918, returned to hospital at Ding- 
field, Eng,. Nov. 12. Assigned to duty Hdqrs. S. O. S. London, 
transferred to Windall Down Camp, Winchester and on duty there 
until Jan. 20, 1919. Discharged Feb. 24. 1919 at Camp Shelby. 

BURNS, Robert Raymond, 19, Akron, railroader, son of S. N. 
and Mary B. Burns.. entered service Oct. 1. 1918 at Logansport, train- 
at Ft. Thomas. Private Troop L., 7th Cavalry. Still in service at 
Ft. Bliss, Texas. 

BRADWAY, Lee, 17, Akron, farmer, son of Frank E. and Rhoda 
E. Bradway, entered service May 6, 1917 at Raymond, S. D., trained 
on Mexican border, private Co. G., 109th Am. Train. Sailed Oct. 12. 
1918. Mustered out Jan. 18. 1919. 

BURNS, Irven R., 26, farmer, son of George A. and Mary E. 
Burns, entered service Sept. 21. 1917 at Peru, Ind., trained at Taylor, 
Shelby and Mills. Promoted private to wagoner. Supply Co., 152nd 
Inf. Sailed Oct. 6. 1918 with Cyclone Division. Discharged April 
1919 at Camp Taylor. 

BOWMAN, Ernest E., 28, Akron, electrician, son of William and 
Elizabeth Bowman, entered service March 10, 1918 at \\^abash, Ind. 
trained at Vancouver, Wash. Promoted, to Sgt. 1st class, 5th Aero 
Squadron. 

BOWMAN, Samuel, 25, Akron, car inspector, son of William and 
Elizabeth Bowman, entered service July 26, 1917 at Elkhart, Ind., 
trained at Camp Wheeler, promoted private first class and served as 
car inspector with 167th Co. North Reserve Transportation Corps. 
Sailed March 27, 1918 and served as ca- inspector overseas. 




LEROY MATTHEWS 
ROY BRYANT 
IIARLEY ZOLMAN 



LT. VICTOR BARNETT 
HARRY (Mike) BRICKLE 
ROBERT FOSTER OWENS 



CLARENCE CHAMBERLAIN 
RUSSELL B. RICHARD 
TAMES F. JOHNSON 



BOYS IN KHAKI 107 

BABCOCK, Dean E., 24, married, Waterman, 111., farmer, son 
of Andrew E. and Lillie Babcock, Richland tp., entered service May 28. 
1918 at Sycamore, 111., trained at Camp Gordon, promoted 1st class 
private, nurse and ward master, 70th Co., 6th Regt. Sailed July 28, 
1918 with Medical Det., 163rd Inf. with which he worked overseas. 
Discharged Aug. 2. 1919 at Camp Mills, L. I. 

BABCOCK, Otto Russell, 27, Waterman, 111., merchant, married, 
entered service Jan. 12, 1918 as seaman and assigned to Great Lakes 
training station. Mustered out at Great Lakes. Dec. 17, 1918. 

BRYANT. Ernest Ray, 25, married, Rochester, farmer, son of 
George S. and Mary Bryant, entered service April 25. 1918 at Roch- 
ester trained at Camp Taylor, promoted private to corporal to ser- 
geant, 12th Co., 1st Regt., 159 D. B. Mustered out Camp Taylor, 
Dec. 10. 1918. 

BAKER, Glenn Paul, 23, Pueblo, Colo., farmer, son of Mr. and 
Airs. John Baker. Delong, entered service March 8, 1918 at Pueblo, 
trained at Ft. Logan and Ft. Caswell. Sailed June 10, 1918 with 6th 
Anti Air Craft Battery, C. A. C, in battles in St. Die sector Aug. 28th 
to Sept. 27th and in Toul sector Sept. 28th, to Nov. 11. Mustered 
out May 7. 1919 at Camp Custer. 

BAUKE, Claude W., 32, Rochester, railroader, son of Charles 
and Cora Bauke, entered service May 10, 1917 at Detroit, Mich., train- 
ed there, private Co. B., 16th Regt. Sailed Aug. 1. 1917. In Lys 
defensive April 7 to 27, 1918 and Meuse-Argonne offensive Sept. 26 
to Nov. 11. Mustered out May 7. 1919 at Camp Custer. 

BECKER, Edward C, 27, Fulton, laborer, son of Mrs. Mary 
M. Becker, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Rochester, private 13th 
Co. 4th Tr. Bri., trained at Camp Taylor. Mustered out Dec. 5, 
1918 at Camp Taylor. 

BLACKETOR, Paul Shryock, 22, married, Rochester, laborer, 
son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas B. Blacketor, entered service May 25, 
1918, trained at Camps Taylor, Greenleaf and Gordon, promoted to 
first class private. 17th Co. 5th Bn.. 157th Depot Brigade and Re- 
corder Base Hospital, Camp Gordon. Discharged Feb. 21, 1918, at 
Camp Gordon. 




DANIEL WILLARD 
GRANT COCKING 
ALBERT H. FOX 



GEORGE BRUCE GERALD WALTERS 

SGT. RALPH CLINGENPEEL ERNEST KOPP 
HARRY HETZNER VERNON T. BURNS 



BOYS IN KHAKI _ 109 

BECKER, Omer, Russel, 17, Fulton, son o^Chas. 1^.. and Edith 
Becker, entered service April 16, 1917, private, truck driver, trained 
Fort Constitution, Motor transport Detch. No. 2, 3rd Bn. 42nd Artil- 
lery, C. A. C. Sailed Jan. 15, 1918, in battles of de Maseirgs and 
Butte de Mesniel. Mustered out March 10, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

BRUGH, Estal Dean, 20, Leiters Ford, farmer, son of John and 
Dora Brugh, entered service April 25, 1918 at Logansport, trained at 
Ft. Casey, Wash., and Camp Eustis, Va., served as wagoner with 48th 
Art., Bat. E. Sailed Oct. 7, 1918. Discharged March 29, 1919. 

BIDDINGER, Charles, 23, Leiters, bookkeeper, son of Loren and 
Calar Biddinger, entered service May 18, 1917, at South Bend, train- 
ed at Ft. Benj. Harrison and Camp Shelby. Reg. Supply Sgt., Supply 
Co. 137th F. A. Sailed Oct. 6, 1918. Mustered out Jan 17, 1919 at 
Ft. Harrison. 

BRIDEGROOM, Hugh Ginther, 18, Leiters Ford, farmer, son of 
Thomas and Jennie Bridegroom, entered service Oct. 1, 1918, trained 
at Camp Franklin. S. A. T. C. of Franklin College. Mustered out 
Dec. 21, 1918 at Camp Franklin. 

BIDDINGER, Don Namon, 21, Rochester, teacher, son of Jesse 
and Elizabeth Biddinger, entered service March 15, 1915 at Vancouv- 
er Barracks, Wash. Private Co. H., 21st Regt. Inf. Promoted from 
private to Corporal to Sergeant to 2nd Lt. Philippine Scouts. Served 
in Philippines. Still in service. 

BEERY, Otto R., 31, Chicago, traffic manager, married, son of 
Frank L. and Jennie Beery, Rochester. Entered service Aug. 27, 
1917 at Ft. Sheridan, 111., promoted to 2nd Lt. 23rd Cadet Officers 
Training Co. Sailed Jan. 21, 1918 and served as platoon commander, 
Co. L., 26th Inf., 1st Div. Participated in battles of Catigny, May 
17, and Soissons, July 18. Received gun shot wound in left thigh. 
Discharged March 27, 1919. 

BARKMAN, Irvin W., 20, Rochester, teacher, son of George M. 
and Sarah E. Barkman, entered service April 14, 1917 at Columbus 
Barracks, Ohio., promoted private to corporal to 1st Sgt., and served 
as plotter, myie company, 7th Co., C. A. C, 54th Art. Sailed Sept. 
23, 1918. Mustered out July 29, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

BLAUSSER, Verne, 20, Kewanna, farmer, son of William and 
Melissa Blausser, entered service Dec. 19, 1917 at Decatur, Ind., train- 
er at Camp Eustis. private, powder detail Bat. A., 61st Art., C. A. C. 
Sailed July 30, 1918 with 33rd Brigade. Mustered out March 11, 
1919 at Columbus Barracks. 




LLOYD HAGAN 
ERNEST W. LONG 
FRANK SWIHART 



WALTER McCOY 
CHARLES KISTLER 
MELVIN OTIS INGRAM 



OLIVER GROVE 
CAPT. OTIS ADAMS 
ORVILLE M. SNYDER 



BOYS IX KHAKI 111 

BABCOCK, Charles C, 26, Rochester, salesman, son of Mrs. 
J. J. Hill, entered service May 23, 1918 at Rochester, trained at Ft. 
Oglethorpe, private 17th Co., 159th Depot Brigade. Discharged Jan. 
22, 1918 at Ft. Oglethorpe. 

BARNHART, Hugh A., 25, Rochester, advertising man, son of 
Henry A. and Louretta Barnhart, entered service May 14, 1917, at 
Ft. Benj. Harrison, trained at Ft. Russell, Camp Logan, Ft. Bliss. 
Commissioned at end of the hrst training Camp as 2nd Lt., promoted 
to 1st Lt. Cavl. 82nd F. A. \\'as Regimental Adjutant, 82nd F. A., 
and did border guard duty at El Paso, Texas. Mustered out May 16, 
1919 at Ft. Bliss. - 

BARTIK, Joe M., 30, Rochester, electrician, son of Bohemian 
parents, both dead. Entered service Feb. 1917 at Rochester, trained 
at Ft. Riley and Camp Green. Promoted private to corporal. Sailed 
July 1, 1918, 7th Co. 3rd Rgt., Motor Mechanic Air Service. Still 
in service. 

BATT, Joseph S., 27 , Rochester, advertising, son of Martin and 
Fannie L. Batt, entered service May 13, 1917 at Boston, Mass., train- 
ed at Ft. Omaha, 2nd Lt. A. S. S. C. Organized Enlisted Specialists 
School for Cordage and Fabric Inspection (Balloon Div.) Camp 
John Wise, Commanding Officer 68th Balloon Div., Aerial Observer, 
Sherical Balloon Pilot. Mustered out :March 14, 1919 at San An- 
tonio, Tex. 

BLACK, Thomas E., 21, Rochester, salesman, son of George and 
Mary Black, entered service Sept. 3,. 1918; trained at Taylor, West 
Point and Knox. Made first class private. Bat. C, 72nd F. A. Mus- 
tered out Feb. 5, 1919 at Camp Knox. 

CARR, Stanley Byron, 20, Rochester, student, son of Mr. and 
and Mrs. Benj. F. Carr, entered service Oct. 11, 1918 at Purdue Uni- 
versity, private Co. 2, S. A. T. C. Mustered out Dec. 19, 1918 at 
Purdue. 

CHAMP, Harry R., 22, Rochester, teacher, son of George and 
Clara Champ, entered service ]\Iay 24, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Taylor, Oglethorpe, Eustis, Stuart, Mills. Dix and Sherman. Had 
charge of Regimental Surgeon's office and promoted from private to 
1st. Sergt., Med. Div. 45th Regt., C. A. C. Sailed Oct. 1918 with 
Med. Div. 37th Brigade. Mustered out Feb. 27, 1919, at Camp 
Sherman. 




CHAS. NOFTSGER 
E. L . MORPHET C. 
AXEL L. ERICKSON 



HARVEY F. HUNTER GVY PETERSON 
CALLENTINE C. K. GARNER L. EMMONS 
M. E. PETERSON OREN S. KELLEY 



ALBERT VAN KIRK 

A. HUDKINS 
C. E. EDGINGTON 



BOYS IN KHAKI 113 

COPLEN, Donald. 21, Rochester, farmer, son of H. L. and Ger- 
trude McClure Coplen, entered service Oct. 1, 1918 at Bloomington, 
Ind., private Co. A. 41st Inf. S. A. T. C. Mustered out Dec. 21, 1918 
c>[ Bloomington. 

CLAY, Roland Franklyn, 22, Rochester, farmer, son of William 
A. and Ida A. Clay, entered service Aug. 1917 at Rochester, trained 
at West Point, Musician 325th F. A. Sailed Sept. 1917 with 84th 
Div. Discharged March 1, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

CHARTERS, Gresham Omer. 22. Rochester, farmer, son of John 
D. and Clara Charters, entered service May 20, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Camp Taylor, promoted private to Corporal, 17th Co., 5th 
Bn., 159th Depot Brigade. Discharged Dec. 5, 1918 at Camp Tay- 
lor. 

CAIN, James Homer, 28, Indianapolis, carpenter, entered serv- 
ice Aug. 1917 at Indianapolis, trained at Camp Shelby, private Co. H, 
167th Inf. Sailed in spring of 1918 vv^ith Rainbow division. In bat- 
tles of Chateau Thierry and Meuse-Argonne. Discharged May 1919. 

CLAYBURN, Fred, Rochester, farmer, entered service April 20. 
1917 at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., trained at Ft. Barrancas, Fla. Sail- 
ed with 64th Reg. Battery C, Artillery July 14, 1918. Discharged at. 
Camp Grant April 3, 1919. 

CARPENTER, Seth Clarence, 21, Akron, teacher, son of El- 
bridge and Delia Carpenter, entered service Aug. 25, 1918 at Roch-. 
ester, trained at Taylor, Greenleaf and Ft. Oglethorpe. Private Am- 
bulance Co. 22, 7th Sanitary Tr., 7th Div. Sailed Aug. 14. 1918 with 
6th Army Corps, 2nd Army. In Prevenelle sector Oct. 10 to Nov. 
11. Mustered out July 9. 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

CUFFEL, Charles, 27, Kelsey, Alberta, Can., mechanic, son of 
W. H. and Louisa Cuffel, served as private with Canadian Engineers 
overseas. 

COOK, Willis \V., 22. Akron, farmer, son of Mr. and Mrs. G. G. 
Cook, entered service Nov. 22, 1917 at Indianapolis, trained at Ft. 
Thomas and Kelley Field .promoted private to corporal to sergeant, 
Co. 20, 1st Regt.. A. S. M. Sailed Feb. 8, 1918 and served as me- 
chanic overseas. Was in Voges at date of armistice with 7th French 
Army Corps. Mustered out June 3. 1919 at Camp Mills. 




NOBLE SMITH 
ERNEST M. HOGAN 
ROBERT P. BRUCE 



WALTER WHITTAKER 
ROBT. M. DELEHANTY 



OTTO R. BABCOCK 
FRED M. DAY 



BOYS L\ KHAKI 115 

CLEVENGER, William Chester, 22, Rochester, railroader, son 
of Mr. ancl Mrs. David B. Clevenger. entered service March 29, 1918, 
trained at Camps Upton and Taylor, made first class private Co. C. 
52nd Eng. 17th Div. Sailed Jmie 11, 1918. Discharged Sept 9, 
1919 at Camp Taylor. 

CLAYTON, Bernard. 31, married, Akron, editor, son of George 
and Minnie Clayton, entered service June 1, 1918 at Rochester for Y. 
M. C. A. work. Trained in New York, sailed August 1, 1918 and did 
athletic work in France. Discharged Nov. 15, 1918 at Chicago. 

COX, Henry, 2i, Kewanna. railwayman. Entered service May 
1, 1917 at Ft. Thomas, Ky., trained at Chickamauga, Ga. Promoted 
to Corporal, Co. C. 52nd Regt. Sailed July 6, 1918 from Hoboken. 
N. J. Served in the Gerordnier and Vosges sectors and participated 
in the Meuse-Argonne offensive. With the American army of oc- 
cupation in Germany. Mustered out June 19, 1919 at Camp Sher- 
man. 



CAMPBELL, Paul Frederic, 21, Kewanna, farmer, son of James 
and Barbara Campbell. Entered service Nov. 30, 1917 at Ft. Thomas, 
Ky. Promoted to private of first class. Hospital Train 54. Sailed 
Feb. 10, 1918 and participated in the Champagne-Marne offensive 
July 15 to 18, the Ainse-Marne battles July 18 to August 6, and the 
Meuse-Argonne offensive Sept. 26 to Nov. 11. Mustered out July 
28, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

COSTELLO, John A\'illiam, 28, Chicago, 111., lawyer, son of 
Mr. and Mrs. Jno. W. Costello, trained at Great Lakes Naval Train- 
ing Station, seaman 2nd class, assigned to U. S. S. Gopher, Great 
Lakes Fleet, assigned to Municipal Pier, Chicago, 111., Naval Reserve 
Unit, Cleveland, Ohio, Officers School, Pelham Bay, N. Y. Promoted 
from 2nd class seaman to ensign. Service on Naval Reserve Receiv- 
ing Ship, N. Y. and Naval Reserve Receiving Ship, San Francisco, 
Cal. Released Feb. 28, 1919 at New York City. 

COOPER, Russel B., 21. Fulton, mechanic, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Wm. Cooper, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Fulton, trained at 
Camps Taylor and Jackson, private with 13th Co. 4th T. R. B. M. 159 
Depot Brigade. Mustered out Jan. 2, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 






liJiMfec^ 




«rl 




<^^k-^A 



>' 



JOSEPH I. CONDON 
Wm. POLEN, TR. 
DEWEY THOMAS 



OMER JOHN MEYER LEO. R. CLEMANS 

ALFRED R. FLYNN WHIT HEIMINGER H. LESLIE GINTHER 
CLARENCE OREN BENGE JESSE H. JONES 



BOYS IN KHAKI 117 

COOK. Ray Dell, 29, Fulton, mechanic, son of George W. and 
Amanda L. Cook, entered service Sept. 4, 1918 at Detroit, Mich. 
Trained at Camp Custer, promoted from private to private 1st class, 
33rd Co. 9th Bri. 160 Depot Bri. Sailed Oct. 26, 1918. Base Hos- 
pital No. 99, mechanical work. Mustered out June 26, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 

CROWNOVER, LeRoy A., 26, married, Rochester, garage, son 
of Asbury Lee and Cleora Crownover, entered service May 2, 1918 
at Rochester, trained at Ft. Thomas, Chattanooga and Camp Upton, 
private Signal Corps, 52nd Machine Gun Co. Sailed July 5, 1918, in 
the Argonne offensive. In Feb. 1919 sent to Germany to guard Rus- 
sian Prisoner of War Camp, at Gardelegen. With Inter-Allied Mil- 
itary Commission at Berlin. Discharged Sept. 27, 1919 at Camp Tay- 
lor. 

CRAIG, Merle M., 21, married, Rochester, truck driver, son of 
Bert and Leona Craig, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Taylor and Jackson, private i3th Co. 159th Depot Brigade 
and Bat. C, 18th Regt. Mustered out Dec. 23, 1918 at Camp Jack- 
son. 

COPLEN, Oscar O., 18, Rochester, student, entered service 
April 15, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Ft. Thomas and Ft. Delaw^are. 
Sent to Ft. Dupont as assistant sergeant in medical department. Dis- 
charged Dec. 20, 1918 at Camp Sherman. 

COOK, Avery B., Zt^, Rochester, painter, son of George and Belle 
Cook, entered service May 1, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Ft. Thom- 
as and Ft. Mott, promoted from private to corporal, Medical Dept., 
Regular Army. Nursing. Still in service. 

CONDON, Joseph Irving, Rochester, freight clerk, son of H. C. 
and Martha S. Condon, entered service May 14, 1918 at Indianapolis, 
trained at Ft. Harrison, promoted from private to Sergeant, Prov. 
Post Hdqrs. Co. Discharged Dec. 18, 1918. 

COLLINS, Robert William, 18, Rochester, auto mechanic, son 
of William and Jessie Collins, entered service Feb. 5, 1918 at Roch- 
ester, Ind., trained at Kelly Field and Indianapolis Speedway, pro- 
moted from private to corporal and served as aviator mechanic with 
809th Aero Squadron. Mustered out March 18, 1919 at Indianapolis 
Speedway. 




HUBERT MOGLE 
ARCHIE GROVE 
CHAS. G. IRVINE 



EARL SISSON 

LT. C. A. SCHIRM 

VIRGIL K. MARIOTT 



ARTHUR R. HATFIELD 
ARTHUR ADAMSON 
RAY E. KING 



BOYS IN KHAKI 119 

CLIXGEXPEEL, Ralph R., 25, Rochester, mechanic, son of 
WilHam and Elizabeth Clingenpeel, entered service Dec. 11, 1917 at 
New Orleans. La., trained at Ft. Houston, promoted from Private, 
to Sergeant, .AI. R. U. 309 M. T. C. Sailed Oct. 16th, 1918, Auto 
Repair. Mustered out Aug. 1, 1919, Camp Taylor. 

CLEMANS, Leo R., 31, South Bend, Ind., married, pharmacist, 
son of Lincoln and Emma Clemans, entered service Dec. 3, 1917 at 
Elkhart, Ind., trained at Ft. Thoriias, Ft. Wood, N. Y., promoted from 
Private to Sergeant, Sergt. Telephone Operator, Telephone work, 
Co. E, 419th Teleg. Bn. S. C. U. S. A. Sailed Sept 14, 1918. In bat- 
tle of Meuse-Argonne, Verdun. Clustered out July 29, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 

CLAYTON', Lewis Jay, 28, Rochester, baker, son of George and 
Minnie Clayton, entered service Dec. 13, 1917 at Indianapolis, trained 
•It Jefferson Barracks and Ft. Riley, promoted from private to ser- 
geant, Bakery Co. 351. Sailed Sept. 4, 1918 and did bakery work be- 
hind the lines and later for prison camp in France. Mustered out 
Oct. 1, 1919 at Camp Dix. 

CLARY, Harvey Foy, 22, Rochester, merchant's delivery, son 
of Elbert E. and Nevada B. Clary, entered service March 28, 1918 
at Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor. Private Co. A. 111th Inf. 28th 
Div. Sailed May 5, 1918. In second battle of the Marne, and Roh- 
maine Hill. Wounded Sept. 6th at Rohmaine Hill and sent to Amer- 
ican Red Cross Hospital No. 5, Paris. Discharged May 13, 1919 at 
Camp Sherman. 

CHANDLER, Harvey West, 26, Rochester, teacher, son of 
George C. and Emily M. Chandler, entered service July 1, 1917 and 
served as acting Bn. Sgt. Major, Personnel Dept., Valparaiso, Ind. 
Discharged Dec. 21, 1918 at \'alparaiso. 

CHAMBERLAIX', Clarence B., 20, Rochester, electrician, son 
of John E. and Elsie B. Chamberlain, entered service Jan. 31, 1918 
at Columbus, Ohio, trained at Columbus Barracks and promoted from 
private to private of first class and radio operator -Avith Headquarters 
Co., 39th Inf.. 4th Div. Sailed May 10, 1918 and did radio and tele- 
phone work in the Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne of- 
fensives. Xow at Rolandseck, Germany, with Army of Occupation. 




ELZA N. SCHIRM PAUL F. CAMPBELL 

LEVI THORTON ZOLMAN WILLIAM FANSLER 

ED. HETZNER MAX HOOVER 



WILLARD MELVIN FRYE 
DALE ANDERSON 
FRED D. BARR 



BOYS IN KHAKI 121 

CHAMBERLAIN, Chester Alexander, 18. Rochester, office work, 
son of William C. and Florence Chamberlain, entered service August 
August 27, 1917 at Tampa, Fla., trained at Camp Wheeler, promoted 
to private first class, served as cook. Sailed Oct. 6, 1918, Co. M, 
107 Inf., 27th Div. 2nd Army Corps, and served as cook in France. 
Mustered out April 4, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

CAMPBELL, Paul Frederick, 22, Kewanna, farmer, entered 
service Nov. 30, 1917 at Ft. Thomas, Ky., trained at Camp Greenleaf 
and Ft. Oglethorpe, made first class private. Sailed Feb. 10, 1918 
and served with Hospital Train Unit which removed wounded from 
all battle fronts on American sectors. Discharged July 28, 1919 at 
Camp Sherman. 

CAMERER. Fred D., 18, Rochester, farmer, son of Henry E. 
and Emma B. Camerer, entered service April 9, 1917 in the west, 
trained at Douglas, Ariz., and Ft. Bliss, promoted from private to 
corporal. Troop C, 17th Cavl. Served as Army Post Master, and is 
still in service with troops guarding border near ElPaso, Tex. 

CALLENTINE, Clarence W., 21, South Bend, painter, son of 
Mrs. Racheal Eisenman, Rochester, entered service Oct. 11, 1917 at 
Rochester, trained at Camp Shelby and Washington Barracks, pri- 
vate to w^agoner, 465th Pontoon Train Engineers. Sailed Aug. 1, 
1918, trained in Brookwood, England. Mustered out May 26, 1919 
at Camp Sherman. 

DAVIDSON, Robert H., 42, Delong, structural engineer, enter- 
ed service August 5, 1917 at Denver, Colo., trained at Camp Kearney, 
promoted private to Master Engineer, senior grade, and did construc- 
tion work with Hdqrs. Det. 115th Engineers. Sailed August 8, 1918 
with 115th Engineers. In St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives, 
wounded in Argonne Oct. 7. Discharged July 15, 1919 at Camp 
Taylor. 

DILLON, Clarence Allen. 24, Rochester, son of William A. and 
Mary E. Dillon, entered service March 7. 1918 at Rochester, took 
photographic training at U. S. School of Aerial Photography, made 
private Photo Section 42 and took further training at Door Field, 
Fla. and ordered to port of embarkation when war was over. Mus- 
tered out Dec. 19, 1918 at Garden City, L. I. 




Wm. F. JOHNSON 

OMER RUSSELL BECKER 

CHARLES BIDDINGER 



MAX ANDERSON 

TEAN DITMIRE 

RALPH WALDO DITMIRE 



GERALD \V. EBER 
LOYD G. POLLEV 
ROBERT CLEON NYE 



B(3YS IN KHAKI 123 

DITMIRE, Jean Edward, 22, Fulton, embalmer, entered service 
June 3, 1918 at Indianapolis, trained at Great Lakes Training Station 
and Philadelphia Navy Yard. Service on sea on U. S. S. Buffalo, 
repair and supply ship. Mustered out Jan. 20, 1919 at New York 
City. 

DITMIRE. Ralph Waldo, 2S, Detroit, Mich., factory hand, en- 
tered service May 28, 1918 at Detroit, Mich., trained at Camp Wheel- 
er and Camp Jackson, promoted from private to 1st class private in 
Supply Co. llSth F. A. 31st Div. Sailed Oct. 21, 1918 trained at 
Rennes. Mustered out Jan. 13, 1919 at Newport News. 

DUDGEON, Dewey G., 20, Rochester, student, son of II. and 
Mary E. Dudgeon, entered S. A. T. C, Oct. 12, 1918 at Purdue Uni- 
versity, Lafayette, Ind. Private Co. 4, section A. Mustered out Dec. 
19, 1918 at Lafayette. 

DAVIS, Edwin A., 26, Rochester, laborer, son of Columbus and 
Margaret Davis, entered service March 3, 1918 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Camp Eustis and Ft. Monroe, promoted from private to corporal 
to sergeant, 5th Co., 57th Ammunition Train. Discharged Dec. 20, 
1918 at Columbus, Ohio. 

DA\'ISSON, Harold B., 23, married, Rochester, contractor, son 
of Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Davisson, entered service Sept. 1, 1918 at Cul- 
ver Academy, candidate 20th Obs. Bat., Camp Taylor. Mustered 
out Dec 7, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 

DRAKE, Fred T., 17, Rochester, mechanic, son of Benjamin and 
Mae Drake, entered service June 4, 1917 at Chicago, trained at Jef- 
ferson Barracks, Mo. Private .Co. C, 8th U. S. Mounted Engineers. 
Made camp baker at ElPaso, Tex. Still in service. 

DANIEL, Robert Earl, 23. Kewanna, telephone business. Son 
of L. E. and E. V. Daniel. Entered service May 1, 1918 at Indian- 
apolis. Trained at Camp Forrest, Ga. Served as Regimental tele- 
phone operator, Headquarters Co. 52 Inf. 6th Div. Sailed July 6, 
1918 and served with Headquarters Co. in Gerardmer sector, Vosges 
and in the Meuse-Argonne offensive. Mustered out June 18, 1919 
at Camp Sherman. 

DUKES, Lauren Andrew. Kewanna, 20, farmer, son of Ulysses 
E. Dukes, entered the service at Hoopeston, 111. May 23, 1917. En- 
tered service at Camp Logan, Texas, as a private. Promoted to 
Corporal and served as company clerk. Co. B, 129th Inf., 33rd Div. 
Saw service in the Meuse-Argonne offensive and at Verdun and St. 
Mihiel. Mustered out at Camp Grant, June 6, 1919. 




CHAS. CLYDE MOW 
VERNON NOYES 
RALPH HAMILTON 



CLARENCE O'CONNELL 
FRED BYRER 
PAL'L DEAN HENDERSON 



ERMAL C. BAKER 
T. N. VAN CLEAVE 
LOYD VV. ANDERSON 



BOYS IN KHAKI 125 

DUKES, Paul L., 23. Kewanna, farmer, son of Ulysses and Rosa 
Dukes, entered service July 27, 1917 at Sioux City. Iowa, trained at 
Ft. Logan and Camp Douglass, promoted private to corporal Co. F, 
20th Inf. Discharged March 27. 1919 at Nitro, W. Va. 

DELEHANTY. Robert Emmitt. 35, Akron, farmer, son of James 
and Lida Delehanty. entered service Sept. 29. 1917. at Rgchester 
trained at Camp Greene. N. C, private Co. K, 61st Inf. Sailed April 
15. 1918. In St. Mihiel and Argonne oflfensives. Wounded Oct. 15. 
1918, Argonne. by high explosive shell. In general Hospital 28 at 
Ft. Sheridan for nine months. Discharged July 5. 1919 at Ft. Sheri- 
dan. 

DRUDGE, pmer, 24, Rochester, signalman, son of Amos and 
Maude Drudge, entered service July 27, 1917 at Ft. Wayne, trained 
Ft. Thomas, Kelly Field and Mineola. N. Y.. promoted private to 
corporal, 492 Aero Squadron. Sailed Nov. 22. 1917 and did con- 
struction work. Mustered out Feb. 13. 1919. at Mineola. N. Y. 

DRUDGE, A\'ilson Lee. 23. married. Rochester, farmer, son of 
Charles and Ella M. Drudge, entered service Sept. 3. 1918 at Roch- 
ester, trained at Taylor. Knox and West Point. Promoted private 
to wagoner Supply Co. 72 F. A. Discharged March 7, 1919 at Camp 
Knox. 

DAY, Fred M., 24, Rochester, farmer, son of Edward and Ida 
Day, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Camp 
Taylor, private 1st class and teamster. Bat. A. 325th F. A., 84th Div. 
Sailed Sept. 9, 1918. Mustered out March 1, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

DIXON, Thomas W., 23, Rochester, farmer, son of J. A. and 
Wilhelmina L. Dixon, entered service July 11, 1918 at Beloit. Wis., 
trained at Ft. Flancock. promoted Sgt., trained machine Gunner and 
instructor. 5th Group. 52nd Co., M. G. T. C. Mustered out Jan. 
12, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

DIXON. Joseph E., 26, Rochester, farmer, son of John A. and 
Wilhelmina L. Dixon, entered service Sept. 20. 1917 at Rochester, 
trained at Taylor and Knox, promoted private to corporal. Bat. B. 
325th F. A. Sailed Sept. 9, 1918 and trained as gunner on French 
75 Mm. Guns. Mustered out Feb. 13, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 




ROY SHELTON 
RUSSELL B. COOPER 
Wm. H. REISH 



DEWEY E. DUDGEON 
CHARLES O. PACKER 
HUGH R. HENDERSON 



STANLEY B. CARR 
GUY R. FREES 
WARREN DOWNS 



BOYS IN KHAKI 127 

DOWNS, Warren William. 19, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. James Downs, entered service Jan. 11. 1917 at Rochester, 
trained at Ft. Bliss and Camp Cireen, private Bat. B, 13th F. A. 
Sailed May 22, 1918 with 4th Div. Participated in actions on Ainse- 
Marne, Vesle river. Toul sector, St. Mihiel. Meuse-Argonne and with 
A. of O. in Germany. Still in service. 

DAVIS, W^arren C, 21. married, electrician. Rochester, son of 
Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Davis, entered service June 20. 1916 at Warsaw, 
Ind., trained at Ft. Benjamin Harrison. Promoted private to cor- 
poral to 2nd Lt. Co. H, 32nd Inf., Battery D, F. A. Brigade. Served 
as Supply officer 21st F. A. Brigade. Mustered out Dec. 1. 1918 at 
Camp Sheridan. 

EDGINGTON, \\ illiam. 31. Rochester, farmer, son of George 
and Malinda Edgington, entered service May 24. 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Camps Greenleaf and Gordon, private Unit 52, Base Hos- 
pital. Mustered out at Camp Gordon. 

EBER, Gerald V., 19, Rochester, farmer, son of Charles and 
Maude Eber, entered service April 16, 1917, trained at Columbus 
Barracks, Fort Constitution and Fort Myers. Promoted from Pri- 
vate to 1st class Private, guard duty, with 12 F. A. Battery E. 2nd 
Div. Sailed Jan. 11, 1918, in battles of Chateau Thierry, Soisson. 
Pont A, Mousson. St. Mihiel, Mont Blanc and Argonne. transferred 
to Army of Occupation. Mustered out Aug. 14. 1919 at Camp Sher- 
man. 

EASTERDAY. Loris Everett. 22, Rochester, mechanic, son of 
George W. and Lavina Easterday, entered service March 29, 1918 at 
Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor, private Co. A. 111th Infantry. 
Sailed May 5, 1918. In Battle oi Marne, wounded Aug. 10, 1918 at 
Fismes. Still in service. 

EMMONS, A\'illiam F.. 26. Kewanna. lineman, son of Charles 
and Nezzie Emmons. Entered service Sept. 5, 1918. trained at Camp 
Taylor. 6th Co. 2nd Developing Battalion. Mustered out Dec. 4, 
1918. 

EMMONS, Grover B.. 24, married, Logansport, barber, son of 
George and Sarah Emmons, Newcastle, entered service Sept 19, 1917 
at Logansport, trained at Camp Taylor and West Point, private Sup- 
ply Co., 325th F. A. 84th Div. Sailed Sept. 1918 with 84th Div. and 
served as barber. Mustered out March 1919 at Camp Sherman. 




VANCE HARSH 
LESTER EBER 
SAMUEL BOWMAN 



AMOS WAGONER 
ALVA N. THOMPSON 
ROBERT C. MARSHALL 



FRANK H. LTTTER 
CHARLES FAULSTICH 
EARL J. SWASON 



BOYS IN KHAKI 129 

EDINGTON, Clarence Earl, 27, Rochester, farmer, son of Simon 
and Sarah Edington, entered service May 24, 1918, at Rochester, train- 
ed at Camp Greenleaf, private Mobile Hosp. No. 8. Sailed Aug. 23, 

1918 and served as ambulance driver in France. Discharged July 22, 

1919 at Mitchell Field, L. I. 

EBER, Lester Albion, 18, Akron, farmer, son of Jacob and Waity 
Eber, entered service May 6, 1918 at Ft." Wayne, trained at Camp 
Humphreys, Va. Private 41st Div. 116th Regt. Co. A. Sailed Aug. 23, 
1918 with 41st Engineers and did carpenter work overseas. Muster- 
ed out Jan. 9, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

ERICKSON, Axel Leonard, 26, Rochester, farmer, entered 
service Sept. 10, 1917 at Rochester. Trained at Camps Taylor and 
Mills. Private and dispatch carrier, Hdqrs. Co., 115th F. A. Sailed 
June 4, 1917. Saw service in Toul sector, St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne 
and Tryon Woerve. Mustered out April 8, 1919. 

EISENMAN, Glen Louis, 23, Rochester, farmer, son of John and 
Delia Eisenman, entered service July 31, 1918, trained at Valparaiso, 
Ind., ^^'ashington Barracks, Ft. Hamilton and Elmhurst, L. I., made 
wagoner Co. I. 71st Engrs., Sec. 12. Discharged at Camp Leach, 
Dec. 21, 1918. 

EISENMAN, Fred Samuel, 18, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. John W. Eisenman, entered service Dec. 11, 1917 at Ft. 
Wayne, trained at Ft. Thomas, Marfa and Glenn Springs, Tex. Pro- 
moted to sergeant and drill master Troop D, 8th Cavalry. Did guard 
duty along Mexican border and was in chase after Mexican bandits, 
May 16 to 20, 1918. Mustered out Feb. 5, 1919 at Marfa, Tex. 

EASTW^OOD, William Oscar, 19, Rochester, blacksmith, son of 
William and Flora Eastwood, entered service July 21, 1918 at Roch- 
ester, trained at Great Lakes Station, promoted from private to sea- 
mans Guard. Mustered out April 5, 1919 at Great Lakes. 

FARRY. Charles Fulton, 22, Rochester, teacher, son of Austin 
O. and Annie M. Farry, entered service Oct. 4. 1917 at Rochester, 
trained at Camps Taylor and Jackson, promoted private to Sgt., to 
2nd Lt., battery clerk, Battery" B, 325th F. A. Sailed May 23, 1918 
with Battery B., 8th, F. A. 7th Div. Mustered out Feb. 6, 1919 at 
Camp Meade. 

FOSTER, Herbert William, 22, Tiosa, teacher, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. William Foster, entered service June 1, 1918 at Great Lakes, 
assigned to 1st Regt. Camp Dewey. In Great Lakes Band. Discharg- 
ed March 26, 1919 at Great Lakes. 




DEO FOOR 
CLAUDE W. BAUKE 
TUSTIN HALL 



RUSSELL MURPHY 
KENNETH PERSONETTE 
FRANK SWANGO 



STANLEY CARR 
GLEN SMILEY 
ROY O'BLENIS 



BOYS IN KHAKI 131 

FOOR, Osa Vern, 27, Rochester, machinist, son of Parlee E. and 
Essie M. Foor, entered service Feb. 27, 1918 at Kokomo, Ind., trained 
at Camp Greenleaf, made private of first class and did clerical work 
with Medical Detachment, Base Hospital, Camp Shelby, Miss. Still 
in service. 

FOOR, James David, 21, Rochester, farmer, son of Parlee E. and 
Essie M. Foor, entered service May 7, 1918 at Jefferson Barracks, Mo. 
trained at Ft. Totten and Camp Eustis, made private first class in 
Battery E, 38th Art. Sailed Oct. 13, 1918 with Battery F, 47th Art. 
1st Army, A. E. F. Mustered out at Camp Sherman March 21, 1919. 

FOOR, Deo F., 26, Rochester, farmer, son of Parlee E. and Es- 
sie M. Foor, entered service March 12, 1918 at Columbus, Ohio, train- 
ed at Ft. Hancock, N. J. Sailed Aug. 17, 1918 as private with Bat- 
tery D, 53rd C. A. C. and took part in Meuse-Argonne offensive. 
Mustered out at Camp Sherman, Ohio, April 4, 1919. 

FERRY, Perry Lawson, 38, Akron, physician, son of John L. 
and Sophia Ferry, entered service June 26, 1918 at Akron, trained at 
Camp Greenleaf. Promoted 1st Lt. to Capt. M. R. C, Detachment 
Commander, Base Hospital 122, Camp Greene, N. C. Mustered out 
Dec. 11, 1918 at Camp Greene. 

FLYNN, Alfred R., 23, Rochester, iron worker, son of Frank and 
Priscilla Flynn, entered service May 9, 1917, at Ft. Thomas, trained 
there and at Camps D. A. Russell and Jones, promoted to wagoner. 
Troop I, 1st Cav. Mustered out Sept. 4, 1919 at Douglass, Ariz. 

FOKER, Elmer M., 29, married, Rochester, laborer, entered 
service March 21, 1918 at Camp Green, N. C. Private Co. M, 39th 
Regt., 4th Div. Inf. Sailed May 10. 1918 and participated in Battles 
of the Marne, July 18 to August 12, St. Mihiel Sept. 12 to 18, started 
in Meuse-Argonne offensive and was gassed in Argonne Forest Sept. 
27th and taken to Base Hospital 117 for treatment. Mustered out 
May 17, 1919 at Camp Lee. 

FOGLESONG, Harry E., 19, l^ochester, student, son of Henry 
T.. and Marcia E. Foglesong, entered service July 29, 1918 at Indian- 
apolis, trained at Great Lakes and Hampton Roads. Fireman 
aboard ship Susquehanna. Sailed Nov. 12, 1918. Discharged Jan. 
21, 1919 at Great Lakes. 




HARLAN SHAW 
HERBERT GOULD 
PERRY W. GILLESPIE 



OTIS TAY WRIGHT GEORGE E. WARFIELD 

R. W.'GARMAN MERLIN F SNYDER 

HERMAN MEYER C. G. SAUSAMAN ELZA HOGAN 



BOYS IN KHAKI 133 

■ FIELDS, Francis Guy, 19, Rochester, iron worker, son of Charles 
and Carrie Fields, entered service Oct. 14, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
?t Winona, Ind. Promoted from private to acting corporal and ser- 
geant at Winona. Co. G. Mustered out Dec. 16, 1918. 

FIELD, Ernest A., 23, Rochester, farmer, son of Walter and 
Jessie Field, entered service April 1918 at Douglas, Wyo., private 
Regular Army, 14th F. A. Supply Co. Discharged March 1919. 

FELTY, Fred Wilson, 24, Rochester, barber, son of Henry M. 
and Indiana Felty, entered service Oct. 4, 1917 at Rochester, trained 
at Taylor, private 325th F. A. Hdqrs. Co. Mustered out Dec. 14, 
1918 at Taylor. 

FEIDNER, Arthur, 25. Grass Creek, farmer, son of William M. 
and Sarah E. Feidner, entered service Aug. 23, 1917 at Ft. Wayne, 
Ind., trained at Kelley Field, promoted private to sergeant, 98th Aero 
Squadron. Sailed Nov. 14, 1917 and served as airplane mechanic 
overseas. Mustered out April 8, 1919 at New York. 

FANSLER, William Jacob, 20, Kewanna, farmer, son of Stephen 
and Lena Fansler, entered service Oct. 6, 1917 at Kokomo, trained at 
Laredo, Tex., promoted private to horse shoer for Troop H, 14th 
Cavalry. Mustered out Sept. 20, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

FAULSTICH, Charles, 20, Delong. farmer, son of Albert and 
Elnora Faulstich, entered service Feb. 7, 1918 at Indianapolis, trained 
at Camp Sam Houston, Texas, promoted to Corporal and served as 
truck driver with 404th Transport Corps on Mexican border. Dis- 
charged May 26, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

FREESE, Guy Ralph, 22, Kewanna, farmer, entered service May 
14, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Ft. Bliss, Ky., attached to medical 
department, 64th Inf. Sailed July 26, 1918 and was in fighting in 
Marbache and Purvenell Sectors. Discharged June 26. 1919 at 
Camp Sherman. 

FRYE, Willard Melvin, 23, Delong. mechanic, son of Richard 
and Clara Fry, entered service Feb. 7, 1917 at Indianapolis, trained 
at Vancouver, engineering with Co. A., 318th Regt., 6th Div. 
Sailed May 1918 and was in battles of Argonne forest and on Alsace 
front. Mustered out June 21, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

FOX, Albert H., 26, Delong, farmer, son of Henry and Elizabeth 
Fox, entered service Dec. 11, 1917 at Hammond, trained at Camp 
Johnson, Fla. Sailed June 10. 1918 with Fire Truck and Hose Co. 
322. Still in service. 




SIDNEY BOWMAN 
BENTAMIN MURPHY 
ROBERT MITCHELL 



IIANFORD H. MILLER 
EVERETTE D. MOGLE 
IVAN R. BURNS 



ROY RICHMOND (Left) 
CHARLES ERNEST GOHN 
JAMES M. WARE 



BOYS IN KHAKI . 135 

FOSTER, Ora A., 23, Logansport, Funeral director, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. William Foster, Richland Tp., entered service March 29, 
1918 at Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor, promoted private to cor- 
poral to sergeant, to Army Field Clerk. Uth Co., 1st Regt., 159tb 
D. B. Mustered out May 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

GOODRICH, Daniel, 32, married, Rochester, cigar maker, son 
of Alfred L. and Mary A. Goodrich, entered service April 26, 1918, 
trained at Camps Taylor and Custer, promoted private to Corporal. 
Discharged Dec. 21, 1918. Died at the home of his mother in Roch- 
ester, June 25, 1919. 

GOHN, Charles Earnest, 22, Rochester, farmer, son of Charles 
and Kizzie Gohn, entered service March 12, 1918 at Rocheser, train- 
ed at Ft. Canby, Ft. Stevens, private Battery F, 69th Regt., C. A. C. 
Sailed Aug. 16, 1918. Discharged March 10, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

GINTHER, Merl. 18. Leiters Ford, carpenter, son of Adam R. 
and Leila Ginther. Entered service at South Bend, Ind., July 7, 
1917, trained at Taylor, sailed Sept. 18, 1917 w^ith 3rd Army Corps, 
2nd Div., 9th Inf. Participated in battles in Verdun sector Sept. 18, 
1917, St. Mihiel, Blanc Mont and Meuse-Argonne. Wounded at St. 
Mihiel, Sept. 11, 1917. Mustered out Aug. 14, 1919 at Camp Sher- 
man. 

GREEN, Sidney, 30, Delong. married, farmer, son of Samuel R. 
and Lydia Green, entered service at Rochester Sept. 20, 1917, trained 
at Camp Taylor, served as wagoner with 325th Supply Co., F. A. 
Mustered out Jan. 9, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

GAULT, Robert E., 21, Grass Creek, farmer, son of L. Allison 
and Annie E. Gault, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Camp Knox, private. Battery E. 70 F. A. Mustered out Feb. 
3rd at Camp Knox. 

GREENWOOD. Robert F., 18, Akron, machinist, son of L. R. and 
Fannie Greenwood, entered service June 4, 1918 at Indianapolis, 
trained at Ft. Caswell, N. C. Private Headquarters Co., 70th Art. C. 
A. C. Sailed Sept. 25, 1918. Mustered out March 12, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 

GROVE, Oliver, 26, Talma, merchant, son of Simon Y. and Liz- 
zie B. Grove, entered service June 14, 1918 at Rochester, trained 2nd 
Detachment, Chamber of Commerce, Indianapolis, promoted private 
to corporal, 9th Motor Supply Train, 9th Div. R. A. Mustered out 
at Camp Taylor March 28, 1919. 




EMMET S. TRAMBARGER 
THOMAS WM. RECK 
DEAN E. BABCOCK 



CLEM H. O'BLENNIS 
WILLIAM H. OVERMYER 
OSA POOR 



JAMES HOWARD WEIR 
WILLIAM MILLER 
WILLIAM H. AULT 



BOYS IN KHAKI 137 

GOULD, Herbert H., 19, Kevvanna, reporter, son of Frank P. 
and Carrie Gould. Entered service April 17, 1917 at Rochester. 
Trained at Columbus, Ohio and San Antonio, Texas. Made Sergeant 
and promoted to Sgt. 1st class, 30th Aero- Squadron. Sailed August 
23, 1917 and was in first American air service to arrive in France, and 
was sent to aviation school in Paris for two months. Had fifty- 
hours flying time in bombing planes. Founder of "Flights and 
Landings" the only official air service publication and served as ed- 
itor of same for last ten months overseas. Went to France from 
Liverpool on H. M. S. Baltic, same ship Pershing went over on. 
Torpedoed by Germans off Irish coast and ordered to life boats but 
later arrived in Liverpool by using full steam ahead. Mustered out 
June 9, 1919 at Camp Sherman, Ohio.- 

GOULD, Francis B., Rochester, entered service at Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Mo., Nov. 14, 1907, assigned to Co. A., Signal Corps, stationed 
at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. Promoted from private to corporal to 
sergeant. Discharged Nov. 13, 1910. Reenlisted Feb. 10, 1911, 
assigned to Coast Artillery, 35th Co., Ft. Monroe, Va. Promoted 
Corp to Sgt. to Q. M. and Mess Sgt. Discharged Feb. 9, 1914. Re- 
enlisted Feb. 10, 1914, discharged to accept commission, May 10, 
1918, when commissioned 2nd Lt., promoted to Jst Lt. Since 1916 
served in Philippines. Commanded M. G. Co. 3rd Phil. Inf., Provost 
Officer, Casual Officer and Intelligence Officer, Ft. Wm. McKinley, 
P. I. 

GOSS, Raymond M., 18, Rochester, chauffeur, son of John and 
Isabel Goss, entered service Feb. 2, 1918 at Indianapolis, trained at 
Rich Field, private 281 Aero Squadron. Sailed Aug. 13, 1918, and 
served with 281 Aero Squadron as a mechanic. In the Meuse-Ar- 
gonne offensive. Discharged July 10, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

GROVE, Archie, 29, Talma, hardware merchant, son of Simon 
and Lizzie Grove, entered service March 28, 1918 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Camp Taylor and Washington Barracks, promoted private to 
corporal, 35th Engineers. Sailed Aug. 3, 1918 and did construction 
work with Co. F, 21 Grand Div. Discharged May 5, 1918 at Camp 
Dix. 

GINTHER, Herbert Leslie. 23, Delong, laborer, son of Jacob O, 
and Mollie Ginther, entered service May 1917 at Rochester, trained 
at Kelly Field, Wilbur Wright's Field and Camp Mills, served as mo- 
torcycle rider with 19th Aero Squadron. Sailed Dec. 4, 1917. Muster- 
ed out May 5, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 




MERL GINTHER 
HARRY CHAMP 
CLARK BAILEY 



WILLIAM EDGINGTON 
HARVEY P. MARTIN 
CLARENCE G. STINGLEY 



CLINT W. MILLER 
SIDNEY GREEN 
WALTER I. REDMOND 



BOYS IN KHAKI 139 

GINN, Irven, 24, Akron, clerk, son of Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Ginn, 
entered service Aug. 5, 1917 at Warsaw, Ind., trained at Camp Shelby, 
promoted private to corporal, Bat. D. 137 F. A. Sailed Oct. 6, 1918. 
Mustered out Jan. 14, 1919 at Ft. Harrison. 

GINN, Harland Harrison, 28, Akron, barber, son of Sylvester C. 
and Mollie E. Ginn, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Camp Taylor. Private Bat. B, 325th F. A. Sailed April 8, 
1918 with Bat. D, 321 F. A. 82nd Div. In St. Mihiel drive Sept. 12, 
and Meuse-Argonne offensive Sept. 26 to Oct. 8, when wounded by 
explosion. Mustered out May 29, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

GARMAN, Perry C, 27, Kewanna, Ind., dental student, son of 
Leroy and Harriet Garman. Entered service Nov. 16, 1917 at Ft. Ben- 
jamin Harrison. Trained at Camp Greenleaf, Ga. Served as assistant 
to dental surgeon. Dental Co. No. 1. Mustered out Jan. 26, 1919 at 
Camp Sherman. 

GARMAN, Reed Waldo, 27, Bruce Lake, student. Entered serv- 
ice Feb. 26, 1918 at Lafayette, Ind. Private 1st class Eng. Train- 
ed at Camp Lee, \ a.. Camp Humphrey, Va., Camp Kearney, Cal., 
assigned to Co. D., 216th Engrs., 16th Div. Promoted to 2nd 
Lieutenant, July 30, 1918. Discharged Dec. 4, 1918 at Camp Kearney. 

GILLISPIE, Perry AVarren, 27, Kewanna, farmer, married. En- 
tered service April 5, 1918, trained at Camp Taylor and Ft. Foot. 
Promoted to Corporal, Co. D, 306th Eng. Sailed Sept. 1, 1918 and 
did construction work overseas. In the Meuse-Argonne offensive. 
Mustered out June 24, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

GRAHAM, Frank P., 21, Lucerne, Ind., farmer, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. James Perry Graham, entered service Aug. 14, 1918 at Roch- 
ester, trained at Ft. Wayne, Mich. Private 607 Aero Squadron. 
Mustered out Feb. 22, 1919 at Ft. AVayne. 

GOOD, Otto A., 28, South Bend, Ind., painter, son of Frank and 
Etta Good, Tiosa. Entered service May 5, 1918 at South Bend. 
Promoted from private to sergeant, Co. E, 22nd Eng. Sailed July 
21, 1918 and operated narrow gauge railroad. In Meuse-Argonne 
and Toul oft'ensives. Discharged July 11, 1919 at Camp She^-man. 

COCKING, Grant C, 28, married, Rochester, veterinary, son 
of George and Anna Cocking, entered service September 1917 at 
Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor, private, veterinary work, Bat. 1, 
7th Regt., F. A. R. D. Mustered out Dec. 21, 1918. 




ANDREW A. LARGE 

LT. EVAN A. WHALLON 

CLIFFORD V. NYE 



HUGH G. BRIDEGROOM 
EVERETT W. HAMMOND 
CHARLES S. SANNS 



CORP. VANCE E. HOFFMAN 
JOSEPH K. WILHOIT 
ROBERT RAYMOND BURNS 



BOYS IN KHAKI 141 

GOSS, Byron Cassius, 27, Rochester, teacher, son of Jonas and 
Mary Goss, entered service in August 1917. at Princeton, N. J. As- 
signed to General Headquarters, A. E. F. Promoted from 1st Lt. to 
Capt. Engrs., Feb. 20, '1918 ; Capt. Engrs. to Major C. W. S., July 
27; Major C. W. S. to Lt. Col. Sept. 29. Sailed Aug. 29, 1917. Chem- 
ical Adviser to Chief of Gas Service, Oct. 15. 1917 to Feb. 20, 1918. 
Chief Gas Officer, 1st Army Corps, Feb. 20 to Oct. 20, 1918; Chief 
Gas Officer, 2nd Army, Oct. 20 to Nov. 20. 1918. Participated in 
second battle of the Marne, Belleau Wood, Chateau Thierry, Foret de 
Fere, St. Mihiel offensive, Argonne-Meuse attack, Apremont, Chene 
Tondu and Grand Pre. Slightly gassed. Feb. 25, 1918, severely gass- 
ed July 18, 1918 and in A. R. C. Hospital. Paris. Recommended by 
Commanding General, Chemical Warfare Service for Distinguished 
Service Medal. Discharged April 14, 1919 at Washington, D. C. 

GINTHER, Silas, 23, married, Rochester, son of John D. and 
Agnes Ginther, entered service Oct. 20, 1917 at Rochester, trained 
at Camps Ta3dor and Knox. Promoted Private to Corp., to Sergeant, 
to 2nd Lt., Battery A, 325 F. A. Discharged Dec. 20, 1918 at Camp 
Knox. 

GILLILAND, Edwin Keither, 24. Rochester, farmer, son of Ar- 
ley and Emma Gilliland, entered service July 10, 1918 at Rochester, 
Great Lakes, Norfolk and Hampton Roads, promoted from private to 
fireman to seaman. Served on U. S. Ships Ohio. Santa Paula. Chat- 
tanooga. Landed in Africa, saw service in Asia. Russia, England 
and France. Still in service. 

GARNER, Clarence K., 26. married, Rochester, farmer, entered 
service Oct. 4, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Taylor and West Point, 
Ky., promoted from private to sergeant and did blacksmithing for 
Battery B, 2>2l F. A. Sailed Sept. 8th. 1918 and continued black- 
smithing. Mustered''out July 11, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

HOLMAN. Hugh Brackett, ^J , married, Rochester, contractor, 
son of George W. and Louise B. Holman, officers reserve corps called 
to service May 19, 1917, served as Capt. O. -\I. Corps, served on con- 
struction of Camp Jackson. June 1 to Aug. 1. 1917 and on Camp 
Hancock. Aug. 1. 1917 to Feb. 1, 1918. Sailed March 4, 1918 and 
at Intermediate Q. M. Depot at Gievres, France, from May 26. 1918 
to Sept. 7. 1918. Was railhead officer on advanced railheads on the 
Meuse-Argonne front Sept. 10 to Nov. 12, at Verdun railhead 
Nov. 12 to 22, at Battenburg, Luxenburg Nov. 23-30 with Army of 
Occupation. Was railhead officer at Treves. Germany from Dec. 1. 
1918 to March 5, 1919. Discharged April 7, at Camp Lee. 




CAPT. HUGH B. HOLMAN EARNEST LANTZ NEAL MOORE WEST 

Unknown Three Generations of Fulton County Fighters LOUIS E. EASTERDAY 

Geo. Murray — World War. O. M. Kumler — Spanish Ainerican War. J. J. Kumler — Civil 
GUY FREESE P. A. SEIGFRIED 



War. 



BOYS IX KHAKI 143 

HILL, Clarence Franklin, 21, Rochester, student, son of John F. 
and Anna Hill, entered service at Lafayette, as apprentice seaman, 
trained at Purdue. Clustered out Dec. 20, 1918. 

HETZNER, Harry, 40, Ft. Wayne, Ind., married, cement fac- 
tory, son of Mr. and Mrs. M. H. Hetzner, entered service 1917, Texas. 
Sergeant, Cook. Sailed 1917, Rainbow Division. 

HETZNER, Edward, 39, married, Rochester, policeman, son of 
Mr. and Mrs. Michael Hetzner, entered service at Ft. Wayne with 
regular army. Still in service. 

HAGAN, Loyd, 17, Rochester, telegraph messenger, son of John 
and Rose Hagan, entered ser\-ice March 12, 1914, trained at Great 
Lakes, promoted from private to Quartermaster for Admiral An- 
drews. Served on U. S. Destroyers ^^'arrington and Kimberly and 
Scout Cruiser Chester. Did destroyer duty, convoy and patrol work. 
Engaged numerous enemy submaries in action. Sunk enemy sub- 
marine U-91 oft Fastnet Light, south coast of Ireland, at night in 
September 1918. Member of Admiral Andrews staff on scout ship 
Chester, first American ship to enter German waters after signing of 
armistice. Still in service. 

HALL, Elbert Lee, 22, Rochester, cigar maker, son of John and 
Catherine Hall, entered service May 24, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Taylor, Greenleaf and Oglethorpe, private Detached Service, Signal 
Corps and Hdqrs. IMotor Units. Discharged Jan. 18, 1919 at Ft. 
Oglethorpe. 

HENDRICKSON, Florence, 28. Kewanna, son of George P. and 
-\gnes M. Hendrickson, entered service May 21, 1918 at Rochester. 
Trained at Ft. Snelling, Minn, and Devens, Mass. Promoted private 
to corporal Hdqrs. Co. 36th U. S. Inf. Mustered out Feb. 3, 1919 at 
Camp Taylor. 

HENDRICKSON, Arthur W., 28, real estate, son of Isaac E. 
and Phila E. Hendrickson, entered service May 17, 1917 at Benj. Har- 
rison, trained at Camps Taylor and Shelby. 2nd Lt. on special duty 
as commander of Co. 28, Detention Camp at Camp Shelby. Sailed 
Oct. 6, 1918 and served with Battery F., 137th F. A. Mustered out 
Jan. 21, 1919 at Ft. Harrison. 

HENDRICKSON, Minden. 18, Grass Creek, farmer, son of 
George P. and Agnes M. Hendrickson, entered service Nov. 16, 1916 
at St. Paul, Minn., trained at Paris Island, S. C. Private, promoted to 
Corporal June 1917. to Sgt.. 1918. served as gas and bomb instructor. 
Sailed Oct. 1918 with U. S. Marines Corps. Still in service. 




PERRY GARMAN 
DAVID L. REITER 
THOMAS E. BLACK 



r.T. E. L. WAITE 
EARL PRESNAI L 
TAMES W. PEXSINGER 



CLARENCE HILL 
CHARLES SEARS 
MAX ARMSTRONG 



i 



BOYS IN KHAKI , 145 

HENDRICKSON, Milan, 22, Grass Creek, farmer, son of George 
P. and Agnes M. Hendrickson, entered service April 2, 1918 at Roch- 
ester, trained at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y., private 13th Co. Coast Artillery. 
Sailed July 15, 1918 with Battery F., 43rd Art. In St. Mihiel offensive 
Sept. 11 and 12, Argonne offensive Sept. 26 to 29 and Verdun, west 
of Meuse, Oct. 13 to Nov. 11. Mustered out Feb. 6, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 

HENDERSON, Paul Dean, 19, Rochester, student. University 
Mich., son of Milton and Metta Henderson, entered service Oct. 1, 
1918 at Ann Arbor, Mich., private, Students Army Training Corps 
of U. S. Army. Mustered out Dec. 12, 1918. 

HENDERSON, Hugh Roberson, 19, Rochester, mechanic, son 
of Milton and Metta Henderson, entered service April 16, 1917, train- 
ed at Columbus Barracks, Syracuse, N. Y., Camps Shelby and Logan. 
Promoted from private to Battalion Sergeant Major, Headquarters 
Co. 4th F. A. Mustered out March 26, 1919 at Camp Logan. Re- 
enlisted March 27, 1919. 

HUDTWALCKER, Rudolph Emil, 22, Rochester, printer, son 
of Emil and Elise Hudtwalcker, entered service April 14, 1917 at Col- 
umbus Barracks, Ohio, trained at Fort Warren, Mass. Promoted to 
Private 1st cl., 1st class gunner, 7th Co., Boston, C. A. C. Sailed 
Sept. 23, 1918 with 3rd Unit, Boston S. A. R. D. Transferred to 54th 
.Art. and later to Battery C, 43rd Regt., Railway Artillery Reserves, 
(C. A. C.) Mustered out at Camp Sherman, Ohio, Jan. 23, 1919. 

HUNTER, Rex, 25, Rochester, poultryman, son of Joseph and 
Eftie Hunter, entered service March 12, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Ft. Hancock, N. J., promoted private to corporal. Mustered out 
Dec. 23, 1918. 

HAMILTON, Ralph, 21, married, Kewanna, son of Samuel F. 
and Mary B. Hamilton, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Ft. Benj. Harrison and Camp Taylor. Private Co. B, 138th 
Engineers. Mustered out Dec. 4, 1918 at Ft. Benj. Harrison. 

HARDING, Alphonso P., Jr., 23, Kewanna, student, son of A. 
P. Harding. Entered service March 28, 1919 at Rochester. Trained 
'It Camp Shelby, Miss. Promoted from private to Corporal and Ser- 
geant. Mustered out at Camp Taylor, Feb. 5, 1919. 




CECIL S. BURNS 
CLARENCE C. PETERSON 
JESSE LOWMAN 



LLOYD SNYDER 
GEORGE PASSWATER 
RUSSELL RICHARDS 



GEORGE NICHOLS 
VORTS D. ZARTMAN 
TAMES HOMER CAIN 



BOYS IN KHAKI 147 

HEMINGER, Whitfield, 22, Kewanna, druggist, son of Amos 
C. and Maria Louisa Heminger. Entered service May 25, 1918 at 
Rochester, trained at Taylor and Beauregard. Corporal 126th Inf. 
32nd Div. Instructor. Sailed Aug. 6. 1918 and served as instructor. 
Served in the Argonne, and out of line three weeks because of shrap- 
nell wounds received October 3rd, 1918, caught in air raid on way 
to infirmary when ambulance was hit by piece of shell. A\'ith Amer- 
ican Army of Occupation in Germany. 

HOGAN, Earnest W., 20, Kewanna. farmer, son of William and 
Deama Hogan. Entered service May 10, 1916 at Logansport, Indi- 
ana. Trained at Ft. Bliss, Texas, promoted from private to Sergeant 
L Troop, 8th Cavl. Still in service on Mexican border. 

HOGAN, Elra, 32, married, Kewanna, barber, son of ^Villiam 
and Deama Hogan. Entered service Jan. 4. 1918 at Indianapolis. 
Trained at Ft. Thomas and Eagle Pass, Texas. Made private of 1st 
class, Co. E, 3rd U. S. Inf. Mustered out Jan. 31, 1919 at Ft. Sam 
Houston, Texas. 

HARTER, Leo Sanford, 22, Akron, farmer, son of Clem and 
Clara Harter, entered service April 26, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Camp Taylor and Washington Barracks, Private 97th Co., 35th Regt., 
21st Grand Div., Transportation Corps. Sailed Aug. 2, 1918. Mus- 
tered out May 10, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

HIGQINS, Forrest, 22, Akron, lumber dealer, son of Thomas 
and Esther Higgins, entered service Nov. 23, 1917 at Chicago, trained 
at Great Lakes, promoted apprentice seaman to seaman to coxswain, 
served on U. S. S. Frederick, doing convoy duty. Discharged June 
23, 1919 at New York . 

HOLLOWAY, Donald V., 18. Akron, mechanic, son of Benjamin 
F. and Eliza J. Holloway, entered service April 8, 1917 at Rochester, 
trained at Ft. Thomas and Ft. Hancock, promoted private to first 
class private, 3rd Co. C. A. C. Sailed Jan. 4. 1918 with Bat. A, 1st 
Bn., Trench Artillery, 1st Army Corps. Served as motorcycle order- 
ly and participated in Second Battle of the Marne. July 19 to Aug. 
2; St. Mihiel oft"ensive, Sept. 5 to 12; Thiancourt, Sept. 23 to Oct. 18; 
Meuse- Argonne, Sept. 23 to Oct. 18. Mustered out March 15, 1919 
at Camp Taylor. 

HASLETT, Peter J.. 19. Rochester, farmer, son of George and 
Ida Haslett, entered service Oct. 14, 1918 at IndianapoHs. Private 
Indiana Dental College Branch. Mustered out Dec. 25. 1918. 




WALTER D. ROSS 
PAUL L. DUKES 
HOWARD JACKSON 



NORMAN CLAIRE MOORE 
T. F. THOMPSON 
JAY CLAYTON 



VAUSE POLEN 
JOHN E. SCHIRM 
"GEO. R. MURRAY 



BOYS IN KHAKI I49 

HATFIELD, Arthur R., 20, Rochester, salesman, son of Loren 
and Sarah Hatfield, entered service June 20, 1918 at Indianapolis, 
trained at Jefferson Barracks, Camp Crane and Ft. Ontario, pro- 
moted private to Corpl. to Sgt. Medical Dept., R. A., served as prop- 
erty Sergeant and Recruiting Officer. Still in service at General Hos- 
pital No. 5, Ft. Ontario, N. Y. 

HATFIELD, Ralph, 22, Talma, merchant, son of L. W. and 
Ola Hatfield, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Taylor, West Point and Knox. Private, chauffeur, Hdqrs. Co., 70th 
I. A. Mustered out March 7, 1919 at Camp Knox. 

HOOVER, Don C, 23, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
F. P. Hoover, entered service Dec. 18, 1916 at Rochester, trained at 
Ft. Bliss and Douglass, Ariz., promoted private to sergeant, Co. L, 
18th Inf. Sailed June 12, 1917, served for time as stenographer in 
Division Quartermasters Office; was with 18th Inf. in many actions 
and gassed in May 1918. With 1st Div. Q. M. Corps at Neuweid, 
Germany. 

HOOVER, Ernest V., 24, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. F. P. Hoover, entered service April 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Ft. Foote, private Co. B, 1st Replacement Engineers. Sailed Sept. 
1, 1918, Co. D, 103rd Engineers, 28th Div. In St. Mihiel drive. Dis- 
charged May 1, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

HORN, Robert M., 20, Tippecanoe, farmer, son of Orlando E. 
and Myrtle E. LTorn, entered service Oct. 14, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Winona and Purdue, promoted private to sergeant, truck- 
master, Co. D. Discharged Dec. 13, 1918 at LaFayette. 

HUNTER, Harvey Fred, 21, Rochester, farmer, son of Alvin and 
Nora Hunter, entered service April 3, 1918, trained at Camp Eustis, 
Camp Lee, Ft. Tilden. Promoted private to corporal. Battery D, 38tli 
Regt., C. A. C. Had charge of searchlight and run power plant. Sail- 
ed Oct. 8, 1918. Mustered out Dec. 18, 1918. 

HUNTER, Otto, 24, Rochester, laborer, son of Lee and Tincy 
Hunter, entered service May 24, 1918 at Rochester, trained at Camp 
Sevier, private 148th Base Hospital. Mustered out Jan. 1, 1919 at 
Camp Taylor. 

HAND, Floyd F., 19, married, steel worker, resident of Akron 
at time of entry into service, Oct. 18, 1917. Trained at Ft. Thoma?. 
Ft. Riley and Camp Hampton, served as baker with Bakery Co. 342, 
Quartermaster's Dept. Mustered out Jan. 7, 1918 at Allentown, Pa. 




WM. KESTNER 
HEROLD ROSS 
ROBERT P. MOORE 



ERMAL H. SHINE 
DAN COPLEN 
CLAUDE JAMISON 



GLEN LOUIS EISENMAN 
ROBERT HORN 
HUGH A. BARNHART 



BOYS IN KHAKI 151 

HOFFMAN, Vance Eber, 21, Akron, telephone work, son ot 
Joseph and Emma K. Hoffman, entered service Sept. 20, 1917, train- 
ed at Camps Taylor, West Point, Mills and DeSouge, Fr., promoted 
private to corporal. Sailed Sept. 8, 1918 and did telephone work, 
Liason, in France. Mustered out Feb. 13, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

HENDRICKSON, Robert O., Rochester, railroad fireman, son of 
William and Myrtle Hendrickson, entered service July 4, 1917 at Ft. 
Thomas, Ky., Sgt. and machine gun instructor, Co. L, 46th Regt. 

HAMMOND, Everett Walter, 23, Longmont, Col., brakeman, 
son of Clement H. and Mary J. Hammond, Henry tp., entered service 
May 15, 1917 at Chicago, trained at Paris Island, private and served 
as gunner, 3 inch piece, 91st Co., 10th Regt. U. S. M. C. Mustered 
out March 12, 1919 at Quatico, Va. 

HARROLD, Willis L., 19, Miles, Mich.,-mechanic. son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Harlan liarrold, of Henry tp., entered service Sept 12, 1918 at 
Kalamazoo, Mich. Private Co. A., S. A. T. C. Discharged Dec. 15, 
1918 at Kalamazoo. 

HOFFMAN, Ralph W., 22, Akron, teacher, son of Ezra and 
Lydia Hoffman, entered service Dec. 15, 1917 at Indianapolis, trained 
at Great Lakes. Ensign, 1st Regt. Great Lakes. Discharged March 

15, 1919 at Great Lakes. 

HLTDKINS, Alphonso, 21, Delong, farmer, son of B. F. and 
Harriet Hudkins, entered service Sept. 3, 1918, at Rochester, private 
13th Co. 159th Depot Brigade. Discharged at Camp Taylor, Sept. 

16, 1918. 

HOOVER, Max J., 22. Akron, auto mechanic, son of Chas. C. 
and Grace B. Hoover, entered service Dec. 10, 1917 at Ft. Thomas, 
Ky., trained there and at Camp Hancock and Merritt, promoted 
private to corporal, 3rd Co. 2nd Regt. A. S. M. Sailed March 4, 1918. 
Mustered out June 24, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

HALL. Justin Leroy, 21, Rochester, farmer, son of Bert and 
Aurilla Hall, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, trained at 
Camp Taylor, promoted private to wagoner. Supply Co. 325th F. A. 
Sailed Sept. 8, 1918 with 84th Div. and did supply work overseas. 
Mustered out March 8, 1918 at Camp Sherman. 



152 THE WORLD WAR 

HAUSER, Albert William, 27, married, Gary, Ind., motorman, 
son of Charles and Frances Hauser, entered service Sept. 5, 1917 at 
Gary, trained at Taylor, promoted from Pvt. to Sgt., to Master 
Engineer, to 1st Lt., worked at roads and bridge building, sailed with 
Co. A, 602 Engineers, A. E. F. In battles of Chateau Thierry, St. 
Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne. With company of 250 built pontoon bridge 
across Meuse river in Meuse offensive. Each time the bridge was 
ready to connect with opposite shore it was blown up by German 
shells and five attempts were made before the bridge was laid, re- 
quiring more than three hours work in terrific shell fire. Wounded in 
foot. Still with A. E. F. 

HAYWARD, Richard Gibbs, 22, Rochester, farmer, son of Calvin 
B. and Eftie E. Hayward, entered service Dec. 11, 1917 at Toledo, O., 
trained at Kelly, Ellington and Mather aviation Fields, promoted 
private to corporal to Sgt. 1st CI., and instructor of Aerial Gunnery, 
283rd Aero Squadron. Discharged Feb. 10, 1919 at Columbus, Ohio. 

HORN, Grover C, 30, married, Rochester, carpenter, son of S. M. 
and Mary Horn, entered service July 18, 1918 at Hammond, Ind., 
trained at Camps Taylor and McClellan, promoted private first class, 
Battery B, 25th Regt., 9th Brigade, on French 75 guns. Mustered 
out Feb. 10, 1919. 

INGRAM, Melvin Otis, 26, Bruce Lake, laborer, entered service 
at Rochester, Ind., April 25, 1918. Trained at Camp Taylor, Ky., 
Fort Foot, Md., Washington Barracks, D. C. Assigned to Co. A, 
73rd Engineers. Promoted from private to Supply Sergeant. Mus- 
tered out Dec. 4, 1918. 

IVEY, Charles Robert, 18, Rochester, student, son of Martin W. 
and Minnie B. Ivey, entered service Oct. 12, 1918 at Purdue Univer- 
sity, trained there with Co. 4, S. A. T. C. Discharged Dec. 19, 1919 
at Purdue. 

IRVINE, Charles Glendor, 21, Rochester, clerical, son of Martin 
A. and Elizabeth Irvine, entered service Dec. 4, 1917 at Indianapolis, 
trained at Taylor, Johnston, Merritt, cooked at Camp Johnston, later 
transferred to Clerical Company. Sailed May 10, 1918 and spent 
fifteen months at clerical work in various departments, promoted to 
sergeant 1st class. Mustered out Aug. 6, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 153 

JOHNSON, Harry James, 19, R. F. D. 6, Rochester, Y. M. C. A. 
Secretary, entered service Jan. 2, 1918, at Indianapolis, as landsman 
for radio work, trained at Great Lakes. Served with Fuel organiza- 
tion under assistant to Aid for Supply at Hoboken, N. J. and on tugs 
in New York harbor. Discharged Jan. 1, 1919 at Hoboken, N. J. 

JONES, Edgar Leroy, 40, Akron, teacher, married, son of Daniel 
and Amelia Holman Jones, entered service May 5, 1918 at Indian- 
apolis for Y. M. C. A. Service, trained in New York, promoted to 
Divisional Athletic Director, with 76th Div., and 28 and 31 com- 
panies of 20th Engineers. Was delegate to the A. E. F. Athletic 
Conference held in Paris, Dec. 25 to Jan. 1 at which the A. E. F. and 
Inter-Allied Army Athletic Tournament was organized. Mustered 
out March 27, 1919 at New York. 

JACKSON, Howard, 21, Kewanna, farmer, son of John and Ada 
Jackson. Entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Rochester. Trained at 
Taylor and Knox. Mustered out Dec. 19, 1918. 

JONES, Jesse Harold, 18, Rochester, student, son of Jesse 
Herbert and Etta S. Jones, entered service May 7, 1917 at Indian- 
apolis, trained at Camp Shelby, promoted from private to Corporal, 
Co. C, 113th Engineers, 38th Div. Sailed Sept. 14, 1918, transferred 
to 7th Div. and with American Army of Occupation in Germany, 
near Trieves. Mustered out June 25,. 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

JOHNSON, John Byron, 22, Rochester, electrician, son of J. C. 
Johnson, entered service May 24, 1917, trained at Camp Grant, pro- 
moted from private to corporal, did electrical work with Co. A and B., 
5th Limited Service Regt., 161st Depot Brigade. Mustered out Nov. 
30, 1918. 

JOHNSON, James F., 23, Rochester, machinist, son of Mrs. 
Annetta Ault Johnson, entered service Dec. 14, 1917 at Ft. Logan, 
Col., trained at Camps Merrill and Hancock, promoted from private to 
corporal and rated as Sgt., served as motor mechanic 20th Co., 2nd 
Regt., M. M. S. C. A. S. M. Sailed March 4, 1918 and served as air 
service and motor mechanic. After armistice served at Mantes, 
France collecting and repairing motor trucks. Received broken knee 
cap at Mantes in February 1919. Returned to United States June 18, 
1919. Still in service.* 



154 THE WORLD WAR 

JOHNSON, Alvin Lee, 21, Rochester, machinist, son of Wiley 
and Effie Johnson, entered service Sept. 1, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Purdue University. Port CHnton, Camp Hancock, private 7th 
Casual Co. 1st Prov. Regt., and served as engineer. Discharged 
March 1, 1919 at Pt. Clinton. 

JAMISON, Claud. 27. married, Rochester, son of Lee and Ella 
Jamison, entered service April 25, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Washington Barracks, private Co. B., First Replacement Regiment. 
Sailed Sept. 1, 1918 and served at flash and sound ranging with Co. D. 
29th U. S. Engineers, 2nd Army Corps. Discharged March -25, 1919 
at Camp Taylor. 

JOHNSON, William P., 20, Macy, farmer, son of Francis M. 
and Jane A. Johnson, entered service May 7, 1917 at Fort Wayne, 
Ind., trained at Fort Thomas and Camp Syracuse, private. Co. K.. 
30th Regt. of Infantry. Mustered out Sept. 17, 1917 at Camp Syra- 
cuse. 

JENKINS, Hugh I., 19, Kewanna. farmer, son of Millard and 
Mary Jenkins, entered service July 23, 1918 at Logansport, Ind.. 
trained at Jefferson Barracks and Ft. Barrancas, Fla., made corporal. 
Mustered out Dec. 29. 1918 at Camp Taylor. 

KAMP, Ivstil. 21, Akron, farmer, son of Reuben and Alpha 
Kamp, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Camp 
Taylor, private Co. B, 325th F. A. Sailed April 8, 1918 with Co. B, 
103rd Regt., 26th Div., 1st Army. 

KINDIG, Roy Earl, 28, Tiosa, carpenter, son of C. \'. and Hattie 
Kindig, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Taylor. 
Stanley, McArthur, private, Headquarters Co., 21st Regt., 5th Div. 
Sailed May 26, 1918. In Battles of Frapelle, St. Mihiel. Purvenelle 
and with Army of Occupation in Germany. Mustered out July 30. 
1919. 

KELLEY, Oran Samuel, 18. Delong. farmer, son of Samuel and 
Alma Kelly, entered service April 29. 1918 at South Bend. Sailed 
May 24. 1918 with 23rd Co. Camp Meade Replacement Unit. No. 5. 
Served in France and is now with Army of Occupation along the 
Rhine. 

KING, Raymond E., 25. Rochester, hardware, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. John L. King, entered service June 15, 1918, at Indianapolis, 
trained at Camp Jackson, promoted to corporal, 339th M. T. C. 
served as instructor, automobile transportation dispatcher. Dis- 
charged June 18. 1919 at Camp Jackson. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 15^ 

KISTLER, Chas: S., 23, Chicago, Clerical, son of Mr. and Mr<=. 
A. A. Kistler, Akron, entered service June 28, 1917 at Chicago. Pro- 
moted priate to corporal to Sgt. 1st CI., Master Signal Electrician, 
Co. A, 314th Field Signal Battalion. Sailed June 11, 1918 with 89th 
Div. In St. Mihiel offensive and Meuse-Argonne. Mustered out 
June 12, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

KINDIG, Vernon, 21, Akron, laborer, son of Orvil and Alfaretta 
Kindig, entered service June 20, 1917 at Warsaw, Ind., trained at Ft. 
Benj. Harrison and Camp Mills, promoted private to wagoner Supply 
Co., 150th F. A. Rainbow Div. Sailed Oct. 17, 1917 and participated 
in following actions: Lunneville Feb. 25 to May 22, 1918; Baccarat 
May 30 to June 30; Champagne-Marne defense July 10 to 18; Aisne- 
Marne oft'ensive July 25 to Aug. 11 ; St. Mihiel Sept. 12 to 16; Argonne 
Sept. 30 to Nov. 11. Discharged May 9, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

KERN, Frank AVilliam, 21, Athens, prop, auto bus line, entered 
service Oct. 24, 1918, trained at Camps Polk and Greene, promoted 
private to Sgt., Co. B, 308th Bn., Tanks Corps, R. A. Discharged 
Jan. 6, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

KOPP, Ernest L., 17, Kewanna, student, son of Daniel and 
Sarah Kopp. Entered service April 12, 1917. Trained at Ft. Con- 
stitution, N. H. and Ft. Adams, R. I. Sailed July 17, 1918 and became 
part of Battery B, 66th Artillery, C. A. C. Mustered out March 21, 
1919, at Camp Sherman, Ohio. 

KOPP, Daniel, Jr., 19, Kewanna, hardware clerk, son of Daniel 
and Sarah Kopp. Entered service at Columbus, Ohio, April 17, 1917. 
Trained at Camp Kelly, Texas and becocme chauffeur in 496th Aero 
Squadron. Sailed Aug. 23, 1917 and served as automobile driver for 
496th Aero Squadron. Discharged May 10, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

KISSINGER, Herschal, 25, Rochester, painter, son of Harry and 
Olive Kissinger, entered service July 6, 1917 at Toledo, O., trained at 
Camps Perry, Sheridan and Jackson. Made First Class private and 
served as supply accountant Co. C, 112th Field Signal Bn. Clustered 
out Feb. 11, 1919 at Camp Jackson. 

KING, Milo S., 25, Rochester, farmer, son of Joseph V. and 
Anna S. King, entered service with the French Army April 1, 1917 
at Paris, France and with the American Army, Oct. 3, 1917 at Vass- 
ney, France. Served with the 6th French Army in June on the 
Chemin des Dames, and with the French 66th Div. Chasseurs in the 
attack and counter attack on the Chemin des Dames in July. With 



156 THE WORLD WAR 

the same in the attack on the Malmaison Fort, Oct. 17 to 26th, 1917. 
In 1918 working on all units during the retreat and advance on the 
Marne, lasting from May 1st to Sept. 30. With the 2nd Div. Maro- 
caine Oct. 18th to 31st on the Champagne. Mustered out May 10, 
1918. 

KESTNER, George William, 31, Rochester, laborer, son of 
Henry and Matilda Kestner, entered service at Rochester, April 25, 
1918, trained at Camps Forrest, Gordon, Merrick, Thomas and Ogle- 
thorpe. Private Co. A, 6th Regt., 52nd Inf. Sailed Oct. 27, 1918. 
Mustered out Feb. 13, 1919 at Camp Gordon. 

KEEL, Carl Byron, 22, Rochester, auditor, son of Chas. B. and 
Mary E. Keel, entered service Jan. 16, 1918, at Rochester, trained at 
Camp Hancock, San Antonio Arsenal and Raritan Arsenal, Sergeant 
Ordinance, 6th Co. Discharged Dec. 13, 1918 at Camp Hancock. 

LARGE, Andrew C, 18, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
John A. Large, entered service April 14, 1917 at Rochester, trained 
at Forts Constitution and Adams, made private first class and served 
as assistant cook, 4th Co. Coast Defenses. Sailed July 19, 1918 with 
Bat. A, 66th C. A. C. Sent to hospital Oct. 17, 1918 with influenza 
and there when armistice was signed. Discharged March 21, 1919 at 
Camp Sherman. 

LONG, Worth W., 19, Akron, student, son of John H. and Rosa 
A. Long, entered service Feb. 15, 1917 at Columbus, O., trained, at Ft. 
Totten, N. Y., and Ft. Adams, N. J. Promoted private to corporal 
and served as observer. Sailed Aug. 15, 1917 with Bat. B, 44th C. A. 
C. Served as observer overseas. In Lorraine sector, Champagne, and 
St. Mihiel April 1918 to Nov. 11, 1918. Mustered out March 14, 1918 
at Ft. Totten, N. Y. 

LONG, Ernest W., 23, Akron, mechanic, son of Mrs. T. J. 
Burkett, entered service June 2, 1917 at Warsaw, Ind., trained at 
Camp Shelby, made first class private Bat. D, 137th F. A. Sailed Oct. 
6, 1918. Mustered out Jan. 14, 1919 at Indianapolis. 

LANTZ, Ernest, 25, Akron, railroad construction, son of Joseph 
H. and Ida L. Lantz, entered service Aug. 5, 1918 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Syracuse, N. Y. and Camp Stuart, made 1st cl. private, 59th Co. 
Inf., 15th Bn. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 157 

LOWMAN, Jesse L., 32, Patton, Cal., nurse, son of Richard and 
Mary Jane Lowman, Rochester. Entered service July 12, 1918, at St. 
T.ouis, trained at Ft. Hancock, promoted from private to corporal, 
served as gunner with 5th Trench Motor. Sailed Sept. 13, 1918. 
ISIustered out Feb. 3, 1918 at Columbus, Ohio. 

LOUDERBACK, L. V., 24, Rochester, student, entered service 
Sept. 1, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Taylor, assigned to Battery A, 
325th F. A. Promoted private to Chief Mechanic to 2nd Lt., to 1st 
Lt. Asst. Adjutant, 1st Regt. F. A. R. D. Camp Jackson to Oct 24, 
1918, Adjutant, to Feb. 5, 1919. Discharged Feb. 5, 1919 at Camp 
Jackson. 

LACKEY, Hiram Silas, 31, Rochester, steel worker, son of 
Andrew and Angeline Lackey, entered service June 27, 1918 |at 
Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor, promoted to corporal. Vocational 
Co. A, Indianapolis. Discharged Dec. 13, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 

. MARTIN, Floyd, 31, Hammond, Ind., teamster, son of James T. 
and Sarah C. Martin. Entered service May 24, 1918 at Hammond, 
trained at Camp Jackson, served as wagoner 314th Cavalry. Muster- 
ed out Jan. 4, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

MYERS, August A., 22, Leiters Ford, herdsman, son of John J. 
and Lyda A. Myers. Entered service May 24, 1918 at Kentland, Ind., 
trained at Camp Taylor, promoted to first class private and served as 
bayonet instructor and runner, Co. I, 126th Inf. Sailed August 6,1918, 
served as Leozoneman. In Meuse-Argonne offensive and with 
American Army of Occupation in Germany. Mustered out May 29, 
1919 at Camp Sherman, Ohio. 

MURPHY, Russel D., 20, Rochester, farmer, son of Alpheus and 
Clara Murphy, entered service Sept. 12, 1918 at Purdue University, 
Private 2nd Co. S. A. T. C. Mustered out Dec. 19, 1918 at Purdue. 

MILLER, Hanford, 24, married, Rochester, laborer, son of 
Edward and Anna Miller, entered service Oct. 2, 1917 at Ft. Dodge, 
Iowa, trained at Camp Pike and Brooklyn, N. Y., private worked at 
guarding ships. Mustered out March 13, 1919. » 

McCLUNG, William P., 31, Rochester, farmer, entered service 
July 18, 1918 at Lewiston, Mont., trained San Francisco Presidio. 
Private 51st Co., C. A. C. Mustered out May 24, 1919 at Camp Fre- 
mont, Cal. 



158 THE WORLD WAR 

McCLUNG, Arthur, Rochester, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at 
Rochester, trained at Camp McArthur and Camp Taylor, private 
Bat. C. 21st F. A., 5th Div. Mustered out April 27, 1919 at Camp 
McArthur, Texas. 

MURPHY, Benjamin, 29, Rochester, motor adjuster, son of 
Alpheus and Clara Murphy, entered service March 12, 1918 at Roches- 
ter, trained at Columbus, O., and Portland, Me., promoted private to 
vagoner. Bat. D, 72nd Regt. Sailed Aug. 6, 1918 and did motor ad- 
justing with 35th Brigade. Discharged April 17, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

MOORE, Daniel M., 19, Athens, railroader, son of John and 
Flaura Moore, entered service Aug. 3, 1917 at Mankato, Minn., train- 
ed at Camp Jefferson, Ft. Bliss, Texas, and Columbus, N. M., 1st CI. 
Private R. A., Sailed Jan. 4, 1918. Still in service. 

MOORE, Benjamin Franklin, 26, married, Rochester, railroad, 
son John A. and Flaura Moore, entered service June 15, 1918 at Peru, 
Ind., trained at Camp Jackson, private 161 R. R. Transportation. 
Sailed Oct. 28, 1918 with 28th Automatic Replacement Regt. Dis- 
charged July 9, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

MILLER, Hanford H., 24, married, Rochester, laborer, son of 
Edwin and Anna Miller, entered service Oct. 2, 1917 at Sioux City, 
Iowa, trained at Camps Dodge and Pike, private Co. A. 350th Regt. 
Discharged March 13, 1919, at Brooklyn, N. Y. 

MATTHEWS, Leroy Ellsworth, 22, Tiosa. farmer, son of 
Stephen D. and Julia A. Matthews, entered service March 29, 1918 
at Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor and Washington Barracks, 
private Co. F, 108th Engineers. Sailed July 14, 1918. In action 
Y^illers-Buttenaug Aug. 8, 1918; Baes de Forges Sept. 26; Lonsivey 
Oct. 8, Bancourt Nov. 11. Mustered out June 4, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 

MIKESELL, Omer Harrison, 24, married. Oak Park, 111., postal 
clerk, son of Mr. and Mrs. John W. Mikesell, Newcastle, entered ser- 
vice July 31, 1918 at Oak Park, trained at Camp Jackson, made 1st 
cl. private and qualified as gunner 3 in. piece. Bat. B. 117th F. A. 56th 
Brigade. Sailed Oct. 13, 1918 with Dixie Division. Mustered out 
Ian. 14, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 159 

MARSH, Marion A., 21, Athens, farmer, son of James A. and 
Henrietta Marsh, entered service Sept. 31, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Camp Knox, promoted to private 1st CI., served as gun pointer 
and cannoneer. 72nd F. A. Mustered out Feb. 24. 1919 at Camp Knox. 

MARRIOTT, \'irgil K., 20, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank Marriott, entered service Oct. 11, 1918 at Purdue Univer- 
sity, private Co. 3, S. A. T. C, did surveying and map drawing. Dis- 
charged Dec. 19, 1918 at Purdue. 

MAHONEY, James Dennis, 21, Rochester, telephone lineman, 
son of William and Pearl Mahoney, entered service Aug. 14, 1918 
at Rochester, trained at Cincinnatti, O., and Pittsburg, Pa., private. 
Mustered out Jan. 14, 1919. 

MOW, Charles Clyde, 30, Rochester, farmer, son of M. L. and 
Eva L. Mow. entered service April 26, 1918, trained at Camp Taylor 
and Washington Barracks, made private 1st CI., 28th Div. Engineers. 
Sailed Sept. 1. 1918 with Co. B, 103rd Reg. Engrs. In Battle of Thia- 
court Oct. 10 to Nov. 11. Discharged May 19, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

MILLER, Wilhelm H. A., 24, Tiosa. farmer, son of Fred B. and 
Caroline Miller, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, trained 
at Camp Taylor and West Point. Private and first aid in hospital. 
325th F. A. Sailed Sept. 9, 1918. Mustered out March 1, 1919 at 
Camp Sherman. 

MEEK, James Harold, 25. Tiosa. mechanic, son of Loren and 
Jessie Meek, entered service July 31. 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Syracuse, N. Y., Astoria, L. I., and Lake Hurst, N. J., promoted from 
private to sergeant and helped to test gasses. Co. A, First Gas Regt. 
Mustered out June 14. 1919. Lake Hurst, N. J. 

MARSHALL, Roljert Claude. 23. Rochester, farmer and teacher, 
son of George W. and Lydia L. Marshall, entered service March 13, 
1918 at Rochester, trained at Ft. Moultrie and Camp Eustis, promoted 
to Corporal, 77th Co. C. A. C. Sailed Oct. 21, 1918 with Headquarters 
Co. 45th Regt. 1st Army. Mustered out April 10, 1919. at Camp 
Taylor. 

MADLEM, Harland T., 24, Akron, farmer, son of Jacob T. and 
Martha Ann Madlem. entered service Dec. 2. 1917 at Indianapolis, 
trained at Camp Custer, Jefferson Barracks, Chanute Field, Hamp- 
stead Field and Cormack Field, promoted private to 1st CI. Chaufifeur. 
268th Aero Squadron. Sailed July 16, 1918 and served as chauffeur 
overseas. Mustered out Dec. 22, 1918 at Camp Sherman. 



160 THE WORLD WAR 

MARTIN, Cloyd, 30, Leiters Ford, laborer, son of James T. and 
Sarah Martin, entered service March 15, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Camp Severn and at Edgew^ood, Md. Private, Ordnance Dept., 
Co. D., 1st Bat. Still in government service at Edgewood, Md. 

MOORE, Norman Clair, 18, Akron, student, son of Lee and Cora 
Moore, entered service Oct. 1, 1918 at Indiana University. Trained 
there, private S. A. T. C. Mustered out Dec. 21, 1918. 

MEREDITH, Russel Sage, 23, Akron, mechanic, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Henry L. Meredith, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, 
trained at Camp Taylor, private Bat. B, 325th F. A., 89th Div. Dis- 
charged Aug. 19, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 

MEREDITH, Donal D., 21, Akron, stenographer, son of Henry 
and Viola Meredith, entered service Nov. 12, 1917 at Denver, Colo., 
trained U. S. N. training station, San Francisco. Promoted apprentice 
seaman to quartermaster, 3rd class, to quartermaster, 2nd class. Still 
in service. 

MILLS, Nathaniel Russell, 25, Kevvanna, salesman, son of L. C. 
and Rachael Mills. Entered service June 3, 1917 at Ft. Wayne, Ind. 
Trained at Ft. Ogelthorpe, Camp Fremont and Ft. Sill. Served as 
Asst. Reg. Supply Sergeant, Troop G, 23rd Cav. U. S. A. Supply Co. 
81st F. A, Mustered out Dec. 20, J918 at Louisville, Ky. 

McCOY, Walter A., 27, Dallas, Texas, machinist, son of James 
and Julia McCoy, Kewanna. Entered service March 25, 1918 at 
Detroit, Mich. Entered as private, 868th Aero Squadron, promoted 
to Sergeant April 1, 1918 and to 1st Class Sgt. June 11, 1918. Worked 
as machinist and at aviation repairs. Discharged Jan. 25, 1919. 

MOGLE, Hubert Eldon, 27, Rochester, teacher, son of Charles 
W. and Iva L. Mogle, entered service May 25, 1918, trained at Camp 
Taylor, promoted from private to corporal to 2nd Lt., and did person- 
nel work with 20th Co., 159th Regt., D. P. Brigade. Mustered out at 
Camp Gordon, Nov. 30, 1918. 

MOORE, Robert Paul, 22, Rochester, accountant, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank F. Moore, entered service Sept. 1, 1918, at Camp Gordon. 
Ga., assigned to 19th Co., Central Officers Training School, commis- 
sined 2nd Lt., Inf., Off. Reserve Corps Nov. 30, 1918, when he was 
discharged and placed on reserved list. 



i 



BOYS IN KHAKI 161 

MOGLE, Everett Dale, 25, Rochester, miner, son of Charles and 
Iva Mogle, entered service April 12, 1918, trained at Ft. Monroe, 
Hampton Roads and Great Lakes. Promoted to fireman. Served as 
Engineer on Admiral's barge and on U. S. S. Missouri and Wisconsin. 
Still in service. 

MITCHELL, Robert Corletus, 19, Rochester, plumber, son of 
Mrs. Charles Fulkerson, entered service June 17, 1917 at Warsaw, 
Ind., trained at Ft. Harrison and Camp Shelby. Did plumbing and 
line work with Battery F, 124th F. A. Sailed June 12, 1918. In 
battles at St. Mihiel, Argonne and Meuse-Argonne. Gassed at Mt. 
Foncone Oct. 2, and wounded at Verry Oct. 12. With A. of O. in 
Germany. Mustered out June 6, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

MILLER, Walter W., 22, Rochester, electrical inspector, son of 
Archie B. and Lydia A. Miller, entered service May 28, 1917 at 
Chicago, trained at U. S. Naval Academy, made ensign, served on 
U. S. Cruiser Vermont and U. S. Dreadnaught Arkansas. Still in 
service. 

MILLER, Raymond Frederick, 20, Rochester, mail carrier, son 
of Vincent and Anna Miller, entered service Oct. 12, 1918, private 
Co. I, U. S. Inf., S. A. T..C. Purdue. Discharged Dec. 19, 1918 at 
Purdue University. 

MILLER, Lucius C. E., 18, Rochester, electrical inspector, son 
of Archie B. and Lydia A. Miller, entered service May 28, 1917 at 
Chicago, trained at Great Lakes. Served on U. S. S. Louisiana, pro- 
moted from apprentice seaman to coxswain and gun pointer. Now 
on U. S. S. Edellyn. 

METZ, Jack, 17, Rochester, cigar maker, son of Orton and Versa 
Metz, entered service May 15, 1916, trained at Marathon, Texas, pro- 
moted private to corporal Troop C, 8th Cavalry. Discharged June 
1919. 

McMAHAN, Patrick, 31, married, Rochester, farmer, son of John 
B. and Rebecca McMahan, entered service Oct. 16, 1918 at Rochester. 
Candidate Officers Training School, Camp Taylor. Mustered out 
Dec. 2, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 

McMAHAN, John L., 25, Rochester, bank teller, son of John B. 
and Rebecca McMahan, entered service Sept. 27, 1918 at Rochester. 
Candidate and instructor O. T. C, 14th Observation Bn. 3rd Tr. Bn. 
Discharged Nov. 27, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 



162 ' THE WORLD WAR 

McMAHAN, James I., 21, Rochester, student, son of John B. 
and Rebecca McMahan, entered service Sept. 4, 1917, promoted 
private to 1st Lt., instructor O. T. C, head of fire discipline, Camp 
Taylor. Discharged Nov. 30, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 

McKEE, Brant R., 25, Rochester, letter carrier, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Albert McKee, entered service April 26, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Purdue University. Promoted from private to wagoner to 
corporal. Hdq. Det., Motor Bn., 315th Am. Tn. Sailed July 6, 1918 
and served as chauffeur. Mustered out June 20. 1919, at Camp Taylor. 

McINTIRE, Lowell B., 25, married, Rochester, cement worker, 
son of Daniel and Effie Mclntire, entered service Sept. 1917 at Roch- 
ester, trained at Camp Taylor, promoted private to corporal to 
sergeant, Co. A, 325th Regt. Sailed Sept. 1918. 

McCARTY, William Lee, 19, married, Rochester, farmer, enter- 
ed service April 18, 1917 at Columbus, Ohio, trained on Mexican 
border, made first class private, Co. F, 30th Inf. Sailed Sept. 18, 1917. 
.In battles on Toul sector March 17 to May 14, 1918; Chateau Thierry 
June 1 to July 19 ; Soissons July 24 to 28, Marbach sector Aug. 9 to 
24; St. Mihiel Sept! 9 to 13 ; Champaigne Sept. 30 to Oct. 6. Wounded 
by shrapnel on Oct. 6, 1918, and remo.ved to Base Hospital 15, 
Shaumount, France. Discharged March 18, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

MASTERSON, Orange Lee, 22, Rochester, clerk, son of William 
and Anna Masterson, entered service May 29, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Taylor, Greenleaf and Sherman. Private. Sailed Oct. 29, 
1918 with Medical Corps, Evac. Hosp. Hosp. 28. Still in service. 

MASTERSON, Alvin McKinley, 23, Rochester, electrician, son 
of William and Anna Masterson, entered service April 23, 1917 at Ft. 
Wayne, Ind. Sailed Aug. 6, 1917, with 1st Trench Mortar Battery, 1st 
Div. Gassed Feb. 26, 1918. 

MURTHA, George, 22, Kewanna, farmer, son of John and Julia 
Murtha, entered service Aug. 22, 1918 at Camp Dodge, Iowa. Private 
and served as teamster Co. 19, 163rd Depot Brigade. Mustered out 
June 27, 1919 at Camp Dodge. 

MILLER, Chas. A., 31, Kewanna, farmer, son of Jacob E. and 
Mary T. Miller, entered service April 25, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Camps Taylor and Mills and at Washington Barracks, private Co. 
B, 103rd Engineers. Sailed August 29, 1918. Mustered out May 19, 
1919, at Camp Sherman. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 163 

MARONEY, John T., 22, Kewanna, farmer, son of John and 
Marg Maroney, entered service Sept. 4, 1918 at Kewanna, trained at 
Camp Knox, private, 72nd F. A. Mustered out Jan. 30, 1919 at Camp 
Knox. 

MURRAY, George R., 22, Grass Creek, student Purdue Uni., en- 
tered service June 4, 1918, recruit, Coast Artillery, trained at Fort 
Caswell, 11th Co., C. A. C, promoted from corporal to sergeant. 
Mustered out Dec. 17, 1918 at Camp Sherman. 

MEYER, Herman Anthony, 22, Kewanna, farmer, son of Charles 
and Magdalena Meyer, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Camps Taylor and Jackson, Private, 13th Co., 4th Training 
Bn., 159th Depot Brigade. Mustered out Jan. 2, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 
* 

MURTHA, Joseph, 29, Stockton, Cal., son of John and Julia 
Murtha, Wayne tp., entered service April 6, 1918 at Stockton, Cal.. 
trained at Great Lakes and Pelham Bay, N. Y. Promoted private to 
sergeant. Served on troop transport. Still in service. 

MILLER, Earl, 26, Kewanna, farmer, son of Jacob E. and Mary 
T. Miller, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, trained at West 
Point, Ky. Private and mechanic Battery A, 325th F. A. Sailed 
Sept. 8, 1918 with Lincoln Division. Mustered out March 1, 1919 at 
Camp Sherman. 

MORPHET, William L., 23, Grass Creek, student, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. William M. Morphet, entered service Aug. 14, 1918 at Camp 
Grant, 111., trained at Ft. Benj. Harrison. In Y. M. C. A. work until 
May 1, 1919 when transferred to Medical Department U. S. Army as 
Reconstruction Aide. Mustered out Aug. 15, 1919. 

MILLER, Calvert Roscoe, 20, Fulton, electrician, son of Clinton 
F. and Ida Miller, entered service June 4, 1917, trained at Ft. Thomas, 
promoted from Private to Non-Commissioned Officer, with Co. F. 3rd 
Engineers. Sailed July 20, 1917. Yet in service in Panama. 

MARTIN, Harvey P., 27, Fulton, garage mechanic, son of Frank 
A. and Mary Ellen Martin, entered service May 24, 1919 at Rochester 
trained at Camps Taylor and Johnston, promoted from Private to 
Corporal, 415 M. S. T. 455 M. T. Co. (3rd corps.) Sailed Aug. 14, 
1919, mechanic and truck driver, in battles of St. Mihiel and Meuse- 
Argonne. Mustered out Aug. 12, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 



'164 THE WORLD WAR 

MEYER, Omer John, 22, Ft. Wayne, married, stock clerk, son 
of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Meyers, Fulton, entered service June 10, 1918 
at Great Lakes, 111., Musician, traveled with band on Liberty Loans, 
] 1th Reg. Band. Mustered out Dec. 23, 1918 at Great Lakes, Illinois. 

McCALL, Ernest Hazen, 20, Rochester, printer, son of Lewis B. 
and Elma F. McCall. Entered service Sept. 11, 1917, trained at Camp 
Greene and Camp Mills. Sailed Nov. 27, 1917 with Co. B, 116th 
Engineers, transferred after landing in France to Co. E, 1st Engineers. 
Private. In St. Mihiel, Soissons, Argonne-Meuse offensives. With 
Army of Occupation in Germany. Mustered out Sept. H, 1919 at 
Tacoma, Wash. 

NOYES, Lucius Vernon,^ 24, married, Rochester, butcher, enter- 
ed service April 1918 at Warsaw, Ind., trained at Camp Shelby, made 
cook, Co. H, 3rd Ind. Inf. Sailed Sept. 28, 1918 and served as cook 
overseas. Discharged Jan. 15, 1919 at New York. 

NELSON, Kenneth, Akron, entered service June 27, 1917 at Ft. 
Wayne, Ind., trained at Camp Custer, Camp Morse, Ft. Leavenworth, 
Kan. Made Sergeant, prom.oted to 2nd Lt., Signal Corps. Sailed 
July 15, 1918, transferred to 402nd Telegraph Battalion and on duty 
in charge of telegraph office at Nevers, France until Sept. 24, trans- 
ferred to 416th Tr. Bn. and stationed at St. Nazaire, moved to Tours. 
Promoted to 1st Lt. Sept. 29 and was placed at LeMans on Oct. 6 as 
superintendent of telegraph and telephone of Tours-Brest railroad. 
Remained in this position until Jan. 23, 1919. Discharged April 6, 
1919 at Camp Sherman. 

NOFTSGER, Charles Benjamin, 18, Loyal, son of Bennie E. and 
Ida Noftsger, entered service Feb. 12, 1918 at Columbus, O., trained 
at Kelly Field and Camp Wise, promoted private to cook, 57th 
Balloon Co. Mustered out Dec. 17, 1918 at Camp Morrison, Va. 

NYE, Clifford V., 21, Akron, farmer, married, son of Gilbert S. 
and Ida B. Nye, entered service July 17, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Camp Sheridan, promoted private to corporal and served as truck 
driver with Co. E, Motor Supply Train 429. 

NYE, Robert C, Akron, farmer, son of Gilbert S. and Ida B. 
Nye, entered service Oct. 1918 at Chicago, trained at Camp Greene, 
promoted private to corporal Co. A, 307th Battalion, Tank Corps. 
Discharged Jan. 5, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 165 

NEWELL, IVIanford A., 24, Athens, cook, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Robert Newell, entered service Sept. 5, 1917 at Rochester. Trained 
at Camp Taylor, promoted to Sgt. Sailed Sept. 9, 1918 with Bat. B, 
325th F. A. Mustered out Feb. 15, 1919. 

NELLANS, Charles Thomas, 23, Rochester, physician, son of 
Ami B. and Amanda E. Nellans, entered service Oct. 1917 at Chicago, 
trained at Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago. Private. Mustered out 
Dec. 11, 1918 at Chicago. 

NEHER, Truman V., 22, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
John A. Neher, entered service April 25, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Camps Taylor and Foote, private Co. B, 1st Replacement Engineers. 
Sailed Sept. 1, 1918, Co. B., 103rd Engrs. 28th Div. In Thiacourt 
sector Oct. 15 to Nov. 11. Mustered out May 19, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 

NEHER, Russel R., 24, Rochester, truck driver, son of John A. 
and Elizabeth Neher, entered service April 2, 1918, trained at Fort 
Wadsworth, promoted private to wagoner, Bat. A, 70th F. A. Sailed 
June 13, 1918, served as truck driver and was in American ofifensives 
for two months. Discharged March 12, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

NICKELS, George Herman, 21, Grass Creek, farmer, son of 
Walter F. and Alice E. Nichols, entered service Oct. 12, 1918, at 
Rochester, trained at Valparaiso, Ind., and Interlaken, promoted from 
Private to Corporal, Students Army Training Corps. Mustered out 
D-ec. 11, 1918. 

O'BLENIS, Clem Henry, 26, Rochester, farmer, son of William 
C. and Rosalba O'Blenis, entered service May 24, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Camp Taylor and Camp Devens, private 17th Co. 5th 
Depot Brigade. Mustered out Jan. 16, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

O'BLENIS, Milton Ray, 21, Rochester, farmer, son of William 
C. and Rosalba O'Blenis, entered service at Columbus Barracks, O., 
March 7, 1918, trained at Ft. Monroe. Private 12th Regt., C. A. C. 
Mustered out Jan. 21, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

O'CONNELL, Clarence E., 21, Leiters Ford, farmer, son of 
Mr. and Mrs. Jack O'Connell, entered service Sept. 3, 1918, trained 
at Camps Taylor and Knox. Promoted to first class private. Artillery, 
24th Regt., 8th Div. Discharged Jan. 31, 1919 at Camp Knox. 



166 THE WORLD WAR 

O'DELL, John Gilbert, 23, Rochester, farmer, entered service 
Sept. 21, 1917 at Rochester, trained at West Point, Ky., promoted to 
Sgt, Bat. E, 325th F. A. Sailed Sept. 8, 19l8 with Lincoln Division. 
Mustered out March 1, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

OVERMYER, Leroy, 23, Leiters Ford, farmer, son of Boyd 
and Rosa Overmyer, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, 
trained at Taylor, Seviere and Camp Jackson, private first class and 
did telephone work with Headquarters Co., 115th F. A. Sailed March 
4, 1914, did telephone work and participated in all American drives 
overseas. Mustered out April 18, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

OVERMYER, William M., 21, married, Leiters Ford, teacher- 
larmer, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Overmyer, entered service Sept. 
21, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor, made horseshoer. 
Bat. A, 325th F. A. Sailed Sept. 9, 1918, and did horseshoeing 
overseas. Mustered out March 1, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

OWENS, Robert Foster, 29, Rochester, telephone lineman, son 
of Robert and Sarah Owens, entered service Feb. 22, 1916 at Colum- 
bus, O., with Company D, 16th Inf. On International Bridge between 
El Paso, Texas and Juarez, Mexico when war was declared. Em- 
barked with 16th at Hoboken, N. J., June 11th, 1917, paraded with 
2nd Battalion in Paris on 4th of July, went into training at Gonde- 
court on the Marne. Served in Toul sector through January and 
February 1918, with the French on Picardy front in April, received 
shell wound May 31, 1918, back on the Toul front on Sept. 12, and 
with the Meuse-Argonne offensive and with the American Army of 
Occupation in Germany. Returned to America Aug. 8, 1919 and 
participated in the Pershing parade in New York. Still in service. 

PERSONETTE, Ivan Murr, 24, married, Rochester, cook, enter- | 
ed service April 21, 1917 at Great Lakes N. T. S. Served as 4th class 
cook. On Transport Virginian, U. S. S. Bushnell and Submarine 
L 9. Discharged Feb. 2, 1919 as 1st CI. Ships Cook, at Chicago. 

PETERSON, Clarence C, 28, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Charles J. Peterson, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, 
trained at Camp Taylor, promoted private to corporal, Battery B, 
325th F. A. 84th Div. Sailed April 9, 1918 and assigned to 5th 
Battery, F. A. Replacement Regiment. Mustered out July 29, 1919 
at Camp Taylor. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 167 

PETERSON, Boyd, 21, Rochester, farmer, son of Charles J 
and Katy M. Peterson, entered service Oct. 1, 1918 at Bloomington, 
private Co. B, 41st Inf. S. A. T. C. Mustered out Dec. 21, 1918 at 
Bloomington. 

PETERSON, Marvin Earl, 27, Rochester, laborer, son of Oscar 
and Sarah Peterson, entered service E>ec. 11, 1917 at South Bend, 
trained at Ft. Thomas and Camp Taylor, promoted private to 
corporal to motor mechanic, 3rd Co. 3rd Rgt. Sailed July 4, 1918 
and served in air service in France. Discharged July 1919. 

PETERSON, Guy, 28, Rochester, laborer, son of Oscar and 
Sarah Peterson, entered service March 1, 1918 at South Bend, train- 
ed at Ft. Thomas, promoted private to corporal to sergeant, served 
as photographer and connected with General Hospital 42. Still in 
service. 

PERSONETT, Kenneth \^ane, 23, Akron, electrician, son of 
Ulysses and Rose Personett, entered service June. 27, 1917, trained 
at Camp Taylor, promoted private to cadet, 31st Training Battery, 
F. A. C. O. T. S. Mustered out Nov. 26, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 

PETERSON, Marvin E.. 26, Rochester, rubber worker, son of 
Oscar and Sarah Peterson, entered service Dec. 9, 1917 at South Bend.- 
trained at Ft. Thomas, promoted private to corporal, 3rd Company 
Mechanic Aviation Section, Regular Army. Sailed July 4, 1918, 
served as an aviator in France and took part in many air raids over 
German lines. Still in service. 

POLEN, William, Jr., 29, Kewanna, mechanic. Entered service 
October 4, 1917 at Rochester. Trained at Camp Taylor. Assigned to 
Battery B, 325th F. A. 84th Div. Embarked from Hoboken. N. J., 
Sept. 9, 1918. Discharged Feb. 13, 1919. 

POLEN, Vause. 34, Kewanna, Mgr. Dept. Store, married, son of 
AVilliam and Maria Polen. Entered service June 21, 1917 at Harris- 
burg, Pa. Trained at Camp Taylor. Served as Cook and Acting 
Mess Sergeant. Headquarters Co. F. A. R. D. Discharged Feb. 14, 
1919 at Camp Taylor. 

PALMER, Oswald, 22 Tiosa, farmer. Entered service March 
28, 1918 at Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor, private Co. A. 111th 
Regt. 28th Div. Sailed May 5, 1918, trained at Boovelingham, France. 
In battle of Chateau Thierry, wounded and in hospitals at Paris, St. 
Nazaire and Blois. Discharged Jan. 16, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 



168 THE WORLD WAR 

PHILLIPS, Thomas, Augustus, 26, Tiosa, tobacco moulder, son 
of John T. and Lucy A. Phillips, entered service July 18, 1917 at St. 
Louis, Mo., trained at Paris Island and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. 
Private Co. E. 13th Marines. Sailed Sept. 13, 1918 for skirmish duty 
in Cuba and France. Mustered out August 13, 1919 at Hampton 
Roads, Va. 

PASSWATER, George, 18, Kewanna, farmer, entered service 
Ad^arch 4, 1917 at Ft. Thomas, Ky. Trained at Carlstrom Field, Fla. 
Promoted from private to Sergeant First Class, 118th Aero Squadron. 
Served as pilot on target ship. Still in service. 

PATTON, Benjamin Harrison, 17, Rochester, son of William 
and Pearl Patton, entered service March 15, 1917 at Ft. Thomas, Ky., 
trained at Douglas, Ariz., Chickamauga, Ga., Camp Upton, N. Y. 
Promoted from private to corporal to sergeant, Co. G. 52nd Inf., 6th 
Div. Sailed July 6, 1918, did gas and bayonet work. In battles in 
Geradmer sector, Vosges, Alsace-Lorraine, Meuse-Argonne ofifensive. 
Returned to U. S. June 6, 1919 and still in service. 

PENSINGER, James Walter, 21, Grass Creek, agriculturist, son 
of Warren and Delia Pensinger, entered service Aug. 24, 1917, train- 
ed at Ft. Thomas, Kelly Field, Garden City, promoted from Private 
to Sergeant, 109th Aero Squadron. Sailed Dec. 10, 1917, 803rd 
Aero Squadron and Hdqrs. Detachment, Military Police and Motor 
Transportation, in battle of Chateau Thierry. Mustered out May 24, 
1919 at Camp Sherman, 

PRESSNALL, Earl Halderman, 24, Akron, pharmacist, son of 
Frank and Emma Pressnall, entered service June 16, 1918 at Fort 
Wayne, Ind., trained at Ft. Thomas, Gordon, Taylor, Harrison and 
Sherman. Private and pharmacist Medical Dept., 46th U. S. Inf. 
Mustered out March 8, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

PICKENS, Charles Omer, 20, Delong, farmer, son of Mrs. 
Schuyler Johnson, entered service May 8, 1917 at Rochester, trained 
at Ft. Thomas and Ft. Bliss. Private Med. Dept., 18th F. A., 3rd 
Div. Sailed April 21, 1918. In battles of Marne, St. Mihiel, Meuse- 
Argonne. Wounded Oct. 19, 1918 in the Meuse-Argonne ofifensive. 
Mustered out Aug. 25, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 



I 



BOYS IN KHAKI 169 

POLLEY, Lloyd G., 28, Leiters Ford, railroader, son of George 
W. and Cora M. Policy. Entered service April 25, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Taylor and Washington Barracks. Sailed July 14, 1918 
with Co. E, Reg. 11 Engrs., Div. 36, 1st Army Corps Engineers. Was 
in St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives. Discharged June 12, 
1919 at Camp Sherman. 

RODEN, Harold, 21, Kewanna, laborer, son of Rollie and Emma 
Roden. Entered service Sept. 4, 1918, trained at Camp Taylor, West 
Point and Camp Knox. 70th F. A. Battery E. Mustered out May 
4, 1919 at Camp Knox. 

RIDDLE, George M., 22, Tiosa, teacher, entered service May 24, 
1918 at Rochester, trained at Taylor, Greenleaf, Cape May and Up- 
ton, private and ward master in Base 115. Sailed August 15, 1918 
with Base 115 and did hospital work in France. Mustered out May 
19, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

ROGERS, Lester Clement, 22, married, Rochester, farmer, son 
of M. O. and Myrtle Rogers, entered service June 15, 1918 at Roch- 
ester, trained at Indianapolis, private Co. C, 129th M. G. Bn., 35th 
Div. Truck driver. Sailed Sept. 2, 1918 and trained in France for 
machine gun work. Mustered out May, 19, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

ROGERS, Hobart, 20, Rochester, medical student, son of Jona- 
than P. and Susan A. Rogers, entered service March 18, 1918 at 
Indianapolis, private medical section reserve corps, U. S. A. Muster- 
ed out Dec. 14, 1918 at Indianapolis. 

REISH, Willis H., 22, Leiters Ford, signalman, son of Calvin 
W. and Lizzie E. Reish, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 
Trained there and at Ft. Benjamin Harrison. Private Co. C, 120th 
Engineers. Mustered out Dec. 17, 1919 at Ft. Harrison. 

RHODES, Sumner Jeft'erson, 31, Rochester, carpenter, entered 
service April 22, 1918 at Rochester, trained at Ft. Hamilton and Ft. 
Wadsworth, promoted private first class, Bat. D. 70th C. A. C. Sailed 
July 15, 1918. Mustered out Feb. 22, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

• ROSS, Walter D., 21, Rochester, mechanic, son of William P. 
and Anna A. Ross, entered service Nov. 29, 1917 at Indianapolis, 
trained at Ft. Thomas and Kelly Field, private served as instructor 
Air Service, Mechanical School. Mustered out Feb. 18, 1919 at 
Camp Taylor. 



170 THE WORLD WAR 

ROSS, Heroic! T., 22, Rochester, student, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Omer T. Ross, entered service Jan. 10, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Camps Jackson and Hancock. Promoted from private to Sgt. first 
class. Sailed Aug. 24, 1918. Headquarters First Army Corps, Office 
Chief Ordnance Officer. In Meuse-Argonne offensive. Mustered 
out Aug. 2, 1919 at Camp Mills. 

RUH, Harold Oliver, 33, Cleveland, O., physician, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Alex Ruh, Rochester, entered service May 1917 at Cleveland, 
trained at Allentown, Pa., and Camp Dix, N. J. Sailed May 20, 
1918. Promoted to 1st Lt. to Capt. to Major. Did laboratory work 
Base Hospital 117. Married to Miss Edith Caldwell, Cleveland nurse 
of the Youngstown Unit, Jan. 8, 1919 at Orleans, France. First 
American couple married there. Still in service Central Lab., Hospital 
Center A. P. O. 731. 

ROBBINS, Fred T., 22, Rochester, student, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
C. E. Robbins, entered service Oct. 15, 1917 at Indianapolis, trained 
at Boston, Mass., and made Ensign C. Q. M., in the aviation branch 
of the navy. Sailed Oct. 16, 1918 and did coast patrol and convoying 
from Killingholme, England, on the North Sea. Discharged March 
26, 1919 at Great Lakes. 

RICHMOND, Roy D., 19, Rochester, electrician, son of Charles 
and Lulu Richmond, entered service April 15, 1919 at Rochester, 
trained at Ft. Dupont, promoted to corporal, special positions of ob- 
server, plotter and reader. Battery D., 74th Artillery, C. A. C. Sailed 
Sept. 22, 1918. Mustered out Jan. 8, 1919, Camp Sherman, Ohio. 

RICHARD, Russell B., 18, Rochester, laborer, son of Charles J. 
and M. E. Richard, entered service Dec. 13, 1917 at Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Mo., trained at Camp Johnston, made private of first class and 
did salvage work in 19th Salvage Squad. Sailed June 30, 1918. In 
Vosges defense and Somme drive. Discharged June 30, 1919 at Camp 
Taylor. 

REITER, David Laurimer, 34, Rochester, auto mechanic, son of 
Marion C. and Estelle Reiter, entered service Sept. 21, 1918 at Roch- 
ester, trained at Camps Polk and Green, promoted from private to 
sergeant, Co. C, 308th Bn. Served as tank mechanic. Mustered out 
Jan. 5, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 171 

REES, Myron T., 22, Rochester, student, son of Milton O. and 
Margaret Rees, entered service Oct. 23, 1918 at Camp Taylor. Can- 
didate, 53rd Training Battery, F. A., C. O. T. S. Mustered out Dec. 
2, 1918 at Camp Taylor. 

REES, Charles C, 27, Rochester, horticulture, son of Milton O. 
and Margaret Rees, entered service May 11, 1917 at Ft. Benj. Har- 
rison, after training made Capt. Field Artillery, commanding Battery 
B, 325th F. A. Sailed Sept. 9, 1918. Trained at Camp De Souge, 
France. Mustered out Alarch 3, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

REDMOND, Walter I., 19, Fulton, son of Willis E. and Lillie 
W. Redmond, entered service June 1, 1914 at Monticello, Ind. Train- 
ed at Ft. Harrison and Newport News, Va., promoted from private 
to 1st class private and sergeant. Sailed Feb. 3, 1918, Battery A. 
Ind. 150 Field Artillery, 42nd Div. (Rainbow Division), in battles of 
Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne. Discharged Nov. 
14, 1919 at Camp Dix. 

SWIHART, Frank, Akron, electrician, son of E. L. and Anna M. 
Swihart. Lieutenant. Overseas. No other information furnished. 

SWIHART, Russell Everett, 23, Tiosa, laborer, son of Mrs. Delia 
Markley, entered service July 23, 1918 at Plymouth, trained at Camp 
McClellen, private Co. C, 12th Ammunition Train, 12th Div. Dis- 
charged Feb. 20, 1919. 

STATON, George Jeflferson, 23, Brook, Ind., student, married, 
son of Frank and Elizabeth Staton, Rochester, entered service May 19, 
1918 at Kentland, Ind., trained at Camp Johnston, promoted private 
to Sgt. to Sgt. Major, M. T. C. 441. Sailed with 1st Army Corps 
July 10, 1918 and served as convoy Sgt. and -dispatcher. In action at 
Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel and Argonne. Received seven machine 
gun bullets in right ankle, Aug. 9, 1918 and gassed Sept. 13, 1918. 
Still in service. 

SNYDER, Jesse LeRoy, 21, Rochester, farmer, son of William 
and Elizabeth Snyder, entered service June 4, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Camp Taylor. Private, 13th Inf. R. A. 

SMITH, Grover C, 25, Rochester, mechanic, son' of Marshall and 
Anna Smith, entered service July 2, 1917 at Plymouth, trained at Ft. 
Harrison, promoted private to corporal and served as truck driver 
Co. B, 118th Ammunition Train. Sailed Sept. 1917 and served as 
truck driver. Discharged Aug. 8, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 



172 THE WORLD WAR 

SMITH, Lowell E., 23, Rochester, laborer, son of Julius E. and 
Louisa E. Smith, entered service March 29, 1918 at Kokomo, trained 
at Taylor, Greenleaf and Jackson, private 159th Depot Brigade, R. A. 
Mustered out June 27, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

SAWSON, Earl J., 22, Leiters Ford, farmer, son of Robert and 
Emma Sawson, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at Rochester, trained at 
Camps Taylor and Shelby, private Hdqrs. Troop, 3rd Div. 3rd Army. 
Sailed June 4, 1918, participated in battles of Chemin Des Dames 
June 27 to July 5, 1918; Marne July 15 to 18; Aisne-Marne July 18 to 
August 6; H. P. Aug. 18 to Sept. 6; St. Mihiel Sept. 12 to 16; Meuse- 
Argonne Sept. 26 to Nov. 11. Mustered out Aug. 29, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 

SWANGO, Frank, 26, Rochester, farmer, son of William and 

Harriet Swango, entered service March 12, 1918 at Rochester, trained 

at Ft. Hancock, Camp Eustis and Newport News, private Battery D, 

,.SOth Regt., C. A. C. Sailed Sept. 14, 1918. Mustered out March 5, 

1919 at Camp Sherman. 

SMITH, Noble, 18, Rochester, R. R. ticket agt., son of Marshall 
and Anna Smith, entered service Dec. 2, 1917 at Kokomo, trained at 
Camp Greene, promoted private to corporal to sergeant. Sailed June 
27, 1918 and served as clerk in Hdqrs. Office, 3rd Motor Mechanic .\jr 
Service. Discharged July 12, 1919 at New York. 

SMILEY, Glen, 23, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. and Mrs. Mil- 
ton Smiley, entered service April 8, 1917 at Rochester, trained at 
Ft. Thomas, Ft. Hancock, 3rd O. T. C, Camps Lee, Custer and 
Sherman, promoted private to Sgt., to 2nd Lt., to 1st Lt. Served as 
drill instructor. Mustered out Jan. 31, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

SHELTON, Ray, 23, Rochester, teacher, son of P. Eugene and 
Aletha Shelton, entered service March 28, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Camp Taylor, private Co. A, 111th Inf., 28th Div. Sailed May 5, 
1918. In battle of Chateau Thierry. Gassed and removed to Hospital 
at Contrexville. Discharged April 14, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

SHELTON, Ralph, 22, Rochester, farmer, son of P. Eugene and 
Aletha Shelton, entered service June 23, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Camp McClellan, promoted private to wagoner Supply Co., 35th 
Regt., 12th Div. Mustered out March 8, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 173 

SUTHERLAND, Harry Holden, 24, Rochester, electrician, son 
of Edward H. and Lola M. Sutherland, entered service April 21, 1917 
at Gary, Ind., trained at Camps Jackson, Shelby, Meade and Merritt, 
promoted to corporal, Co. F, 151st Inf. Nat. Guard, trans. Co. A, 1st 
Eng. Sailed March 28, 1918 with 301st Heavy Tank Battalion. In 
Somme offensive Aug. 8, Canal Tunnel Bouey, Sept. 29, Brancourt 
Oct. 8, LaSalle river Oct. 17, Botse L'Eveque Oct. 23 to Nov. 4. 
Mustered out April 9, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

STOCKBERGER, Dennis D., 23, Rochester, hardware dealer, 
son of Joel and Alma A. Stockberger, entered service Sept. 20, 1917 at 
Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor, promoted private to sergeant. 
Had charge of plumbing and heating supply house, Utilities Constr. 
Div. Det. Q. M. C. Discharged March 7, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

STINSON, Max James, 27, Rochester, pipe fitter, son of Mrs. 
Almeda Stinson, entered service June 17, 1918 at Boston, Mass., made 
1st Boatswains Mate and did convoy work. In August 1918 two 
boats in fleet were torpedoed on the same day in the Bay of Biscay, 
the Montana and Westbridge. Montana was sunk. Mustered out 
April 11, 1919 at Hoboken, N. J. 

STETSON, Joia Ray, 20, Rochester, clerk, son of Frank M. and 
Myrtle C. Stetson, entered service Oct. 14, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Camp Purdue, Truck Driver Co. C. Discharged Dec. 14, 1918. 

STERNER, Howard Stanton, 22, Rochester, student, son of 
Frank M. and Elizabeth E. Sterner, entered service Aug. 21, 1917 at 
Ft. Benjamin Harrison, made 1st Lt., Co. A, 335th Regt., 89th Div. 
Sailed June 4, 1918 and served as Assistant Division Adjutant. Mus- 
tered out August 4, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

STEFFEY, Ernest, 23, Rochester, barber, son of Frank and 
Almina Steffey, entered service Dec. 3. 1917 at Elkhart, Ind., trained 
at Ft. Thomas, Ft. Wood and Camp Gray. Promoted private to 
Sgt., Depot Co. H, Signal Corps. Discharged March 15, 1919 at 
Atlanta, Ga. 

STANLEY, John Allen, 34, married, Rochester, truck driver, 
son of Frank and Ada Stanley, entered service June 22, 1918 at 
Rochester, trained at Jefferson Barracks, Ft. Totten, Ft. Monroe and 
Camp Eustis. Made Sgt., C. A. C, 41st Brigade. Served as in- 
structor in auto school. Mustered out Dec. 22. 1918 at Camp Sherman. 



174 THE WORLD WAR 

STACY, Russell Maddux, 20, Rochester, student, son of William 
H. and Ida V. Stacy, entered service OctT'12, 1918 at Purdue Univer- 
sity. Private Co. 2, U. S. Inf. S. A. T C. Mustered out Dec. 19, 1918 
at Purdue. 

SOWERS, William H., 21, Rochester, electrician, son of Win- 
field S. and Nattie Sowers, entered service July 21, 1917 at Ft. Wayne, 
Ind., trained at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan. Private, promoted to corporal, 
to sergeant, Co. C, 5th Field Battalion, served as lineman in Signal 
Corps. Sailed Feb. 1, 1918, saw active service in battles of Chateau 
Thierry June 4 to July 30, St. Mihiel Sept. 10 to 14, Meuse-Argonne 
Sept. 6 to Oct. 29. On Nov. 16, started on march to Rhine and arrived 
Dec. 10, 1918. Mustered out August 30, 1919. 

SNYDER, Arthur, 21, Rochester, locomotive fireman, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Joseph Snyder, entered service Sept. 19, 1917 at Rochester, 
trained at Camp Taylor, promoted private to corporal. Bat. B, 120th 
F. A. Sailed April 8, 1918, participated in battles Haute-Alsace June 
8 to July 10; Aisne-Marne, July 11 to Sept. 22; Oise-Aisne Sept. 23 to 
31; Ourcq Sept. 31 to Oct. 10; Meuse-Argonne Oct. 10 to Nov. 7. 
Mustered out May 21, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

SMITH, Gerald Percy, 24, Rochester, banking, son of Omar B. 
and Lelia C. Smith, entered service at Ft. Benj. Harrison, May 13, 
1917, trained at Camp Taylor, Camp Johnston and Zone Supply 
Office, Washington, D. C. Commissioned 2nd Lt., promoted to 1st 
Lt., Aug. 8, 1918, officer in charge of Sales and Issue Branch, Depot 
Quartermaster, Washington, D. C, charge of Washington Commis- 
sary and Commanding Officer, Detachment Q. M. Corps, 12th and E. 
streets, Washington, D. C. Mustered out March 7, 1919, Washington. 

SHRIVER, Everett E., 27, married, Rochester, accountant, son 
of Oliver and Rose B. Shriver, entered service July 1, 1917, promoted 
private to corporal and did clerical work with Hdq. Det., 2nd Regt., 
164th Depot Brigade. Mustered out Dec. 8, 1918, at Camp Funston, 
Kansas. 

SHRIVER, Charles Edward, 17, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. James W. Shriver, entered service Jan. 3, 1916 at Rochester, 
trained at Ft. Sam Houston and Eagle Pass, Texas. Private Head- 
quarters Co., 26th Inf. Still in service. 



I 



BOYS IN KHAKI 175 

SISSON, Earl LeRoy, 30, Rochester, telegrapher, son of Chas. D. 
and Jennie E. Sisson, entered service May 5, 1917 at Toledo, O., train- 
ed at Camps Sheridan and Perry, made 2nd Lt. Co. A, 112th Field 
Signal Bn. Sailed June 23, 1918. Participated in actions at Baccarat 
(Vosges) Aug. 1 to Sept. 15; Avacourt (Verdun) Sept. 21 to 25; 
Meuse-Argonne Sept. 26 to Oct. 1; St. Mihiel, Oct. 6 to 17; Ypres- 
Lys Oct. 31 to Nov. 11. Decorated with the French Croix de Guerre 
by Gen Petain at St. Mars Sous Ballon, France, Feb. 6, 1919 for 
maintenance of liason, Argonne-Meuse offensive. Personal citation 
by Maj. Gen. Farnsworth, Order No. 86, Headquarters 37th Div., at 
Chateau de Huysse, Belgium, Dec. 24, 1918, for meritorious service 
Ypres-Lys offensive. Part of Guard of Honor for the King and 
Queen of Belgium upon their return to Brussells, Nov. 1918. Mus- 
tered out April 12, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

SHRIVER, Charles E., 28, Rochester, son of James Shriver. 
Entered Regular Army Jan. 14, 1917 at Columbus, O., trained at 
Eagle Pass, Texas, Private B 3rd Inf., transferred to 26th Inf. 1st 
Div. Brigade Citation. Embarked from Hoboken, N. J. June 13, 
1917. Participated in battles Luneville sector defenses Oct. 21 to 
Nov. 20, 1917; Toul sector March 2 to Alarch 24, 1917; Mount St. Die 
June 9th to June 18th, 1918, Soissons July 18th to 23rd; St. Mihiel 
Sept. 12th to 16th; Meuse-Argonne Sept. 26th to Oct. 9th and on 
front when armistice was signed. Discharged Sept. 17, 1919. 

SHIPLEY, Frank Wendell, 19, Rochester, student, son of Miller 
O. and Alice S. Shipley, entered service Oct. 12, 1918 at Purdue Uni- 
versity, private Co. 4, U. S. Inf., S. A. T. C. Mustered out Dec. 19, 
1918 at Purdue. 

SEWl^LL, Guy E., 18, Rochester, son of Andrew and Jessie 
Sewell, entered service Jan. 26, 1918 at Indianapolis, promoted from 
private to corporal, 89th M. G. Co., Camp Sumner, D. C. Discharged 
March 1919. 

SEIG FRIED, P. A., 31, married, Rochester salesman, son of Jos. 
F. and Mary B. Siegfried, entered service July 22, 1918, at Rochester, 
trained at Camp Taylor, made Battery Clerk 3rd Bat. F. A. Sailed 
Oct. 26, 1918. Mustered out May 15, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

SEE, Gordon Earle, 19, Rochester, laborer, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles See, entered service April 19, 1917 at Rochester, trained at 
Columbus Barracks, Kelly Field, Ft. Totten, 1st Class Private, 31st 
Aero Squadron. Sailed Aug. 23. 1917. Chauffeur. Discharged June 
8, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 



176 THE WORLD WAR 

STINGLEY, Clarence Grover, 30, Fulton, postmaster, son of 
Jacob and Sadie A. Stingley, entered service July 1, 1918 at Rochester, 
trained at Camps at Valparaiso, Ind. and Burlington, Vt., Private 
46th Service Co. Signal Corps, transferred to 428 Telegraph R. R. Bn. 
Co. D Signal Corps. Mustered out Jan. 20, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

SHAW, Harland, 25, Grass Creek, farmer, son of Francis and 
Elizabeth Shaw^, entered service Sept. 1, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Ft. Harrison, private, Co. D. Mustered out Dec. 1.6, 1918 at Ft. 
Harrison. 

SNYDER, Clarence Ray, 27, Fulton, student, entered service 
September 20, 1917 at Rochester, private. Battery A. 325th F. A., 
trained at Camp Taylor, transferred to Air Service, Kelly Field, San 
Antonio, Texas, 256th Aero Squadron, Ward, Texas, Field No. 2, 
Garden City. Mustered out March 24, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

SHEETZ, Joseph, 27, Kewanna, farmer, son of John B. and 
Mary G. Sheetz, entered service Aug. 1918 at Camp Taylor. Private. 

SNYDER, Merlin W., 18, Kewanna, farmer, son of Peter and 
Lucinda Snyder, entered service May 25, 1917 at Rochester, trained 
at Nogales, x^riz., and Camp Travis, Texas. Promoted private to 
corporal, Co. F, 35th U. S. Inf. Served on Mexican border duty and 
in Mexican skirmish at Nogales, Aug. 28, 1918. Mustered out Feb. 
14, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

STANLEY, Russell George, 26, Rochester, son of Frank and 
Ada Stanley of Liberty township, entered service April 25, 1918 at 
Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor and Washington, D. C, pro- 
moted private to wagoner Supply Co., 339th Inf., 85th Division. 
Sailed July 23, 1918. Discharged July 14, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

SCULL, James A., 50, Rochester, druggist, son of James A. and 
Emma Y. Scull, entered service Jan. 30, 1915 at Camp Meyer, Va. 
Promoted to 1st Lt. Aug. 22, 1917, to Captain Jan. 6, 1918, to Major 
March 3, 1919. Served as Supply Officer General Hospital No. 1, 
1917, Medical Supply Officer, 1st Army, France, 1918, Medical Supply 
Officer, 3rd Army, 1919. In charge of Army Medical Supplies. Sail- 
ed June 30, 1918. In St. Mihiel and Argonne offensives. On duty in 
office of Surgeon General of the Army, Washington, D. C. 

SNIDER, Byron, 19, Akron, student, son of A. R. and Mary Belle 
Snider, entered service Oct. 1, 1918 at Bloomington, Ind., Private 
Co. B., S. A. T. C. Mustered out Dec. 21, 1918 at Bloomington. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 177 

SAUSAMAN, Clifford Guy, 28, Hammond, Ind., railroad lire- 
man, married, son of Thomas J. and Florence M. Sausaman, entered 
service July 23, 1918 at Valparaiso, Ind. Trained at Camp Taylor, 
promoted private to sergeant, 81st Engineers. Sailed but was re- 
turned on account of influenza. Mustered out Dec. 23, 1918 at Camp 
Taylor. 

SWIHART Oren Melvin, 20, Tiosa, son of David C. and Mollie 
C. Swihart, entered service May 28, 1918 at Great Lakes, trained there 
with Co. L, 7th Regt. Mustered out June 31, 1919 at Great Lakes. 

SWARTWOOD, Fred, 28, married, Rochester, machinist, son 
of Samuel and Susan Swartwood, entered service Dec. 11, 1917 at 
Ft. Thomas, trained at Taylor and Hancock, made private first class, 
17th Co., 2nd Regt., A. S. M. Sailed March 14, 1918 with Air Service 
Mechanics and did camouflaging in France. Discharged June 8, 1919 
at Camp Sherman. 

SCHIRM, Charles Ammon, 21, Kewanna, Ind., farmer, son of 
John and Minnie Schirm. Entered service Oct. 14, 1914 by joining the 
C. A. C, assigned to 51st Co., promoted to corporal March 26, 1916. 
August 22, 1917 was ordered to Second Officers Training Camp at 
Plattsburg, N. Y., and on completion of three months course was com- 
missioned 2nd Lt. of Infantry and assigned to 10th Co. 3rd Training 
Battalion, 153rd Depot Brigade, later to Co. M., 312th Inf. Sailed 
May 21, 1918, and trained with British. Was in battles of St. Mihiel, 
Sept. 16 to Oct. 5; Grand Pre, second phase of the Meuse-Argonne 
offensive Oct. 20 to 27, and last phase of the Meuse-Argonne offen- 
sive Nov. 1 to 11. Transferred to 81st Div. for further service, later 
to 5th Div. Army of Occupation, and still later to Co. M., 61st U. S. 
Inf. Discharged at Camp Taylor, Aug. 20, 1919. 

SCHIRM, Elza Newton, 21, Kewanna, farmer, son of John and 
Minnie Schirm. Entered service Sept. 4, 1918 at Rochester. Train- 
ed at Camps Taylor and Knox. Served as cannoneer Battery C 
72nd F. A. Mustered out at Camp Knox, Feb. 4, 1919. 

SCHIRM, John Edward, 22, Kewanna, farmer, son of John and 
Minnie M. Schirm. Entered service at Rochester, Ind., May 24, 1918. 
Trained at Camp Taylor, Ky., Camp Greenleaf, Ga., Cape May, N. J.. 
Camp Upton, N. Y. Did photography and nursing, Base Hospital 
115. 2nd Army Corps. Went overseas August 16, 1918 and was con- 
nected with hospital work. Mustered out May 17, 1919 at Camp 
Sherman, Ohio. 



178 THE WORLD WAR 

SEARS, Charles, 31, Kewanna, laborer, son of Henry and Ella 
Sears, entered service Sept. 21, 1917 at Kewanna, trained at Camps 
Taylor and Sevier, private Hdqrs. Co. 115th F. A. Sailed June 4, 
1918. In defensive north of Toul Aug. 28 to Sept. 10, 1918; St. Mihiel 
offensive Sept. 11 to 13; Argonne Sept. 25 to Oct. 5; Valley of 
Woevre Oct. 10 to Nov. IL Mustered out April 18, 1919 at Camp 
Taylor. 

SHINE, Ermal Neville, 24, Kewanna, farmer. Entered service 
April 25, 1918 at Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor and Washington 
Barracks. Made First Class Private. 11th Engineers. Sailed July 
14, 1918, trained at Angers, France and assigned to Co. E, 1st Re- 
placement Reg. Eng. Participated in battles on St. Mihiel sector, 
Meuse-Argonne offensive. In service. 

SNYDER, Loyd Ehiier, Blue Grass, Ind., 23, farmer, son of 
Jacob S. and Clara Snyder, entered service at Rochester, April 25. 
1918, trained at Washington Barracks. Co. D, First Replacement 
Regiment of Engineers. Sailed September 1, 1918 and served in 
Co. A, 303rd Engineers, 78th Division, 1st Army Corps. Was in the 
Meuse-Argonne offensive from October 16 to November 5, 1918. 
Mustered out June 17, 1919 at Camp Sherman, Ohio. 

SNYDER, Orville M., 22, Kewanna, farmer, son of Jacob S. and 
Clara Snyder. Entered service May 21, 1918. Trained at Columbus 
Barracks, Ohio, Ft. Snelling, Minn., and Camp Devens, Mass. Private 
Co. A, 36th Inf. Mustered out at Camp Taylor April 5, 1919. 

STAMM, Charles Henry, 18, Kewanna, farmer, son of Jesse M. 
and Cora M. Stamm, entered service April 26, 1917 at Columbus 
Barracks, O., trained at Ft. Williams, promoted private to corporal 
Bat. F, 51st C. A. C. Sailed Aug. 14, 1917, served as chauffeur with 
Bat. C, 51st C. A. C. In St. Mihiel offensive, and bombardment of 
German positions on Bois de Grant Portion, Oct. 21 to 24. Muster- 
ed out Feb. 25, 1919 at Columbus Barracks. 

SANNS, Charles J., 21, Akron, railroader, son of William and 
Mae Sanns, entered service June 25, 1917 at Ft. Wayne, Ind., trained 
at Ft. Thomas and Ft. Leavenworth, promoted private to corporal, 
Co. C, 5th Field Bn., Signal Corps, 38th Regt. Sailed Feb. 27, 1918. 
In second battle of the Marne, Jaulgonne, Vesle, St. Mihiel offensive 
and Argonne. Mustered out Feb. 28, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 



.BOYS IN KHAKI 179 

SHIVELY, Noah, 29, Akron, farmer, son of William and Mary 
E. Shively, entered service Sept. 4, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Camps Taylor and Jackson, private Bat. B, 18th Regt., F. A. R. D. 
Discharged Dec. 23, 1918 at Camp Jackson. 

SMITH, Gernie, E., 28, Akron, blacksmith, son of Irwin K. and 
Jannie Smith, entered service Sept. 4, 1917 at Rochester, trained at 
Camp Taylor, private 103rd Co., F. A., 35th Eng. Sailed March 30, 
1918 with 13th, Grand, Div., worked at box car building in France. 
Discharged July 8, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

SANNS, James E., 30, Rochester, railroader, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Peter Sanns. Entered service March 28, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Camp Taylor. Private Co. A. 111th Ind., 28th Div. Sailed April 25, 
1918. In Chateau Thierry battle, wounded by shrapnel. Mustered 
out at Camp Grant, March 18, 1919. 

THOMPSON, Jacob F., 30, Newcastle township, laborer, son of 
Samuel F. and Eliza Ann Thompson, entered service May 25, 1918 
at Rochester, trained at Camps Taylor, Oglethorpe, Chattanooga, 
Tenn., and Newport News, Va. Served as hospital nurse and still in 
service. Ill as this is written (January 1920) at Camp Dix Base 
Hospital. 

TONER, Albert Worth, 23, Delong, son of Albert D. and Jessie 
M. Toner. Entered service March 15, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Columbus Barracks and Ft. McKinley, Me., sailed August 1918 with 
Battery D, 72nd C. A. C. Served as instructor in auto school at 
Limogese, France. Mustered out April 1919, at Camp Grant. 

THOMPSON, Alva Nathan, 24, Argos, farmer, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Isaac H. Thompson, entered service at Rochester, Sept. 20, 1917, • 
trained at Taylor, promoted to Corporal, Bat. E., 325th F. A. Sailed 
Sept. ,8 1918 with 84th Div. Discharged March 1, 1919 at Camp 
Taylor. 

TAYLOR, Frank, 28, Akron, born in Austria-Hungary, entered 
service Dec. 12, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Ft. Monroe, Camp 
Stuart, made 1st class private Co. F, 60th Coast Artillery. Sailed 
April 23, 1918, served as telephone lineman. Participated in St. 
Mihiel offensive Aug. 12 to 15, Verdun-Argonne Oct. 25 to Nov. 11. 
Wounded in left foot by high explosive at Somerance Oct. 28. Dis- 
charged March 19, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 



180 THE WORLD WAR 

THOMAS, Dewey, 18, Mentone, farmer, foster son of C. E. and 
E. E. King, entered service May 2, 1917, trained at Ft. Thomas, 
private Co. B, Military Police, Cristobel Canal Zone, Panama. Still 
in service. 

THRUSH, Lotus Troy, 21, Kokomo, Ind., clerical, son of Mrs. 
Mary E. Foster, entered service Sept. 4, 1918 at Kokomo, private 
15th Co. 4th Battalion 159th Depot Brigade. Mustered out Nov. 12, 
1918 at Camp Taylor. 

TRANBARGER, Emmett S., 21, Rochester, farmer, son of Dorus 
W. and Estella J. Tranbarger, entered service June 11, 1918 at In- 
dianapolis, trained at Great Lakes, landsman. Machinist's Mate, Avia- 
tion Branch U. S. Naval Reserve Force. Discharged Feb. 16, 1919 
at Great Lakes. 

TYRELL, WilHam E., 18, Rochester, farmer, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Peter Redmond, entered service Sept. 12, 1917 at Lafayette, 
Ind., trained at Jefferson Barracks, Ft. Sheridan and Camp Greene. 
Private. Sailed May 1, 1918. Co. E., 16th Regt. Served as supply 
cab driver and in American oflfensives. Now with Army of Occupa- 
tion at Kelberg, Germany. 

TERRY, Lyon F., 26, Rochester, Civ. Eng., son of Frank H. 
and Gertrude Terry. Entered service June 5, 1918 at Rochester, Ind., 
trained at West Point, Ky., and Camp Taylor, promoted from private 
to 2nd Lt., 85th F. A. Discharged Dec. 11, 1918 at Camp Sheridan. 

TAYLOR, Harley Wilbert, 41, married, Rochester, physician and 
surgeon, entered service July 25, 1918 at Ft. Benj. Harrison, trained 
at Camp Greenleaf, Ga. 1st Lt. Surgeon 429th Rev. Lab. Bn. Dis- 
charged Dec. 30, 1918 at Newport News, Va. 

TAYLOR, Guy Hubert, 22, Rochester, student, son of Charles 
F. and Estelle Taylor, entered service April 3, 1918, trained at Fort 
Totten, promoted from private to 1st class private, 15th Co, C. A. C, 
Chauffeurs Training Detachment. Sailed July 14, 1918. Spent entire 
time in Base Hospital 27 at Angers. Discharged Feb. 20, 1919 at 
Camp Sherman, 

UTTER, Franklin H., 31, married, Akron, farmer, son of David 
and Eliza Utter, entered service Aug. 29, 1918 at Warsaw, Ind., 
trained at Camp Custer, made 1st class private Co. B, 214th F. S. Bn. 
Discharged Jan. 19, 1919 at Camp Custer. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 181 

VAN KIRK, John Albert, 27, married, Leiters Ford, physician, 
son of John W. and Ellen Van Kirk, entered service at Watseka, III., 
June 8, 1917. 1st Lt., Battalion Surgeon, Commanding Officer 
Medical Detachment, 342nd Machine Gun Bat. Sailed June 3, 1918, 
served with Medical Detachment 89th Div. and 32nd French Corp. 
Participated in battles in Lucy sector Aug. 7 to Sept.ll, St. Mihiel 
offensive Sept. 11 to 15, Eurezin sector Sept. 16 to Oct. 10, Meuse- 
Argonne offensive Oct. 19 to Nov. 11. Discharged June 10, 1919 

VAN KIRK, George H., 29, married, Kentland, Ind., physician, 
son of J. W. and Ellen Van Kirk, Leiters Ford, entered service 
April 19, 1918 at Chicago, trained at Camps Greenleaf and Dix. 
Captain and Regimental Surgeon 807th P. Inf. Sailed Sept. 4, 1918 
and served with Medical Division in Meuse-Argonne offensive. Mus- 
tered out August 7, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

VICKERY, Dean K., 21, Akron, married, electrician, son of 
Joseph J. and Geneva Vickery, entered service June 5, 1917 at Cleve- 
land, Ohio, trained at Camp Sherman, promoted to corporal, 30th Co. 
8th Training Battalion, 158th D. B. Mustered out Jan. 1919 at Camp 
Sherman. 

VAN CLEAVE, Jesse Newton, 21, Kewanna, student, son of 
Sherman and Dora Van Cleave. Entered service Sept. 24, 1917 at 
Bismarck, N. D. Trained at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., and Ft. Sill, 
Okla. Promoted from private to Corporal, School of Fire, Motor 
Transport Detachment. Also served as chauffeur. Mustered out 
Feb. 15, 1919 at Ft. Dodge, Iowa. 

WALTERS, Gerald, 21, Rochester, farmer, son of Henry H. and 
Sophia AL Walters, entered service June 14, 1918 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Camps Humphrey and Forest, private Co. F, 15th Regt. Sail- 
ed Sept. 28, 1918 with 401st Engineers and did guard duty overseas. 
Mustered out Jan. 29, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

WHITACRE, Walter Wilson, 18, Delong, student, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. C. D. Whitacre, entered service Feb. 28, 1918 at Indianapolis, 
trained at Kelly and Carlstrom Fields. Private 205th Aero Squadron. 
Mustered out June 20, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

WAGONER, Amos, 24, Delong, farmer, son of John J. and 
Mary A. Wagoner, entered service May 21, 1918 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Ft. Snelling and Camp Devens, promoted to first Class private, 
Co. M.. 73rd Inf. Mustered out Feb. 10, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 



182 THE WORLD WAR 

WILFERT, Clyde Edwin, 23, Belong, farmer, son of Wolfgang 
and Fidelia Wilfert, entered service May 25, 1918 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Taylor and Greenleaf, promoted to private of first class. Served 
overseas w^ith Base Hospital 115, A. E. F. Mustered out May 12, 
1919 at Camp Sherman. 

WALTZ, Jesse James, 22, Rochester, farmer, son of William M. 
and Cora E. Waltz, entered service April 30, 1918 at Rochester, train- 
ed at Ft. Thomas and Camp Forrest, made first class private, Co. A., 
52nd Regt. Sailed July 6, 1918 with 6th Div. 1st Army Corps, and 
took part in fighting on Alsace line and in Meuse-Argonne offensive. 
Discharged June 18, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

WEIR, James Harold, 29, Rochester, farmer, son of George W. 
and Sarah Weir, entered service May 21, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Columbus Barracks and Camp Custer. 1st Class Private, Co. E, 
10th Inf., 14th Div. Discharged Jan. 17, 1917 at Camp Custer. 

WRIGHT, Ralph, 21, Tiosa, farmer, son of George and Lura 
Wright, entered service July 12, 1918, trained at Ft. Wayne,. Mich., 
and Ft. Benj. Harrison, private 3rd Aerial Squadron. Mustered out 
Jan. 30, 1919 at Ft. Wayne, Mich. 

WYNN, AVilliam, 22, Rochester, farmer, son of William and 
Martha Wynn, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Camp Knox, private 72nd F. A., Battery C. Mustered out Jan. 30, 
1919 at Camp Knox, 

WADE, Claude, 24, Akron, baker, son of Mr. and Mrs. Canada 
Wade, entered service July 7, 1918 at Rochester. Sailed Sept. 1, 1918 
with Co. K, 21st Engineers, L. R. Mustered out July 12, 1919 at 
Camp Sherman. 

WHALLON, Evan A., 23, Akron, veterinary, son of Henry A. 
and Viola B. Whallon, entered service Aug. 15, 1917 at Chicago. 
Made 2nd Lt., and served in purchase of government- animals. Dis- 
charged Feb. 8, 1919 at Camp Custer. 

WRIGHT, Odis Jay, 29, Kewanna, laborer, son of Thomas and 
Ada Wright. Entered service April 2, 1918 at Rochester. Trained 
at Forts Hamilton and Tilden. Promoted to First Class Private and 
served as Sergeant Fireman of C. A. C. and as mine layer. Still in 
service. 



BOYS IN KHAKI i83 



m 



WHARTON, Harmon, 34, Kewanna, mechanic, son of Willia 
M. and Nettie Wharton. Entered service April 30, 1917 at DeKalb, 
111. Trained at Camp Logan, Texas. Promoted from private to 
Corporal, Co. A., 129th Inf. Sailed May 10, 1918. Mustered out 
July 15, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

WEST, Neal Moore, 19, Kev^^anna, student, son of Mrs. Pearl 
West. Entered service August 9, 1917 at Indianapolis, trained at 
Camp Shelby. Sailed May 12, 1918, Battery A, 321st, F. A., 82nd Div. 
In the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne battles. In service at Calvary. 
Texas. 

WARFIELD, George E., 21, Kewanna, farmer, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. John T. Warfield, entered service Sept. 4, 1917, trained at Carhps 
Shelby and Taylor, private Supply Co., 18th Inf.. 1st Div. Sailed 
June 12, 1918. In St. Mihiel offensive Sept. 12, Argonne Forest Sept. 
30 to Oct. 12, Sedan front Oct 19. Near Metz when armistice was 
signed and with Army of Occupation in Germany. Mustered out 
Oct. 4, 1919 at Camp Taylor. 

WARE, James M., 29, Kewanna. farmer, son of Henry and 
Anna W^are, entered service Oct. 4, 1917 at Rochester, trained at 
Camp Taylor, promoted from Private to Corporal. Battery B., 325th 
F. A. Sailed Sept. 8, 1918, did Radio work. Mustered out Feb. 13, 
1919 at Camp Taylor. 

WAITE, Earl Leo, 32, Rochester, physician and surgeon, son of 
Joseph H. and Marietta H. Waite, entered service August 2, 1917, 
trained at Ft. Benjamin Harrison and Camp Upton, made 1st Lt.. 
Medical Corps, Regular Army. Mustered out March 22, 1918. 

WYLIE, George Henry, 18, Rochester, student, son of Robert 
and Etta Wylie. entered service Oct. 11, 1918 at Purdue University. 
Private Naval Reserve Co. S. A. T. C. Discharged Dec. 20, 1918 at 
Purdue. 

WRIGHT. Marcus, 20, Rochester, radio operator, son of Jacob 
and Malinda WVight, entered service, April 13. 1917 at Ft. Thomas 
Ky., trained at Ft. Leavenworth, Kelly Field, Aviation Depot, L. I., 
School of Military Aeronautics, N. Y., Ellington Field, promoted from 
private to 2nd Lt., as flying instructor Ellington Field, and Squadron 
Commander, Sergeant Major of Post, Aviation Depot, L. I. Still in 
service. 



184 THE WORLD WAR 

WISE, Clyde L., 31, Rochester, pharmacist, son of John F. and 
Amaretta E. Wise, entered service Dec". 6, 1917 at Ft. Thomas, Ky., 
trained there and promoted to first class private, instructed class in 
pharmacy, 42nd Field Hospital, also served in Dispensary. Muster- 
ed out Feb. 26, 1919 at Jacksonville, Florida. 

WILLARD, Daniel, 19, Rochester, vulcanizer, son of Charles 
and Bertha Willard, entered service March 22, 1917 at Ft. Thomas, 
Ky., trained at Brownsville, Texas, promoted from private to 
corporal to sergeant, served as platoon commander, 37th machine 
guns, Hdqrs. Co. 58th Inf. Sailed May 10, 1918, served as machine gun 
instructor. Participated in battles in Meaux sector, July 12 to 17; 
Aisne-Marne offensive July 18 to Aug. 6; St. Mihiel Sept. 12 to 16; 
Meuse-Argonne Sept. 6 to Oct. 19. Cited for distinguished services 
by General Order No. 41, 44th Div. Hdqrs. for "courage and coolness 
in placing his 37 mm. guns in position despite constant fire from 
enemy. His work was of utmost value and a fine example for his 
men." Received machine gun bullet in hip in Aisne-Marne offensive, 
Aug. 4, 1918, and shrapnel in left foot and slightly gassed, Sept. 27, 
1918 in Meuse-Argonne offensive. Still in service. 

WILE, Lee M., 37, Rochester, clothier, son of Myer and Amelia 
Wile, entered service May 11, 1917 at Ft. Benj. Harrison, commission- 
ed 2nd Lt., after training. Promoted to 1st Lt., June 1918. In charge 
of boat supplies. 

WALTERS, J. Bryan, 21, Rochester, clerk, son of Lovell B. 
and Ina Walters, entered service June 14, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Paris Island, S. C, private, marines. Promoted to radio work. 
Still in service. 

WILFIOIT, Joseph H., 22, Akron, butcher, married, son of 
William A. and Anna M. Wilhoit, entered service July 22, 1918 at 
Rochester, trained at Taylor, Great Lakes and Johnston. Private, 
6th A. R. D. Mustered out Dec. 24, 1918 at Camp Grant. 

WHITCOMB, Paul J., 21, Akron, laborer, son of Delno M. and 
Bessie E. Whitcomb, entered service Sept. 21, 1917 at Rochester, 
trained at Camps Taylor, Stanley and Arthur, promoted to 1st CI. 
Private, Battery B, 21st F. A. Sailed May 22, 1918 with Battery B. 
5th Div., and in actions of Frapelle, Parnille and St. Mihiel. Muster- 
ed out July 30, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 



BOYS IN KHAKI 185 

YEAZEL, Clinton Howard, 24, Rochester, machinist, entered 
service March 28, 1918 at Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor. Sailed 
from Newport, N. Y., as private with Co. A, 11th Inf. Gassed June 
21, 1918 and treated in Base Hospital 44. Discharged May 5, 1919 
at Camp Sherman. 

ZARTMAN, Voris D., 22, Fulton, farmer, son of Charles and 
Mary Zartman, entered service Sept. 3, 1918 at Rochester, trained at 
Camp Knox, private with 13th Co. 159th D. B. Bat. E. 72nd F. A. 
Mustered out Feb. 1, 1919. 

ZIMPLEMAN, Edward, 26, Kewanna, farmer, son of Valentine 
and Catherine Zimpleman, entered service at Rochester, July 27, 1918, 
trained at Camp Taylor and West Point, private Battery F, 326th F. 
A. Sailed Sept. 9, 1918 and trained at Camp DeSouge, France. 
Mustered out March 3, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

ZOLMAN, Harley E., 24, Rochester, manufacturer, son of John 
and Adeline Zolman, entered service April 3, 1918, trained at Ft. 
Hamilton, made First Class Private. Sailed July 14, 1918 with 54th 
C. A. C, Bat. B, and 52nd Bn., A. R. R. Art. Participated in Ballen- 
court-Meuse drive Aug. 28 to 29, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne 
offensives. Helped on French 13 inch guns firing projectiles weigh- 
ing 800 pounds. Served in poison gas squad. Gassed Oct. 13 at 
Death Valley, France. Discharged Feb. 21, 1919 at Camp Sherman. 

ZOLMAN, Levi Thornton, 22, Rochester, farmer, son of James 
C. and Elizabeth Zolman, entered service July 26, 1918 at Rochester. 
Private Bat. B, 321st F. A. Sailed June 14, 1918 and served as assist- 
ant cook with 82nd Div. Discharged May 29, 1919 at Camp Sherman, 




Fulton County Nurses 

DD 
DD 

CONDON, Ethel, (Mrs. William V. Young, Pottsville, Pa.) 
daughter of Clark and Martha Condon. Rochester, entered Army 
Nurse Corps at Chicago, April 7, 1918, assigned to Ft. McPherson, 
Atlanta, Ga. Sailed from New York, Sept. 14, 1918, and stationed at 
Verdun-Meuse Evacuation Hospital, No. 15, from Sept. 29, 1918 to 
May 6, 1919. Discharged Aug. 3, 1919. Accompanying the snap 
shots Mrs. Young writes a note which reads : "These were taken 
the other day in dug-outs just outside Verdun. These are just the 
'front porches.' They extend way back into the rock. Some are 
stables and some are billets for the men. The hills around here 
are alive with them. Saw an immense German plane yesterday with 
black crosses. I guess it is true that we are homeward bound. Every- 
one is glad to go. The French want us out." 

GRASS, Eva, 21, Tiosa, Ind., teacher, daughter of Chris and 
Esther Grass, entered service at Rochester Oct. 19, 1918, entered at 
Camp Jackson as student nurse. Now at Walter Reid Hospital, 
Washington, D. C. 

HOFFMAN, Clare Edna, 31, Chicago, graduate nurse, former 
resident of Rochester, entered service May 16, 1917 at Chicago, as 
reserve nurse. Army Nurse Corps, assigned to U. S. Base Hospital 
Unit 12. Sailed from New York May 19, 1917, and assigned to 
Hospital at Canniers, France, June 11, 1917. Served as nurse until 
April 16, 1919 when she sailed for home. 

KING, Catherine M., Liberty township, born in Miami county 
June 9, 1881. Joined the Red Cross at Seattle, Wash., Dec. 31, 1916 
and enrolled with University of Washington Base Hospital No. 50. 
for overseas duty. On Feb. 16, 1917 was called to cantonment duty at 
Camp Sherman, O., for six months' training. Base Hospital No. 50. 
Was called to New York, July 19. 1918 for equipment, drill and French 
study. Sailed Aug. 26, 1918 S. S. LaFrance to Brest, thence to Base 
Hospital Center Mesves-Bulsy Sept. 6, and to Hospital Headquarters 
on Sept. 10. Base Hospital opened to wounded soldiers August 1 
with only the officers and chore boys to care for them, pending 
arrival of nurses. After armistice hospital began to evacuate the 
wounded soldiers back to the U. S. April 19, 1919 to Embarkation 
Hospital 136 at Vannes. Sailed for U. S. June 9. 1919 and discharged 
from duty Sept. 7, 1919. 

187 




J 



FULTON COUNTY NURSES 189 

MIKESELL, Orpha Belle, 23, Rochester, daughter of Enoch If. 
and Lucy Mikesell, enlisted as nurse Aug. 3, 1918. Not called. 

SPANGLER, Maude Ann, 24, Kewanna. institutional nursing, 
daughter of A. R. and L. A. Spangler, entered service as Red Cross 
Nurse at Ft. Rosencrans, Cal. Discharged April 21, 1919. 

WRIGHT, Ruth, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Wright, born 
at Tiosa, Fulton county, Indiana, on January 3, 1893, graduated from 
Rochester High School in 1912, entered Methodist Hospital Training 
School for Nurses in September, 1912, graduating in 1915, took post- 
graduate course at Chicago, Illinois, and did public health nursing 
at Indianapolis, where she enlisted on September 7, 1917, left 
at which place was on duty until June 26, 1918. On the 26th of 
Indianapolis for New York City on September 9, 1917, with Lilly 
Base Hospital No. 32, composed of Indiana doctors, nurses and en- 
listed men. AVhile in New York was located in Camp Hospital No. 1, 
and left Hoboken on the S. S. George Washington on December 4. 
1917. arriving at Brest, France, on December 24. 1917. Base Hospital 
No. 32 was located at Contrexeville, France, in the Vosges Mountains, 
at which place was on duty until June 26, 1918. On the 26th of 
June. 1918. was sent on detached service to Baccarat, France. (Lune- 
ville Sector) on duty with Field Hospital No. 307 and Field Hospital 
No. 147, where the 77th and 37th divisions were located. On Sept. 
14, 1917 left Baccarat going to Toul where she was located only 
twelve days, in Evacuation Hospital No. 14, following the St. Mihiel 
drive. Evacuation Hospital No. 14 followed closely behind the 
American boys, and for a short period of time was at Villers Daucourt. 
Les Islets and following the Meuse-Argonne drive which started on 
September 26, 1918, and said hospital was located at Varennes on 
November 11, 1918. when the armistice was signed. On December 
7, 1918. went with Army of Occupation to Trier and Coblenz, where 
Evacuation Hospital No. 14 was located in a German hospital taken 
ever by the Americans for that purpose. Was at Coblenz until April 
14, 1919, and then started to port of embarkation, leaving Brest. 
France, on June 12. 1919, on S. S. Imperator. arriving in United States 
on June 20,' 1919. 



Fulton County's Sacrifice 




The faults of these boys we write upon 
the sands; their deeds upon the tablets of 
love and memory. 




Requiescat in Peace 



GOLD STAR MEN 



191 




BENGE, Clarence Oren, 24, Akron, farmer, sun 
of Manley V. and Marietta Little Benge, entered 
service August 12, 1913 at Denver, Colo., trained 
at Camp Baker, Cal., private and mechanic 148th 
C. A. C. and 62nd Replt. Art. Sailed July 11, 1918. 
Participated in American actions. Died Sept. 19, 
1918 of pneumonia in France. 



BLACK, John W., 24, Rochester, civil engineer, 
son of George and Mary C. Black, entered service 
Oct. 21, 1918 at Chicago, as private American Red 
Cross, trained at Camp Scott, Chicago, in the 
Automobile and Mechanical section. Contracted 
influenza at camp and sent home on sick leave. 
Died Nov. 25, 1918 from cerebro spinal meningitis 
following influenza. Made numerous attempts to 
get into service but was rejected for Ofiicers Train- 
ing Camp, for conscription and for Y. M. C. A. 
service on account of physical shortcomings, but 
was finally admitted as Red Cross Ambulance 
driver. Buried at Rochester. 





BURNS, Ernest V., 20, Grass Creek, farmer, 
son of Isaac R. and Rhoda Burns, entered service 
July 14, 1918 at Great Lakes Naval Training Sta- 
tion, served as fireman of the U. S. S. Delaware. 
Killed. No information as to cause or date. 



192 



THE WORLD WAR 




CLYMER, Claud Everett, 21, Talma, Ind., 
farmer, son of Harrison C. and Margaret E. Clymer, 
entered service Sept. 4, 1918 at Rochester, trained 
at Camp Taylor, 1st CI. Private 13th Co., 4th Tr. 
Bn., 159th Depot Brigade. Died Oct. 7, 1918 at 
Base Hospital, Camp Taylor, Ky. 



GOLUB, Jacob, 25, Rochester, junk dealer, born 
in Russia and son of Harry and Fanny Golub, en- 
tered service in 1917 at Rochester. Private, Co. F., 
26th Infantry. Killed in action. 

Little is known as to the particulars of Golub's 
death. His sister, Mrs. Jake Polay, Rochester, re- 
ceived the following memorial signed by Gen. John 
J. Pershing, Commander in Chief of the A. E. F. : 
"Private Jacob Golub, Co. F, 26th Infantry, was 
killed in battle, July 18th, 1918. He bravely laid 
down his life for the cause of his country. His name 
will ever remain fresh in the hearts of his friends 
and comrades. The record of his Honorable Service 
will be preserved in the archives of the American Expeditionary 
Forces." 





HARTZ, Fred, 21, Delong, railroader, son of 
Nicholas and Eliza Hartz, entered service Sept. 3, 
1918 at Rochester, trained at Camp Taylor and Ft. 
Benj. Harrison, private Co. M, 5th Prov. Bn., E. 
H. P. Died at Ft. Benj. Harrison from pneumonia 
following influenza, Oct. 23, 1918. Buried at Leiters 
Ford, Ind. 



GOLD STAR MEN 



193 



HARTZ, Benjamin Joe, 2(S, Belong, railroader, 
son of Nicholas and Eliza Hartz, entered servici- 
May 24, 1918, trained at Camps Taylor, Beaure- 
guard and Newport News, private Co. H, 126tli 
Inf. Sailed Aug. 6, 1918, wounded in action Oct. 
14, 1918 and died next day. Buried "somewhere in 
France." 



HUFFMAN, Frank William, son of Mrs. Susan C. Huffman, 'Sf 
Grass Creek, born March 20, 1897, was a private in Battery E, 70th 
F. A. Engineers. Died Oct. 1, 1918 of pneumonia. No other in- 
formation available. 





IRVINE, Martin Augustine, 24, Rochester, son 
of Martin A. and Elizabeth Irvine, entered service 
Dec. 12, 1917 at Rochester, trained at Jefferson 
Barracks, Custer, Meigs and Ft. Wood. Private, 
Q. M. Corps and 'placed in charge of Officers' 
Launch at Ft. Wood, New York Har1)or. Died at 
Ft. Wood from pneumonia following influenza, Oct. 
18, 1918. Burial at Rochester. 



KOESTER, Earl C, 21, Wayne Tp., son of Rev. 
and Mrs. S. P. Koester, entered service' March 5, 
1918, trained at Kelly Field, private Squadron B. 
Stricken with appendicitis in May 1919 and died 
at Camp Sheridan Hospital May 11, 1919 followmg 
operation. 




194 



THE WORLD WAR 




MIKESELL. Deane AVilbtir, 21, Rochester, 
teacher, son of Enoch H. and Lucy P. Mikesell, 
entered service May 30, 1918 at Chicago, trained 
at Great Lakes at Radio work with Co. O, Radio 
Depot, Navy. Stricken with influenza Sept. 15, 
1918 which later developed into pneumonia which 
caused his death on Sept. 22. Burial at Rochestv^r. 



MEDARY, Otto. Born in Fulton county Jan. 13, 1890, son of 
Albert and Susan Zabst Medary. Was employed as fireman on the 
Wabash railway with headquarters at Toledo, O., where he entered 
service with Co. L, 148th U. S. Inf. Oct. 5, 1917. Trained at Camps 
Sherman, Sheridan, Lee, promoted private to corporal. He sailed with 
his company June 25, 1918 and was but a short time getting to the 
front and was in constant active service for four months. On Novem- 
ber 5 in the Argonne offensive he was struck in the abdomen by 
shrapnel and died ten minutes afterward. He was buried on the 
east bank of the Escant river, near Heume, Belgium. Letters from 
Corporal Medary's superior officers praise his loyalty, bravery and 
devotion to duty. 




MADARY, Clarence Verl, 22, Rochester, son of 
William and Gertrude Madary, entered service 
March 6, 1918 at Rochester, trained at Newport 
News, 1st CI. Private Medical Detachment, 60th 
R. A. Sailed May 1, 1918, served as assistant 
dentist. Killed in action. 



GOLD STAR MEN 



195 



MERELY, Adolph R., 21, Akron, farmer, son 
of Charles and Sarah E. Merley, entered service 
June 5, 1917 at Warsaw, trained at Ft. Harrison and 
Camp Shelby, private Co. H, 3rd Regt. Sailed June 
14, 1918 with Bat. A. 18th F. A., 3rd Div. Operated 
machine gun. In Meuse-Argonne offensive. Died 
from bronchial pneumonia, following influenza, at 
hospital Toul, France, Dec. 25, 1918. Buried in 
France. 





MURPHY, Raymond George, 20, Rochester, 
farmer, son of Alpheus and Clara Murphy, entered 
service April 17, 1918 at Rochester and trained at 
Columbus, O., and Ft. Sam Houston, Tex., private 
5th Aero Squadron. Died at Ft. Sam Houston, 
May 21, 1917. 



NICODEMUS, John A., 17, Rochester, student, 
son of William and Agnes Nicodemus, entered 
service Jan. 4, 1917 at Columbus, O., trained there 
and at Ft. Sam Houston. Private Co. B, 3rd Inf., 
transferred to Co. F, 26th Inf., 1st Div. with which 
he sailed for France. Wounded in both hands July 
19, 1918, taken to hospital at Rouen, erroneously 
reported killed. In St. Mihiel drive and received 
gun wound in leg. Returned to duty Sept. 27, 1918 
in battle of Argonne between Oct. 1 and 11 and 
reported killed in action. 




196 



THE WORLD WAR 




PARRISH, George L. D.. 22. Rochester, hotel 
clerk, son of George and Katie Nolan Parrish, enter- 
ed service July 11, 1917 at Ft. Wayne, Ind., trained 
at Oswego and Syracuse, N. Y., and Charlotte, N. 
C, promoted to private 1st CI., served as nurse on 
medical staff, overseer of Army Canteen and did 
l)anking and bookkeeping for Ambulance Co. 28. 
Sailed May 1918 with Ambulance Co. 28, 4th Div. 
R. A. W^as in action at Chateau Thierry and kill- 
ed while giving medical aid to wounded, Oct. 15, 
1918, northeast of Montfancon. 



REISH, Omer Guy, 30, married, railroad signal man, Leiters 
Ford, son of Calvin W. and Lizzie E. Reish, entered service June 14, 
1918 at Rochester, Indiana, trained Chamber of Commerce, Camp 
Jackson, S. C, private Co. C, Battery A. 12th Regt. F. A. R. D. Died 
of pneumonia at Camp Jackson, Oct. 27, 1918, and was buried at 
Leiters Ford. Widow resides at Georgetown, Indiana. 




SNYDER, Jesse LeRoy, 21, Rochester, farmer, 
son of William and Elizabeth H. Snyder, entered 
service June 4, 1918 at Rochester. Trained at Camp 
Taylor with 13th F. H. Co., 4th T. R. Bn., 159th 
D. B. Died at Carrip Taylor. 



GOLD STAR MEN 



197 



SHELTON, Leroy C, 32, Rochester, clerk, son 
of P. Eugene and Aletha Shelton, entered service 
March 29, 1918 at Rochester, trained at Camp 
Taylor, private Co. A, 111th Inf., 28th Div. Sailed 
May 5. 1918, in action at Chateau Thierry and on 
Vesle River front. Killed in action at Fismette on 
\'esle river on the night of August 10, 1918. 





VAN METER, Frank, 20, Ke wanna, farmer, 
son of Hugh and Rosa Van Meter, entered service 
Nov. 4, 1915 at Logansport, Ind., trained at Colum- 
bus, O., and Ft. Robinson, promoted private to 
corporal to sergeant. Attended Officers Training 
School at Camp Stanley, Texas, and wa.s sent to 
Columbus, New Mexico, where he trained recruits, 
acted as librarian for his troop and for a time as 
telegraph operator. Died of influenza. 1918 at 
Columbus, N. M. 



VAN VALER, William Russell, 21, St. Louis, Mo., salesman, 
son of Charles and Anna Walden Van Valer, of Akron, entered ser- 
vice May 31, 1917 at St. Louis, trained at Camp Maxwell, St. Louis; 
Camp Clark, Nevada, Mo. ; Camp Doniphan, Ft. Sill, Okla. Pro- 
moted private to Corporal Co. A, 1st Regt. Inf., National Guards of 
Missouri, afterwards assigned to Co. A, 138th Inf., 35th Div. U. S. 
Inf. Sailed May 2, 1918 and participated in battles of Vosges Mts.. 
Hilsenfirst, St. Mihiel, Argonne-Meuse, Vauquis, Cheppy, Straits. 
Montrebeau \\'oods and Sommedieu sector. Taken to Hospital Base 
45, Mesves, Nevres, France, for treatment for slight wound on arm 
by hornet, of Sept. 26, the same day his company went into the 
Argonne fight. Reported dead of pneumonia on. Sunday, Sept. 29. 
1918, and report confirmed. Messages received five days previous to 
the 29th made no mention of his being wounded or sick, several of 
these messages being written on trench cards. 



Honor Roll of Fulton County 






Adams, Capt. Otis 
Adamson, A. E. 
Adamson, Arthur 
Adamson, Edgar H. 
Alber, Garrett 
Alexander, Fred 



Allen, Geo. Edwin 
Anders, Arthur 
Anderson, Dale 
Anderson, Harley 
Anderson, James 
x\nderson, Lloyd W. 



Anderson, Louie 
Anderson, Max 
Armstrong, Max 
Ault. Howard 



Babcock, Charles Clark 
Babcock, Dean 
Babcock, Otto 
Baber, Earl 
Bacon, Fred B. 
Bacon, Kennith 
Baggerly, Clifford 
Bailey, Carl 
Bailey, G. F. 
Baird, Reed 
Baker, Ermil 
Barber, David Edward 
Bare, Carl 
Barker, Lee 
Barkman, Irvin 
Barkman, John 
Barnes, Harvey P. 
Barnhart, Hugh A. 
Barr, Fred L. 
Bartik, Joe 
Batt, Joseph 
Bazmore, Wm. 
Beattie, Harry 
Beck, Chas. A. 
Beck, Thomas 
Becker, Carl Reed 



£ 

Becker, Ernest 
Becker, Ed 
Becker, Omar 
Beery O^tto 
Bennet, Forrest 
Best, Clarence 
Biddinger, Chas. 
Biddinger, Don 
Biggs, Dee 
Biggs, Geo. 
Black, Albert 
Black, Thomas 
Blacketor, Paul Shryock 
Blacketor, Virgil R. 
Blausser, Vern 
Boelter, Rudolph G. 
Bowen, Ray 
Bowman, Sam R. 
Bowman, Sidney L. 
Buchanan, James 
Buchanan, Ruben 
Buchtel, George 
Bumbarger, Charles 
Burge Roy 
Burns, Cecil R. 
Burns, Ernest 



Burns, Ivan R. 
Burns, Robert R. 
Burns, Vernon L. 
Butler, Alfred 
Butler, John Leroy 
Butler, William J. 
Butts, Bailis O. 
Brackett, Lyman 
Bradway, Lee 
Brickie, Harry 
Bridegroom, Hugh 
Briles, Dale M. 
Brouillett. Ralph 
Brower, Elmer 
B rower, Geo. L. 
Bruce, G. Franklin 
Brugh, Dean 
Bryant, Ernest 
Bryant, Harvey 
Bryant, Roy Herman 
Bryant, W. A. (Bert) 
Bryant, Will 
Bryant, William 
Bryer, Fred 
Beyer, Earle 



Caffyn, Walter Wolf 
Cain, Cecil 
Cain, Jas. Homer. 
Calentine, Clarence 
Camerer, Fred D. 
Carpenter, Seth C. 



Carr, Stanley B. 
Carter, Ralph 
Caton, Ernest 
Caton, Howard 
Caton, Wilbur 
Chamberlain, Chester 



Chamberlain, Clarence 
Chandler, Harvey West 
Charters, Graham 
Churchill, Ruel 
Clark, Ora 
Clary, Harvey Foy 



198 



HONOR ROLL 



199 



Clay, Roland 
Claybourne, Fred 
Claybourne, James 
Clayton, Bernard 
Clayton, Jay 
Clemens, Leo R. 
Clevenger, William, C. 
Clingenpeel, Ralph R. 
Clymer, Claud 
Collin, Robert Wm. 



Cohvell. James Albert 
Cook, Avon J. 
Cook, Ray 
Cook, Willis W. 
Cooper, Russell B. 
Condon, Joseph 
Coplan, Geo. Wm. 
Coplen, Arthur G. 
Coplen, Don 
Coplen, Oscar O. 



Cornell, Wm. Lloyd 
Costello, John W. 
Costello, Joseph P. 
Coffel, Chas. E. 
Crabb, Don 
Crabb, Fred T. 
Craig, Herbert 
Craig, Herbert Hackett 
Crownover, Leroy A. 



Daniel, Earl 
Davis, Edwin A. 
Davis, Harvey 
Davis, Warren 
Davidson, Harold Bell 
Day, Fred 
Decker, Arthur 
Delehanty, R. Emmet 
Denny, Clyde 



Dillon, Clarence Allen 
Dillon, Talmadge O. 
Ditmire, Jean 
Ditmire, Ralph 
Diveley, Russell 
Dixon, Chas. 
Dixon, Joe 
Douglass, Albert 
Douglass, John 



Dovichi, A\'m. J. 
Downs, Warren 
Dudgeon, Dewey 
DuBois, John 
Dukes, Amos 
Dukes, Lawsen 
Dukes. Paul 
Drake, Fred 
Drudge, Omar 



Easterday, Fred 
Easterday, Loris 
Eastwood, Wm. Oscar 
Eber, Lester A. 
Eber, Vern 
Eddington. Clarence 



E 

Eddington, William 
Eiserman, Fred 
Eiserman, Glen 
Elmerick, Elmer C. 
Emeric, Rosco 
Emmons, Aubry 



Emmons, Grover 
Emmons, Lester 
Emmons, Wm. 
Ericson, Axel Leonard 



Falls, Guy 
Farry. Chas. F. 
Faulstick, Chas. 

Fansler, 

Felty. Fred Wilson 
Fenniinore, Oniar 
Field, Earnest 
Fields, Guy 
Fields, Leonard 



Filton, Floyd 
FljMin, Ray 
Foglesong, Harry 
Folker, Elmer M. 
Foore, James 
Foor, Dee E. 
Foor, Ossa 
Foor, Ferman 
Fore, Abbott 



Foster, Ora 
Foster, Herbert 
Fowler, Bernard 
Freece, Guy 
Freidner, Arthur 
Fry, Willard 
Fuller, Abbott 
Fultz, Dee 



Garman. Perry 
Garman, Reed 
Garner, Clarence 
Gault, Robert 



Geiger, Floyd 
Geyer, Buel J. 
Gilispie, Warren 
Ginn, Harland H. 



Ginn, Ivan 
Ginther, Herbert 
Ginther, Merle 
Ginther. Silas 



200 



THE WORLD WAR 



Gocking-, Grant Cecil 
Gohn, Chas. E. 
Golub, Jacob 
Goodrich, Daniel 
Gorsline, Donald 
Goss, Byron 
Goss, Raymond 
Gould, Francis B. 



Hagan, Lloyd 
Hall, Evert Lee 
Hall, Justin 
Hall, Thomas D. 
Hamilton, Ralph 
Hammond, Everett 
Hand, Floyd F. 
Hardin, Guy Max 
Harding, John 
Harding, Phon, Jr. 
Harrold, Gordon D. 
Harsh, Vance K. 
Harter, Leo S. 
Hartz, Benjamin 
Haslett, Peter 
Hatfield, Arthur 
Hatfield, Ralph 
Hayward, Richard 



Gould, Herbert 
Graeber, Harry John 
Graham, Earl 
Graham, Everett 
Graham, Frank P. 
Graham, Paul 
Grass, Eva A. 
Green, Dwight 

H 

Hemminger. Whitfield 
Henderson, Earl 
Henderson, Hugh 
Henderson, Paul 
Hendrickson, Arthur 
Hendrickson, Florenct 
Hendrickson, Milan 
Hendrickson, Minder 
Hendrickson, Robert 
Hetzner, Harry 
Hiatt, J. E. 
Higgins, Forrest. N 
Hill, Clarence F. 
Hill, Floyd A. 
Hizer, Milo 
Hoflfman, Orval M. 
Hofifman, Ralph 
Hoffman, \'ance E. 



Green, Raymond 
Green, Sidney 
Greenwood Robert 
Greer, James 
Grove, Arch 
Grove, Oliver 



Hoffman, William F. 
Hogan, Elva 
Hogan, Ernest 
Holloway, Donald Y. 
Holman, Hugh 
Hoover, Don 
Hoover, Ernest 
Hoover, Max J. 
Hoover, Tom 
Horn, Robert M. 
Hudkins, Alphonzo A. 
Hudson, Emmit 
Hudtwalcker, Rudolph 
Hulse, Paul 
Hunter, Fred 
Hunter, Otto 
Hunter, Rex 



Ingram, Milo O. 



Irvine, Chas. G. 
Irvine, Martin A. 



Ivey, Chas. 



Jamison, Claude 
Jenkins, Hugh 
Jocking, Grant C. 
Johnson, Alvin E. 



Kamp, Estil 
Kamp, Orville 
Karn, Harry D. 
Karn, Russell 
Kebus, Steven 
Keel, Carl Byron 
Kepler, Quimby 
Kern, Franklin W. 



Johnson, Howard 
Johnson, Harry 
Johnson, James F. 
Johnston, Francis 

K 

Kesler, Guy 
Kestner, Geo. Wm. 
Kinder, Ner. 
Kindig, Claude 
Kindig, Roy 
Kindig, Vernon 
King, Joseph V. 
King, Kenneth N. 



Jones, Herman 
Tudd, Howard 



King, Milo S. 
King, Raymond E. 
King, Roy W. 
Kissinger, Herschel 
Kistler, Chas S. 
Krothwell, Ross 
Kulp, Daniel, Jr. 
Kulp, Ernest 



HONOR ROLL 



201 



Lackey, Hiram Silas 
Lantz, Ernest 
Larew, Horace 
Large, Andrew 
Lawson, Earl James 



Leininger, Lewis Dale 
Ley, Leo Edmond 
Long, Ernest M. 
Long, Worth W. 
Lowden, Claude 



Louderback, R. L. \' 
Lowe, Clarence S. 
Lowman, Jesse 
Luey, Walter 



McCarter, Harry 
McCarty, Murray 
McClung, Fred Garrick 
McCoy, Walter 



Madary, Clarence Verle 
Madlem, Harland T. 
Mahoney, Dennis 
Maroney, Frank 
Marriott, \'irgil 
Marsh, Marion 
Marshall, Claud 
Martin. Claude 
Martin. Harvey 
Masterson, Alvin . 
Masterson, Orange Lee 
Masters, Oscar 
Mathews. Leroy 
Meek, Herold 
Meredith, Donald D. 
Meridith, Russell S. 
Merley, Adolph R. 
Messenger, Wm. 
Metz. Jack 
Mevers. Charles E. 



Nehere, Russell 
Nehere. Truman 
Nellans, Chas. 
Nelson, Kenneth R. 
Nelson, Phillip 



O'Blenis, Clem 
O'Blenis. Ray 
O'Connell, Clarence 
O'Dell, Gilbert 



Mc 

Mclntyre, Lovell 
Mclntyre, Oval L. 
McKee, Brant R. 
McMahan, Edwin Love 

M 

Meyer, Herman A. 
Meyer, Omer John 
Mezger, Wm. H. 
Mikesell, Deane 
Miksell. Omer E. 
Mills, Earl 
Mills, Russell 
Miller, Calvert 
Miller, Chas. A. 
Miller, Earl 
Miller, Hanford 
Miller, Jacob 
Miller. Lucius C. E. 
Miller. Raymond 
Miller. Robert V. 
Miller, Walter W. 
Miller, Willhelm 
Mitchell. Robert C. 
Mogle. Hubert Elden 
Moore. Benjamin F. 

N 

Newell, Manford • 
Xichol. Frank 
Nichodemus. John 
Nickles, George 
Xoftsger, Chas. 

o. 

O'Dell, Samuel 
O'Hare, Earl 
O'Hare, John 
Osborn, Jay 



McMahan. James J. 
McMahan. John L. 
McMahan, Pat 
McLung, Arthur 



Moore, Charley J. 
Moore, Daniel M. 
Moore, Earl 
Moore, Fred J. 
Moore, Norman C. 
Moore, Robert P. 
Morphet, Edgar 
Mow, Clyde 
Mowe, Lee 
Murphy, Benjamin 
Murphy, Jesse 
Murphy, Raymond 
Murphy, Russell 
Murray, George 
Murtha, George 
Murtha, Joseph 
Musselman, Sherl 
Myer, Tom 



Norman, Cleo R. 
Norton, Paul B. 
Noyes, Vernon 
Nye, Clifford V. 
Nye. Robert Cleon 



Overmyer, Howard 
Overmyer, Roy 
Overmyer, Wm. 
Owens, Robert 



202 



THE WORLD WAR 



Painter, Paul 
Palmer, Oswald 
Parrish, Geo. L. D. 
Passwater, Geo. 
Patton, Harrison 
Paul, Ralph R. 
Paul, Walter 
Pensinger, James 
Perry, Ralph 
Perry, Walter John 



Personett, Mur. 
Peterson, Boyd 
Peterson, Clarence 
Peterson, Earl 
Peterson, Elbert R. 
Peterson, Guy 
Pfeiffer, Edward 
Pfeiffer, Lucius 
Phillips, Thomas 
Picken, Omar 



Polen, Vance 
Polen; Wm., Jr. 
Polly, Lloyd 
Pontius, Guy 
Pontius, Verl E. 
Poorman, Omar 
Poorman, Willie 
Powell, Harrold N. 
Pressnall, Earl H. 
Putman, Claude 



Rans, Edgar Wilson 

Redmond, Walter 

Rees, Myron 

Reese, Loyd 

Reish, Donald Carlton 

Reish, Omer Guy 

Reish, William H. 

Reiter, David L. 

Rhodes, Ralph 

Rhodes, Sumner Jefferson 

Richards, Russell 



Richmond, Charles 
Richmond, Roy D. 
Richter, David 
Riddle, Geo. 
Robbins, Alfred R. 
Robbins, Fred 
Robinson, Fred 
Roden, Harold 
Rodgers, Harley Grover 
Rogers, Hobart L. 
Rogers, Lester Clement 



Rolland, Ezra Wm. 
Ross, Harold T. 
Ross, Walter David 

Rouch, 

Rouch S. Earl 
Rouch, Vernie 
Ruh, Donald O. 
Ruh, Harold 
Royer, Carl Lee 



Sanns, Chas. Joseph 
Sanns, Harrison Vernon 
Sanns, James Manuel 
Saunders, Charles R. 
Sauseman, Clifford G. 
Scheets, Joseph A. 
Schrim, Charles, Lt. 
Schrim, Elson 
Schrim, John Edward 
Schuler, Edward 
Scott, Hiram 
Scott, Wm. J. 
Sears, Charles 
See, Gordon Earl 
Seigfried, Paul Atwell 
Sewell, Guy E. 
Shamp, Harry Kay 
Sharp, Russell R. 
Shaw, Harlan 
Sheets, Ottis L 
Shelton, LeRoy Clarence 



Shelton, Ralph 
Shelton, Ray 
Shine, Ermil Neville 
Shipley, Donald 
Shipley, Frank 
Shively, Noah 
Shobe, Rex D. 
Shriver, Chas. E. 
Sisson, Earl 
Slifer, Arthur Orville 
Smiley, Glen 
Smith, Gernie Elgie 
Smith, Grover 
Smith, Lowell B. 
Smith, Noble 
Smith, Percy 
Snyder, Arthur 
Snyder, Byron 
Snyder, Clarence 
Snyder, Jesse Leroy 
Snyder, Loyd Elmer 



Snyder, McKinley 
Snyder, Merlin 
Snyder, Orville 
Sowers, Wm. H. 
Sparks, Cecil Ray 
Stacy, Russell 
Stamm, Charles 
Stanley, Geo. Russell 
Stanley, John 
Staton, Geo. 
Steffy, Ernie 
Stengly, Clarence Grover 
Sterner, Howard 
Stetson, Ray 
Stinson, Max James 
Stinson, Stanley 
Stockberger, Dennis Dale 
Strong, Paul O. 
Strock, Wardell Western 
Stubblefield, Thurman A. 
Sutherland, Harry 



HONOR ROLL 



203 



Swango, Frank 
Swango, Isaac Jacob 
Swartwood, Fred G, 



Swihart, Frank, Lt. 
Swihart, Mellvin 
Swihart, Walter 



Swintzer, William 
Sylvester, Paul 



Taylor, Frank 
Taylor, Guy Hubert 
Taylor, Harley W., M. D. 
Taylor, Omer F. 
Terry, Lyon 
Tester, Riley Clesley 



Thomas, Dewey 
Thompson, Olos Nathan 
Thompson, Jacob F. 
Thrush, Lotus 
Timbers, Archie Roscoe 
Tipton, Raymond 



Toner, Albert Worth 
Town, Cecil 
Tramburger, Emel 
Tyrell, Wm. 



U 

Utter, Frank H. 



Van Blairican, Edgar 
Van Cleave, Jessie 
Van Valer, Russell 



\'an Meter, Charles 
Van Meter, Ernest 
Van Meter, Frank 



\'an Meter, John 
Vandergrit, Quincy 
Vickery, Dean K. 



Wade, Claud N. 
Waddups, Thomas P. 
Wagoner, Amos 
Walters, Gerald 

Walters, J. Bryan 

Waltz, Jesse 
Ware, James M. 
Warfield, George Evertt 
Warner, Wm. 
Warner, Ray V. 



W 

Weir, James Harold 
Welcheimer, David 

West, Neal 

Wilfred, Clyde E. 

Wilhoit, Joseph H. 

Willard, Daniel 
Wise, Clyde L. 
Wharton, Harrison 
Whitacre, Charles 
Whitcomb, Paul J. 



White, Wm. F. 

Wolf, Leroy Sylvester 

Workman, Clarence 

Wright, Marcus H. 

Wright, Otis J. 

Wright, Ralph 
Wylie, George Henry 
Wynn, Wm. J. 



Yarter, Gordon 



Yeasel, Clinton Howard 



Zartman, Voris 



Zimpleman, Edward 
Zollman, Levi 



Zollman, Harley E. 



Record of the 42nd Division 

(/« which Many Fulton County Boys Served) 

DD 

August 13th, 1918 
I'o the Officers and Men of the 42nd Division'. 

A year has elapsed since the formation of your organization. It 
is therefore fitting to consider what you have accomplished as a com- 
Ijat division and what you should prepare to accomplish in the future. 

Your first elements entered the trenches in Lorraine on February 
21st. You served on that front for 110 days. You were the first 
American division to hold a divisional sector and when you left the 
sector June 21st, you had served continuously as a division in the 
trenches for a longer time than any other American division. Al- 
though you entered the sector without experience in actual warfare, 
you so conducted yourselves as to win the respect and affection of 
the French veterans with whom you fought. Under gas and bom- 
bardment, in raids, in patrols, in the heat of hand to hand combat 
and in the long dull hours of trench routine so trying to a soldier's 
spirit, you bore yourselves in a manner worthy of the traditions of 
your country. 

You were withdrawn from Lorraine and moved immediately to 
the Champagne front where during the critical days from July 14th 
to July 18th, you had the honor of being the only American division to 
fight in General Gouraud's Army which so gloriously obeyed his order, 
"We will stand or die," and by its iron defense crushed the German 
assault and made possible the offensive of July 18th to the west of 
Reims. 

From Champagne you were called to take part in exploiting the 
success north of the Marne. Fresh from the battle front before Cha- 
lons, you were thrown against the picked troops of Germany. For 
eight consecutive days you attacked skillfully prepared positions. 
You captured great stores of arms and munitions. You forced the 
crossings of the Ourcq. You took Hill 212, Sergy, Meurcy Ferme 
and Serings by assault. You drove the enemy, including an im- 
perial Guard Division, before you for a depth of fifteen kilometers. 

204 



RECORD OF 42ND DIVISION 205 

^^'hen your infantry was relieved, it was in full pursuit of the retreat- 
ing Germans, and your artillery continued to progress and supix.rt 
another American division in the advance to the Vesle. 

For your services in Lorraine, your division was formally com- 
mended in General Orders by the French Army Corps under which 
you served. For your services in Champagne, your assembled offi- 
cers received the personal thanks and commendation of (icneral 
Gouraud himself. For your services on the Ourcq. your division was 
officially complimented in a letter from the Commanding General, 1st 
Army Corps, of July 28th, 1918. 

To your success, all ranks and all services have contributed, and 
T desire to express to every man in the command my appreciation of 
his devoted and courageous effort. 

However, our position places a burden of responsibility upon us 
which we must strive to bear steadily forward without faltering. To 
our comrades who have fallen, we owe the sacred obligation of main- 
taining the reputation which they died to establish. The influence of 
our performance on our allies and our enemies cannot be over-esti- 
mated for we were one of the first divisions sent from our country 
to France to show the world that Americans can fight. 

Hard battles and long campaigns lie before us. Only by cease- 
less vigilance and tireless preparation can we fit ourselves for them. 
I urge you, therefore, to approach the future with confidence, but 
above all with firm determination that so far as it is in your power 
you will spare no effort whether in training or in combat to maintain 
the record of our division and the honor of our country. 

CHARLES T. MENOHER. 

Major General, U. S. Army. 



Some War Experiences 

By Foster ( Bobbie'') Owens 

an 

DD 

May 25, 1919 
Rossbach, Germany. 

I begin my diary from the time that President Wilson declar- 
ed war on Germany, which was April 6, 1917, at which time I was in 
D. Company, 16th Infantry, at Camp Baker, ElPaso, Texas. On the 
6th of May we relieved the 6th Infantry, doing patrol duty along the 
Mexican Border. My Company was stationed at the International 
Bridge which connected ElPaso, Texas, with Juarez, Mexico. Our 
duties were to stop all soldiers — either Mexican or American — from 
crossing the river ; also to stop all suspicious characters and investi- 
gate their cases. 

On the 25th of May we moved to Fort Bliss, which was on the 
outskirts of ElPaso, where my Company turned in all our infantry 
equipment and were issued machine gun equipment. They made three 
companies of the regiment into machine gun companies. 

General Pershing had sailed for France with his staff of about 
two hundred officers and a few engineers, but before he left he pick- 
ed a division as a van-guard of the mighty American Army which 
was to play such an important part in ending the war later on. He 
looked over his different units and found that the 16th, 18th, 26th and 
28th Infantry Regiments were in the best condition to take up arms 
against an enemy. 

On the 5th of June we left ElPaso on a trip, none of us knowing 
where it would end. On the 11th of June we pulled into Hoboken, 
New Jersey, in the wee hours of the morning — about one o'clock. We 
loaded onto the transports which were awaiting us. The loading 
was done so secretly that not many civilians had known of it. On 
the 14th of June fifteen transports, one U. S. Cruiser and a submarine 
destroyer, left New York Harbor to run a gauntlet of lurking death 
and also to outwit the most brutal and merciless foe the world has 
ever known. The news of our leaving had by now leaked out to 
some extent around Wall Street and some were gambling ten to one 
that we would never reach our ports in Europe, but there was a sur- 
prise in store for them. We left New York on a zig-zag course. One 
hour we were sailing in one direction and the next we were going in 

206 



"BOBBIE" OWENS' STORY 207 

just the opposite. We sailed in two columns, with the Cruiser on 
one side and the Destroyer on the other, always on the watch. If 
anything was sighted the Destroyer would go at almost race-horse 
speed and investigate what it was. 

Everything went along fine until the 22nd of June. When we 
got up we saw black objects approaching us from all directions. It 
made us tighten our life-belts a notch tighter as we watched, for 
everyone thought that our minutes were numbered. I have often 
since wondered what thoughts passed through the minds of those 
men who were watching those specks approach us, but as they came 
nearer our boats slowed down and waited. 

We w^ere all watching our Cruiser and the Destroyer, but they 
never stirred. Right up to the Cruiser they went and then we saw 
p strange flag flying from their masts. It was red, white and blue. 
It was the flag, the one we had run the death gauntlet to give as- 
sistance when they needed it most. They stayed with us on the 
rest of the voyage and on the morning of June 24th we sighted the 
shores of France. We all took a long breath of relief, as it was a 
strain on all of our nerves, that trip across. 

On the 26th of June we unloaded at St. Nazzaire, France. The 
French people almost went wild. They knew from that day on that 
the end of the war was in .sight. There was one thing that made them 
gasp in astonishment ; that was our appearing so young to them. 
The French soldiers, to a man, raise moustaches, and I guess we did 
look younger to them, being all clean shaven, but that same bunch of 
young boys were to astonish the world with their deeds a few months 
later. 

We stayed in camp here until July 1st, when the 2d Battalion of 
the 16th Infantry — composed of E. F. G.. and Headquarters Com- 
panies — wxnt to Paris to parade on the 4th of July. It surely was a 
great day in Paris. The men were unable to hold their formation in 
line of march. The people wanted to touch them to see if they were 
real. Poor France! With all their losses and misery, from that day 
on they never doubted the outcome of the struggle which they had 
been in for three long years. 

One incident, which I will jot down here, touched many a strong 
heart that day and made an everlasting tie of devotion between all 
who witnessed it. As the line was marching down the Place de la 
Concorde a small child ran out to the line and handed a big corporal a 
bunch of flowers. The corporal reached down without losing his step, 
picked the child up on one arm and kissed it ; then gently set his pre- 



208 THE WORLD WAR 

cious burden down again. The crowd went wild at that incident, but 
that was just one of many. 

The greatest of all incidents happened at Lafayette's Monument, 
where General Pershing and stalT, President Poincaire, General 
Joffre, and a great assemblage had gathered to receive the American 
fighting men. General Pershing uncovered in front of the tomb, stood 
with bowed head a moment, then looked up and said: "LaFayette, we 
are here !" Those words will never be forgotten. 

On the 12th of July the Division was in its new training area 
around Gondecourt (Marne) with headquarters at Gondecourt. I am 
not going to say much about the next three months, during which 
time we were put through a very strenuous and muscle-hardening 
course of training in trench warfare, which I doubt if any other troops 
ever went through ; but I will say that on October 23rd they were as 
hardy a bunch of men as ever wore shoe-leather and went into the 
trenches in the Luneville Sector, southeast of Nancy. It was a quiet 
sector up to the time we went there and our artillery soon began to 
warm things up for us and on the 4th of November — the same night 
the 1st Battalion of the 16th, 18th, 26th and 28th Regiments were re- 
lieved — the Boches, who had been notified by spies that we were being 
relieved, about three o'clock in the morning put over a box barrage 
on one platoon of F. Company, 16th Infantry. They followed that 
curtain of steel to our line of trenches when the chaos settled and the 
roll was called. Three men had answered the call with their lives and 
eight were missing. 

The Huns had drawn first blood and also had brought down upon 
themselves the hatred of a mighty nation. They showed their bru- 
tality at the beginning by cutting the throat of one of their victims, 
from ear to ear, after he had been shot through the head, but then and 
there the men of the 1st Division vowed to show no quarter to the 
Huns in the future. 

We went back to our training area again and on January 5th we 
left Demange, France, for the Toul Sector north of Toul and directly 
opposite Mt. See, a high mountain held by the Germans since 1914. 
It was a great stronghold with observation posts on top, from which 
all French territory for miles was under observation. We held this 
sector through January and on February 20th we were to raid their 
lines, but owing to some mistake on the part of our engineers (whose 
duty it was to lay a pipe line to the German lines, to gas their front 
line) they did not get it all connected, but you must not blame them 
for you must remember this was our first experience in trench war- 
fare. I will say, however, that our artillery, composed of the 5th, 6th 



"BOBBIE" OWENS' STORY 209 

and 7th Field Artillery, which joined us in July, on the night of the 
20th of February, at twelve o'clock, put over the most i)erfect barrage 
which was ever thrown to the Huns. I happened to be watching the 
woods in our rear at exactly 12 o'clock when the sky lighted up 
along our front of about two miles and in a few second tilings began 
to happen in front of our wire entanglements. Shells were bursting 
at an awful rate, tearing everything in their path. The barrage was 
perfect, but our raiding party had not moved because of a flaw. 

It was on this night, about three o'clock that I was struck by a 
piece of shrapnel on the right shoulder, but I did not need any treat- 
ment as the wound was not serious. A few nights later the Huns re- 
turned the raid on the 18th Infantry, but the 18th was not to be caught 
napping. They let the Huns get into our wire ; then they gave the 
artillery a signal for a barrage. For the second time our artillery 
showed us they were on the job. In just eighteen seconds from the 
time they were signalled the guns were laying a curtain of steel be- 
tween the Huns and their front line trenches that no human being 
could go through. The Huns were caught, but a few of them escap- 
ed for the 18th doughboys finished their job in good shape. 

\\'e were relieved from this sector on February 22nd but we were 
still after revenge for the raid on us at Luneville, so after we went 
back to our training area we left a party of picked men under com- 
mand of Captain Graves to pull a raid on the night of the 4th of 
March. Our raiding party went to the Germans' third line trenches, 
only seeing five Huns who were put out by a hand grenade in quick 
order. Their trenches were badly torn up by our artillery fire. 

It was toward the middle of March that General Pershing re- 
viewed his troops again. They had completed their training. There 
were four divisions, the 1st, 2nd, 26th and 42nd, who were fit for duty. 
The General told Marshall Foch that he could give him four divisions 
to help stem the drive which was about to begin for the capture of 
Paris. AVe were now under command of the French. The German 
offensive began on March 21st along the whole front. We were load- 
ed on a train and sent to the Picardy front. Arriving there in April 
we were put on a sector in front of Cantigny, where the British had 
backed up. Then began our real baptism of fire. 

I have heard, from good authority, that on an average thirty 
thousand shells fell on this sector every twenty-four hours, but the 
question which every one of our allies was asking was "Could we 
hold them?" Their doubts were soon dispelled for on the morning 
of May 28, the 28th Infantry went over the top, supported by nine 
French tanks, and captured Cantigny and we held it through six 



210 THE WORLD WAR 

counter-attacks, to the surprise of our allies. It was a minor of- 
fensive, but it showed the world that America was to be depended 
upon. 

It was on the night of the 31st of May, while I was taking food 
to my company in the front lines,, that I was caught in a bombard- 
ment and was put out of the game for a time ; but you have heard of 
the Soissons affair, which was another great victory. I was sorry 
I could not be with my company then. 

I came back from the hospital in August and on September 12th 
we were back in Front — Old Mt. See, on the Toul Front — -ready for 
the ALL American Offensive. On the night of September 11th we 
crept out onto No Man's Land and no sooner had we got into our 
position than more artillery than was ever used on one front during 
the war roared forth a destroying fire. At one o'clock for twenty kilo- 
meters behind the Hun lines, we were waiting in the rain for the zero 
hour. None of us knew when it was to be, but we were soon to 
find out. We were all taking our last smoke at the break of dawn 
when a curtain of fire started to fall in front of us. We were off and 
nothing could stop us. You already know what we did there, but it 
fell to the 1st Division to take the stronghold of Mt. See. and we 
did it. 

On the 26th of September, the Meuse-Argonne offensive began. 
The 1st, 2nd, 89th and 90th divisions were in reserve, to be used 
wherever any other divisions were held up or stopped. We were at 
Verdun, waiting. We could hear the roar of the guns and were 
anxious to get in front of them. The time was near. October 4th 
found us relieving the 35th division which had suffered severely along 
the Oise River near Scheppy. They could not go on. We went in 
and went ten kilometers in ten days. A prisoner whom we took 
told us we were on the worst front of all, where every foot of ground 
cost blood. We fought sometimes hand to hand, sometimes chasing 
them until we pushed them to the level ground. When we were re- 
lieved by the 42nd we left many of our comrades there. 

On October 8th I was knocked unconscious and remained so for 
a half hour, but caught up to my company a little later. 

At one place we left more of our boys than at any other. You 
all know of Hill 272. The Allies were saying that we couldn't take it, 
but we did, and now I say that we earned our reputation for always 
gaining ground^ never losing an inch of what we took. 

It was a tired, nerve-racked bunch of men who marched back off 
that front ; a mere handful compared to the number who went up, 
but our ranks were soon filled with new men and we drilled them 



"BOBBIE- OWENS' STORY 211 

(lay and night, so they would be in shape for the test. Some of them 
hadn't been over here more than two weeks, but we soon taught them. 

November 1st found us again at the front. We were told that if 
we could cut the German line of communication at Muzon, where their 
standard gauge railroad ran along the Meuse, we could end the war; 
so that was our objective. The end was in sight. When my regiment 
ended up on November 9th we were on a high hill overlooking Sedan. 
The war was won and two days later came the end. 

We went five days without our artillery and machine guns and 
with nothing to eat. We cleared that territory of artillery and ma- 
chine guns with our rifles, which was a remarkable feat. 

Well, my little narrative is finished. You will probably get tired 
of it, but I will swear that every word is true. There is more which 
I could tell, but I want to forget it now. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 
5th divisions are all that are left here in Germany now, but I guess 
cur time will soon come when we will be out of this country and in 
God's country once more and if the Statue of Liberty wants to see 
me again when I get back, she will have to face west. 

At the end of the war we were farther within the German lines 
than any other division and we are still at the farthest occupied point 
in (icrmany — "The Old Fighting First Division." 

(Signed) "BOBBIE" OW^ENS. 



Experiences of An Army Nurse 

By Miss Ruth PFright 

DD 
DD 

Army life, as far as the nurse is concerned, has an interesting and 
pleasant side as well as the uninteresting and sad features. 

While in New York awaiting orders to sail for France we were 
stationed on Ellis Island, and had about three months in which to 
drill and go sight-seeing. We sailed Dec. 4, 1917, on the steamship 
George Washington and were seventeen days in crossing. We had 
very comfortable quarters, but had to keep our port holes closed most 
of the time. The first few days on the ocean were calm and we en- 
joyed it greatly. Finally we had two very severe storms, which 
made everyone keep to their staterooms, dashed several life boats to 
pieces, and washed several boys, who were on guard duty, overboard. 
When we reached the war zone we received orders to stay dressed 
^day and night, and at night had coats, canteens and life belts close at 
hand ready to pick up on a moment's notice. We had "abandon ship 
drill" on the boat, so many were assigned to each life boat, and by 
the time we reached the danger zone had the drill down to a fine 
system. 

As we approached France, airplanes and destroyers came out to 
meet us. We stayed on the boat four days before landing at Brest, 
France. 

Base Hospital No. 32 was located in the Vosges mountains, at 
Contrexeville, France, which was a famous summer resort, noted for 
its beautiful scenery and mineral water, and was called the second 
Monte Carlo of France. The hospitals were in hotels taken over for 
that purpose. 

I was with Base 32until June, 1918, when I was sent on detached 
service to Field Hospital No. 307, located at Baccarat. Here we had 
ten barracks, seven of which were used for patients, and each barrack 
holding about forty beds. 

While at Baccarat we had air raids almost every moonlight night, 
and I know I shall never see moonlight again without thinking of those 
raids. We could tell a German plane by its heavy chugging sound, 
while the allied planes had more of an even musical sound. In our 
village the hospital barracks were located between an ammunition 
factory and the railroad station, and the Boches were trying to hit one 
or both of these places in their attacks. Some nights the raids would 

212 



A NURSE'S EXPERIENCE 213 

be heavy and other nights Hght. A siren was scundcd whenever a 
German plane was heard coming across the lines, and then the anti- 
aircraft guns and the allied planes would be on the lookout and usually 
got in some pretty good work. It made one have a queer feeling 
during the raids and most everyone would drop whatever they were 
doing and sit quietly until the siren was again sounded telling the raid 
was over. Some went to the dugouts, carrying or wearing their steel 
hats. It was always interesting to see the different kinds of people in 
the dugouts and the various things they had brought with them to 
their place of seeming safety. We had one Italian patient, named loe. 
who would always crawl under his bed for protection whenever an 
enemy plane would come over, and after the raid the other boys would 
hurry to turn on the lights in order to see Joe crawl out from his 
'place of safety." 

One afternoon I saw a bunch of British planes in combat with 
three Boche planes. One enemy plane was brought down and as it 
fell caught fire ; the aviator fell out when about 200 feet from the 
ground. They brought him to our hospital morgue. He was a young 
man about 23 years of age, well dressed and had the picture of his wife 
and two children in his pocket. 

One night a bomb fell about a square from our hospital ; the con- 
cussion knocked several patients from their beds and several were hit 
with pieces of shrapnel. Sometimes the enemy plane would drop what 
is called a star shell, fastened to a parachute affair, and looked like a 
mammoth chandelier hanging from the sky. It came down very 
slowly lighting up the country for miles around. It was usually 
dropped to get a pointer on moving troops. 

While doing temporary duty at Base Hospital No. 51 I had two 
wards of German prisoners (about seventy in number) about half of 
which were bed cases and the other half were up. It took myself and 
another nurse almost the whole day to dress their wounds, and to see 
them you would think the American boys were getting in some pretty 
good work. One of the prisoners was a married man and had lived in 
the United States several years and had gone back to Germany on a 
visit and was sent to the front. We also had one prisoner, not very 
badly wounded, who persisted in staying in bed, although able to be 
up. We tried to persuade him to get up and help wait on the other 
prisoners, and after questioning him we found that he was afraid if 
he got up he would be mistreated or killed by the Americans. The pris- 
oners were not kept here very long but sent farther back. 

When off duty we nurses would take little hikes to other little 
villages, also visiting the various places of interest, the old chateaus 



214 THE WORLD WAR 

and cathedrals. Was in the Castle of Ann, climbed the circular stair- 
way (which was very dark and damp) to the top of the castle, looked 
out the turrets over the beautiful surrounding country, and also went 
down into the undreground rooms and dungeons. The cathedrals 
were also very interesting, being very old, damp and musty, and 
paths worn in the aisles and stairways from the tramping of many 
feet during the past centuries. 

While on our way to our hospital, and waiting for the same to 
be set up, we nurses were in Red Cross Hospital No. 110, located at 
Villers Dau Court, for temporary duty. This hospital was about eight 
miles from the front, which was a very active sector. The first night, 
being the start of the Meuse-Argonne drive (Sept. 25, 1918) after be- 
ing asleep about an hour we were awakened by the sound of a bom- 
bardment. It was a constant barrage, commencing about midnight 
and lasted until noon the next day. Just seemed like they were trying 
to use every bit of ammunition they had on this one sector, that is 
about the only way I can desccribe it. I had heard bombardments 
while in the village of Baccarat, but that was comparatively a quiet 
sector. I could almost imagine I saw the real hades in which our boys 
were fighting. The next morning we put our wards in their last finish- 
ing touches, expecting patients to be brought in soon. Miss Goffinet 
nnd I were assigned to the shock ward. Our first patient came in about 
five o'clock that evening, and had been a patient of mine back in the 
village of Baccarat. He was a New York division boy and recognized 
me. We did everything we could, but were unable to save him. Then 
patients began coming thick and fast, and we had really more than we 
could do, but all the boys were so patient, never complaining, said 
they had done their bit and were ready to go, and many had to go 
"west." As the other patients got better they were moved to other 
wards and finally evacuated to base hospitals to make more room for 
the other boys from the front. 

Finally we had orders that Evacuation Hospital No. 14, at Les 
Islets, was ready for us and we left in ambulances, went through vari- 
ous villages and towns very prominently mentioned during the war. 
Went through St. Mihiel (and it was from this place we received 
patients while in Toul where only a few weeks before one side was 
occupied by Americans and Germans on the other) there was not 
a whole building left in the place ; bridges were blown to pieces, 
and we crossed the river on a bridge made of plank platforms and 
floated on boats. It took eleven boats to hold the floating bridge, 
the distance between each boat being about the length of the boat it- 
self. It was some river for France, as most of the rivers would be 



A NURSE'S EXPERIENCE 215 

called a creek in the United States. We saw miles of American and 
German trenches, and miles of wire entanglements, passed through 
what had been No Mans Land, and all through this desolated region 
you could see the scarlet poppies growing, adding a touch of color to 
the dreary waste of land. 

In different places we saw the most comfortable dugouts, almost 
like the home of a cave dweller, built in the sides of the hills Iiy the 
Germans. To see them from the outside they looked like modern 
bungalows, and going inside they were papered and furnished very 
beautifully. One especially, thought to have been used by a promi- 
nent German official, was partitioned on the inside, having living, 
dining, bedroom and bath, and a small kitchen ; the walls were papered 
and paneled, and the furniture of the most expensive kind. This was 
in the Argonne forest region and, no doubt, the Germans thought they 
had a life lease on this location, but soon learned differently when 
the Americans came in this territory. 

After leaving Les Islets at 4 o'clock one day, moving into \'a- 
rennes, arriving at our destination after night, on getting out of the 
ambulances we stepped into mud at least ten inches deep, a regular 
sea of mud ; this had been No Man's Land a few days before and was 
full of shell holes. We had no lights, no water, nor conveniences of 
any kind. At this place our home as well as the hospital were tents. 
We had to wear boots most of the time. .Vs the w^eather was cold we 
had stoves in our tents and had some very hot fires. Our tent was 
dotted with holes caused by the sparks from our chimney. Quite 
frequently we would be in our tents, reading, resting or otherwise 
enjoying ourselves when through the numerous holes in the tent roof 
came a bucket of water — a guard spying our tent on fire would throw 
on it a bucket of water and it seemed as though the most of the water 
fell on the inhabitants inside. 

On July 17, 1918, Miss Bowen and myself took a walk over to- 
ward the hill that seemed to protect our little village. We walked to 
the next village, which was half-way between our hospital and the 
front lines. Here we asked the guard if we might go a little farther. 
He called a sergeant, who said we might go on a short distance. We 
walked along the camouflaged road, noticed the shell holes, barb wire 
entanglements and came to the second village. Visited the church and 
saw a large hole in the steeple and on inquiry learned the Germans had 
shot into the steeple a few days before just after the boys had turned 
the hands of the clock. We asked the guard how far we were from 
the front lines, and he said over there on the hill about half a mile. 
We had passed the third and second line trenches and noticed how 



216 • THE WORLD WAR 

the guards stared at us, and were told several times to put our gas 
masks in alert position. There were no civilians in this little village. 
We could see the village in which the Germans were billeted and 
were under observation and shell range of the Boche. On arriving at 
our hospital we told where we had been. Some doubted it, saying it 
would have been impossible to get by the guards, but after describing 
what we had seen the captain said there was no doubt but what 
we had been to the front. . Of course, after our visit the other girls 
were anxious to make the trip, but the captain gave his orders and 
they did not get to go. 

On hours off one afternoon Miss Bowen and I thought we would 
visit the little American cemetery near our hospital. There was a 
long row of wooden crosses with tags tacked on them, and a second 
line pretty well started. While reading the different names to see if 
there were any we knew four ambulances stopped, carrying in all thir- 
teen boxes. This was at 5 o'clock in the evening, and there was no 
one there to attend this little last service except the chaplain, the am- 
bulance drivers and a few Frenchmen. They kept the graves dug 
so as to have them ready for use. Three boxes were put in each grave, 
the flag draped over them, a short service read, and that was the end. 
It surely was the most impressive and saddest sight I ever saw. 

An interesting sight was to see changing of two divisions, one 
going to the front, the other leaving the front for a rest. We certainly 
wondered where all the boys came from, and thought the whole 
United States army was in that one sector. For days there was a 
constant stream of moving troops. When we went to bed at night it 
seemed we were lulled to sleep by the constant' tread of the boys 
marching all night long, night after night. It was at this time the 
Boche plane's would try to get the troops, ammunition and supply 
trains. The never-ending string of motor trucks, going to and from 
the front, looked like ants following one another. 

To give you an idea how busy our hospital was during the heavy 
drive, will say there were over eleven hundred patients passed through 
our hospital in twenty-four hours, and one night thirty-six ambu- 
lances filled with boys came up, and as we had only five hundred beds 
could only take care of the most seriously wounded and send the 
rest to the next hospital about twenty-five miles back. My work 
was in the shock ward ; here we received all the bad battle cases, all 
surgical cases. Boys came in shot to pieces, suffering from loss of 
blood and exposure. We would do all we could for them ; give blood 
transfusions, and get them in condition for operations, if necessary, 



A NURSE'S EXPERIENCE 217 

or to be evacuated to another tent. The l)oys were all very brave 
through it all. never complaining, always wanting to know the news 
at the front. 

As patients came in we received the latest news from the front, 
and one item was that the armistice was to ])e signed at St. Mene- 
hould, which was not far from our little village. Before the signing 
of the armistice our little village was very dark and quiet, no lights 
anywhere, seemed as if there were not another person within miles. 
In the evening of the day that the armistice was signed lights began 
to pop up everywhere in the village and on the hillsides, and to the 
south of us in the village of Cheppy a band began playing, and how 
good to hear real music once more after having lived in mudland'and 
hearing no sound but the constant bombardment at the front, and in 
the same evening such a wonderful display of fireworks as we did see. 

One of the happiest moments, after the signing of the armistice, 
was receiving the orders that we girls were to go into Germany with 
the Army of Occupation. On Dec. 7, 1918, we left Varennes, France 
(in the Argonne forest region) for Germany. A\'e passed over battle- 
fields, crossed the Meuse, through the lower corner of Belgium, 
through Luxemburg City, following the Moselle river to Trier, where 
we stayed several days, until the Germans had evacuated Coblenz. 
Arrived in Coblenz on Dec. 14, 1918, and on our way passed division 
after division of American boys marching into Germany, and it kept 
us busy nodding and waving to them from our ambulances. 

We arrived in Coblenz before many of the American boys came 
in, and one of the greatest and most thrilling sights was to see our 
boys marching into the enemy's city. We got up early one morning, 
especially, to see this great event. First would come the bands play- 
ing very lively and thrilling music, then division after division, troops 
after troops, ammunition and supply trucks, cavalry ; in fact, all dif- 
ferent branches of the army. And the greatest part of it was, there 
was no disorder, shouting or noise, just marching in the straight, quiet 
dignified way that characterized the American boys all through the 
war. 

Our hospital in France was located in a former Catholic hospital 
of the Germans, and we had all conveniences, and surgeries, but 
here we were to take care of only emergency and sick boys, and not 
l)attle cases. 

Left Germany for port of sailing on April 14, 1919, stayed at 
Vannes. France, about seven weeks ; finally left Brest, France, for good 
old U. S. A. on June 12. 1919. on the S. S. Imperator, which was some 
big boat, carrying about 14.000 passengers. We were about four 



218 THE WORLD WAR 

days' journey on the water when our boat picked up a wireless mes- 
sage that the boat of the president of Brazil was having engine trou- 
ble, and we were to go back east about a twenty-four hours' journey 
to pick up the president and his party, which they did about 2 o'clock 
the next morning. We were eight days in crossing, and as we neared 
New York harbor several destroyers came out to meet us, bringing 
prominent persons to meet the president and his party, and before 
landing he was given the usual salute accorded rulers of nations, twen- 
ty-one guns, but, oh, 'how grand to see the old U. S. A. once again. 
I would not take anything for my experiences in the great world war, 
it it has added anything of peace for future generations. 



Brief History of the 4th Division 

In Which Were Many Fulton County Soldiers. 

DD 
DD 

The 4th Division was organized in December, 1917, at Camp 
Greene, North Carolina, Major George H. Cameron commanding. It 
is a regular army division. The units of the division originally had an 
enlisted personnel, but were brought up to strength by the inclusion 
of drafted men. Intensive training of units of all arms was carried 
out during the winter in the unforgettable mud of Camp Greene. 

The division received orders to embark for Europe in the spring. 
Accordingly the departure for the port of embarkation began in April. 
1918, the various units going either to Camp Mills or to Camp Mer- 
ritt. Some units landed directly in France, but many went through 
England. With the exception of the artillery, which trained at Camp 
de Souge, the division was concentrated in the Samer area for train- 
ing during the latter part of May and received instruction from the 
British. The division was then in the 11 Army Corps (American). 

When the German drive from the .\isne to the Marne threatened 
Paris in June the 4th Division was one of the American divisions hur- 
riedly brought down from the British area and placed in immediate 
reserve behind the new French front. The 4th Division went first 
to Meaux and then up the Marne to the vicinity of La Ferte-sous- 
jouarre. While the infantry regiments were disposed about the area 
and were put under training with the French, the engineers were given 
the task of constructing a secondary system of defenses along the 
hills above Crouttes. Later the division was moved up to the vicinity 



THE FOURTH DIVISION 219 

of Lizy-sur-Ourcq and the engineers took up the construction of de- 
fensive works in that sector. The artillery during this time was still 
in training at Camp de Souge, near Bordeaux. 

Second Battle of the Marne. 

This brings us to the crisis of the war, the second battle of the 
Marne. Once before at the Marne the Germans had been beaten and 
had lost their opportunity of winning a short decisive war. This sec- 
ond battle of the Marne was the first big defeat suffered by the Ger- 
man army in many months, and it proved to be the beginning of the 
did, for it marked the first of a series of retreats that finally devel- 
oped almost into a rout and from which the Boche could not recover. 
It fell to the lot of the 4th Division to play no small part in this, its 
first battle. 

What proved to be the last German offensive started July 1.^. 
Three days later the Allies counter-attacked. The units of the 4th 
Division were brigaded with French troops, the 7th Brigade with the 
2nd French Corps and the balance of the division with 7th Frencli 
Corps, both corps being in the VI French Army. During the period 
in which the division was brigaded with the French, no organization 
larger than a regiment functioned as a tactical unit and in most cases 
battalions were sent into action with French regiments. 

The 39th Infantry attacked at 8 a. m., July 18, and by 3 p. m. 
had taken all objecetives as ordered, including Buisson de Cresnes. 
Thereafter Noroy was taken, which, according to plans, was to have 
been taken by the French. At 4 a. m., July 19, the regiment again 
advanced and took all objectives. The troops were relieved during 
the night of July 19-20. Two companies of the 11th Machine Gun 
Battalion operated with the 39th Infantry during this period. A bat- 
tery, a great number of minnenwerfer and machine guns and over 
100 prisoners were captured. 

The 47th Infantry was held in reserve during this phase of the 
battle, supported by two companies of the 11th Machine Gun Bat- 
talion and two companies of the 4th Engineers. 

The 58th Infantry, 59th Infantry, 12th Machine Gun Battalion. 
10th Machine Gun Battalion and the balance of the 4th Engineers 
operated with the 7th Corps, the battalions functioning separately. 
The French and American troops advanced at 4:35 a. m., July 18. 
without artillery support and took Hautevesnes and Courchamps. 
The Aericans "in a splendid dash" (to quote the words of General 
Gaucher, commanding the 164th Division) took the village of Chevil- 
lon, then advanced to the Sept Bois southwest of MontMenjon and 



220 THE WORLD WAR 

passed through it. Here these troops came under violent artillery 
and machine gun lire and were compelled to retire to the west edge 
of the woods. 

The French and American troops took Priez and La Grenouiliere 
Farm July 19 and Sommelans on the 20th. Petret Farm was taken 
July 21 and Bois de Bonnes taken and Bois du Chatelet entered on 
the 22nd. 

Upon the completion of this first phase of the battle, the division 
was regrouped as a reserve for the VI French Army, from July 22 
to 24, in the area Marizy St. Mard-Bonnes-Hautevesnes-Brumetz-St. 
Quentin-Marizy St. Genevieve. 

The 47th Infantry was then assigned the task of mopping up the 
Bois du Chatelet. Later two battalions of the 47th were put at the 
disposal of the commanding general, 42nd Division, and beginning 
with July 29 they participated in the offensive of the 42nd Division, 
crossing the Ourcq and attacking Sergy. Sergy had changed hands 
a number of times, but the two battalions of the 47th Infantry, acting 
under the orders of the commanding general, 42nd Division, finally 
took and held it. The losses were extremely heavy. On July 31 the 
battalions were relieved by the 39th Infantry, which operated until 
August 2. 

For the first time the 4th Division entered the line as a unit when 
it relieved the 42nd Division in the Foret de Nesles on the night of 
August 2-3. The division had been assigned to the I Army Corps 
(American), which in turn was a part of the VI French Army. The 
two brigades advanced side by side, the 8th Brigade on the right and 
the 7th Brigade on the left, without opposition. The enemy had re- 
tired across the Vesle. During the night of August 3-4 and the day 
of the 4th the Division advanced to the south bank of the Vesle, where 
it was held up by intense artillery and machine gun fire. During the 
following night and day small groups crossed to the northern bank 
of the Vesle. 

Artillery support was being furnished by the artillery of the 42nd 
and 26th Divisions. The 4th Artillery Brigade came into action at 
this time, however, and entered the line on the nights of August 5-6 
and 6-7 by taking up filial positions with the units of the 67th Field 
Artillery Brigade, 42nd Division. The 51st Field Artillery Brigade 
of the 26th Division had just been relieved. 

During the days following the advance to the Vesle, little ground 
was gained, for the enemy was strongly entrenched on the heights 
immediately north of the river. From these commanding eminences 
his artillery could bring practically direct fire to bear on the river. 



THE FOURTH Dn-JSTON 221 

Furthermore, the heights furnished excellent starting pcint for coun- 
ter-attacks. Hence, the result was that every attempt to cross the 
nver in force was met by violent artillery and machine gun fire and 
by well organized counter-attacks. In spite of this, however, the front 
line was placed definitely beyond the river on the right of the sector 
before the division was relieved. One counter-attack, on August 6, 
was broken up by a machine gun barrage fired by the 10th Machine' 
Gun Battalion from a position on the heights south of the Vesle. 

After a week of stubborn fighting in the valley of the X'esle the 
4th Division was relieved by the 133rd Brigade, 77th Division, on the 
night of August 11-12, and retired to the Foret de Dole and Foret de 
Nesles. The 4th Field Artillery Brigade, after having taken over the 
entire division sector on relief of the 67th Field Artillery Brigade. 
y\ugust 10 and 11, was finally relieved from the line on tiie nights oi 
August 15-16 and 16-17. 

During this campaign the 4th Division advanced to a total depth 
of 17 kilometers. No record was kept of prisoners and material ca])- 
tured. but the list was large, especially during the few days when 
the regiments were brigaded with the French. The total losses dur- 
ing the operataion were 752 killed, 4,812 wounded and 590 missing, 
a total of 6,154. 

Thus the 4th Division had made good as a combat di\ision. lie- 
fore the counter-ofifensive of July 18, the division had not been under 
fire and the mettle of its troops was as yet untried. Yet their conduct 
met all expectations, for it won the unstinted praise of the French 
commanders with whose units the regiments were brigaded. Having 
thus been proven, the division, a few days later, was sent into the fight 
as a tactical unit and added to its reputation by driving the enemy 
from the Foret de Nesles to the heights beyond the Vesle. 

All units of all arms proved their worth — the infantry and ma- 
chine gun units in attacking and in withstanding counter-attacks ; 
the artillery regiments, which had never been in a fight before; the 
engineers, who built roads and who bridged the Vesle; the signal 
units, who performed the difficult task of maintaining communication 
with rapidly advancing troops; the divisional trains, which func- 
tioned in a highly satisfactory manner, and all the small units whose 
work contributed to the results achieved. 

Training Period. 

After the Vesle fighting the division was withdrawn to the Reynel 
for training. General Cameron had been placed in commands 
of the V Army Corps and Brigadier General B. A. Poore. command- 



222 THE WORLD WAR 

ing the 7th Brigade, was temporarily in command of the division. 
Then on August 27 Major General John L. Hines took command 
of the 4th division. The division v^^as assigned to the V Corps, First 
American Army, and prepared for participation in the approaching 
St. Mihiel drive. On September 1 all units w^ere moved up to the 
Vavincourt area for further training. 

St. Mihiel Drive. 

On the night of September 6-7 troops of the 59th Infantry began 
the relief of French troops in the Toulon sector southeast of Verdun. 
This was a very quiet sector at that time. Activities started Septem- 
ber 12, however, when the First American Army attacked the St. 
Mihiel salient. The 4th Division was not called upon to play an 
extensive part in this operation. The division held on the extreme 
left of the salient, with the 59th Infantry in the line, the balance of the 
Sth Brigade in support, and the 7th Brigade and 10th Machine Gun 
Battalion in reserve. The 4th Engineers worked on divisional roads. 

The 4th Division was ordered not to attack without express or- 
ders from the Corps. Consequently no attack was made on the 12th 
or 13th, but patrols were kept out constantly. On the 14th the Sth 
Brigade took the towns of Fresnes-en-Woevre and Manheulles and 
thus advanced the line of outposts by several kilometers. The 7th 
Brigade and 10th Machine Gun Battalion went into immediate reserve 
behind the 15th D. I. C. on September 13, but were relieved on the 
14th. 

The 4th Field Artillery Brigade did not function with the divi- 
sion during this operation, but the artillery regiments were in action 
with the 26th Division and the 15th D. I. C. throughout the entire 
drive. 

On the 15th of September the 59th Infantry was relieved from 
the line. The entire division was moved to the w^oods near Lemmes 
on the night of September 19-20. 

Meuse-Argonne Operation. 

On the morning of September 26 the 4th Division, as a member 
of the III Corps, First American x\rmy, attacked northward from 
Rau de Forges, above Esnes, northwest of Verdun. This was the 
first blow in this last great battle of the war, the battle that extended 
all the way from Metz to the North Sea and that may be classed as 
one of the greatest battles in the history of the world. 

The attack was made at 5 :30 a. m., September 26. Artillery prep- 
aration had started at 2:30 a. m. with a burst of fire that had not 
been equalled in volume or intensity in this sector since the battles of 



THE FOURTH DIVISION 223 

Verdun. Three hours later the infantry "went over the top with a 
great yell" behind a terrific barrage that was strengthened by 155's 
and supported by the corps and army artillery. Everything fell be- 
fore this advance, and little resistance was encountered before the 
attacking troops reached and halted on the corps' objective at 12:4(J 
p. m., to await the arrival at the corps' objective of the division on 
the left. The advance of the 79th division on the left was much de- 
layed by resistance from Montfaucon, so that the 4th Division was 
compelled to remain inactive during the afternoon. This gave the 
enemy an opportunity to reorganize his defense and to place his artil- 
lery, so that when the advance was resumed at 5 :30 p. m., without 
waiting for the 79th to take Montfaucon little ground was covered by 
nightfall. 

This attack was made in column of iM-igades — 7th Brigade in 
advance and the 8th Brigade in reserve. The two regiments attacked 
side by side, the 47th Infantry on the right and the 39th on the left. 
The brigade machine gun battalions accompanied their own infantry 
regiments and the 10th Machine Gun Battalion was with the attack- 
ing brigade. The 4th Engineers started work at 9 :30 p. m., September 
25. on a trail across No Man's Land that had been nothing more than 
a trail since the beginning of the war. By 1 :35 p. m. the following 
day this trail had been expanded into a complete road with two 
artillery bridges and traffic was moving over it. 

On the second and third days of the attack the line was advanced 
as far as the northern edge of Bois de Brieulles on the right and the 
Nantillois-Brieulles road on the left. On the 29th of September the 
8th Brigade relieved the 7th Brigade in the line, the 59th taking over 
the right and the 58th the left. The Bois de Brieulles was entirely 
cleared of machine gun nests and this place was held against con- 
tinued and violent artillery and machine gun fire. 

The second phase of the campaign opened October 4 when the 
division attacked and took the Bois de Fays, on the left of the division 
sector. For the purpose of this attack the 47th Infantry relieved the 
59th Infantry on the right of the sector and thus took over the Bois 
de Brieulles.^ The 59th thus released followed the 58th Infantry in 
support . The 39th remained in reserve in the Bois de Septsarges. 

The 58th Infantry advanced behind a rolling barrage through the 
Bois de Fays, Bois de Malaumont, and Bois de Peut de Faux and 
approached the Bois de Foret. Again the advance of the 4th Division 
was impeded by the division on its left, this time the 80th Division. 
The Bois des Ogons proved the stumbling block of the 80th Division. 
AVith the left flank of the 4th Division thus exposed for a distance of 



224 THE WORLD WAR 

some three kilometers, and with its right similarly open to attack 
from the east and north, it was necessary to withdraw to the Bois de 
Fays and establish a line around the three sides of this wood. This 
in itself was a salient of considerable magnitude, but it was held stub- 
bornly against repeated counter-attacks from in front and on both 
flanks, not to speak of numerous attempts at infiltration by the enemy 
and all in the face of most terrific and harrowing shell fire. The enemy 
batteries across the Meuse, particularly, were active in shelling the 
front lines and rear areas. All of the woods, towns and open spaces 
in the sector received their share, but, of course, the severest shelling 
was in the forward areas. 

The third phase of the operation consisted of an assault on the 
woods north of Bois de Fays and culminated in the capture of the 
western part of Bois de Foret and reaching of the army objective 
in that place. This attack was made by the 39th Infantry. The first 
attack on the evening of October 9 did not succeed, owing to heavy 
concentration of gas, the necessity of wearing gas masks, and the 
resulting difficulty of seeing anything in the underbrush in the gath- 
ering darkness. But when the attack was renewed on the following 
morning the Bois de Malaumont and Bois de Faux were both taken. 
And on the next succeeding day. October 11, the attack was carried 
through to the northern part of the Bois de Foret as far east as the 
312th Meridian, the eastern part of Bois de Pent de Faux also being 
occupied. Patrols were pushed out on Hill 299. 

On the 11th of October General Hines was ordered to command 
the HI Corps and General Cameron resumed command of the 4th 
Division. 

No further attacks were made by the Division. The troops in 
the Bois de Foret were relieved by the 3rd Division, October 13, but 
the 47th Infantry continued to hold the division sector, from the 
northern part of Bois de Fays to the river Meuse, until the division 
was relieved by the 3rd Division on October 19 and withdrawn to the 
Foret de Hesse for rest. 

The 4th Field Artillery Brigade and Ammunition Train were not 
relieved from the line with the balance of the division. They were 
withdrawn from the line for a few days in the latter part of October, 
but were sent in again and remained constantly in action until the 
day the armistice was signed. 

In this brief history there is not space to review the work dur- 
ing this operation of all units of the division — infantry, artillery, engi- 
neers, machine gun units, signal units, trains, etc. — but it may be 
stated conclusively that each performed its part with unflinching 



THE FOURTH DIVISION 225 

determination and whole-hearted devotion to duty. The division was 
fighting over a most difficult terrain and against an enemy whose 
determination to resist every advance is shown by the fact that he 
employed all or parts of eight different divisions against the 4th Divi- 
sion in this time. The weather was unfavorable, roads were in bad 
shape, and the terrain lent itself readily to the machine gun type of 
resistance employed so effectively by the Germans. The Division 
was kept in action constantly for twenty-four days and 6,000 men were 
lost. Yet the division penetrated the enemy defenses to a depth of 
thirteen kilometers, captured 2,731 prisoners, and took fifty-seven field 
pieces, four minnenwerfer, 228 machine guns, two tanks and a vast 
quantity of ammunition of all types. Surely the work of the 4th 
Division in this last battle is a source of pride to every man concerned. 

Rest Period. 

Upon being withdrawn from the Meuse-Argonne battle General 
Cameron was ordered to return to the United States, Brigadier Gen- 
eral Poore temporarily taking command of the division. On the 31st 
of October the present commander, Major General Mark L. Hersey, 
arrived at Lucey to take command of the 4th Division. 

The 4th Division was concentrated first in the Foret de Hesse 
near Jouy-en-Argonne, and then moved to the Second Army area 
about Lucey. While resting and in training, the division' was a part 
of the Second Army reserve. On November 4 it was again assigned 
to the First Army and started moving to the Blercourt area Novem- 
ber 6. However, the division was reassigned to the Second Army 
November 8 and started to return to that area before all units had 
actually left for Blercourt. The division was attached to the IV 
Corps, Second Army, and the various units were in the Bois de la 
Belle Oziere when the armistice was signed, November 11. With 
the cessation of hostilities, however, all units were concentrated about 
Boucq and were joined there by the Artillery Brigade, which had 
been released from the line November 11. 

Army of Occupation. 

The 4th Division, together with the IV Corps, was relieved from 
duty with the Second Army and placed at the disposal of the Third 
American Army on November 17. 

Thus, after participating in the three great battles of the Ameri- 
can Army, the 4th Division was now to march into Germany as a 
part of the Army of Occupation. The divisions selected for this army 



226 THE WORLD WAR 

were the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 32nd and 42nd, all of which had acquitted 
themselves conspicuously. Later the 89th and 90th Divisions were 
also included. 

The 4th Division began its march from the vicinity of Boucq 
November 20. The route lay through Thiacourt, Conflans, Briey, to 
Hayingen, Lorraine, in which area a halt was made for about a week. 
Thence the march was to Remich, Luxembourg, and across the Mo- 
selle into Germany, the first units touching German soil on the third 
of December. The march then proceeded down the valley of the 
Moselle to the Kreises of Cochem and Adenau, in the Province of 
the Rhine, with division headquarters at Bad Bertrich. The march 
was completed Dec. 17, 1918. In this, its area of occupation, the units 
of the division then engaged upon a systematic course of training. 

Summary. 

During the six months that elapsed from the time the 4th Divi- 
sion arrived in Europe until the signing of the armistice, the division 
functioned in all three of the great battles that will always be asso- 
ciated with the achievements of the American Army in the war, viz : 
the second battle of the Marne, the St. Mihiel drive and the Meuse- 
xArgonne battle. 

The period of the great Allied offensive, July 18 to November 11, 
consisted of 117 days. Of this time, all or parts of the division were 
in action eighty-three days and in immediate reserve four days. 

The total losses of the division in all operations were 492 officers 
and 12,456 men, a total of 12,948. 

The advances made by the 4th Division in all operations netted 
thirty-two kilometers. 

Prisoners captured numbered 2,856, which figure does not include 
an unknown number taken in July. 

Material captured in July included, according to General Ten- 
ant's citation, "a. great number of minnenwerfer and machine guns" 
turned over to the French. The known material captured in all opera- 
tions comprised sixty-one field guns, ten minnenwerfer, two tanks, 
239 machine guns and many thousands of rounds of artillery ammu- 
nition as well as other munitions of all kinds. 

Citations, 

In closing, it is fitting to state that the gallant conduct of the 
4th Division has not gone unrecognized in official citations. General 
Massenet, commanding the 7th French Corps, highly commended the 
8th Brigade, 4th Engineers, 8th Field Signal Battalion, and Motor 



CLERICAL WORK IN ARMY 227 

Supply Trains, which had I^een brigaded with his troops when the 
Alhed counter-attack was made July 18. And General Tenant, com- 
manding the 33rd Division (French) cited the 39th Infantry for its 
work while attached to that division. During the Meuse-Argonne 
operation Major General Robert L. Bullard, commanding the III 
Corps, cited the division in General Order No. 29, III Corps for its 
conduct in the Bois de Fays fighting. And the 4th Division was one 
of the divisions cited by the Commander-in-Chief in G. O. 143, 
G. H. Q., for the achievements of- the Americans in the second battle 
of the Marne ; in G. O. 238, G. H. Q., for the taking of the St. Mihiel 
salient, and in G. O. 232, G. H. Q., for the bitterly contested victory 
won in the Meuse-Argonne battle 



Clerical Work in the Army 

By Charles G. Irvine 

no 

DD 

I enlisted in the Regular Army of the United States on the 4th 
day of December, 1917, for the duration of the emergency. I was at 
that time twenty-one years of age ; and had only a few months be- 
fore been admitted to the Fulton County Bar and was at the time of 
my enlistment in the act of opening an office in Akron, Indiana, for 
the purpose of entering into the active practise of my profession. 

I enlisted in Indianapolis, Indiana, as a private and was sent to 
Ft. Thomas, Kentucky. Here I received my first taste of army life, 
being immediately sent through Military channels until I emerged 
therefrom, a properly constituted "Recruit". After this there was 
nothing to do but spend the time waiting until you were sent to a 
training camp. 

My army life in Ft. Thomas was of short duration, for a few days 
after Christmas I was sent to Camp J. E. Johnston, at Jacksonville, 
tloiida, .inn-ing there on the last of December, 1917. Here I was 
assigned io a receiving Company, where I became a cook, but was 
shortly transferred and assigned to a Clerical Company. While in 
this Company I attended a six weeks course in Quartermaster work 
and was given military training. In March I was again transferred 
and assigned to another company where I was trained and equipped for 
foreign service. I left Camp Johnston on the second day of May with 
my organization, which was then known as Training Company No. 3, 



228 THE WORLD WAR 

for Camp Merritt, N. J. From here I went to New York City on the 
tenth of May; sailed for France on board the Rijndam. 

I arrived in Brest, France, on the twenty-third and after a few 
days, during which time I was billeted in the Pontanezzan Barracks, a 
debarkation camp at that place. From here I was sent to Gievres, 
an intermediate supply depot and quartermaster headquarters. I re- 
mained here for four days, doing the hardest work of my life and was 
again transferred to Angers, France, in which city was located an 
organization and training center for the American army. 

This was my first assignment to duty, in that I was put in the 
Finance Division. I arrived in this place on the first of June, and as 
the camp had just been opened a couple of months previous to this, 
the work was not hard. In this capacity I was shifted from one de- 
partment to another as circumstances required. In this way I soon 
acquired a working knowledge of each position in the office and could 
take care of either man's job during such time as they were absent, 
either through sickness or by reason of their being on leave of absence. 

However, this place immediately began to grow and after a cou- 
ple of months I was put in the pay-roll department, where I remained 
with the exception of such times when I was substituting in some- 
one's place in one of the other departments. Here in September I 
received my first promotion since being in the army, being appointed 
a corporal. 

About this time we were paying from our oflice between twenty- 
five and forty thousand soldiers and two thousand officers, which, 
together with the leases then running with the French people and all 
the other bills payable through an army disbursing office kept us very 
busy. This necessitated our working every day, Sundays included, 
and a good many nights, so that a working day with us consisted of 
from fifteen to eighteen hours. 

Up until now I had not had what could be called a really respon- 
sible position, but I was soon put in charge of the pay-roll depart- 
ment. Here I found that I had even more work to do than had before, 
for new duties fell to me which had never entered my day's work. 
Besides keeping twenty men busy where each would accomplish the 
most, some of whom had never seen an office before, I had to check 
every man's pay and every pay-roll before it went to the disbursing 
officer for payment. Although I was not financially accountable for 
these I was responsible for their corrections and this was no small 
iob when you are paying thirty-five thousand men, amounting to over 
a half a million dollars in American money and three million francs, 
the unit of French money with which the men were paid. 



IMPRESSIONS OF FRANCE 229 

In February I received my second promotion, when I was made 
a sergeant. Our work in Angers continued until in March, when the 
city was abandoned as an American center and on the last day of the 
month I was transferred to St. Nazaire, one of the principal ports of 
embarkation. Here I was again placed in the Finance Division, but 
m a less responsible position, as a commissioned officer here held the 
same responsibility as I had held in Angers. 

I was in Angers just ten months and although we experienced 
no shell shock, I think that if the "s" were taken off the "shell" it 
wjuld explain very appropriately what we did experience most of the 
lime. During this time I received two seven-day leaves, and on each 
occasion spent twelve days "seeing France." On my first trip I went 
to St. Malo, a resort just across the Channel from England, and on 
the second one I went to the Pyrenees on the Spanish border. Be- 
f-ides seeing these places I traveled across the western part of France 
and visited a number of cities, the most important of which were, Le 
Mans, Rennes, Tours, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Paris. 

At this time I have been in France over eleven months and expect » 
to be here three or four months longer, perhaps more. 



Some Impressions of France 

By Charlss F. Farry 



UD 



Every one has had more or less the same experience in the 
American Army at home. Perhaps the same is true of the A. E. F. 
If so it is not repeated in such a manner as to give uniformity of 
opinion to our home folks. I believe that no other writer will give 
the majority of the things which I shall mention for I represent a 
group of Indianians not represented by any other Fulton county 
soldier. 

I was at home on a pass of the spring of 1918, when on April 23 
I received telegraphic instruction to return to Camp Taylor im- 
mediately. This day shall ever be impressed on my memory. I was 
enjoying the annual fish banquet with relatives and friends. Only the 
evening before I had received a five day extension on my pass. 

Early in the morning of the 24th of April, I returned to Camp 
Taylor, well believing that I would not return home until I had set 
foot on foreign soil. I had no reason to believe such, as the immedi- 
ate movements indicated the contrary. I was contented but yet I 



230 THE WORLD WAR 

had a certain uneasy feeling, because I had seen home for the last 
time for an indefinite period, and also I was to leave my original unit, 
Battery B., 325th F. A., which was home to me with Capt. Rees and 
other Fulton county men. 

On May 5, 1917 a number of us reported for duty at Camp 
Jackson, South Carolina. Here it was that a prank was played by fate 
or some one. A call was made for volunteer Military Police. I was 
quick to grasp the opportunity for I scented excitement. Much to 
my surprise, I was accepted. To those who know me, on whom was 
the joke? I had been on duty with the M. P.'s for twelve hours when 
information came to me that soon five hundred of the four thousand 
camp personals were to be selected to go overseas within a few days. 
I was the busiest soldier in camp — hunting the source of the rumor 
in an endeavor to find the least small particle of truth in ^t. 

For once in my army career a rumor was not a rumor ! There 
were to be five hundred selected. After two processes of elimination I 
was happy to see my name on the lists. Many thought I was foolish ; 
if I waited a while longer I would go across as an officer. Some of 
those chaps who gave such advice, could have gone with me. Yes, 
they received their commission but they never set foot on foreign 
soil — neither did they have the satisfaction of giving a God-speed to a 
transport, which was setting out with troops to face first the German 
U-boat and later the German gas and shell. They took the chance — 
that I was willing to take — and lost. 

After receiving the overseas assignment we had practically 
nothing to do but wait transportation to Camp Merritt, which was 
received on May 15th. On May 16th the four hundred eighty of us 
reported at Camp Merritt. During our six days stay here I was in- 
debted to the Hostess House of the Y. W. C. A. for entertainment and 
employment of my naturally nervous disposition. On May 23 we 
boarded the good ship "Chicago," leaving behind a number of our 
comrades who were quarantined for small-pox. At 3 :30 p. m. the 
"Chicago" pulled anchor. Our detachment together with another 
composed of twelve hundred Polish troops took a farewell glimpse of 
good old U. S. A. The port holes were closed as we left the harbor — 
we were unnoticed and without arty advice ; alone on our good ship 
"Chicago," with the protection of a three-inch gun fore and two iive- 
inch guns aft, manned by splendid French gunners, to brave the 
Atlantic with its hidden U-boats. 

For eleven days we zigzagged across the waters under the ever 
Avatchful eye of our skipper, creeping along during the day and plow- 
ing ahead at night. On numerous occasions submarine alarms were 



IMPRESSIONS OF FRANCE 231 

given ; we were alert. Occasionly wireless reports of U-boat activities 
along the Atlantic coast reached us ; calmness reigned, no one seemed 
to take the situation as other than ordinary. For ten days and ten 
nights we saw neither of friend or foe, excepting the occasional snKjke 
of a very distant tanker or freighter. 

On the morning of June 2, we sighted several sea-going crafts 
and immediately knew that we were nearing some foreign port. At 
2 :30 p. m. we disembarked at Bordeaux, France, at which place we 
rested for a week before going to Saumur to attend the American 
Artillery School. This trip gave us our first impression of the French 
railway system and accommodation. I am not able to testify the 
ease and comfort the folks had who were assigned eight to each com- 
partment, including all packs. I was very fortunate in getting an 
assignment as baggage guard, which usually was distasteful, but this 
time it was a luxury for I had a comfortable place to sleep and all I 
cared to eat. 

Before continuing I shall mention my first impression, which was 
received while I was on 3 days pass into Bordeaux. According to 
the French custom many people had gathered in Garden Pullique for 
their afternoon promenade. The gathering in such a common way 
drew my attention but the deep print was made by the mourning of 
all ages and classes, both men and women, boys and girls. The person 
who did not wear black was rare and very hard to pick out. Evident- 
ly every home had suffered the loss of family blood in the Great War. 
Many wounded were to be seen; blinded veterans; maimed and 
crippled; and those people suffering and fighting, as never before, 
for their France, that she should not be conquered as long as there 
was a drop of blood in their veins ! America awake ! You have sacri- 
ficed nothing as yet in our cause ! And America did awake. 

Arriving at Samur on' a bright Sabbath morning, June 9. we 
spent the day getting our location and arranging ourselves for twelve 
weeks of hard work. We were anxious to know what our cause 
would be like, so we busied ourselves to counsel one or other of the 
two thousand soldiers and officers already there and satisfaction was 
ours to the end. 

On our journey we did not realize that we were going to such an 
illustrious school— the famous Saumur Ecole de Cavalrie, the most 
noted of its kind in the world. At this time the school was American 
—the Fort Sill of the A. E. F. The grand old walls bearing the names 
of the famous French military men and historical battles made one 
feel so insignificant and realize the task before him. 



232 THE WORLD WAR 

Although the new life was very much different to all of us — with 
dijiing room and chamber service, leaving nothing for us to do in the 
way of police except personal upkeep — the life would have grown 
very monotonous 1 fear if it had not been for our friend, the Y. M. C. 
A. The Y. M. home was an old chateau which, along with all th-e 
furnishings, the owner had .turned over for an indefinite period. The 
building reminded one of an American Club, with its canteen supplies, 
reading material, music and writing rooms. Perhaps the most ap- 
preciated were the two hut angels that were ever ready to give ser- 
vice and advice to the boys. In addition to the Y. M. home the town 
theatre was operated under the auspices of the Y. M. C. A. where 
movies and concerts were given fortnightly. The appreciation of 
the fellows was shown by the continual large patronage and gentle- 
manly conduct at all times. 

The most interesting landmark from a historical point of view, 
after the school itself, is the Chateau de Cheveaux. Although it 
was built in the eleventh century, it stands to-day as a master mark 
of master masonry with its perfectly straight walls of stone 
running to a height of fifty feet; and extending beyond for a distance 
of eighty feet are the four towers. Yet to look at it one would 
recognize that it was built to withstand siege ; to pass through its 
structure one would know that it could do so very successfully in its 
day. From the main floor there is a man hole that drops down a dis- 
tance of 210 feet to a number of tunnels which lead out for several 
kilometers to out lying smaller chateaux. The usefulness of these 
secret passageways can readily be seen. During the reign of Napoleon 
this Chateau was used as a political prison. 

This Chateau is but one of a great number which are to be found 
in this section of France. To have seen one is not have seen all, 
however it gives me a knowledge rather than a conception. The 
modern attractions of the Chateau de Cheveaux is its museum, which 
is a collection of stones, rocks, ores, shells, etc., which would furnish 
days of pleasure to a geologist. Here also are found fine paintings 
and tapestries of the olden days. The second floor is the home of the 
zoologist, with its collection of bugs, beetles, animals, fowls and 
oddities of various descriptions. . The third floor was my personal 
delight — the home of the horse — pictures and reproduction in sculpture 
of famous mounts, saddles of world renown, riders and horsemen, all 
• sorts of equipment for equitation. In addition is to be found a fine 
array of battle-axes, spears, weapons, of various kinds of medieval 
days and a few of the more modern. 



IMPRESSIONS OF FRANCE 233 

Of the many courtesies and favors of the French people I can 
not speak in detail. Although it is a matter of common understand- 
ing as to their pleasant attitude toward the Americans, I cannot fail 
to mention an experience of mine which illustrates this disposition. I 
arrived in France June 2, 1918, at which time my financial assets were 
very small— in other words I was— broke. I had not drawn April pay 
before leaving the states, neither had I drawn May or June pay up to 
the middle of July and there were not even any prospects of any pay 
for days or even months to come. About the middle of July I heard 
the rumor that we were to be commissioned soon. I had no money 
and my pals had just as much. There was one chance and that was 
worth trying since a franc was a million to us at that time. I visited 
the Credit de Louest of Saumur, from whose officials I received 
credit of several hundred francs for which they accepted draft on my 
father's account in dear old U. S. A. Their only security was my 
word that the draft would be honored by my home bank. What 
more courtesy or favor could one expect? This sort of treatment I 
received at all times. 

I finished at Saumur late in August and. was assigned to the 336th 
F. A. at Camp de Souge near Bordeaux. I was on duty with them 
only a short time when it was assigned to dock duty and Stevedoure 
work at the Bassons docks. I was very fortunate in getting a new 
assignment immediately but within the few days at Bassons I learn- 
ed to appreciate the dreary work of these boys who so seldom received 
the praise and 'appreciation of the public. Working ten hours a day, 
rain or shine, day and night seven days a week, unloading heavy 
cargoes destined to the great fighting machines at the front. These 
boys worked steadily without complaint, taking their lives into their 
own hands, for it was a dangerous work as it was no uncommon event 
to have one of their number taken away in a serious or even in a 
dying condition. 

The latter part of September I was transferred to the 8th F. A. 
located at Camp Meucon, near Yannes, France. It was raining when 
I arrived and it was raining when I left, as I know it is still raining. 
Raining describes my stay at Meucon. It is claimed that in the bright 
summer time the country is very beautiful. At any rate the peasantry 
are very clever with needlecraft, I believe such is because they 
can not get out doors during the larger part of the year. To 'those 
who may know the country better than I the foregoing would be a 
very silly reason. 

While at this point life was only more or less interesting, as 
our intensive work was spiced with Y. M. C. A. activities so much 



234 THE WORLD WAR 

was our morale increased. Too much praise cannot be spoken of their 
untiring effort to bring more or less cheer into a camp of rain and 
mud. In the camp they had large barracks and buildings where they 
kept canteen supplies and held their entertainment. In town French 
hotels were operated for benefit of the visiting and shopping soldier. 
The appreciation of the men was noticed. For it was seldom that any 
other organization had a representive in camp — and never long enough 
to do any good. 

It was during my stay at Camp Meucon that I was given my first 
opportunity to see Paris when I was detailed for a week's schooling 
at Chaumont. My visit to Paris came the week after the re-capture 
of Lille which was an occasion of the reawakening of the French spirit 
and Paris held its first celebration since the beginning of the war. 
For three days and nights war booty was hauled into the city, which 
resulted in a breaking forth of a convulsion of joy on the following 
Saturday night. Gay street lights were seen in full glow for the first 
tinie since 1914 and Paris was no longer a city of darkness. The fol- 
lowing day, Sunday, brought the climax when thousands of allied 
troops and civilians paraded the boulevards and were the centers of 
patriotic demonstrations. It was a great clebration of the beginning 
of the end which was to continue along with the steadily increasing 
success of the allied armies, reaching a climax during the arrival of 
President Wilson in December. 

On December I started on my leave of absence andT had my op- 
portunity of visiting Paris during President Wilson's first arrival. I 
never saw such insanity of joy and enthusiasm, not so particularly 
for Wilson but for any one on whom there was an American uniform. 
This is one topic which was not exaggerated by George Creel and his 
Publicity bureau. 

My first main stop was at Bordeaux to see Captain Rees and 
Battery B once again, but I was unfortunate in locating any of the 
boys outside of the Captain from Rochester. Another whom I was 
very glad to se was "Daddy" Ruch, formerly Lieutenant in Battery B, 
but now Captain and commanding Battery E. The hours I had to 
spend at Bordeaux were limited and I had to continue on my w'ay to 
Marseilles. 

During my short stay at Marseilles I was entertained at the 
American Red Cross Hotel. The city was typically French with its 
many beautiful drives and boulevards. There were many places of 
interest^among which were the museum, the zoological and botanical 
gardens and Notre Dame Cathedral, the sailor's shrine. 



IMPRESSIONS OF FRANCE 235 



From Marseilles I journeyed along the Mediterranean towards 
the Italian border into the famous Riviera, the scenes of early Roman 
settlements and Napoleanic conquest. At Cannes, the resort of 
European aristocracy and nobility, I visited many pottery and stone- 
ware works and old relics of medieval times. The most fascinating 
side trip was one through Grasse, where are located the famous per- 
fumies, and the Gourge de Gourdon, which will hold one's interest and 
admiration indefinitely. 

The next Mediterranean city is Nice, the headquarters of a great 
many American soldiers on leave. It is an ideal city for such as it 
has splendid accommodations and from here radiate any number of 
routes leading to places of historical interest. In addition to the 
natural qualification of these various leave centers, the boys had a 
big asset in the Y. M. C. A. for without the Y, these leave areas would 
have been impossible. 

I did not tarry long at Nice for there were too many places to be 
visited — besides there were too many Americans at Nice out of whose 
way I could not keep. I was attracted to the famous Monte Carlo but 
I was not permitted to play — because I suppose I had no fortune to 
loose. 

The scenery along the Mediterranean does not vary so much ex- 
cept from a historical standpoint. The sea itself flanks you on one 
side and the foothills of the Alps flank you on the other, from Cannes 
through Nice, Monte Carlo, Mentone, across the Italian border and 
on. As impressive as the coast trip may be, the return via the upper 
road makes one feel as if they were in a new world. The view of the 
all masterful' snow capped Alps on the right, and on the left the shin- 
ing Mediterranean with the blooming cities of Mentone, Monte Carlo, 
Nice and Cannes. 

These few remarks cover in general my experiences in France. I 
returned from leave on Christmas Day to receive from Santa orders to 
return to America. I set sail January 20, on the S. S. Samarinda, 
landing at Hoboken, February 3, 1919 and received my discharge 
February 6 at Camp Meade, Maryland. 



A Chauffeur's Experience 

By Walter I. Redmond 

DD 
DD 

I enlisted in Company C, Third Indiana Infantry, National 
Guard, on June 1, 1915, at Monticello, Indiana. Upon moving to In- 
dianapolis I was transferred to Battery A, First Indiana Field Artil- 
lery. At the outbreak of the Mexican trouble in 1916 we were mus- 
tered into the Federal Service and on July 6, 1916, we entrained 
for the Mexican border. 

We were stationed at Camp Llano Grande, Texas, for seven 
months and through hard drilling and efficient officers we were able 
to capture first place in practically all of the drilling and target firing 
contests. We were ordered back to Fort Benjamin Harrison in Jan- 
uary, 1917, and we were mustered out of the Federal Service early 
in February, 1917. 

We were again called into the Federal Service on June 25, 1917, 
due to the United States entering into the war with Germany. Upon 
entering the service this time we were given a federal number and 
were known as the 150th Field Artillery. We were later assigned 
to the 42nd Division, the first complete National Guard Division 
to be organized and ordered to prepare for immediate service over- 
seas. 

The division was to mobilize at Camp Mills, L. I., and the 150th 
received its orders to proceed there in the early part of September, 
1917. Upon leaving Fort Harrison the regiment received orders to 
send its horses and a detail of men to handle them to Newport News, 
Va., and I was selected as one of the men to accompany this detail. 
We arrived in Newport News on the ninth day of September, fully 
expecting to receive immediate orders to proceed overseas, but our 
expectations were far from being fulfilled, as we remained in New- 
port News until February 3, 1918, when we sailed for France aboard 
the U. S. S. Mexican, with a cargo of 1,057 head of horses and a mis- 
cellaneous shipment of army supplies and 109 enlisted men of the 
42nd Division aboard. Our trip across the Atlantic was a very pleas- 
ant one as the weather was fine and the accommodations were 
excellent. 

My first misfortune of the war happened three days before we 
landed at St. Nazaire, France, when I took the "mumps." Upon 
landing at St. Nazaire I, with three others, was sent to Base Hos- 
pital No. 101 and we remained there for twenty-five days. Upon 

236 




237 



238 THE WORLD WAR 

leaving the hospital we were sent to the Casual Depot at Blois, 
France, and from there to the Field Artillery Replacement Regi- 
ment at La Courtine. Here we were informed that it would be 
impossible for us to get gack to the 42nd Division, so we decided 
to join the first organization that would assure us of seeing action. 
So I was among fifty others that were sent to Army Artillery Head- 
quarters, First Army, then stationed at Bar-sur-Aube. Upon my 
arrival here I was assigned to duty as a chauffeur on the General 
Staff of the Headquarters. I remained on this duty until after the 
armistice was signed. 

As a chauffeur I covered all of the American fronts and saw 
action in Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel and in the Meuse-Argonne. 
The life of a staff car driver was not one of ease nor was it consid- 
ered a "bomb proof one as we were on the go for 18 to 20 hours every 
day and during most of this time we were under the German artil- 
lery fire. During the time that I was a driver I had several little 
thrills, the best one being having the back of end of my car blown out 
by shrapnel from a Boche 77 while I was in the front seat. I was for- 
tunate enough to come out of the war unscratched except for a slight 
gassing which I received in the Chateau Thierry drive. 

Shortly after the armistice was signed I was transferred to the 
General Headquarters of the American Expeditionary Forces, then 
stationed at Chaumont, France, and later at Paris. I remained on 
duty with this organization until the middle of August, 1919, when 
I was transferred to the American Military Mission to Armenia, a 
states department organization formed for the purpose of going to 
Armenia and Turkey and investigating as to the advisability of the 
United States taking a mandate for those countries. 

The mission was formed in Paris with Major General J. G. Har- 
bord as its chief and a personnel of fifty officers and enlisted men. 
We sailed from Brest, France, on August 24, on board the U. S. S. 
Martha Washington for Constantinople, Turkey. The officers of 
the mission were established on board the boat and plans were made 
to take an overland trip from Constantinople through Turkey and 
Armenia and rej.oining the boat at Batum at the extreme east end 
of the Black Sea. 

Upon our arrival at Constantinople this plan was put into effect 
and after getting our motor equipment and such other equipment 
as was necessary for the trip, we left Constantinople on the morning 
of September 7. The first lap of the trip was made by train, going 
south from Constantinople on the Bagdad railway through the cities 



A CHAUFFEUR'S EXPERIENCE 239 

of Ismid, Eskishehir, Ak-Shehr, Koria, Adana and Aleppo. At 
Aleppo we turned almost due east, traveling along the northern 
border of the plains of Mesopotamia to the ancient city of Mardin. 
At Mardin we left the train and started for Tiflis, Republic of Geor- 
gia, by automobile. At the start of the automobile trip I was 
assigned to duty as driver on a two-ton truck carrying gasoline and 
rations for the trip. After leaving Mardin we passed through the 
towns of Diarbekir, Karput, Sivas, Erzinjan, Erzerum, Kars, Erivan, 
the new capitol of the Republic of Armenra, going from Erivan to 
the Republic of Azarbaijan and from there into the Republic of Geor- 
gia and on into Tiflis where we took the train for Batum, after cov- 
ering over 3,100 miles by train and auto in less than five weeks. All 
of the automobile trip was over extremely dangerous country, as 
there were many dangerous mountain passes on the road, some oi 
them as high as 8,600 feet above sea level, and practically all of the 
country was infested with bandits. 

While going from Kars to Erivan I was overtaken and captured 
by a band of bandits and in company with the two other men that 
were on the truck with me was held prisoner until we were able to 
prove that we were Americans, as none of the papers that we car- 
ried were sufficient proof. We were held until the General sent back 
to see what had become of us. With the assistance of the officer sent 
back by the General we were able to prove our identity and were 
released. 

At all points on our trip through Turkey and Armenia we came 
in contact with suffering of the most severe sort, due to the lack of 
food. Except for the aid furnished by the various American ReHef 
Missions the suft'ering would have been many times greater than 
what it was at that time, for in one town alone the American Com- 
mission for the Relief of the Near East was feeding over 30,000 
women and children. It was no uncommon sight to see women and 
children gathering the refuse off the streets and eating it, and in one 
place I saw a mother and three little children whose only food for 
over three weeks had been green acorns gathered in the woods. 



The 89th Division 

'By Charles Kistler 






The 89th Division was composed of troops from the Middle West- 
ern states and was commanded by Major General Leonard Wood. 
It was assembled at Camp Funston, Kansas, in September, 1917, and 
was trained there until the spring of 1918, when it received orders to 
embark for France. It sailed under the command of Brigadier Gen- 
eral Frank L. Winn, landing at Liverpool early in June and crossing 
immediately to France and took up intensive training until the first 
9f August, when it was ordered to the front. It took its position on 
the Lucey sector, northwest of Toul, where it received as its first 
experience a severe strafing of mustard gas. 

On the 6th of September Major General William E. Wright 
assumed command. Then came St. Mihiel. Through the thick woods 
and four years' accumulation of German barbed wire, in the face of 
rifle fire, shrapnel and high explosive shells, this division fought its 
way to the, banks of the Rupt de Mad. 

On September 20 the division moved over to the Argonne and 
without rest kept operating on this offensive until the signing of the 
armistice. On the morning of November 1, the 89th went over the 
top and took all objectives on scheduled time, and by afternoon the 
Heights of Barrimore were in their possession. When Marshal Foch 
heard the news, it is said, he stated that the war was over. 

In the St. Mihiel sector the division was in the line continuously 
for thirty-five days, and they continued as a front line division for 
twenty days more. They were in line for twelve days' steady fight- 
ing in the Argonne, and then participated in the big drive during the 
last eleven days of the war. 

In all, the 89th captured 194 German ofificers, 4,867 men, 127 
pieces 'of artillery and 455 machine guns. They advanced over 38 
kilometers, including the penetration of two strongly defended posi- 
tions. 

The casualties of this division were 48 officers and 1,081 men 
killed, 201 officers and 5,560 men wounded, one officer and 57 men 
missing in action, one officer and four men taken prisoners. 

After the armistice I marched with these Middle Westerners 
through Belgium and Luxembourg into Germany, doing guard duty 
there until relieved by sailing orders. 

240 



Some Notes From a Soldier's Diary 

'By Lester E. Emmons 



DD 
GO 



June 30— We left New York at 3:15 p. m. on the U. S. S. Hen- 
derson with about 750 bluejackets and 800 marines aboard. Seven 
transports are in convoy and two destroyers. 

July 1, 7 p. m. — Our first "sub" scare. One of the destroyers 
drops several depth bombs, but I never found out whether they got the 
"sub," or if there was one. About 11 o'clock eleven more ships join 
us. 

July 2 — Fire alarm is sounded. We all go to our places and 
await orders. The fire is a bad one, so a destroyer comes alongside 
and begins taking the men ofif. The marines are taken ofif first. 
Ropes are made fast to the ship and the men climb down to the de- 
stroyers. It rains torrents. I got off about 1 o'clock in the night 
and was put on the U. S. S. Von Steuben, formerly a German raider. 
It was sure some crowd on that boat ; she was loaded to the guards 
and put 1,700 more on her. When night came we laid on the decks. 

I lost all the clothes I had except those I had on. The ship was a 
fast one and we left the convoy and came on alone. 

July 6 — They claim a torpedo missed us about 200 feet. I guess 
it is so, for two of my roommates claim they were on deck and saw 
the wake of it. 

July 8. — Three U. S. destroyers met us about 5 :30 a. m. At 

II o'clock one of the destroyers sights a "sub" and drops four 
depth bombs. We had to sleep with our clothes and life preservers 
on, and wear life preservers all the time. 

July 9 — We sight land about 5 a. m. A welcome sight. We get 
into the harbor at Brest, France, about 8 o'clock. 

July ii__W'e leave the Von Steuben and go ashore. I guess no 
one is sorry. 

July 12 — About sixty of us leave Brest at 6 a. m. and arrive at 
Louent about 1 o'clock, and we are still here. That will give you some 
idea of a trip over. 



241 



With the French Fighters 

By Milo S. King 

DD 
DO 

I sailed for France March 22, 1917, and enlisted with the French 
Army at Paris April 1, 1917, and trained with the French Officers' 
School for Auto Service at Meaux, France. Made sergeant first 
class, and was with the 6th French Division from June 6 to 16 on 
the Chemin des Dames, and again from June 22 to July 4. With the 
66th Division Chasseurs in the attack and counter-attack, which 
lasted eleven days, and then again around the 30th of July on the 
same fighting ground. With the same company Oct. 17* to 26 on 
the attack on Malmaison front. 

From 1 to September 30, 1918, was with reserves of French 
Army working with all units in the retreats and advances in the 
second battle of the Marne. With the 2nd Division, Marocaine, from 
October 18 to 31 in the Champaigne. 

My unit was the first American unit to be awarded the fourra- 
gere of colors of Croix de Guerre, and the only American unit to be 
awarded the Fourragene — colors of the Medaille Militaire — ribbon. 
The section flag carried, beside the Medaille Militaire Fourraere, 
six Croix de Guerre. Four of the Ordre de I'Armee ; one, Ordre 
Corps D'Armee ; one, Ordre de la Division. 

My unit enlisted in the U. S. Army October 3, 1917, but we con- 
tinued to serve with the French, making no change, only that we 
were paid and equipped by the United States. The United States 
enlarged on the service and at the end of the war had fifty sections 
serving with French Army, each section consisting of one officer, 
thiry-five men and twenty ambulances. 



242 



First Impressions of First Line Trenches 

By Lieut. Frank Swihart 






I have just returned from my first experience in the front line, 
and now that I have had a bath, a shave and a chance to go to bed 
without wearing my boots, respirator, etc., I am feehng quite like 
myself once more. 

My first trip in was without a doubt a wonderful experience 
and one to be long remembered. As we got near the front and could 
see the area which had been fought over, one realized for the first 
time what the horrors of war really meant. To see the towns and 
woods which had been mowed down by artillery fire until nothing 
was left standing higher than three of four feet, gave you some idea 
as to the effectiveness of the means of modern warfare. Of course, 
your thoughts were soon taken from this by an occasional shell burst- 
ing near you, and as you went still nearer the front, these shells were 
more numerous, and seemingly your chances of ever getting back 
more slim, but after seeing what a large percentage of the shots fired 
were misses then you began to think that it wasn't such a bad game 
after all and that you had a chance to play as well as the other fel- 
low. Well, we arrived at the front line, took a peep at No Man's 
Land, and then grew anxious to see what was on the other side, so 
taking advantage of a quiet moment, I raised up a little higher to 
take a look, but when a machine gun began to sweep the parapet, I 
found out that it didn't take long to duck below the top, and my cur- 
iosity had been satisfied. The first few days in, the ground was frozen 
and the trenches were quite comfortable to move about in, but then 
we had a thaw, followed by a rain, and before we left the mud was 
knee deep. On coming out it was a hard, tiresome job to wade 
back to the safety zone. You don't get a chance to take much sleep 
at the front, and during the first few days you don't care for much, 
but after that when you get a chance for a few hours' rest you can 
sleep right through the noise and excitement, and it almost takes a 
gas alarm to wake you. Of course, you are quite willing to leave 
your clothes and boots on as well as the respirator and the automatic 
so as not to be taken by surprise, which is quite common. 

It was quite evident that Fritz was getting the worst of the bar- 
gain for every time he sends a shell over he usually gets an iron ration 
of five in return. 

243 



244 THE WORLD WAR 

In the unit I was with there was only one killed and three 
wounded during the tour of duty, and this was considered very small. 
We know Fritz had more than that, and we hope to cause him many 
more in the future. 



Byron C. Goss Prominent in Gas Service 

DD 
DD 

Byron C. Goss, of this city, son of the late Jonas Goss, left a 
professorship at Princeton University and enlisted in the service, as 
detailed elsewhere in this history. 

Brigadier General A. A. Prion, chief of the Chemical Warfare 
Service, in a letter to Col. Cornwallis De Witt Wilcox, has the fol- 
lowing to say of Col. Goss' service to his country : 

"With further reference to Colonel Goss, to whom I introduced 
you when you were here, I desire to state that he is one of the best 
and ablest men Chemical Warfare Service produced in France. While 
a trained chemist, who has done considerable work in teaching along 
these lines, he adapted himself with tremendous rapidity to war 
conditions and in a remarkably short time mastered the tactical use 
of gas in the field. 

"Joining the First Army Corps in France in March, 1918, he 
was with it in all -the fights in which it took part to the end of the 
war, at which time he had been promoted to Chief Gas Officer, Sec- 
ond Army. He was in every big battle in which Americans took 
part, from Chateau Thierry to the attack of the Second Army on 
the morning of the 10th of November, 1918. As Chief Gas Officer, 
First Corps, he drew up the plan for gas and smoke operation for 
that corps and largely for the First Army in the Argonne fight. 

"He did more than any other man to get the army in the field 
to understand gas, its dangers and what was still more important 
to victory, its use. Prior to America's participation in battle, he vis- 
ited English and French fronts, where he was under fire many times 
and saw gas as used by those people and as used by the Germans 
against them. 

■ "As one of the oldest officers in the Chemical Warfare Service 
he has seen more fighting, more of the efifects of gas, both oflfensive 
and defensive, than any other American officer. I feel that he is a 
particularly capable man to write on field experiences with gas and 
smoke and any other matters which he came in contact with in that 
work." 



The Thirty-Seventh Division 

'By Earl Sisson. 

DD 
DD 

The 37th division, a former Ohio National Guard division com- 
posed of Division Headquarters — Headquarters troop, 134th Machine 
Gun BattaHon; 73rd Infantry Brigade — 145th Infantry, 146th Infan- 
try, 135th N. G. Battalion ; 74th Infantry Brigade— 147 Infantry, 148th 
Infantry, 136th M. G. Battalion; 62nd Artillery Brigade— 134th, 135th 
and 136th, Field Artillery 112th, Trench Mortar Battery, 112th En- 
gineers, 112th Engineer train, 112th Ammunition train, 112th Supply 
train, 112th Sanitary train, 112th, Field Signal Battalion, 112th Mili- 
tary Police and 114th Mobile Veterinary Unit was mobilized at Camp 
Sheridan, Montgomery, Alabama during the early fall of 1917. 

Many of the troops of the division had seen more or less service 
on the Mexican border during the campaign of 1916 and with but 
few exceptions, none had been mustered out of service between the 
close of that campaign and the declaration of war with Germany, 
April 6, 1917. 

Immediately following the declaration of war, the troops of the 
division were used at different points over the state where patrol 
duty was necessary, during which time, an active recruiting cam- 
paign was being carried on which ultimately filled the depleted ranks 
of the various units with volunteer soldiers. 

Following an eight months intensive training program at Camp 
Sheridan, under the supervision of Maj. Gen. Chas. G. Treat, the di- 
vision departed by train on May 20, 1918 for Camp Lee, Va., Maj. 
Gen C. S. Farnsworth relieving General Treat shortly previous to the 
move eastward. 

During the three weeks stay at Camp Lee, the division was re- 
quired to bend every effort in order to complete equipment for 
oversea service. 

This completed, the division received orders to embark and in 
consequence, on June 11, the 73rd Brigade moved by rail to Hoboken, 
embarking on the Steamship Leviathan, while the artillery batteries 
set sail on the Nestor, Plassey, Saxon, Titan, Horatio, Phesus and 
Victoria. The 74th Brigade with Engineers, Signal Corps, Medical 
and supply units embarked at Newport News, Va., on the transports 

245 



246 THE WORLD WAR 

Pocahontas, Susquehanna, Castera and Duca D'Aosta, all arriving 
at Brest, France about July 4th. 

A short stay at Pontanezen barracks and a rail trip inland, landed 
the division intact in the Bourmont, Haute Marne area, where an- 
other wait of three weeks was wedged into the schedule while clean- 
ing and refurnishing equipment was completed, when on July 28th, 
the division received orders to proceed to Baccarat, there to take over 
their first sector under fire of the enemy. 

BACCARAT SECTOR 

The Baccarat Sector in the Vosges Mountains, taken over by the 
troops of the division, extended for a distance of fifteen kilometers 
from the Forest dex Elieux, north of the village of Badonviller, 
through the Bois Communal de la Woevre, Bois des Haies, the vil- 
lages of Merviller, Ancerviller and Neuf Maisons along the edge of 
the Bois des Pretres. While this sector, in the beautiful wooded hills 
and mountains of the Vosges, was considered inactive, it was a posi- 
tion of responsibility and just as much effort and hard work was ex- 
pended in its preservation, as if it were the most vital part of the en- 
tire battle line from the North Sea to Switzerland. 

Here the men of the division, had their initial training under fire 
and although interrupted by continuous enemy shelling and aerial 
bombardments, as well as enemy observation, the training continued. 
During the six weeks the Division held this sector, men of the division 
Avere required by the Commanding General to dominate No Man's 
Land at all times and under all conditions. Thus it was that when 
the division was ordered to move and enter the zone of real activity, 
General Duport, commanding the sixth French Army issued the fol- 
lowing commendatory ordicr : 

^'6th Army French, General Staff, Sept. 14, 1918 

1st Section No. 823-1 Special Order No. 66 

"The 37th U. S. Division is leaving the zone of Lunneville at a 
time when the American Army has achieved great victory and has 
added new laurels to those already gathered by the first American 
divisions on the Somnie, on the Marne and on the Vestle. 

'T am pleased at having the honor of commanding for several 
weeks the young troops of Ohio, having seen them each day, become 
more soldier-like and more conscious of their power. I know now 
that they will come up to the standard in the hardest and noblest 
deeds they are called upon to perform when they are engaged upon 
a new battle front. 



THE THIRTY-SEVENTH DIVISION 247 

"The method, tlie spirit, the discipline which they have shown 
all the time, when hardly landed on the shores of France, they were 
called upon to hold a sector, are the best guarantees of future success. 

"I wish to express my thanks to General Farnsworth, whose 
sense of duty and good military qualities make him worthy of the 
highest confidence, and to the officers and stafif and also, to all 
the unit commanders, officers and men of the 37th Division. 

"My best wishes accompany the Buckeye Division in its future 
battles, in which it will distinguish itself to the honor of its flag and 
to the triumph of its righteous cause." 

Prisoners captured — officers 1, men 6, deserters 7, total 14. 

Casualities — killed 16, wounded 80, missing 6, total 102. 

Upon the relief of the division in the Baccarat sector on Sept. 
16, 1918, movement was made by rail to the area of Revigny, Bar le 
Due and Robert Espange. After a rest of four days, another move, 
this time by bus and truck train, landed at Recicourt. Two 
days, after, the advance Echelon was moved to a dugout on the Ver- 
riers-en Hese Farm, a few kilometers from the ruined village of Ava- 
court, with historic Verdun within sight to the southeast. In fact 
the division was on the battlefield of Verdun, where countless thous- 
ands of brave soldiers had fallen, and which was soon to be made 
famous again as the chosen field for the great American drive along 
the Meuse to the battle famed city of Sedan. So the 37th division 
was one of the American divisions that gave the initial impetus to 
that big offensive, that contributed so great a part towards final vic- 
tory. 

During the cold rainy nights of Sept. 24th and 25th, the Division 
relieved the 79th division along a front of slightly over three kilomet- 
ers in width. The ruined village of Avacourt lying in the center of 
the front and just within the lines. 

At 10:25 o'clock on the night of Sept. 25th, the artillery prepar- 
ation commenced and each hour added to the intensity, until guns 
of all caliber were contributing their part to one of the mightiest ar- 
tillery offensives ever attempted in this war. This preparation 
reached its maximum at 5:30 A. M., Sept. 26th, when it rolled off 
over the enemy trenches in a barrage which enabled infantrymen, fol- 
lowing closely and quickly, to overcome any resistance left by the 
enemy. 

The sun rose bright and clear September 26th and for that one 
day, conditions were ideal for the task of the infantry men. The bat- 
tle-traced, map road from Avacourt across No Man's Land, was an 



248 THE WORLD WAR 

outline only, and immediately, difficulties began to arise in bringing 
forward artillery. The ground, soft underneath the dry crust, and 
pox marked with shell holes, formed quagmires through which, it 
was almost hopeless to pull the heavy limbers. During that night 
showers which continued unceasingly, for the next five days added to 
the burden and the freshly constructed dirt roads soon became a 
knee-deep trail of mud. Next morning, the infantry took up the at- 
tack and pushed on, over terrain torn by bursting shells and through 
forest tangled with shattered trees and barbed wire. The town of 
Iviory on the left, was captured. A little later the little town of 
Montfaucon, slightly ofif the division sector to the right, entered by 
patrols the night before, and cleared of the enemy during the early 
morning hours of the following day, fell to the men of the division. 
Montfaucon, considered by the Great German General Staff as im- 
pregnable, fell during the early morning of Sept. 28th. It was here 
on this heighth that the German Crown Prince had constructed an 
observation tower, from which he viewed the battle of Verdun, and 
on the second day of the great offensive it had fallen and with its 
fall, the Hindenburg line had again been broken. 

Lack of Artillery support, added hourly to the difficulties of the 
advance and during the days of Sept. 28-29, progress was made and 
contested for, foot by foot, through fields of mud, through gas filled 
woodlands through the Bois Emont, Bois de Beuge and on to the 
Communal de Cierges. 

The Division was relieved October 1st, after having fought and 
advanced for four days against all the weapons of war at the com- 
mand of the enemy. The front line at that time, ran along a ridge, 
one and one-half kilometers west and slightly north of Cierges, to a 
few hundred meters south of that city, thence to the Bois Communal 
de Cierges. 

Still under fire, remnants of companies started for the rear re- 
lieved by fresh troops of the 32nd — Michigan division. 

It was a hungry, tired, wet, sleepy remnant of a proud division 
that returned. Many had seen their comrades and officers fall wound- 
ed, some severely, some to pay the price supreme. So the part of 
the 37th division was played in that great offensive, to which it gave 
the momentum that carried on and on, until on November 11th, the 
day of the armistice, it had reached the city of Sedan. 

The total number of prisoners captured by the division during 
that offensive, was 13 officers and 1107 men, among which were rep- 
resented some of the finest divisions of the German Army. The 



THE THIRTY-SEVENTH DIVISION 249 

37th German Division, 117 Division, 1st and 5th Guard Divisions, the 
latter two, among the elite of the Prussian Guard divisions. Large 
quantities of materials of all kinds were captured, including: 

12-77 m-m cannon; 1, 105 m-m cannon; 10, 155 m-m cannon; 4, 
77 m-m anti-aircraft guns; 5, Granatenwerfers ; engineering material, 
ammunition of all kinds; 1 Daimler 3 ton truck; railway material; 
2000 rifles and over 250 machine guns. 

Casualties — officers killed 17, wounded 110; total 127. 

Enlisted men killed 410; wounded 2462; missing 137; total 3009; 
total officers and men 3,136. 

Total advance — 9.8 kilometers. "^ 

Following the relief of the division from the Muese-Argonne of- 
fensive, movement was effected by trucks, driven by Chinese coolies. 
These in the course of twenty-four hours, landed various units at 
Pagney-sur-Meuse, where a stay of four days permitted troops get- 
ting some much needed rest, along with several replacements, al- 
though upon receipt of orders to move, depleted ranks were noticeable 
in every organization. 

THE ST. MIHIEL SALIENT 

On the night of Oct. 6th, 1918, orders to proceed to the Pannes 
Sector, a part of the recaptured St. Mihiel salient, resulted in a move- 
ment by truck train to Euvezin, where division headquarters were 
established and the 89th Division relieved. Less than one month 
previous, this salient which had projected out of the line, continually 
menacing the Allied communications around Verdun, had been cut 
off by the first American drive, which had brought Metz within 
range of big guns. 

In the St. Mihiel sector, the division lines extended from the 
Bois de Jualny de Hailbot along the northern edges of Etang de la 
Chaussee. Across the way were the villages of Rembercourt-sur- 
Mad, Dommartin, Dampvitoux and La Chaussee which formed the 
enemy line. The village of Haumont was in No Man's Land. 

Here the division found plenty of activity, although no offensive 
was in progress. The enemy shelled all parts of the sector with un- 
tiring regularity. Aeroplanes paid nightly visits dropping bombs 
upon every sign of life. The thick deep valleys gave particular ad- 
vantage to the use of gas and the division was subjected to one of 
the heaviest concentrated gas barrages the enemy had ever attempted. 
Active raiding and patrolling were energetically pushed by our men 



250 THE WORLD WAR 

as well as by enemy forces. Day and night from both sides of the 
line, the incessant clatter of machine guns, the screech of projectiles 
and the low buzz of the German rotary motor, kept all vigilant to the 
liklihood of an attack. Even here, training was resumed and every 
available man, not absolutely needed at the front was further drilled 
in some branch of warfare. 

On October 17th, replacements having been received, equipment 
again gotten into shape, the division relieved by the 28th, Pennysl- 
vania troops, again took trucks and retraced their steps to Pagney- 
sur-Meuse. 

Casualties — killed 11; wounded 180; missing 6; total 197. 

BELGIUM— FIRST PHASE 

Two bustling days were spent at Pagney-sur-Meuse in gathering 
together and preparing for shipment, quantities of provisions and 
supplies of all kinds. Oct. 18th. French box cars crowded with 40 
men, each, slipped away and rattled north through an air of whisper- 
ed secrecy and surmise. Little by little, as Paris, Amiens, Arrat slip- 
ped by and other towns loomed out of obscurity, the mystery clear- 
ed and after three days, the trains came to a stop at St. Jean and 
Wieltje. Belgium, in the shadow of the ruins of the Cathedral of Ypres. 

Hesitatingly, the men crawled out of their cars, to gaze with awe 
upon the desolation which spread as far as the eye could see in every 
direction. There on the famous battlefield of Ypres, where British 
and German had fought bitterly for four years, was depicted a sight 
which pen of man will never describe. There where once had stood 
flourishing towns, now held their identity only by signboards, with 
no sign of life visible ; where even grass, or vegetation of any kind 
died in a struggle for existence against the tear of shrapnel and the 
bursting of explosives, where gas had so polluted the shell hole water 
that drinking water was at a premium. 

On foot, the troops of the division marched across twenty kilo- 
meters of this barren waste, to the nearest semblance of shelter. 
Division headquarters were opened Oct. 22 in the ruined village of 
Hooglede and from there the division moved in short stages to Licht- 
erveldt, Mulebeke and Dentreghem. 

On Oct. 22nd, the division was attached to the French army in 
Belgium and placed at the disposition of King Albert of the Belgians. 
This was an honor and a confidence that later events proved not to 
have been misplaced. During the nights of Oct. 29th and 30th, the 
division took over three kilometers of front extending along the Cour- 



THE THIRTY-SEVENTH DIVISION 251 

trai-Ghent railroad, just across the Lys river, with Olsene directly in 
front of the center. 

At 5:30 a. m., October 31st, after an artillery preparation of five 
minutes and with troops of the 91st American Division on their left, 
the infantry again went over the top. The enemy answered with 
gas and vigorous artillery and machine gun fire. So sharp and 
quick was the attack however, that all counter attempts by the enemy 
were futile and fighting a rear-guard action, he withdrew his forces 
to Cruyshautem Ridge. Here on a slight raise, midway between 
the Lys and the Escaut (Scheldt) Rivers, he reorganized and pre- 
pared to stop the advancing khaki line. The French artillery, at- 
tached to this division for the operation, worked like trojans. Scarce- 
ly had the panting horses been pulled away from the guns, before they 
spit their whirring shells upon the enemy. In the meantime, other 
batteries were being rushed forward, each in turn keeping up the 
tune, while others advanced. All calibers were finally firing on 
Cruyshautem Ridge and concentrating there for a few moments, lift- 
ed barely in time for the on rushing infantry. The Boche were rout- 
ed and the American troops, gaining momentum, scarcely paused on 
the ridge, but drove on to the Escaut across which the Boche retreat- 
ed. 

All roads leading forward and all villages were heavily shelled 
by the enemy batteries. The town of Olsene being completely de- 
stroyed, division headquarters moved up to Cruyshautem and on 
Nov. 1st, plans were laid to force a crossing of the Escaut. 

Early on the morning of Nov. 1st, soldiers of the 37th Division 
swam the river and working from both banks, under a continual hail 
of machine bullets, shrapnel and high explosive shells, constructed a 
foot bridge from two trees, fastened end to end. Over this frail struc- 
ture, infantrymen crossed, some safely, while other slipping oflf the 
wet, unstable footing, disappeared beneath the icy waters. Late that 
afternoon 52 men had succeeded in gaining the east bank. At Heurne, 
efforts were made to construct a pontoon bridge, but enemy artillery 
shelled the position so effectually, that the attempt had to be abandon- 
ed. An attempt to construct a bridge farther to the south was suc- 
cessful however, although costly in life, but at 7 :00 p. m. a completed 
bridge was established across the river. 

All through the night the fight continued. Vengeful Boche 
planes raided the towns of Meulbeke, Dentreghem and Cruyshautem. 
The whir of his planes seemed always there and from twenty-five to 
seventy bombs of different size, ranging from the small "baby bomb" 



252 THE WORLD WAR 

to the giant ton projectile, were dropped on each of the villages. Bel- 
gian refugees, driven before the fleeing Germans, had in some in- 
stances succeeded in breaking away from their captors and returning 
to the demolished homes. Others were forced by the Huns to return 
through the American barrage. When upon instructions from Gen- 
eral Farnsworth, the barrage was lifted from the roads to allow them 
an opening through which they might pass, German airmen followed 
the roads bombing, killing and maiming as they went. 

During the night of Nov. 1, an enemy shell pierced the room oc- 
cupied by the commanding General, throwing brick, tile and shatter- 
ed furnishings in its path, but by some turn of fate, the commander 
escaped unharmed. The intensity continued Nov. 3rd. In despera- 
tion, enemy planes flying low over the disputed river, dropped bombs 
or turned into a nose dive, churning the water and combing the banks 
with a scathing machine gun fire. By 6:30 that evening nine companies 
of infantry had filtered across the Escaut. Here they held on, repel- 
ling all enemy counter attacks, gradually securing their bridgehead. 
Food and ammunition were carried over during the night and Amer- 
ican infantry had established themselves there, never to be driven 
back. 

On November 4th and 5th, the division was relieved by the 
French units and returned to Thielt for a hard earned, few days rest. 
Proudly they marched back, for they were the first and only Allied 
Division to cross and establish a bridgehead on the east bank of the 
Scheldt. Again part of the elite of the German army opposed them 
and failed, for among the prisoners taken, were represented the 6th 
and 7th German Guard Infantry. 

Total prisoners taken — officers 12; enlisted men 316; total 328. 

Wounded, taken prisoner 38. Total 366. 

Partial list of material captured — 3,105 m-m cannon; 3, 77 m-m 
cannon; 7 Caissons; 5 Limbers; 3, 2-inch Trench Mortars; 11 machine 
guns ; 7 horses ; quantities of ammunition of all calibers. 

Total advance — 14.56 kilometers. 

Casualties — officers killed 4; wounded ZZ\ total 2i7 . Enlisted 
men 218; wounded 1,223; missing 134; total 1,575. Total officers and 
enlisted men 1.612. 

Upon relief, the following General Order was issued by General 
Penet, commanding the 30th, French Corps : 



THE THIRTY-SEVENTH DIVISION 253 

"30th Corps-Etat Major, Headquarters, Nov. 9th, 1918. 

3rd Bureau, Nn 250-3. Order No. 57. 

"Upon the occasion of the relief of the 37th Division from duty 
with the 30th C. A., the Commanding General of this Corps takes 
pleasure in expressing his entire satisfaction with the energy, the 
bravery and the fighting which took place between October 31 and 
Nov. 4. 

"After having overcome the enemy's resistance, the Division 
made a vigorous pursuit; then after having been the first division to 
force a passage of the Escaut (Scheldt) River, it established bridge- 
heads on the right bank of the river, which it held in spite of repeated 
counter attacks launched by the enemy. 

The Commanding General of the C. A. congratulates the 37th 
D. I. U. S. w^armly upon its brilliant conduct. 

"The General Commanding the 30th Corps : H. Penet." 

BELGIUM— SECOND PHASE 

November 4th to 8th was spent in Thielt, Belgium, cleaning up. 
requipping and replacing the depleted ranks. During this time the 
division was transfered from the 30th French corps to the 34th corps, 
then engaged a few kilometers to the north of the territory liberated 
during the first Belgian offensive. On November 9th, the Division 
Post Command, moved to Chateau de Huysse, Belgium, between the 
^illages of Lozer and Huysse, and preparations were imediately made 
to force another crossing of the Escaut. This time the crossing was 
to be made about 15 kilometers (9 miles) south of Ghent, between the 
villages of Klein Meersch and Heuvel. 

Rumors of Germany's acceptance of the terms of the armistice be- 
gan to abound, following closely the collapse of Bulgaria, Turkey and 
Austria, gave increased morale to the Allied troops. All plans were 
speeded up and every preparation made to keep the Boche running 
and to press hard the advantages gained with every day's fighting. 
The proposed action was set ahead one day and plans so modified, 
that the French units made the initial attack. At 8:00 a. m., Nov. 
10th, the leading troops arrived in the advanced area. On their way 
to the river, at the village of Syngem, they were greeted by volley af- 
ter volley of machine gun bullets, high explosive shells and aerial 
bombs, and again the men were in the hottest kind of fighting. 

The Escaut river, for the length of tRe Division sector, formed a 
"U" shaped bend with the bottom of the "U" toward the enemy. The 



254 THE WORLD WAR 

ground leading to the river, from the Allied side, was low and 
marshy and its flooded condition, brought on by recent rains, made 
the approach for a distance of two or three hundred meters a very 
difficult matter. The enemy on this side of the river, had a big ad- 
vantage, the high blufifs of the right bank permitting his overlooking 
Avithout interruption, the American advance. Taking advantage of 
his position he had built a veritable thicket of machine gun nests. 
Crawling and slipping through the mud, taking advantage of any ir- 
regularities of the terrain, the men of the division worked their way 
up to the river edge and held on. 

The town of Syngem was heavily shelled and all traffic along the 
road leading into the town blocked. A bridge was constructed across 
the river at the town of Heuvel, on the extreme south end of the 
division sector, and infantry crossing there worked north, gradually 
clearing the east bank of the enemy. The entire night was spent in 
feverish activity, in obtaining a foothold across the river and, on the 
morning of November 11th, with Armistice rumors thick in the air, 
found the right bank securely held by American soldiers. 

The Armistice was signed, going into effect at 11 o'clock on the 
morning of that day. The fight was pushed up until the last moment 
and so fast did our troops advance that at the eventful hour, when the 
advance was ordered stopped, the 37th division was holding the line 
as far east as the little villages of Dickele, Zwartenbrock, Keerkem 
and Hundlegem. 

The war was over and the afternoon of November 11th, the very 
stillness, so recently rent by the shriek of artillery shells and the 
whistle of machine gun bullets, was oppressing. A strange and curi- 
ous thing, but from some secret nook, the American baseball rolled 
out and there was being tossed about, where three hours before, no 
living thing could be exposed. 

Total advance : 7 kilometers. 

Casualties — officers killed 0, wounded 1, total 1. 

Enlisted men killed 9, wounded 56, missing 1, total 66. Total of 
officers and men 67. 

Upon the termination of the Belgian offensive, the following 
general order 6th French Army, commanded by General Degoutte. 
was issued : 

"VI Army French: Headquarters, Dec. 11, 1918. 

General Order No. 31 
"In addressing myself to the division of the United States of 



THE THIRTY-SEVENTH DIVISION 255 

America, who had covered themselves with glory in the Chateau 
Thierry offensive, I said that the orders given by the chief were al- 
ways carried out, in spite of the difficulties and the sacrifices neces- 
sary to win. 

"In the 37th and 91st Divisions U. S., I found the same spirit of 
duty and willing submission to discipline which makes gallant sol- 
diers and victorious armies. 

"The enemy was to hold the heights between the Lys and the 
Escaut ' to the death.' American troops of these divisions, acting in 
concert with the French divisions of the Group of Armies of Flan- 
ders, broke through the enemy Hne on the 31st, October, 1918, and 
after severe fighting threw him on the Escaut. 

"Then attempting an operation of war, of unheard of audacity, 
the American units crossed the overflooded Escaut, under fire of the 
enemy and maintained themselves on the opposite bank of the river, 
in spite of his counter attacks. 

"Glory to such troops and their chiefs. They have valiantly con- 
tributed to the liberation of a part of Belgian territory and to final 
victory. 

"Their great nation may be proud of them. 

"The General commanding the army. 

DEGOUTTE." 

HOMEWARD BOUND 

The 37th division was selected as one of the divisions to follow 
the German army in its retreat to the Rhine. It started on its way 
and in easy stages followed on towards Brussels. Thirty-three kilo- 
meters (21 miles) west of that city, at the village of Leeuwergum, the 
Division received orders to halt and retrace its steps westward from 
whence it came. Detachments from the Divisions were, however de- 
tailed to form the Guard of Honor upon the return to Brussels of the 
King and Queen of the Belgians, after four years of exile, following 
the great German advance of 1914. 

For its work in Belgium, it had gained the admiration and respect 
of that noble little kingdom. One hundred and fifty Belgian war 
crosses are proudly worn by the members of the division, as a re- 
minder of the short, but decisive, campaign in that country. Two 
hundred and twenty-nine French medals of all degrees are also rep- 
resented in the 37th Division besides several American Distinguished 
Service Crosses. 



256 THE WORLD WAR 

For the recognition received, the Division occupied six active sec- 
tors, participated in four major offensives, advanced during offen- 
sives, a total of more than 30 kilometers in the face of all kinds of 
conditions, captured 1475 prisoners of war and suffered, in all, 5,113 
casualties in killed and wounded. 

Leaving the area of Brussels, the division moved in easy stages 
to Oost Roosbeke, where, on Thanksgiving day, the men were treat- 
ed to a "turkey dinner" which consisted of corned beef and Belgian 
turnips. Leaving the vicinity of Oost Roosbeke on December 4, the 
march westward continued with halts at Rous Brugge, a beautiful lit- 
tle city on the banks of the famous Yser canal. Then on Dec. 7th, the 
Division again crossed the France-Belgian border and established 
their headquarters in Hondschoote, France, where a stay of 10 days 
brought an order to again move, this time to Wormhoudt, in the 
Dunquerque area. Here the division remained over the Christmas 
holidays and on Jan. 13th the division entrained, a short hike to Es- 
quelbecq and again the men were crowded in French box cars bound 
for the Le Mans district. Two days later the divisional trains arrived 
at Alencon, where during the following thirty days, a feverish cam- 
paign was waged in equipping the troops for their return to the United 
States, which had then narrowed down to a question of days. 

It was at Alencon that General Pershing reviewed the division on 
January 27th. On February 17th the division effected another lap in 
the long journey by a thirty-five kilometer hike which landed it in St. 
Mars-sous-Ballon. In the shadow of one of the oldest of the remain- 
ing French castles, in the presence of many French military men of all 
ranks, General Cardre of the French Army conferred the French 
Croix de Guerre upon two hundred and twenty-nine men of the Divi- 
sion. 

Actual indicitations of a move to the port of embarkation were 
taking form and on March 1, the Division entrained for the last lap of 
their journey homeward on French trains. A three day trip and the 
men detrained at Brest, where a stay of eight days, filled with prepar- 
ation and expectation elapsed and on March 12th, units hiked from 
Camp Pontanezen to the docks and embarked on the Transports Geo. 
Washington, Von Steuben and Leviathan and the Battleships Kansas 
and Missouri. After an average voyage they again set foot on Ameri- 
can soil at Hoboken, N. J., from w'hence they went to Camp Merritt, 
N. J., and were finally mustered out of service at Camp Sherman, Ohio, 
between April 10th and 15th, proud of their part and satisfied that they 
had done it well. 



Death of Verle Madary 



uu 



How Private Verle Madary met death from a piece of high 
explosive shell, while at his post of duty, is described in a letter 
written Oct. 20, 1918, to his mother, Mrs. Gertrude Madary, from 
Major Edward M. Colis, Medical Corps, 60th Artillery C. A. C. The 
dead Fulton county boy's, officer speaks highly of him. The letter 
follows : 

"My Dear Mrs. Madary: 

"By the time that this note of appreciation arrives at your home, 
you will have had notice through official channels that you have at 
once lost and won a boy. I put it this way because as surgeon 
in this regiment, I am in contact with the men who made up the 
regiment and particularly with the medical department men, of whom 
Verle was one. 

"He was, as his mother should know, a real man, young in 
years, of which all of the men who have spoken to me have remarked. 
He made himself felt, that is what I meant by winning — men of 
that type are not permanently lost. That thought would be unsup- 
portable. The sense of loss is all too recent for any word of mine, 
however appreciative, to mitigate it. But please feel that you have 
given and given fully and freely that those things which we at home 
hold most dear and sacred may be preserved. 

"He was killed by a scrap of a high explosive shell which entered 
the house where he was working. He was at his post of duty at 
the moment. He was, you know, assistant to one of our dentists. 
His grave lies under my window in a small flower garden and there 
are with him ten others, one of whom was struck down in the same 
way. The other day I saw one of the boys gathering a bunch of 
such flowers as still bloom. He reverently placed them upon the 
mound which covers not Verle, but that which was Verle's body. 

"If you are as certain as I am, that there is nothing wasted in 
this world and I believe it in spite of what I have to see here, then 
feel very proud that you have given so largely for that end which 
we cannot clearly see, but which our faith tells us is surely there." 

257 



Recollections of the Civil War 

By Al J. Kitt, Editor Fowler (Ind.) Tribune. 

DD 
DD 

My most vivid recollection of the beginning of the Civil War is 
associated with the first call for troops. Mrs. Isaiah Hoover, who 
lived in the old Walker residence east of Jesse Shields' place, came 
to our home rather early one morning in a very excited state. Throw- 
ing oil her sun-bonnet she turned to my mother and said: "Well, it 
has come at last ; the war bills are up all over town." The "war bills" 
proved to be President Lincoln's first call for 75,000 men. I remember 
seeing one of the bills tacked up on the front of Jesse Shield's old 
store, while a great crowd of men surrounded it discussing the com- 
ing war. Doubtless the experience of Rochester at the beginning and 
during the Civil War was that of all similar communities. It was not 
only the sons that went then, but the fathers, and exceptions were not 
made for tillers of the soil or supporters of families. It was a war in 
which the home and fireside and the life of a great Republic were at 
stake. The scenes of those early days can be easily recalled. The 
recruiting office, the fife and the drum, and the fever of interest and 
excitement that subjected .everything else to its force; the company 
of gallant boys as they marched down the street to embark for the 
front, many of them never to return, the sidewalks and streets crowd- 
ed with weeping women and children and cheering men. The old 
town was twenty miles from the nearest railroad, no telegraph and 
the telephone secret was yet in the bosom of the future, and the en- 
listed men were transported to Logansport and other points by 
wagons. Then the days of waiting, but few daily papers taken and 
those uncertain, the suspense can be easily imagined. Us boys met 
on the commons and the banks of the lake and discussed the great 
war, telling over and over again of the many virtuous and generous 
deeds of the men who had gone to the battlefields. News had been 
received that a great fight (Chickamauga) was imminent, and there 
were days of tense waiting when tearful and drawn faces kept present 
the mighty tragedy that followed. Then came the news of a great 
battle in which thousands were slain and wounded, but no list of the 
victims. The old 87th was known to be in the thick of the fight and 
to this belonged many of the brave boys who marched through our 
streets but a few months before. Nearly every man, woman and 
child was represented by ties of blood or heart. Days of waiting in 

258 



RECOLLECTIONS OF THE CIVIL WAR 259 

which the atmosphere and fear of impending tragedy filled every 
home. It finally came — the list of Union losses; it embraced the 
names of husbands, fathers, sons and sweethearts; a number killed, 
many wounded, other prisoners, some missing. Scarcely a home but 
that was directly or indirectly afflicted through this mighty struggle 
for the preservation of the Union. With this picture in mind, as it 
is with older ones, it is easy to realize something of the tragedy re- 
cently enacted in Europe, and of the part not of the battlefields or 
trenches; but of the tears, heartaches and heroism of those at home, 
many of whom must bear the burden not only of the present but in the 
years to come. The Civil War counted its sufferers by the thousands ; 
in the record of the titanic struggle just closed they were counted 
by the millions. 



Little Glimpses of Soldier Life 

Gleaned from Letters, Newspaper Stories and Other Sources, all of JVhich 
Concern Fulton County Service Men. 

DD 
DD 

"Cooties" are Fierce 

"I have seen thousands of German prisoners with the P. G. on 
their backs. I think they are most ignorant looking, and the way 
they stare at a person it's a pity all of them hadn't been shot. The 
negro soldiers were great convoys for them. It was their delight to 
shoot one. 

"The lieutenant announced tonight that there would be a collec- 
tion taken up for the orphans' fund. The 62nd is going to adopt 
several orphans. We have one with us now whose father was killed 
in 1914. 

"How is everything at home? Winter will soon be here — are 
you prepared? I have been receiving the papers, now and then, but 
I suppose some of them have been lost in transit. Influenza seems 
to have been 'doing some awful work at home. This company has 
been lucky so far. There were only a few who went to the hospital. 
But there are lot of boys who get 'cooties,' and they are fierce." 

PVT. ROSS D. EMRICK, 
Co. A, 62nd Regt., T. C., A. E. F., France. 



Chasing the Huns. 

"I am just about fifteen miles west of Metz. You can find it on 
the map. I was in the Toul drive, St. Mihiel drive and the Argonne 
drive. The last was a burning hell on earth. It was fearful, but we 
never yielded a foot of. ground — always advancing. I saw men ly- 
ing in piles, dead, hit by shells and machine gun fire, but the majority 
of them were Huns. It is all over now, and glad of it. The people 
back in the States don't know what war is. For nine days and nights 
.we marched to get at the Huns after our first drive, then went into 
action and began to pound away. Now I am riding a motorcycle for 
a Major, with a sidecar. It is an easy job. France has some very 
good roads. It has been pretty cold here, but has not snowed. I have 
a rubber suit to ride in and a long leather coat that Uncle Sam puts 
out. Can't get cold or wet. 

260 



LITTLE GLLMPSES OF SOLDIER LIFE 261 

"No Frenchman ever drinks water — all drink wine. We can get 
beer and light wine and lots of other junk to drink if we want it. 
We captured two barrels of beer from the Germans, and it was fine, 
for we were cold, tired and hungry and it didn't last long. 

"Since the war has been over I have been in Germany. Our 
shells were beginning to drop on their country and hit their towns, 
and they could not stand for that. A German will give us anything, 
almost, for a cake of soap or a little handful of sugar." 

PVT. ROY OVERMYER, 

Hdq. Co. 115 F. A., A. E. F. 



Last Farewell to Brother, 

"Old Man Censor is going to be good to us this once; has re- 
moved a few of his whiskers for the time being, so we can tell you 
more about our part in history making since landing in France. 

"I hardly know where to begin, now that I have the chance to 
tell it. 

"Our date of sailing, you know. We came over on one of the 
biggest ships afloat, the Olympic, and reached port in Southern Eng- 
land Nov. 24, disembarking on the following day and taking a train 
across old England. 

"This was a grand trip through English country. The trees 
were leafing out and everything looked beautiful. 

"We passed through many towns and villages, suburban to Lon- 
don, and reached Dover, a city of darkness, at 10 p. m. From there 
we took another boat across the channel, being convoyed across, 
reaching Calais, France, in the evening of May 14. 

"Here we remained in a rest camp three days, turning extra 
equipment and drawing English gas masks and rifles. We left there 
by train, which, according to the inscription on the side, held '36 
hammers or eight chairs,' but they were good to us and only put 
twenty-four soldiers in each car, which was enough, at that. 

"That was my first experience on a troop train in France, but 
by no means my last. We expected a long ride, but got a short one 
instead, with a five-mile hike at the end, reaching a small French 
village not many miles from St. Omar. There we spent the rest of 
May and the first days of June training under the direction of the 
EngHsh. Those were days of hard work but of good fellowship, 
for it was my first opportunity to get acquainted with the boys of 
my company, aside from those from home. 

"One Saturday we were ordered to turn in our English rifles 



262 THE WORLD WAR 

for those of the U. S. A., then we knew that we were due to go to 
an American sector. We left the next day, Sunday, and hiked for 
three days, took a day's rest and then got or\ another troop train 
which took us near Paris. After a week in billets, we moved out 
again, this time by trucks, reaching our stopping place late in the 
evening. 

"Roy and I pitched our tent together and went to bed, not 
waiting for supper. A week was spent here in gas and bayonet drill, 
and then we moved up Marne valley toward Chateau Thierry, the 
division going into service along the Marne. 

"A model platoon was selected from our company to go up with 
the French for an attack. Three Rochester boys were among those 
selected, and all three were wounded in the attack which, however, 
was successful. One of them, I understand, is now on his way back 
home — there, I expect by this time. 

"When the Germans started their attacks in July and the big 
offensive on the 14th, we were lying in the woods below Chateau 
Thierry, with thd Marne below us. Then the Germans started 
through and we moved up part of the division, going into the lines 
about the 18th. On Saturday afternoon, July 20, I was gassed, but 
?.t that time I did not know it, not until about daylight on Sunday, 
when, along with some other fellows, I was taken to the hospital. 
Here it was that I bid Roy good-bye. Both realized that it might 
be our last good-bye, without admitting it. I did not want to go, 
for I knew what was coming, but they took me, anyway. 

"That day will long be remembered by me. What Roy went 
through with from Chateau Thierry to the Vesle, he alone could tell. 
We can rest assured that he did his full duty and did it bravely, but 
why he should have been taken we must leave to Him who knows 
better than we. 

" From the gas hospital I went to Base Hospital No. 32, at Con- 
trexville. This was a beautiful location for a hospital and we were 
treated fine. My nurse was a personal friend of Miss Ruth Wright, 
who did not happen to be there, as she was on duty up at a field 
hospital. My nurse promised to remember me to Miss Wright, but 
Avhether she did or not I do not know. They used to kid me at 
the hospital for sleeping so much. But I did not care, for I had a 
good bed and was sleepy. 

" When I left the hospital I went to a replacement camp, ex- 
pecting to get back to my company. This camp was in a village not 
far from Paris and near the Marne river. 



LITTLE GLIMPSES OF SOLDIER LIFE 263 

"August was spent here, the replacement battalion moving out 
the last of the month. 

"On this trip we went through Chateau Thierry, which had been 
taken by the Germans a month before, going through Metz, Epre- 
may and Toul. During September and October we were at camp 
not far from Toul. This is one of the old fortified towns of France, 
the old part being surrounded by a stone wall and moat. 

"The first of November we moved again, this time landing near 
Clermont or Argonne, about 27 kilometers southwest of Verdun, 
and here we still remain out in the woods, seemingly miles from 
nowhere as far as going anywhere or seeing anything is concerned. 

"I have seen about all of France I care to see, unless it is Paris. 
France is all right for the French, but not for me — I'll take my 
chance back in old Indiana and the sooner I get there the better." 

RAY SHELTON. 



A Glimpse of Germany. 
"I have not seen any Fulton boys at all since I have been over 
here and that has been since June 28, 1917, the longest any troops 
have been in Europe. The First Division has taken part in every 
battle that the Americans ever gave or received and never yielded 
an inch in retreat, they always went forward. If we did not we 
would not be where we are today. We took part in the Cantigney, 
Soissions, St. Mihiel, Argonne and Sedan drives. The last battle 
the Americans gave the Dutch we made them all pay very highly 
in land and troops for the Yanks were headed for Berlin, and would 
have reached there only for the armistice. We were on our way when 
we received news that Kaiser Bill had signed the note for his men 
to cease firing at 11 o'clock. It was the eleventh day, eleventh hour, 
and eleventh month that the armistice was signed. We are now 
c^tationed near the Rhine river doing guard duty and lookmg out 
for the Dutch farther up the Rhine so they do not start their dirty 
work again We afe in the state called Unter Westerwald and this 
is where the grape wine is made. Everywhere there is a valley. It 
is nothing but a large mass of grape vines. They have them grow- 
ing in the shape of a corn stalk and supported by driving a stake 
by the side of the stalk and tieing them together. Even the high 
hills running up from the south side are grape yards. Hills that 
look so steep no person could climb them, but there are grapes there 
for wine. I have often heard talk of the mighty Rhine and Moselle 
rivers but I can not see anything great about them. We crossed 



264 THE WORLD WAR 

the Moselle river in Luxeniberg in five minutes on a bridge, and the 
Rhine we crossed into Coblenz on a pontoon bridge in the same 
length of time. It is not so wide as I have been told or so swift. 
It is not as wide as the Mississippi river. The Moselle joins the 
Rhine at Coblenz. A small river here is a collection of words joined 
together during spare time. Here Father Rhine awaits for fair 
Mother Moselle, who comes hurrying through the valley of the Mo- 
selle with her vineclad colors and embracing her with his mighty 
arms, carries her away to meet their lordly king, the sea. 

"Since we have been in Germany we have been treated fine, 
having nice warm beds to sleep in and all that we can eat. The peo- 
ple were not so bad off as we heard they were. At night you are 
welcome in their best room or any place you wish to go. The father 
sits and reads while the mother spins wool or flax, which is some- 
thing we never see in the states. We have electric lights and street 
car lines near our town, but one thing we do not see and that is 
horses, as they were all killed in the war. The people milk one and 
sometimes two cows, they then take them and hitch them to a buggy 
or wagon and drive them like horses." 

BENJAMIN WESTWOOD, 
Supply Sergeant, Co. E, 18th Inf. 



Some Impressions of England and France 

Of course I worked and worked some in the army for I was a 
blacksmith, but what I am going to tell here is of places I have been 
and things I have done along with my work. I entered the service 
of the U. S. A. on the 4th day of Oct., 1917, at Rochester. I went into 
training at Camp Taylor, ky., on the 5th day of Oct., 1917, and re- 
mained in training until the 1st day of May, 1918. Was then trans- 
ferred to the Field Rifle Range at West Point, Ky. I remained here 
until Sept. 3rd and we then boarded the train for Hoboken, N. J. At 
Hoboken I received my overseas equipment along with the other men 
of the company and the 8th day of Sept., 1918, we sailed on the White 
Steam Line, the ship "Canada," manned by an English crew, with 
a convoy of 14 transports, 8 sub chasers or cruisers and 1 battleship. 
We were twelve days on the water and we all thought that food for 
the fishes was never so plentiful. How the old boat did rock! We 
ate fish, moldy cheese and drank black English tea on the hop, run 
and jump, some times hanging onto a post but more often lying 
where we fell. The first sign of land over there was Estle Crege, 



LITTLE GLIMPSES OF SOLDIER LIFE 265 

standing 215 feet above sea level, just off the coast of Ireland in the 
Irish Sea. Then Hurrah, land, and welcome, too. The rolling dip- 
ping green of Ireland. We sailed up the river Clyde, receiving 
shouts of welcome from far and near, while the band played "We're 
Coming Over and We Wont Go Back Till It's Over, Over Here." 
It sure made a man feel that he was doing his duty. We docked at 
Glasgow, Scotland on the 21st of Sept., 1918, at 2 a. m. At 4 p. m. 
the same day we left for Winchester, England. Leaving the rails we 
hiked live miles to Camp Windledown, an English rest camp, where 
we were permitted to visit the oldest cathedral in England. Construc- 
tion started in 885 and the building was finished in 1300. It is 56 feet 
long, 220 feet wide and 120 feet high and overlooks the whole city of 
Winchester. It is known as the place where the most wonderful and 
beautiful statuary in England is kept on exhibition. In this Cathedral 
King Charles the 1st was beheaded and here also is the tomb of Queen 
Victoria, marked by a Bronze Monument that cost $30,000. We visit- 
ed English College, built in 1300, a school only for the rich, where 
tuition is paid previous to birth. From Camp Windledown we hiked 
21 miles under full pack to South Hampton and there took a boat 
across the English Channel to La Havre, France. There we left 
the boat to board dainty little French trains, with the cars marked — 
40 hommes, 8 cheveaux — meaning 40 men or 8 horses. In this way we 
traveled to Camp Desauge, a camp 16 miles from Bordeaux, France 
There we were in constant training on the firing range from Sept. 30 
to Oct. 28. While at Camp Desauge we were privileged to visit 
Bordeaux. Visited St. Andrews and St. Mary's Cathedral, built in 
1300. There we saw 39 preserved people, who had been buried in the 
ground for 300 years and on exhibition for the last 100 years. Their 
skin was like leather but perfect in form. From Camp Desauge I, 
along with a number of other men, was transferred to St. Nazaire and 
then came more hard work, Sunday as well as Saturday. Finally 
came rest and a permit for furlough to visit the ruins of Belgium, all 
historical points in Paris, the underground city at Verdun, Dead 
Man's Hill, Belleau Wood, Chateau Thierry, Soissons and a U. S. 
Army cemetery where lie 1800 soldiers, with only a small wood monu- 
ment to mark each grave. We visited all points of interest along the 
Rhine, also Metz, Germany and another underground city. 

On the eighteenth day of June, 1919 we left St. Nazaire on the 
good old ship "Powatan" for the U. S. A. and home. Landed at 
Charleston, S. C, on June 30th. From the boat we went to Camp 
fackson and a week later were transferred to Camp Taylor, Ky. 
After two days we left here for home, Rochester, Ind., with an honor- 



266 THE WORLD WAR 

able discharge certificate and a smile on my face to see my seven 
months old daughter, wife, parents and friends. Once more at home 
and happy. All's well. 

CLARENCE K. GARNER. 



From a "Y" Worker's Letters 

On our way to Paris we saw two places where they were thresh- 
ing. It was some sight, too. I had often seen many round stacks out 
in the fields that were as near perfect as possible, but never knew 
what was in them, but now I know they are wheat stacks and good- 
ness only knows when they were made. Four of these were close to 
the road we were on, where they were threshing with their crude 
machine. The engine had two very large flywheels that ran rather 
slowly; a smokestack about twelve feet high, and stood about thirty 
feet from the separator, or beater, as they called it. Two men stood 
on the stack pitching the large, long bundles to a woman on the top 
of the separator, who cut the bands and passed them to a man stand- 
ing on a platform at the side of the separator, feeding it very slowly. 
J did not see just how it was arranged on the inside, but the wheat 
was cleaned excellently. The straw came out of the rear looking as 
though it had not been touched. The heads looked full, but upon 
examining several of them I did not find a grain. Several men work- 
ed there putting the straw in large bundles and tying them with straw, 
then stacking them in large stacks again. Some were weighing the 
grain which came out very slowly. Their water tank was a two- 
wheeled cart with a barrel upon it. 

As we had to go through Versailles we decided to stop there a 
few hours to see the wonderful sights. One of the things that attract- 
ed our attention was the magnificent park, which, I should judge, is 
the largest in France. Many beautiful walks, fountains, statues and 
flower beds were to be seen in all directions. I was informed by a 
soldier that it was twenty-seven miles around it. We soon fell in with 
a French guide and a couple of other soldiers who were going through 
the place. We visited many of the wonderful rooms. Among them 
was the chamber which contained the bed in which Louis XIV died, 
who seemed to be the principal character in the history of the palace, 
as he was the one that completed it during his reign there. In front 
of the bed was a large banister that was formerly of solid gold and 
silver, but now of stone. The former being removed long ago when 
the country was in need of its gold and silver for other purposes more 
important. Callers would often come in this room up to the banister 
to see the king arise in the morning, which they considered quite an 



LITTLE GLIMPSES OF SOLDIER LIFE 267 

honor in those days. We passed through the Hall of Mirrors, which 
is no doubt the large room in which the Germans made the French 
sign the treaty of peace in 1871, and the one in which the Germans will 
have to swallow their own pill by signing the treaty of 1919. We also 
saw the table on which the treaty is to be signed. This room was the 
ball room of Louis XIV. The walls are full of large mirrors. The 
ceiling is covered with paintings that took one artist ten years to com- 
plete. Another room that was of interest to me was the one that con- 
tained nothing but large paintings of war scenes. One picture in this 
room I was very much suprised to see was that of the siege of York- 
town, showing as the prominent -figures, Washington, LaFayette and 
Rochambeau. 

After leaving the palace we went out to see where the German 
delegates were stationed. Here the street fence was blockaded by a 
small picket fence which was the marking line for out-of-bounds 
regions for them. From here we went on into Paris. On Sunday we 
took a metro to the old part of the city to visit the catacombs. Here 
we went down, down a very long flight of winding stairs till we came 
to the bottom, then passed on through a long tunnel till we came to a 
place where there were many large rooms. Here was the most 
peculiar sight that I have ever seen. Thousands upon thousands of 
human skulls and other bones, mostly bones of the legs and arms, 
were piled up like cordwood, but arranged in a very artistic style. 
One place a cross was made out of skulls alone ; another the skull and 
cross bones were shown in reality. In one of the many rooms there 
was a little cave back in the solid rock that had iron bars in front. 
Upon looking in here we saw a full grown skeleton standing upright. 
No doubt we would have felt a little "creepy," way down there with 
our little candle if it had not been for the company we had, as we fell 
in with a party of about one hundred Americans whom the Y. M. C. 
A. man was conducting through. When we came out we were about 
a half-mile from the place where we went in. I do not know much 
about the history of these catacombs, other than that they were the 
burying places of the notables in the early days. People do not think 
anything about finding human bones when they come across them in 
their diggings, as we saw where some Frenchmen were repairing a 
broken gas pipe. They had to dig down in the street to make the 
necessary repair. In doing so they came across some human bones 
which they threw out as unconcerned as if they were dirt clods. 

I saw^ something in Paris this time that I hadn't seen in France 
before. Guess ! Well, it was a rocking chair, but it had been brought 
from America, and was in the Soldiers' and Sailors' Club. I had 



268 THE WORLD WAR 

something while there, too, that I hadn't had since I have been here. 
It was real for sure ice cream. When we got to Verdome, one of the 
outposts of the Tours division. We learned the sad news of one of the 

Y camionetts turning over and killing a Belgian girl. We came across 
the wrecked car about two kilometers out from Verdome on the road 
to Tours. The car was a complete wreck. The soldier detailed to the 

Y as chauffeur was placed under arrest and is in the guard house to 
await court martial. 

Tours, France, May 30, 1919. 

To-day was Memorial Day, the greatest I have spent for many 
days. It was one I hope I never will forget. Throughout France, as 
well as in the States, it was a holiday for the people of my country; 
not a holiday for pleasure alone, but for the purpose of decorating the 
graves of those who paid the highest price for the honor of their coun- 
try and the welfare of mankind. At ten o'clock a parade started from, 
the headquarters here, led by the Eleventh Marine Band followed by 
two companies of our gallant Marines with their rifles on their 
shoulders, their arms and bodies swinging in rhythm, their feet giving 
out that measured tread which they got through their good training. 
Next came a group of the French poilu. There were about a hundred 
of them. They made a striking contrast to the Yankee boys, as they 
were not in step and their lines were very crooked. Following them 
were about fifteen automobiles, hauling some of our distinguished 
officers and some of the French also, Field Marshal Petain being 
among the latter. Last in the parade, but not the least important by 
any means, were hundreds of doughboys unarmed. The column, in 
all, was nearly a half-mile long. 

A short, solemn program was rendered at the cemetery. The 
graves were all decorated with beautiful flowers and a little U. S. 
flag. Old Glory was waving leisurely in the breeze at half mast. No 
fewer than three hundred of America's best men lay here in sweet 
repose side by side in three rows clear across the cemetery. Each has 
a white cross at his head, with his name, rank and the day he died 
painted artistically in black letters. I wish every mother who has a 
boy buried there could have seen that beautiful sight after the decora- 
tion was done. No doubt tears would have come to her eyes for sor- 
row, but at the same time her heart could not but have thrilled with 
the feeling that would make her proud to know that she was the 
mother of so gallant a son, one who had given the highest price any 
man could give — dying for his country. Close by, but a little to one 
side, were two graves that were also decorated with beautiful flowers, 



LITTLE GLIMPSES OF SOLDIER LIFE 269 

but with a flag of a different nation. They were sons of England and 
had little British flags waving over them. At the far end of the ceme- 
tery were about fifty graves decorated with flowers. Each had the 
white cross at the head with the name, rank and date of death, the 
same as those of the Americans and the two British, but there were 
no flags on their graves. These were the graves of some of our con- 
quered foes. These German prisoners of war whom our men had 
captured, died before the time had come for them to be released to 
go back to the fatherland. A striking example of American patriotism, 
honor, friendship and brotherly love was shown here, not only to her 
own dead sons, but to the sons of her foe and friend as well. Three 
volleys were fired over the graves of our fallen heroes ; taps were then 
blown ; our national hymn and that of France was played by the 
band ; the dear old flag was then swung at the top of the mast, ending 
the first ceremony of its kind on foreign soil. 

Yet, at the same time the graves of our honored dead were being 
decorated at home and abroad, there were others who died for us 
whose graves were not decorated at all, the graves of those buried at 
sea while on their way to the scene of war. No flowers, no flags, no 
white crosses mark their last resting places. No one will even know 
the exact location of their graves. The sun, moon and stars will 
send their radiant rays over them, imitating the cross, flowers and 
flags and while gazing at them we can have the satisfaction of know- 
ing that God decorates the graves of those buried in the sea as well 
as those buried in the ground, and the waves and winds will furnish 
the music for the beautiful ceremony, while we stand with our heads 
bowed, our thoughts will be with them the same as the others. 

FREDERICK K. DEARDORF. 



An Engineer's Life 

First we went on the Chateau Thierry drive, that being one of 
the hardest drives, I think, outside of the last one. We were putting 
in a bridge, or I was— with a company of 250 men— across the Meuse 
river and it was a pontoon bridge and it took me three hours to build 
the bridge with my men. Every time I was ready to connect it with 
the other bank the Huns would shoot it out. I tried it five times be- 
fore I made it, but I finally made it across. As soon as our artillery 
found the big guns that were shooting our bridge to pieces one shot 
finished their game. When I got it done and counted my men I was 
short 14 men, all killed. 

Well you might think I was done but I was not for the whole 



270 THE WORLD WAR 

division was waiting to cross. We grabbed our guns and went right 
after the Germans hot and heavy for each man's blood was boiling, 
ready to fight anything. Next day they shelled hell out of a road 
we were using and we had to fix it so they could get suppHes to the 
boys at the front. 

Our company had nothing to eat for 24 hours and no sleep. This 
will be all about this drive but in the meantime we buried lots of dead. 
Americans, and dead Germans. Both sure lost lots of good men on 
this drive. 

Our second drive was on front St. Mihiel. We started this drive 
right behind the doughboys building roads and were the first engineers 
on "No Man's Land." About all we did on this drive was build roads 
and build barbed wire cages for German prisoners and there sure were 
a lot of them. We had pretty good eats and got quite a lot of sleep. 
But I worked more than anyone in our outfit for anything special they 
wanted done they always called on Master Eng. Houser to do it. 

Third drive on front Argonne or Verdun. Here is where I had 
liell. I never think I will go to hell for I have been through it once. 
Where we first started there was a woods and in this wood four years 
ago the French fought 100 days and lost 100,000 men and couldn't 
"budge them. We got through over a seven hour barrage and had 
them running. Then over the top after them. That day we got 
3,000 prisoners. The Germans had dugouts 50 feet deep with electric 
lights, steam heat and everything just like they never intended to 
leave, but believe me the Yanks made them go. You can just about 
picture that field when they got through shelling, shellholes 20 feet 
deep and we had to have light artillery going over in two hours — 
that was my orders — and believe me orders are orders over here. I 
started in to make a road where there was not a sign of a road. In 
less than two hours we had traffic going over and sometimes we were 
ahead of the doughboys, and all the time we were doing this rebuild- 
ing work the Huns were trying to shell our road and throwing gas 
shells at us. Believe me you couldn't hear yourself talk because of 
the noise the guns were making. 

This drive started about one and-half miles from Avacourt. 
I guess you can find it on the map ; if you can, you can do more than 
I can do here, for I can't find it here for there isn't a stone left of it 
and about the same as all the rest of the towns in the war zone. 1 
never will forget Sept. 25 and 26, 1918. The night of the 25th was 
the worst for I wouldn't have given a cent for my life. I was in charge 
-of 29 trucks all loaded with bridge and road material and the Germans 



LITTLE GLIMPSES OF SOLDIER LIFE 271 

were trying to get us, trying to blow up the trucks and there were 
shells flying all around us and all at once one hit a truck and that was 
all I ever saw of it— men and all. There were four men on the truck 
and after the shell hit it you couldn't find a piece of them. I was 
within 10 feet of it, but I am still alive and feeling fine. Then it was 
our move so we moved right up within 300 yds. of the Huns first front 
line trench and started to unload and we got some more hell. I 
hadn't any sleep for 48 hours and nothing to eat only what I picked 
up along the road and that was damn little. 

We drove them about 15 kilometers the first day and never left 
them stop until they quit. I v^as still right behind them and now 
we are at Stenay, France; just about where they quit. We are go- 
ing into Germany on the border and watch them until they get all 
their troops out and see that we get all our men back. I guess now 
that peace will be signed by the time you get this letter. 

A. W. HOUSER, 
Master Engr., Co. A., 602 Engr., A. E. F., France. 

Praises War Workers 

Had the big pleasure of getting away from a rationed mess and 
of resting in a real bed last night. It was glorious. Yesterday I alsa 
ran into a shell hole occupied by some of the faithful Salvation Army. 
There I found quantities of chocolate cookies made in the United 
States. I purchased my allotment and then munched away the choice 
food, feeling like a king in luxury. Such an adventure as we are go- 
ing through makes one a lover of each little comforting thing. As to 
hardships, they are part of the adventure, which we revel in rather 
than growl about. It is part of the game and is expected. Usually 
the bark is worse than the bite. 

We are the best fed of all the armies. Today I had some peaches 
from California, beef from Chicago, and so on. The faithful Red 
Cross, the Y. M. C. A. and the Salvation Army are doing excellent 
work. It is through the Y. M. C. A. that we get the daily papers and 
such luxuries as cakes and candies. We get such articles from the 
Y. M. C. A. at about cost. The Red Cross does not sell anything, but 
gives! The Salvation Army has become famous for its home-made 
doughnuts. All three of these organizations risk the dangers of shell 
fire to get such things to the soldiers. 

The people at home are doing their part to win this war and I 
wish you to know that we realize the sacrifices the entire country is 
making to help the A. E. F. win out. 



272 THE WORLD WAR 

The work that is being done for us is sure producing results, and 
the appreciation is beyond expression. 

HOWARD STERNER. 



Little Glimpses of War 
I have seen some of the most striking features of warfare as it is 
today, and will give them to you in an impersonal way, as I have 
seen them. 

A call for all the men to the guns at some hour of the night — a 
few scattered artillery shots which soon become intense firing and 
continues until one is relieved of the pitch-like darkness and can see 
ones way through the difficult places by light of the steady gun 
flashes, fire continues until there is an order to advance, we go for- 
ward, over a road made almost impassible by our previous shell fire. 
We cross the enemies old front line, "The Hindenburg" which is noth- 
ing but shelled craters. What Was once barbed wire entanglements 
galore, are now but short pieces of wire and bits of stakes, only a few 
good stakes are scattered here and there. As we advance we meet 
lines of prisoners coming in under guard, now and then four of the 
latter carry one of the boys on a stretcher. We set our guns, fire — 
await orders and advance again — such is war without the details. 

Details — A German sits beside the road shot in the face, breast, 
arms, legs, still able to speak but unable to walk — my first glimpse of 
the wounded. 

I once talked with an Australian, when I first came to France. 
Of course I asked him about the war. He had been on the front, had 
been gassed and was returning. He was a fine, intelligent looking 
fellow, and in response to my question he said, "Oh Boy, it will break 
your heart." 

"It will break your heart." I did not appreciate those words as 
much when I saw that German, nor yet when I saw the wounded boys 
go by; one with his arms strapped to his chest and one leg pulled 
along behind stiff at the knee, the same fellow who said with a smile 
"Oh, I am one of the lucky ones," but when I had seen dead Germans 
day after day and the above sights repeated time and time again, 
there came another day. I was close behind the guns, was walking 
away from them, was stopped by the noise of a falling limb, looking 
back at the guns I saw a big smoke, I went back. A gun had blown 
up and two of the best boys in the battery had "gone over" blown to 
bits. When I had helped to get them out and straightened things up 



LITTLE GLIMPSES OF SOLDIER LIFE 273 

a bit, I felt a little sick and I remembered those words— "It will break 
your heart." 

I see you have- been guessing where I am located— you missed 
locating me on Sept. 16, by about four miles if you remember where 
that was, but Uncle Sam's soldiers are like the Irishman's flea- you 
may not agree with me, but I know the Kaiser will. The first night 
I was on the front, that has been a long time ago, I was in a little 
woods, the Sergeant in charge of our detail was scared of gas and 
shut the dugout up so tight that I decided to lay out under a tin 
shelter. I had hardly stretched out when Fritz put a high explosive 
three-inch in the edge of the woods 200 yards off, it was followed by 
others — he combed the woods for fair, moving his fire down towards 
my shack— I hated to be chased out, and thought I had better not run 
too soon, but when the fragments of shell and pieces of dirt and rock 
commenced to cut the leaves on the trees around me I decided it Avas 
time to sell out. I have been moved by shells since, but am not go- 
ing to forget that first night. 

In addition to the other experiences which I have told and have 
one yet to tell. I prize this one. I have laid down beside a muddy 
road on a cold rainy night and have gone to sleep time after time on 
a night march and haven't caught cold. I now have a little house to 
stay in, large enough for six, we have a stove arid think we are in a 
keen place. 

FRED L. SAFFORD, 
Battery F., 114 Field Art.. France. 



Chasing the Enemy 

We put over a barrage on the morning of Nov. 1st and it sure 
was a fierce one. It lasted for about six hours and our doughboys 
went over the top and got lots of prisoners, guns and material. They 
got the Dutch on the run and could not keep up with them, so our 
doughboys got in trucks and followed them. Just got word that they 
cannot find a Dutchman. We have moved up 25 kilometers and are 
going to go up 20 more tonight, so you see they sure went some. We 
went through five towns that were completely destroyed and I never 
saw so many trucks, guns and a little of everything in my life as was 
on the road and it has been straight going for two days; it never 
stops. The last position we had was the limit; we got in it about 
10 o'clock at night and dark as pitch. It was in a valley at the edge 
of a town and the first thing we did was to get our lines out. It is 



274 THE WORLD WAR 

hell after night for you cannot have any light and shell holes are very 
thick. I just got started and the Boche commenced to shell us and I 
thought they had my number for they w^ere very close. My back was 
sore from dropping to the ground. We got some gas but not enough 
to hurt us; only make us sneeze. After v^e got the lines out we put 
up the tent for our central and was very tired, so laid down for a little 
snooze and over came one and lit about five or six feet from the tent 
and believe me it shook us up some and put several holes through the 
tent. That one just got settled down when they sent one over with 
gas that was hell for we had to put on our masks and it is very hard 
for me to wear one, so we put in a bad night, but that is only one. We 
had lots of them. The next morning over came their planes and I 
knew there was going to be something doing. I did not think that 
there ever was a 6-in. outfit as close to the Dutch line as we were — 
one and one-half kilometers. The machine guns were behind us, yet 
we got several wounded but not seriously. Last night there were 
several planes over and believe me they dropped some bombs. I 
think that they raised the end gate and kicked them out as they did 
no damage that I heard of. Yesterday we were grazing the horses 
and saw an air battle. They brought down one Boche plane ; they 
got pretty low and shot at us with machine guns. I have only been 
in the hospital once. and was only wounded once; that was on the 
Chateau Thierry front. I have been in some pretty close places but 
iiave been lucky so far and think that it is about all over the way it 
looks now for we seem to take anything we want and the prisoners 
say it is all over and they are tired of war, but they are no more tired 
than I am. Sleeping on the ground in a pup tent for so long at a 
time has about got me. You know I am no chicken any more. 

HARRY (Mike) BRICKEL, 

Bat. A., 150th F. A. 



Germans and "Cooties" 



The things you read in the papers you can partly believe, because 
the Jerrys (Germans) sure have done some awful things. I have 
been in towns where there is nothing left but a mass of ruins. We go 
to water every day where there used to be a town, but there isn't any- 
thing left of it now. 

I suppose you read about the front where we are now. I dare 
not tell you any names of the towns. But you can believe me our 
division is sure doing its bit. I don't suppose you would believe 



LITTLE GLIMPSES OF SOLDIER LIFE 275 

me if I told you of the prisoners I have seen at different times. It 
wasn't hundreds, but thousands. 

I have been over lots of country where Jerry has been. At one 
place I saw one of Jerry's graveyards. They have a cross at each 
;head with the name on it. 

I just had to stop and scratch myself. If you were here I would 
:give you a job helping me kill the cooties. I sure have lot of 'em. 

When Jerry sends over a shell we always say, "There comes one." 
I don't supose you will believe it, but when we hear a shell coming 
■we can tell what kind it is by the sound of it. There are lots of differ- 
•ent kinds of shells. 

I am not corporal anymore. I asked to be reduced, so they made 
me wagoner again. So I and Buddy have four horses on one wagon. 
I let Buddy drive all four so I can look around. 

ARCH FLORA 



Glimpse at Camp Life 

Every one on the Post here has been examined for overseas serv- 
ice and practically all in our company passed the exam. In letters 
received from some of the boys at Camp Eustis they said that they 
were in mud up to their ankles, grubbing stumps and working like 
blazes. It is just a new camp. I like it better here every day. Those 
daily dips in the old Atlantic and Uncle Sam's beef and beans are 
making me fat. I now weigh 185 and feel like I will just have to 
keep on getting fatter — I don't know what the end will be. 

There are a- lot of new buildings being erected here, right along; 
new barracks, hospital, Y. M. C. A. and buildings for various other 
purposes. So you see we are right up with the times down here in 
Dixie. We have had two lectures on "Gas" and have some more 
-coming. The talks ^vere very interesting, dealing principally with the 
history of gas, the various kinds used in Europe today, the way it 
travels and methods of defense. An illustration of the varoius masks 
and the ways in which they are used was also given. About a week 
ago our company all attended a moving picture show at the "can- 
teen" during one of our regular drill periods. The pictures were 
produced by various medical, physiological and hygenic organizations 
working in cooperation with the government and illustrated very viv- 
idly and distinctly the bad effects and results of contracting some of 
the diseases incident to camp life. Some of the pictures of these un- 



276 THE WORLD WAR 

fortunate victims almost made me shudder. I think the show im- 
pressed the seriousness of these diseases on our minds more than a 
hundred lectures would have done. But I will say this for Uncle Sam 
if any of his soldiers get this affliction it is nobody's fault but their 
own. They sure get plenty of warning before hand. We have in- 
structions and drill work on machine guns every day now. We are 
using the Colt's gun. The Captain said we would soon be having 
target practice with them. 

Yesterday a bunch of us from our company went to Charleston 
to load a barge with various provisions and supplies for Ft. Moultrie. 
I enjoy these trips and the work fine. We get lots of it to do. 

CLAUDE MARSHALL. 



From a Flying Field 

Believe me, this isn't exactly a home for feeble-minded kittens. 
This is the first day of real rest I've had since I've been down here. 
A fellow flies all day and then goes to school after supper and works 
until 9 :30. At 9 :30, the lights go out and then you shave, take a bath 
and go to bed. One is generally too tired to sleep right away, so he 
thinks over things and makes plans for his flying the next day. 

Yesterday was a rotten day for air work. It was hot and gusty 
as the devil. The land here is mostly clay loam and the farmers are 
starting their spring plowing. Now the land that isn't plowed is a 
brilliant yellow and gives off lots of heat rays and upward air cur- 
rents ; and the land that is plowed is black and -the air currents over 
it go downward. So the land is alternately black and yellow and the 
air is in banks and pockets, and the plane — ! 

To top it off I had a "ship" that wouldn't go over SO an hour and 
the tail kept wanting to get round in front. Diverting, to say the least. 

Am to be promoted tomorrow. An instructor will observe six or 
seven of my landings, give me a grade and then I go over to another 
sector to do loops and spirals. Lots of fun in spirals. 

MARCUS WRIGHT. 



They Also Helped. 



DO 



On the following pages appear the names of men, women and 
children of Fulton county who did their part in the winning of the 
war. They put over the Liberty Loan Drives, bought War Savings 
Stamps, contributed to the United War Work drive, helped the Red 
Cross and did all that was asked of them to back up the boys in the 
service. 

The names were secured through square mile men and women,, 
and other war working agencies of the county, and it is probable that 
the list is not complete in spite of the effort made to have it so. For 
that reason it must not be inferred that a person whose name is miss- 
fng lacked in patriotism or loyalty. 



Archer. Willard. 
Eall, Wilma. 
Baldwin, Albert. 
Baldwin, Bessie. 
Baldwin, Homer 
Baldwin, Ralph. 
Beerwart, Robert. 
Best, Norman. 
Biddinger, Carroll. 
Eidding-er, Kermit. 
Biddinger, Mae. 
Book, Altie. 
Book, Lucy. 
Bowersox, Chester. 
Bowersox, Herbert. 
Bridegroom, Bernard. 
Brooker, Mildred. 
Brugh, Albert. 
Erugh, Francis. 
Brugh, Helen. 
Burns, Audrey. 
Burns, Kathleen. 
Burns, Oral. 
Butt, Berneice. 
Butts, Oren. 
Butt, Orville. 
Calhoun, Charles. 
Calhoun, Margaret. 
Campbell, Claribel. 
Campbell, Grace. 
Campbell, Garnet. 
Campbell, Rosemary. 
Campbell, Theodore. 



Aubeenaubbee Schools 

Cavender, Chester. 
Cavander, Florence. 
Champ, Muriel. 
Coughenour, Fred. 
Cowen, Clifford. 
Cowen, Marie. 
E^avis, Dale. 
Davis, Emery. 
E">avis, Norman. 
Eiavison, Dennis. 
Davison, Francis. 
Davison, Frank. 
E>ecker, Addie. 
Decker, Anna. 
Decker, Paul. 
Denny, Jordon. 
Denny, Joseph. 
Ditmire, Virginia. 
E!dgington, Harry. 
Fdgington, Louimay. 
Engle, Bernis. 
F.ngel, Julah. 
Engel, Robert. 
Ewing, Alvin. 
Faulstick, Bertha. 
Faulstick, Dortha. 
F'aulstick, Fred. 
Faulstick, Harvey. 
E'aulstick, Hermy. 
Faulstick, Jennie. 
Faulstick, Joseph. 
Faulstick, Walter. 
Fernbaugh, Carl. 

277 



THE WORLD WAR 



Fernbaugh, Grace. 
Fernbaugh, Herald. 
Fisher, Alvah. 
Fisher, Dora. 
Fisher, Elnora. 
Fisher, Orvil. 
Fisher, Virgil. 
Folk, Carl. 
Fox, Bernice. 
Fox, Geneva. 
Fox, James. 
Freese, Annabell. 
Freese, Florence. 
Freese, Francis. 
Freese, Gladys. 
Freese, Marguerite. 
Freese, Mary. 
Frye, Alton. 
Frye, Raymond. 
Funnell, Alvie. 
Funnell, Harley. 
Funnell. Telford. 
Funnell, Woodrow. 
Gibson, Harold. 
Gibson, Ralph. 
Ginther, Herman. 
Goodman, Everett. 
Goodman, Vernon. 
Graham, Charles. 
Guise, Olive. 
Guise, Wilson. 
Hackett, Annabellc: 
Hall, Clara. 
Hall, Donna. 
Hall, Lonnie. 
Hall, Lorene. 
Harned, Jesse. 
Harpster, Bessie. 
Harpster, Naomi. 
Hartle, O. C. 
Hartle, Neoma. 
Hartle, Vernard. 
Hartz, Clora. 
Hartz, Ethel. 
Hartz, Harry. 
Hartz, Lena. 
Hartz, Nettie. 
Hauser, Arthur. 
Hauser, Cecil. 
Hauser, Clifford. 



Hauser, Willard. 
Heeter, Howard. 
Hrueischer, Eugene. 
Hoesel, Everett. 
HoUaway, Deverl. 
Hosimer, Ruth. 
Johnson, Ethel. 
Johnson, Mabel. 
Kaley, Chester. 
Kelly, Clara. 
Kelly, Francis. 
Kelly, Robert. 
Keeler, Fern. 
Keller, Ruth. 
Kistler, Betty. 
Kistler, Ralph. 
Kistler, Sidney. 
Kistler, Wayne. 
Klein, Evelyn. 
Klein, Frances. 
Klein, Robert. 
Kreischer, Edna. 
Kreischer, Estie . 
Kreischer, Ethlyn. 
Kurtz, Avanelle. 
Kurtz, Marguerite. 
Lahman, Clifford. 
Lahman, Oscar. 
Large, Alfred. 
Large, Chester. 
Large, Juanuta. 
Large, Lester. 
Laughenbahn, Edward. 
Laughenbahn, Frances. 
Laughenbahn, Gertrude. 
Lalighenbahn, Henry. 
Laughenbahn, Loretta. 
Laughenbahn, Marie. 
Leese, Vera. 
Leiter, Robert. 
Lewis, Florence. 
Lewis, Hazel. 
Lewis, Retha. 
Lucas, Clara. 
McCarter, Edith. 
McConkey, CarL 
McKee, Ermal. 
McKee, Helen. 
McKee, Sarah. 
Mahler, Alma. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



279 



Mahler, Bert. 
Mahler, Bernice. 
Mahler, Byron. 
Mahler, Charlotte. 
Mahler, Elmer. 
Mahler, Goldie. 
Mahler, Hazel. 
Mahler, Helen. 
Mahler, Ivyl. 
Mahler, Olive. 
Mahler, Milo. 
Mahler, Mable. 
Miller, Harold. 
Miller, Robert. 
Milliser, Alonzo. 
Milliser, Ethel. 
Milliser, Russel. 
Milliser, Verna. 
Monesmith, Pauline. 
Monesmith, Vera. 
Moon, Marguerite. 
Mosher, Cleo. 
Mosher, Nelson. 
Mosher, Ruth. 
Muhrling, Everett. 
Murray, Agnes. 
Myers, Boyd. 
Myers, Margaret. 
O'Blenis, Agnes. 
O'Blenis, Dorthy. 
Overmyer, Eugene. 
Overmyer, Everett. 
Overmyer, Louise. 
Overmyer, Theodore. 
Passwater, George. 
Pickins, Cecil. 
Pickens, Dorthy. 
Pickens, Jessie. 
Pickens, Loyd. 
Pickens, Naomi. 
Pickens, Walter. 
Reinholt, Donald. 
Reinholt, Earl. 
Reinholt, Eva. 
Reinholt, Hattie. 
Reinholt, Mabel. 
Reinholt, Ray. 
Reish, Audrey. 
Rhodes, Howard. 
Rhodes, Lewis. 



Rhodes, Samuel. 
Rhodes, Walter. 
Rinehart, Leona. 
Rinehart, Lucile. 
Ribinson, Cecil 
Robinson, Geraldine. 
Robinson, Gladys. 
Robinson, June. 
Robinson, Letcher. 
Robinson, Mildred. 
Robinson, Olive. 
Robinson, Thelma. 
Rouch, Clela. 
Rouch, Joe. 
Rouch, Madonna. 
Rouch, Victor. 
SannS, Ralph. 
Schuyer, Charles. 
Schuyer, Jonas. 
Schuyer, John. 
Schuyer, Michael. 
Schuyer, William. 
Shadle, Frances. 
Shidaker, Harry. 
Shidaker, Joseph. 
Shidaker, Rufus. 
Shidaker, Russel. 
Slonaker, Ethel. 
Slonaker, Hope. 
Stahl, Kennith. 
Stahl, Lester. 
Stayton, Ethel. 
Stubbs, Gwendolyn. 
Stubbs, Vernie. 
Swartzel, Mary. 
Swartzel, Robert. 
Stevens, Ella. 
Taylor, Helen. 
Thomas, Beulah. 
Ullom, Chas. 
Vankirk, Helen. 
Vankirk, Eveline. 
Vankirk, Robert. 
Votaw, Gladys. 
Votaw, Mildred. 
Wagoner, Aaron. 
Wagoner, Byron. 
Wagoner, Emma. 
Wagoner, Frank. 
Wagoner, Florence. 



280 



THE WORLD WAR 



Wagoner, Louise. 
Wagoner, William. 
Warner, Ruth. 
Wentzel, Charles. 
Wentzel, Eveline. 
Wentzel, Marie. 
Whitacre, Arnot. 
Whitacre, Bertha. 
Whitacre, Clarence. 
Whitacre, Dortlia. 
Whitacre, Louisa. 
Widman, Anna. 
Widman, Charles. 



Widman, Elnora. 
Widman, Rose. 
Widner, Harley. 
Widner, Mayme. 
Wilson, Everett. 
Woodcox, Annabell. 
Woodcox, Benny. 
Woodcox, Mary. 
Woodcox, Ulrich. 
Yelton, Maurice. 
Young, Cecil. 
Young, Everett. 
Young, Wilma. 



Aubbeenaubbee Township 



Adams, Mrs. E. M. 

Agster, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Babcock, Miss Alice. 

Bailey, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis. 

Bailey, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. 

Baker, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. 

Baker, Wm. 

Ball, Mr. and Mrs. David E. 

Ball, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H. 

Balwin, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Baldvirin, Mr. and Mrs. Wilber A. 

Barger, Mr. and Mrs. John W. 

Batz, Gans. 

Beerwart, Mr. and Mrs. John B. 

Berry, Mr. and Mrs. F. L. 

Berry, Kathleen. 

Biddinger, Mr. and Mrs. Albert. 

Biddinger? Mr. and Mrs. Cleve. 

Biddinger, Lizzie. 

Biddinger, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. 

Bisher, John. 

Bitterling, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Blackburn, Nora. 

Blair, Mr. and Mrs. H. N. 

Blair, Olive. 

Bowersox, Mr. and Mrs. Jefferson. 

Bowersox, Mr. and Mrs. Roy. 

Bridegroom, Mr. and Mrs. T. J. 

Brucker, Mr. and Mrs. A. P. 

Bruce, Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin. 

Bruce, Mr. and Mrs. Francis. 

Brugh, Mr. and Mrs. Anthony. 

Brugh, Elmer. 



Brugh, Fred. 

Brugh, Mr. and Mrs. George. W. 

Brugh, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 

Brugh, Lillie. 

Brugh, James B. 

Brugh, O. J. 

Brugh, Wilson. 

Bryan, Mrs. Clarence. 

Bryan, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Bryan, Mr. and Mrs. Walter. 

Bunn, Mrs. Amanda. 

Bunn, Crete. 

Burns, Mr. and Mrs. James B. 

Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. B. B. 

Campbell, J. M. 

Castleman, Eliza. 

Cavander, Mr. aand Mrs. Edward. 

Cavender, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Clover Leaf Reb. Lodge. 

Coughenour, Clark. 

Coughenour, Mr. and Mrs. William. 

Cook, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. 

Cook, L. M. 

Cook, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. 

Costello, Miss Clara. 

Cowen, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. Otis. 

Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. A. B. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 

Davis, Mr. aand Mrsr. C. C. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Guy. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. L. E. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



281 



Deck, Mr. and Mrs. C. E. 

Deck, J. E. 

Decker, Mr. and Mrs. John E. 

Denny, Mr. and Mrs. Ransome. 

Ditmire, E. 

Ditmire, Mr. and Mrs. S. F. 

Edgington, Mr. and Mrs. Ellsworth. 

Faulstick, Mr. and Mrs. Albert. 

Faulstick, Charles P. 

Faulstick, Walter. 

Feece, Mr. and Mrs. Wesley. 

Fernbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Fisher, Mr. and Mrs. I. A. 

Fox, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

Friece, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

Friece, Mr. and Mrs. Frank S. 

Frye, Mr. and Mrs. Richard N. 

Gausch, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Gausch, Mr. and Mrs. Paul. 

Garner, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde. 

Gibson, M. L. 

Gibson, Mr. and Mrs. Milton. 

Ginther, Mr. and Mrs. Abraham. 

Ginther, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. 

Ginther, Albert Fredrick. 

Ginther, Mr. and Mrs. A. R. 

Ginther, Mr. and Mrs. Dean. 

Ginther, Mr. and Mrs. J. K. 

Ginther, Mr. and Mrs. J. O. 

Graham, Mr. and Mrs. Charley. 

Greer, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Guise, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Guise, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Guise, Mr. and Mrs. Harley C. 

Guise, Mr. and Mrs. Perry. 

Guise, Mr. and Mrs. Tabor W. 

Guisinger, Mrs. Melinda J. 

Hackett, Mr. and Mrs. L. B. 

Hall, Mr. and Mrs. E. 

Hamed, Mr. and Mrs. L. B. 

Hamir, Geo. 

Harpster, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Harris, Rev. J. B. 

Hartle, Mr. and Mrs. Fredrick, 

Hartle, Walter. 

Hartz, Eliza. 

Hartz, Mr. and Mrs. N. F. 

Hawkins, Mrs. O. W. 

Hay, Mr. and Mrs. Carl. 

Hay, Mr. and Mrs. James H. 



Heeter, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Heeter, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. 

Hetter, Mrs. Susanna. 

Hiatt, Doc. 

Hoesel, J. L. 

Hoff, Mr. and Mrs. Leroy. 

Holzbauer, Joe L. 

Home Lumber Co. 

Howard, Mrs. Claude. 

Hudkins, Daniel. 

Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. Dee. 

Hudleson, Mr. and Mrs. Garl. 

Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. 

Johnston, Wm. 

Kaley, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur . 

Kaley, Christena. 

Kaley, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac R. 

Kaley, Mr. and Mrs. Simon C. 

Kaley, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Keya, Mr. and Mrs. Carl. 

Keeler, Mr. and Mrs. Edd 

Keitzer, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Kelley, Clarence D. 

Kelly, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel L. 

Keller, Margaret. 

King, Mr. and Mrs. Robert. 

Kistler, Mr. and Mrs. Milton. 

Kline, Mr. and Mrs. Frank M. 

Kline, Mr. and Mrs. Grover C. 

Kline, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis. 

Kreighbaum, C. E. 

Kurtz, Mr. and Mrs. F. H. 

Lahman, Mr. and Mrs. Simon P. 

Large, Mr. and Mrs. E. 

Laugenbohn, Mr. and Mrs. Peter. 

Leiters Ford M. E. S. S. 

Lewis, Lucinda. 

Lewis, Mr. and Mrs. Omer. 

Lough, Mrs. Lewis M. 

Lucas, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Luckenbell, L. 

Mclntyre, Mr. and Mrs. A. M. 

McKee, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. 

McKoney, Mrs. Atch. 

Mahler, Clara. 

Mahler, Esta. 

Mahler, Harley 

Mahler, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph. 

Mahler, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Mahler, Lester. 



282 



THE WORLD WAR 



Mahler, Martha A. 

Meiser, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

M. E. S. S., Class No. 6. 

Mikesell, Mr. and Mrs. Lester. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Milliser, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Milliser, Mr. and Mrs. R. J. 

Milliser,. Mr. and Mrs. Stephen. 

Monn, Mr. and Mrs. Frank B. 

Monesmith, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar. 

Monesmith, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

Moon, Frank. 

Mosher, O. L. 

Mossman, Mr. and Mrs. Charley. 

Murlitt, Mr. and Mrs. Charl'^y. 

Murry, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. 

Myers, John. 

Myers, Mrs. John. 

Myers, Samuel. 

Myers, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. 

Newcomer, Edward. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Amos. 

Overmyer, B. F. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Ben. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Dan. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Howard. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. S. 

O'Keefe, Wm. 

Patsel, Mr. and Mrs. Douglas. 

Patsel, Mr. and Mrs. Raymond. 

Paulson, Hans. 

Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. C. 

Polly, Mrs. George. 

Powell, Mr. and Mrs. Freeman O. B. 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Reichard, Mr. and Mrs. A. K. 

Reichard, Mr. and Mrs. E. 

Reichard, Mr. and Mrs. Omer. 

Reichard, Mr. and Mrs. Paul. 

Reish, Adam. 

Reish, Forest Bud. 

Reish, Florence. 

Reish, Merle. 

Reish, Mrs. O. G. 

Robinson, L. A. 

Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. L. V. 

Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Rouch, Mrs. Martha. 



Sales, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Sales, J. O. 

Sales, Mrs. Nancy. 

Sanns, Mr. and Mrs. Peter. 

Schadle, Mr. and Mrs. C. W. 

Schadle, Edward. 

Schadle, Mr, and Mrs. Henry. 

Schewer, Frank P. 

See, Earl. 

vSeistle, Mrs. Ed. 

Shewer, Mr, and Mrs. Peter. 

Shidaker, Mr. and Mrs. Jonas. 

Shidaker, Milton. 

Slayton & Hackett. 

Slonaker, Dr. and Mrs. C. L. 

Slonaker, Mrs. L. B. 

Southall, Mr. and Mrs. Omer. 

Staddon, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Stahl, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. 

Starkey, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. 

Stinehiser, Delia. 

Stubbs, Mr. and Mrs. Dora. 

Stubbs, Mr. and Mrs. Lester. 

Swartzel, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Taylor, Geo. C. 

Toner, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. 

Ullom, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. 

Vankirk, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. 
Wagner, Madge Bunn. 
Wagner, Mr. and Mrs. Noah H. 
Walters, Vaughn H. 
Washburn, B. F. 
Wentzel, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 
Wentzel, Mr. and Mrs. Edward. 
Wentzel, Mr. and Mrs. Harry J. 
Whitacre, Mr. and Mrs. O. D. 
Widman, Mr. and Mrs. Ambrose. 
Wilfert, Mr. and Mrs. W. 
Williams, Mr. and Mrs. Ira C. 
Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. George. 
Woodcox, Mr. and Mrs. Harley A. 
Woodcox, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. 
Wolf, Mr. and Mrs. L. E. 
Wrentmore, Marjorie. 
Yetton, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. H. 
Young, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 
Young, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. 
Young, Mr. and Mrs. Jessie. 
"Voung, Mrs. Leota. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



283 



Henry Township 



A damson, A. L. 

Alspaugh, S. S. 

Applegate, E. J. 

Arter, Earl. 

After, E. S. 

Arter, Ethel. 

Arter, Glen. 

Arter, H. 

Arter, T. A. 

Arter, N. 

Arter, Mr. and Mrs. Phillip. 

Arter, Ralph. 

Ashelman, Mr. and Mrs. A. K. 

Babcock, J. R. 

Ball, Cass. 

Ball, Vera. 

Ballinger, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey. 

Ballinger, Marvin. 

Ballinger, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Bally, George. 

Barber, Minerva. 

Barns, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Arvada, 
Fred, Catherine, Jeanette, 

Barns, Mr. and Mrs. George A. 

Barns, Isaac. 

Barnes, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac. 

Barnett, Mr. and Mrs. J. B.; Edwin, 
Roscoe, Dean, Carl. 

Barnhisel, Anna. 

Barr, Mr. and Mrs. Earl; John. 

Barrett, Ethel. 

Bemenderfer, Berthaa. 

Bemenderfer, Mr. and Mrs. F. P. 

Bemenderfer, Mr. and Mrs. Gerald. 

Bemenderfer, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. 

Blackburn, Fred. 

Blasdel, Mr. aand Mrs. Ambrose. 

Bowen, Albert. 

Bowman, Mr. and Mrs. Benj. 

Bowen, Mr. and Mrs. Ed; two chil- 
dren. 



Bowen, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph; Ber- 
nice, Willis, Pauline. 

Bowen, Kinsman. 

Bowen, Milo; Agnes, Fern. 

Bowen,i Nancy. 

Bowen, Nelson. 

Bucher, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Burch, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde; Law- 
rence. 

Burch, Don. 

Burch, Mrs. Elizabeth. 

Burckholder, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest. 

Burkett, R. J. 

Burkett, T. J. 

Burns, Mr. and Mrs. Hiram. 

Burns, James. 

Burns, Mr. and Mrs. R. G.; family. 

Buss, Mr. and Mrs. Hiram; Bertha, 
Lena, Mary, Willimena, John, 
Anna. 

Buse, Lee. 

Bradway, Chester. 

Bradway, Cliflf. 

Bradway, Frank. 

Brady, Mrs. E. 

Bright, Mrs. D. 

Bright, Mr. and Mrs. E. L. ; family. 

Bright, Mrs. W. H. 

Broulette, Celestia. 

Brown, Mr. and Mrs. David. 

Bryant, Glen. 

Bryant, Mrs. Ida; Donald, Edith, 
Olive, Cleo. 

Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. 

Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. John; Tedie. 

Bryant, Loyd. 

Carpenter, Mr. and Mrs. Elbridge. 

Carr, John. 

Carr, R. R. 

Carter, Mr. and Mrs. William. 

Case, Dr. A. 



284 



THE WORLD WAR 



Case, Ed. 

Case, Gennett. 

Chestnut, Mrs. Robert; Robert. 

Churchill, Mr. aand Mrs. Abner; fam- 
ily. 

Clayton, Bernard. 

Clemans, Mr. and Mrs. D. O. 

Clemmens, Mr. and Mrs. James. 

Clevenger, Mr. and Mrs. David; Wm. 
C. 

Clevenger, Ella. 

Clevenger, Frank. 

Clinker, Mr. and Mrs. Alvin; Ger- 
ald, Lura. 

Clinker, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Clinton, John. 

Coffin, Mr. and Mrs. L. J.; Ivan. 

Cook, Mrs. F. 

Cook, H. A. 

Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. Willard. 

Correll, Mr. and Mrs. M. 

Craft, Mr. and Mrs. Albert A.; How- 
ard, Jene, Charles, Delight, Bert. 

Cuflfel, Wm. 

Craig, Virgil. 

Culver, H. 

Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. 

Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. James. 

Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. Justin. 

Cutschall, M. 

Daniels, C. A. 

Daub, Mr. and Mrs. Otto. 

Davenport, Mr. and Mrs. Sylvester; 
Earl. 

Davis, C. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. M. 

Davis, John. 

Daivs, Mr. and Mrs. Voras. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Walter; Ed- 
w^ard, Herbert. 

Dawson, Ina. 

Dawson, Frank. 

Dawson, Mrs. Martha. 

Day, Chas. 

Day, J. H. 

Day, Ralph. 

Dickerhoff, Mr. and Mrs. A. 

Dickerhoflf, Mr. and Mrs. Dan. 

Dickerhoflf, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Dickerhoff, Jacob. 



Dickerhoff, Mr. and Mrs. John, 
Dosha. , 

Dickerhoff, Mr. and Mrs. L. 

Dillman, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Dillman, Mr. and Mrs. Franklin; Au- 
dra, Aubrey. 

Dillon, Mr. and Mrs. Morgan. 

Dixon, Blanche. 

Dowman, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. 

Drudge, Mary. 

Drudge, R. R. 

Eaton, Mr. and Mrs. W. A.; Albert. 

Eber, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Ellis, Mr. and Mrs. Edward. 

Elwell, J. 

Emahiser, A. C. 

Engle, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac. 

Engel, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd. 

Erb, J. 

Eshelman, Alvin, J. 

Eshelman, George. 

Eshelman, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. 

Exchange Bank. 

Euler, Mrs. 

Feec, Mrs. Eliza. 

Fellers, Mr. and Mrs. Eron. 

Fennemore, F. R. 

Ferree, Mr. and Mrs. Emory; John, 
Alfred. 

Ferry, Mr. and Mrs. P. L. 

Fleck, J. 

Flohr, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Foor, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. 

Foor, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. E. 

Fultz, Mrs. India. 

Fultz, Marion. 

Funk, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Gast, A. A. 

Gast, Fay. 

Gast, Karl. 

Gast, Mr. and Mrs. R. M. 

Gearhart, Mr. and Mrs. Earl. 

Gerard, Fred. 

Gerard, Mr. and Mrs. Will. 

Gerard, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Ginn, Mrs. C. 

Ginn, Gussie. 

Godwin, Esther. 

Godwin, I. R. 

Godwin, Wendel. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



28; 



Graham, Clyde. 

Graham, Lenora. 

Grogg, Mr. and Mrs. Mason H. 

Groninger, D. L. 

Groninger, Mr. and Mrs. R. L. 

Groves, Albert. 

Groves, Lydia. 

Haldeman, C. H. 

Haldeman, Frank. 

Haldeman, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; Ver- 
non, Delta, Loyd. 

Haldeman, Jennie. 

Hammond, Clem . 

Hammond, Wilber. 

Hand, Noah. 

Harsh, B. 

Harsh, G 

Harsh, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. 

Hart, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. 

Harter, Mr. and Mrs. Clem. 

Harter, Mr. and Mrs. C. W.; Wilber. 

Harter, Mrs. Eva. 

Harter, Mr. and Mrs. John R. 

Harter, Mr. and Mrs. Herbert. 

Harter, William. 

Hartman, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur. 

Hartman, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; 
Floyd. 

Hattery, Ralph. 

Hattery, Warren. 

Heddinger, Mr. and Mrs.; children. 

Heeter, Francis. 

Heeter, Mr. and Mrs. Hollis. 

Heeter, Mr. and Mrs. O. H. 

Heighway, E. A. 

Heighway, John. 

Helser, A. H. 

Helvey, Frank. 

Henderson, Ed. 

Herendeen, Mr. and Mrs. C. B. 

Herendeen, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Herrold, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur. 

Hickey, Mr. and Mrs. J. F.; Elmer, 
Mabel Mary. 

Hickey, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. 

Higgens, Mr. and Mrs. Thos.; three 
children. 

Hoddman, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Hoffman, C. L. 

Hoffman, Mr. and Mrs. Ezra. 



Hoffman, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Hoffman, Joe. 

Hoffman, Mr. and Mrs. P. P. 

Hoover, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. 

Hoover, Mrs. C. M. 

Hoover, J. 

Hosman, W. C. 

Hosman, W. E. 

Howard, H. 

Huling, Glen. 

Huling, Mrs. Viola; Helen. 

Hutchinson, Elva. 

Hutchinson, James H. 

Johnson, Eliza. 

Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Olaf. 

Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Sam. 

Johnson, Theo. 

Jones, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Jones, Chas. H. 

Jones, Mary E. 

Jones, Maud. 

Jontz, Max. 

Jordan, R. H. 

Kamp, Mr. and Mrs. Reuben; Fstil, 

Guy, Ada, Faye, Robert, Walter. 
Kamp, Una. 
Karn, J. 

Keesey, Elnor; May, two children. 
Keesey, Odie M. 
Keever, Joseph. 
Kern, Mr. and Mrs. J .W.; Frank, 

Ruth. 
Kesler, Mr. and Mrs. Max. 
Kiley, Mr. and Mrs. Lloj'd. 
'Kime, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Marie, 

Orma, Donald. 
Kinder, Mr. and Mrs. George; Ner. 
Kinder, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Kinder, Mrs. P. M. 
Kindig, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. 
Kindig, Estel. 
Kindig, Mr. and Mrs. John; Byron, 

Pauline, Herman, Gerald, Nellie. 
Kindig, Lou. 

Kindig, Mr. and Mrs. Ray. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W.; Clem. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. Howard; Donald, 

William. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. Josiah, 



286 



THE WORLD WAR 



Kistler, A. A. 

Klise, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse. 

Knott, Joshua. 

Kreamer, Mr. and Mrs. John W.; 

Ruth, Wilber, Dean. 
Kreigh, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Kreig, Mr. and Mrs. Francis; Dor- 

thy. 
Kreig, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 
Kreig, Mr. and Mrs. George; Thelma, 

Gladys. 
Kreig, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey; Joanna, 

Trilla. 
Kreig, Mrs. L. A. 
Kre^, Mr. and Mrs. Walter. 
Kuhn, A. J. 

Kuhn, Mr. and Mrs. Alvin; Max. 
Kuhn, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur. 
Kuhn, C. L. 

Kuhn, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde. 
Kuhn, Mrs. Sophia. 
Kuhn, Mrs. Wm. 
Lamar, Mrs. Faye. 
Lamoree, Nile. 
Lamoree, Vera. 
Landis, Roy. 
Lantz, John. 

Lantz, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph, 
Lattimer, Dr. 
Lawshe, J. E. 
Lee, Mrs. Venton. 
Leech, Mr. and Mrs. Ora; Mary. 
Lehner, R. W. 
Leininger & Sons. 
Leininger, Claud. 
Leininger, Mr. and Mrs. David. 
Leininger, Earl; Roy. 
Leininger, Oliver. 
Leininger, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver; 

Marie, Carl, Jessie, Omar. 
Leininger, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Ken- 

nith, Marion. 
Leisure, Sarah A. 
Little, James. 
Lidecker, V. L. 
Long, Harvey. 
Love & Secor. 
Love, J. H. 
Lowman, Samuel. 
Lynch, Mrs. Sarah; Jesse. 



Lynch, Mr. and Mrs. Will; Lowell, 
Elizabeth. 

McClain, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

jMcCollough, John. 

McCallough, Ruth. 

Mclntyre, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Her- 
man, Russel, Don. 

Mclntyre, Mr. and Mrs. Dan; OrvaL 

McMahan, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. W. 

Maby, Mr. and Mrs. S. P. 

Maddox, Mr. and Mrs. R. D. 

Madeford, Frank. 

Madlem, Jacob. 

Martin, Mr. 

Masteller, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence. 

Masteller, Mr. aand Mrs. Harry. 

Masteller, Mr. and Mrs. Justin; 
Helen, Robert, Claud. 

Mechlin, Mr. and Mrs. Guy; William^ 
Grace. 

Merideth, Mr. and Mrs. Charlie. 

Meridith, H. L. 

Meridith, Willis. 

Merley, Mr. and Mrs. L. F. 

Merley, Mr. and Mrs. L. F.; Sarah. 
Don. 

Merley, Mr. and Mrs. Nyle. 

Merley, Ralph. 

Merly, Mrs. Chas. 

Merly, Mr. and Mrs. Dewey. 

Merly, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Miller, Mrs. A. 

Miller, Mrs. Adam. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. M. 

Miller, Cora. 

Miller, Edna. 

Miller, F. E. 

Miller, H. W.; Gladys, Helen, Mabel, 
Ethel, Ralph, Blanche. 

Miller, Sarah J. 

Miller, Joseph. 

Miller, Otto O. 

Miksell, Mr. and Mrs. P. A. 

Miller, Ruby. 

Miller, Mrs. Sarah; Fred, Jacob. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Vern; Esther, 
Irene, Erma. 

Miller, W. C. 

Moonshower, Henry. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



287 



Moonshower, Jim. 

Moore, David L. 

Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Eldridge. 

Moore, Mr. and Mrs. J. Marion. 

Moore, Laura. 

Moore, Lee. 

Moore, Mr. and Mrs. M. D. 

Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Ora. 

Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Orville. 

Morett, Elizabeth. 

Morris, Roy. 

Myers, Chas. 

Nelson, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence;^ Vern, 

Mabel. 
Nelson, Clarence. 
Nelson, Mrs. Sadie. 
Nicodemus, Mr. and Mrs. Jo. 
Nicodemus, L. 
Nicodemus, Mary. 
Noftzger, Mr. and Mrs. Naaman. 
Norris, Mr. and Mrs. Chester. 
Nowell, R. R. 
Noyer, Ella. 
Nye, Arthur. 
Nye, Mr. and Mrs. Clifford; Clifford, 

Jr. 
Nye, Mr. and Mrs. G. S. 
Nye, Isaiah. 
Oliver, Kennith. 
Orr, Edna E. 
Orr, J. N.; sisters. 
Patterson, M. L. 
Patterson, W. A. 
Perry, Mr. and Mrs. Allen. 
Perry, Mr. and Mrs. Estel. 
Perry, Mrs. H. A. 
Perry, N. 
Persnet, Richard. 

Peterson, Mr. and Mrs. F. E. Deverl. 
Pontius, Mr. and Mrs. Ambros; Verl, 

Clyde, Russel, Myrtle, Edith. 
Pontius, Mr. and Mrs. C. W.; Grace. 
Pontius, Rachel; Lillian, Walter. 
Pontius, Mr. and Mrs. W. A. 
Powell, Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin; 

Boyd. 
Pressnall, F. 
Prill, Bert. 
Prill, Mrs. Mabel. 
Putman, Allen. 



Putman, Mr. and Mrs. Ira; Arvid. 

Quick, Herbert. 

Rader, Mr. and Mrs. C. E.; Rex, 
Ralph Eugene. 

Rader, Mr. and Mrs. S. C. 

Rader, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. N. 

Rames, John. 

Ramsey, Mr. and Mrs. Ivan. 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Ivan; Ruth. 

Reed, Mrs. J. 

Rehard, Russel. 

Rhoads, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. S. C; Sum- 
ner. 

Richardson, Mrs. John. 

Richter, Mr. and Mrs. L. R. 

Riggle, H. M. 

Riley, Mr. and Mrs. Dora. 

Riley, Ellis. 

Riley, Mrs. James. 

Riley, T. J. 

Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. Harley. 

Roger, Mr. and Mrs. Reuben. 

Roger, Mr. and Mrs. Reuben; Rob- 
ert, Vernon. 

Roger, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel; Carl, 
Edna. 

Rogers, Walter. 

Rookstool, Mr. and Mrs. Sam; fam- 
ily. 

Ross, Mrs. Retta. 

Rowe, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Rowe, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Rowe, Wm. 

Royer, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse. 

Runkle, Edgar. 

Runkle, Mrs. Ida. 

Sands, R. 

Sands, Wm. 

Sausaman, Florence. 

Sausaman, Mr. and Mrs. William. 

Scott, A. E. 

Scott, Brothers. 

Scott. El. 

Secor, Dan. 

Siffert. Daniel P. 

Sippy, Louis. 

Sippy, Mr. and Mrs. Sherman. 

Simon, Charley. 

Shafer, Mrs. Alice; family. 



288 



THE WORLD WAR 



Shaffer, Josephine. 

Shields, Fannie. 

Shesler, Mildred. 

Shesler, S. N. 

Shewman, Mrs. and Mrs. Roy. 

Shewman, Worthy. 

Shimer, Grant. 

Shipley, Mrs. Anna; Carl, Chas., Mil- 
dred, Raymond, Louisa. 

Shipley, Mrs. Mary; Elsie, Ethel. 

Shipley, Mr. and Mrs. R. L. ; Dale. 

Shipley, Mr. and Mrs. W. V. 

Shively, Mr. and Mrs. Evest; baby. 

Shively, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Noah; 
Ala. 

Shoemaker, Mr. and Mrs. C. S. 

Shoup, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Shriver, Mr. and Mrs. Chester; Wil- 
bur, Mary Jane. 

Shriver, Clarence. 

Shriver, David. 

Shriver, Mr. and Mrs. Elias. 

Shriver, Frank. 

Shriver, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Shriver, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. 

Shriver, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. 

Shriver, Mr. and Mrs. Walter. 

Shriver, Wilson. 

Shuman, Mr. and Mrs. Meryl. 

Shuman, W. D. 

Slaybaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur; 
tw^o children. 

Slaybaugh, D. 

Slaybaugh, J. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Cary; family. 

Smith, Chas. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Dorcy. 

Smith, E. J. 

Smith, Frank. 

Smith, Mrs. Eliza; Frank, James. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. F. D-.; Ralph, 
Hazel, Blanche. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Frank P. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse; Gladys, 
Irene, Harold. 

Smith, Jessie. 

Smith, John. 

Smith, Mura. 

Smith, Ross L. 



Smoker, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Fred, 
Opal, Ernest. 

Smoker, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Smoker, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Lela. 

Snyder, Bert. 

Sofferm, Mr. and Mrs. Dan; Ken- 
neth, Robert. 

Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. O. O.; family. 

Snoke, S. K. 

Sowers, Mr. and Mrs. Peter; sons. 

Sparks, Ed. 

Stahl, J. 

State Bank. 

Stauffer, W. W. 

Steel, Thos. 

Stinson, Dr. and Mrs. A. E. 

Stoner, F. 

Stoner, H. 

Stout, Wm. 

Strong, E. O. 

Strong, Mary. 

Strong, S. A. 

Strong, Sidney. 

Stultz, Joe. 

Sullivan, Mr. and Mrs. D. Ma-rcella. 

Svirartzlander, Mrs. A. 

Swartzlander, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Swartzlander, Frank. 

Swihart, Mrs. A. 

Swihart, Elias. 

Swill, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse L. ; family. 

ily. 
Tait, Mr. and Mrs. Warren; Helen, 
Doris, Elsie, Lester, Howard, Ira. 
Tatman, Chas. 
Thompson, C. C. 
Thompson, Frank. 
Thompson, Wesly. 
Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. W. O. 
Townsend, Mr. and Mrs. Lawson. 
Tracy, Mr. and Mrs. D. M. 
Tracy, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. 
Trinebrink, Jesse. 
Trout, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph. 
Troutman, Mr. and Mrs. Earl. 
Tucker, Mr. and Mrs. Una. 
Tullis, Glen. 
Utter, Frank. 

Utter, Mr. and Mrs. H. A.; Alfred, 
Ethel, Henry, Norman. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



289 



Utter, Mr. and Mrs. H. R. 

Utter, James. 

Utter, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. 

Utter, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver. 

Vanlue, Mark. 

Vanlue, Mr. and Mrs. Milo. 

Vanlue, O. H. 

Vickery, Chas. 

Vickory, Edith. 

Wade, Ruby. 

Wakely, Manford. 

Walton, E. J. 

Ward, W. H. 

Ward, W. R. 

Weachter, Cornelius. 

Weachter, J. R. 

Weachter, Ruth. 

Weaver, Frank. 

Weidman, Elmer. 

Weirick, F. J. 

Weller, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Wells, Chas. 

Welton, Mr. and Mrs. L. G. 

Whitcomb, Del. 

Whitcomb, Dwight. 

Whittengill, Mr. and Mrs. Sol. 

Whitsell, Grace. 

Whittenberger, D. 

Whittenberger, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel. 

Whittenberger, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Whittenberger, Mr. and Mrs. Merrill; 

tv\ro children. 
Whittenberger, Miller. 
Whittenberger, Scott. 



Wideman, Bros. 

Wideman, Mr. and Mrs. A. 

Wideman, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer. 

Wideman, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. 

Wildermuth, S. R. 

Wilhoit, & Hoffman. 

Wilhoit, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. 

Wilhoit, Mr. and Mrs. A. L. 

Wilhoit, Mr. and Mrs. C. V. 

Wilhoit, S. 

Wilhoit, Wm. 

Willis, Daniel. 

Wines, Geo. 

Wise, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Wolpert, Eugene. 

Worthington, T. J. 

Yarian, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; Max- 
ine. 

Young, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. 

Young, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence; chil- 
dren. 

Young, Laura. 

Zahner, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Zartman, Mr. aand Mrs. Ferdie. 

Zartman, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. 

Zartman, Mr. and Mrs. Perry. 

Zeibart, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest M.: 
family. 

Zimmerman, Elmer. 

Zimmerman, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Zimmerman, Mr. and Mrs. J. 

Zimmerman, Walter. 

Zollman, J. 



Liberty Tow|iship 



Aaron, Mrs. and Mrs. Joe. 

Agle, Mr. and Mrs. David; Truman. 

Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Jess; How^ard. 

Apt, Mr. and Mrs. C. G.; Dalem, Ber- 
nice, Olive, Erma, John, Mar- 
garet. 

Apt, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer. 

Armstrong, Hugh, William. 

Arven, Mr. and Mrs. Orval; Claude, 
Earl Dean. 

Ausman, Mr. and Mrs. Ben. 

Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Bernice, 



Fairbanks, Edith, Walter. 
Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Reed, 

Lawrence, Ernest, Ruth. 
Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Levi; Ethel. 
Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel; Edgar, 

Lyman. 
Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Virgil; Lew^is, 

Dortha, Richard. 
Baldvifin, Mr. and Mrs. Ross E.; 

Wayne, Carol. 
Beattie, Mr. and Mrs. Mark; Grace, 

Donald. 



290 



THE WORLD WAR 



Becker, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Omer, 
Ruth, Mary, Hershel, Sylvester. 

Becker, Miss Emma. 

Bennett, Mrs. Stella. 

Bevelhimer, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse; 
Katherine. 

Black, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew. 

Black, Mr. and Mrs. Gale. 

Black, Mr. and Mrs. George; Eugene, 
^ Albert. 

Blacketor, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Eve- 
land. 

Books, Mr. and Mrs. Mont; Harry, 
George. 

Bowen, Mr. and Mrs. S. F. 

Briles, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Dee. 

Brookshire, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. H.; 
Rena, Ruth. 

Bushawn, Mr. and Mrs. Sarah. 

Bussart, Mr. and Mrs. Albert. 

Calloway, Mr. anad Mrs. Otto. 

Chalk, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 

Chalk, Chas. ; "Libbey. 

Chambers, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Chambers, Mrs. Mollie. 

Champ, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde; Estel. 

Chizum, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Clemans, Mr. and Mrs. Newton. 

Cline, Mr. and Mrs. Finley. 

Coal, Mr. and Mrs. Len; Milo, baby. 

Collens, Mr. and Mrs. Newton; Chris- 
tel. Homer, Laren. 

Colins, Tommy. 

Conn, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H.; Floyd. 

Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. George, Jo- 
sephine. 

Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Jud. 

Cornell, Mr. and Mrs. C. E.; Perry, 
Marie, Claude, May, Ruth, Fern, 
Mary. 

Cox, Mr. and Mrs. Loyd; Helen. 

Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob. 

Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. Lester. 

Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. Rolla; 
Marcell, Gerald, Victoria, Good- 
rich, Gresham, Gilbert. 

Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. Roy. 

Cunningham, Mr! and Mrs. Will; 
Lola, John. 



Dague, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel; Dor- 
tha. 

Daly, John P. 

Davidson, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Fran- 
cis, Thelma, Garnet, Panzy. 

Davidson, Lee, Celia. 

Deo, Cecil, Robert. 

Dice, Mr. and Mrs. James; Cecelia. 

Dill, Mrs. Fannie. 

Doud, Mr. and Mrs. Lucien. 

Easterday, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Easterday, Mr. and Mrs. William; Ed- 
ward, Carrie. 

Eber, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; John, Paul, 
Carl. 

Edington, Mr. and Mrs. Robert. 

Elkens, Chas. 

Ellis, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

r merson, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph. 

Emery, Mr. and Mrs. Carl; babe. 

Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Elzie; Ora, Rus- 
sell, Gladys, Ines, Francis. 

Ewer, Mr. and Mrs. Ben.; Ersel. 

P^yetcheson, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac. 

Eyetcheson, Mr. and Mrs. Otha; 
Marie. 

Eyetcheson, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph 
Donald. 

Fair, Mr. and Mrs. Joe; children. 

Fall, Mr. and Mrs. Cecil. 

Felder, Mr. and Mrs. Emerson; Em- 
erson R. 

Felder, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis W.; 
Verra. 

Felty, P. W. ; Lucile, Irene, Emerson, 
Iverson, Roy, Helen. 

Fenstemaker, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; 
Louise, Harold, Raymond, Ellen. 

Fenstemaker, Mr. and Mrs. Ivan; 
Rethel. 

Fenters, Frank, Elvira M., Minnie., 
Harold E., Maude L. 

Fisher, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Fisher, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Fisher, Mr. and Mrs. Homer. 

PVed, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. 

Fred, Mr. and Mrs. Claude C; Alice. 

Fry, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur; Opal, 
Chester. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



291 



Fry, Charles L. 

Fry, Mr. and Mrs. Ross L.; Marnet. 

Gilbert, Mr. and Mrs. Lamont; Cleon. 

babe. 
Goodner, Mrs. Catherine. 
Goodner, Mr. and Mrs. Noble. 
Goss, Mr. and Mrs. Edd; Herschel. 
Gott, Mr. and Mrs. W. M.; Zelma, 

Walter, Murray. 
Gottschaalk, Wm. A.; Martha A., 

May, Bertha, Alice, Laura, 

Charley, Fred. 
Gray, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. H.; Letha, 

Floyd, Ester, Florence. 
Gregery, Mr. and Mrs. Richard. 
Grimes, Mr. and Mrs. Van. 
Harding, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; John. 
Heckathorne, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; 

Golda, Kirsch, Lester, Kenneth. 
Heckathorne, Mrs. Mary E. 
Hendrixson, Mrs. Mary O. 
Hendrickson, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob. 
Hendrickson, Mr. and Mrs. L. W. ; 

Ray, Ruth. 
Hicks, Mrs. Rosa. 
Hoover, Mr. and Mrs. Sidney; Glen, 

Robert, Ethel. 
Horton, Chas. G. ; Emma. 
Horton, Glen; Nellie E. 
Horton, Ray, Velma. 
House, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph. 
Jackson, Mrs. Mary. 
Jewell, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Corlas. 
Johnston, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Carl, 

Francis. 
Jones, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Julian, Mr. and Mrs. Nathan; Paul. 

Faye, Mable. 
Kachendifer, Frank; Casa. 
Keub, Mr. and Mrs. Bert; son. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. Virgil; Anna. 
Lane, Mr. and Mrs. Vinton. 
Large, Mr. and Mrs. John A.; An- 
drew, John, Annabelle, Kourt, 

Lena. 
Linder, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Lisey, Mrs. Mary Jane. 
Leonhart, Mr. and Mrs. Lee; Mary, 

Irene, Edna. 
Lochhart, Mr. and Mrs. William; 



Belle, Ralph, baby. 
Loman, Mr. and Mrs. Silas. 
Lovatt, Mr. and Mrs. William. 
Lowe, Mr. and Mrs. John; Isaac. 
Lucas, Mr. and Mrs.; Pearl, Lloyd, 

Edith. 
Ludwig, Mr. and Mrs. Phillip. 
Ludwig, Mr. and Mrs. Sidney, Ida. 
McCrosky, Cecil; Elizabeth. 
McCrosky, Mr. and Mrs. Harley; Ger- 

rald. 
McCroskey, Mrs. Nancy; Con, Clar- 
ence. 
McCroskey, Mr. and Mrs. V. P.; Clif- 
ford, Lester, Carl, Arlow. 
McGrew, Mr. and Mrs. Christopher; 

Glen, Anna, Sylvia. 
McLoughan, Mr. and Mrs. Leo. 
Maroney, Mr. and Mrs. Sylvester; 

children. 
Martendale, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver; 

Cleo, Edna. 
Martin, Mr. and Mrs. Ruba; Roland, 

Mary J. 
Martin, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. 
Mathias, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. W.; 

Hugh Z., Herman V., Ernest L., 

Noble D. 
Messinger, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; 

Helen. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. C; Francis, 

Cecil. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Curtis. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Gary E.; Ken- 

nith. Mildred, Fren. 
Mogle, Mr. and Mrs. Floyd E.; Eu- 
gene, Fayme. 
Moon, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob. 
Moor, Mr. and Mrs. James. 
Musselman, Mr. and Mrs. Joe; Grace. 
Nichols, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. J.; Gene- 

vive. 
Norris, Mr. and Mrs. Vern. 
Norris, Mr. and Mrs. W. V. S.; 

Dewey, Cleo, Lola. 
Olive-r, Mr. and Mrs. Irvin; Shirley, 

Marjorie, Lola Grace. 
Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. J. A.; Gail, Mrs. 

Lucy. 
Olmstead, Mr. and Mrs. Elza; Lee. 



292 



THE WORLD WAR 



Packard, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar; child- 
ren. 
Pownall, Mr. and Mrs. L. M.; Roy, 

Don. 
Pownall, Mr. and Mrs. V. J.; Mabel, 

Ruth. 
Pownall, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Rans, Mr. and Mrs. Gary. 
Reeser, Mrs. Hatty. 
Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Zilphia, 

Minnie. 
Reed, Mr. and Mrs. J. C; Clarence, 

E., Emmor D. 
Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Otto; Gwendolyn. 
Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Richard. 
Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Robinson B. 
Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. 
Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Sherman. 
Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas; Thelma, 

Blanche, Dale. 
Rhemenschneider, Mr. and Mrs. Har- 

ley. 
Robbins, Mr. and Mrs. Ghester; Dona, 

Betty. 
Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. John; Lela. 
Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. Emanuel; Vuel. 
Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. H. W.; Goldie. 
Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. Jonah. 
Rouch, Mr. anrl Mrs. Levi. 
Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. Schuyler. 
Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Sanders, Josephine; Lucy, Bessie, 
Thomas D., Albert. 
Sears; Mr. and Mrs. Russel; Wilfred. 
Sheets, Mr. and Mrs. Glinton; 

Mamay, Emery, Harry. 
Sheets, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Dale. 
Shelton, Miller. 
Shoemaker, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Al- 

vah. 
Showley, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred; Lloyd. 

Elsie, Gleo, Edna. 
Skinner, Mr. and Mrs. Walter. 
Staley, Mr. and Mrs. Russell; baby. 



Stanley, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; 
Nathan, Edna, Lucile. 

Stanley, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. 

Steudebaker, Mr. and Mrs. Glaude; 
Byron. 

Steudabaker, Mrs. Emma. 

Stith, Rev. and Mrs. Allie; Roy, 
Marie. 

Stookey, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Opal, 
Orville, Margaret. 

Stubblefield, Mrs. 

Thorp, Mr. and Mrs. Luther; Ora S., 
William. 

Townsend, Mr. and Mrs. Ancil B.; 
Ruth. 

Townsend, Mr. and Mrs. Earl; Mil- 
dred. 

Trout, Mr. and Mrs. Wilson; Rus- 
sel, Murriel, Harold. 

Ulch, Mr. and Mrs. Edd. 

Ulch, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. 

Van Nice, William; Harry. 

Wade, Mr. and Mrs. H. F. 

Walters, William. 

Ward, Mr. and Mrs. Truman H.; 
Mary, Robert, Emerson, Glen. 

Weller, Mr. and Mrs. Glint; Belva, 
Lena. 

Werner, Mr. and Mrs. Levi; Gharles. 

Wheadon, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; 
Mary, Paul. 

Whybrew, Mr. and Mrs. James. 

Wildermuth, Mr. and Mrs. Floyd F. 

Wildermuth, St. Glair. 

Williams, Mr. and Mrs. Willard. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Earl. 

Yankee, Mr. and Mrs. Ghas.; Ray, 
Grace, Nettie, Alberta, Gail, Gil- 
bert. 

Zabst, Ben. 

Zabst, Mr. and Mrs. Joe; Eldon. 

Zartman, Mr. and Mrs. Irvin; Omer, 
Ray, Hazel. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



293 



Fulton and Liberty Township Red Cross Auxiliary 



Chairman — Mrs. Roy Johnson. 

Secretary-Treasurer — Mrs. Lillie Red- 
mond. 

Sewing Committee — Mrs. Frank Bow- 
en. Mrs. Ida Ditmire. Mrs. 
Ethel Studebaker. 

Knitting Committee — Mrs. W. I. Ran- 
nells. Mrs. Ida Diehnan. Mrs. 
Lillie Redmond. 

Buying Committee — Mrs. Lillie Red- 
mond. Mrs. Frank Bowen. Mrs. 
W. I. Rannells. 

Committee on Ways and Means — 
Mrs. James Moore. Mrs. Dora 
Ewer. Mrs. Chas. Meyer. Mrs. 
Carl Blackburn. Miss Emma 
Becker. 

Charter Members — Mrs. Roy John- 
son. Mrs. Lillie Redmond. Mrs. 
James Moore. Mrs. Ida Ditmire. 
Mrs. Ida Dielman. Mrs. W. I. 
Rannells. Mrs. Frank Bowen. 
Mrs. Ethel Studebaker. Miss Em- 
ma Becker. 

Red Cross Nurse — Miss Katherine 
King. 

Special Contributors — Fulton U. B. 
Ladies Aid Society, $5.00. Ful- 
ton U. B. Sunday School Class, 
No. 2, yr. 1918 linen shower, 
Fulton U. B. Sunday School 
class. No. 5, yr. 1918, linen 
shower. K. O. T. G. Club, aux- 
iliary fund, $5.00. Fulton U. B. 
Sunday School, class No. 2, yr. 
1918, ^ day sewing per week. 
Mt. Olive School, yr. 1918-19, old 
clothing. Fulton O. E. S., No. 
376 and Fulton F. and A. M., No. 
665, 75 yds. flannel. 

Liberty Township by Square Mile 
Organization to Auxiliary, $221.05 

Liberty Township Red Cross Mem- 
bership Organization 

Membership Director — Mrs. W. E. 
Redmond. 

Solicitors, Fulton — Mrs. James Snepp. 
Mrs. Dora Ewer. Mrs. W. E. 
Redmond. Miss Vera Rouch. 
Miss Marie Richards. 



Liberty Township 

MEMBERS 

Allen, Jess 

Allen, Rex 

Apt, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer 

Apt, Mr. and Mrs. C. G. 

Armstrong, William 

Armstrong, Mr. and Mrs. L. G. 

Arvin, Orval 

Bacon, Mrs. Clarisa 

Baird, Mrs. Chas. 

Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Will 

Baker, Mrs. Geo. 

Baker, Ray 

Baker, Mrs. Daisy 

Baker, Mrs. Virgil 

Baker, Mrs. Jacob 

Baker, Sam 

Barker, Verd 

Barker, Mrs. Eva 

Battenburg, Mr. and Mrs. Conn 

Beattie, Miss Grace 

Beattie, Mr. and Mrs. Mark 

Becker, Mrs. Mary 

Becker, Miss Emma 

Bennett, Stella 

Berry, Mrs. Jennie 

Berger, Wilfred 

Berry, Mrs. Glen 

Bevelhiemer, Mrs. Katherine 

Bevelhiemer, Mr. and Mrs. Jess 

Bish, Mr. and Mrs. Ray 

Black, Grace 

Black, Frank G. 

Black, Mr. and Mrs. George A. 

Black. Mrs. Andy 

Blackburn, Mrs. Carl 

Books, Mont 

Bowen, Mr. and Mrs. S. F. 

Briles, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Brown, Chas. 

Brown, Walter 

Brown, William 

Brookshire, Mrs. Emma 

Buckingham, Mrs. Hazel 

Buckingham, Frank 

Buchanan, Ed 

Cain, Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert 

Calaway, Clarence G. 

Calaway, Mr. and Mrs. Dell 



294 



THE WORLD WAR 



Calaway, S. C. 

Campbell, Chas. 

Campbell, Elmer 

Carr, Ray 

Carr, Ruth 

Caton, Mrs. Pearl 

Chalk, Miss Libbie. 

Champ, Clyde 

Champ, Osa 

Chizum, Mr. and Mrs. George 

Clevenger, William 

Clevenger, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer 

Clevenger, Orol 

Clevenger, Mrs. Mable 

Clemans, Walter 

Cline, Jas. F. 

Cline, Mrs. Eva 

Cline, Chas. 

Coffing, Edgar E. 

Coleman, Mrs. Nat 

Coleman, Mr. and Mrs. William 

Collins, 'G. R. 

Collins, Newton 

Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Dora 

Conn, Mr. and Mrs. George 

Conn, J. A. 

Conn, Jessie 

Conn, A. C. 

Conrad, Madison 

Conrad, Mrs. Ella 

Cornell, Chas. 

Cornell, Perry 

Cornw^ell, Joe H. 

Cook, Mrs. Amanda 

Cooper, George 

Cornwell, Miss Dora 

Cox, Mrs. Lydia 

Cox, Loyde 

Cripe, Elmer 

Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. R. L. 

Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob 

Cunningham, Will 

Cunningham, Rolla 

Cunningham, Orrie 

Dague, Sam 

Davis, Ed 

Davidson, Mr. and Mrs. Lee 

Dav^rald, John H. 

Dawald, Mrs. Estie 

Daw^ald, Lula 

Dawald, Benjamin F. 



Day, Arthur 

Dice, Mrs. Kitty 

Dielman, Mr. and Mrs. Frank 

Dill, Mrs. Anna 

Ditmire, Mrs. Ida 

Ditmire, Frank 

Doud, Mr. and Mrs. Lucien 

Doud, Brenton 

Doud, Mrs. E. J. 

Durbin, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 

Durbin, Miss Opal 

Easterday, William 

Easterday, G. W. 

Easterday, Miss Mable 

Eber, Mr. and Mrs. Charles 

Edington, Mr. and Mrs. Robert 

Elkins, Mrs. Pearl 

Emerson, Mrs. Mae 

English, Mr. and Mrs. W. V. 

Enyart, Chas. F. 

Enyart, Mr. and Mrs. Morton 

Evans, Elzie 

Ewer, Mrs. Dora 

Eytcheson, Otha 

Eytcheson, Isaac 

Etycheson, Mrs. Len 

Eytcheson, Elmer 

Fall, Cecil 

Fall, Olive 

Felder, Mrs. Lottie 

Felder, Mrs. Ruth 

Felder, Louis 

Felty, P. W. 

Fenstermaker, Mrs. Ivan 

Fenstermaker, Mr. and Mrs. Fred" 

Fenters, Elvira M. 

Fenters, Frank 

Fenters, Maud 

Fisher, Eliza 

Fisher, Ora 

Fisher, Frank 

Fisher, Homer 

Fissel, Mary A. 

Fissel, Mary C. 

Flenner, Fayne 

Flenner, Edna 

Fred, Claude 

Fry, Daniel 

Fry, Cha,s. , 

Fouts, Joe 

Fonts, Mrs. Joe 



CONTRIBUTORS 



295 



Fowler, J. S. 

Fultz, Mr. and Mrs. John 

Frain, Mr. and Mrs. Howard 

Geier, Chas. 

Gott, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Gott, Miss Zelma 

Gottschalk, Mrs. William 

Goodner, Mr. and Mrs. Noble 

Goodner, Mrs. Catherine 

Gordon, S. V. 

Goss, Mr. and Mrs. Ed 

Gray, Mr. and Mrs. William S. 

Gray, Ancil C. 

Gray, Mrs. Lola M. 

Gray, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. H. 

Green, J. E. 

Gregg, Miss Vera 

Gregg, Lewis 

Gregory, Mrs. Frank 

Halterman, Ernest 

Hanson, Mrs. John 

Hartmai*, Irvin 

Heath, Mr. and Mrs. Robert 

Hendrickson, Mr. and Mrs. L. M. 

Hendrickson, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob 

Henderson, Metta M. 

Henderson, Mrs. Sophia 

Hicks, Mrs. Rose 

Hudleson, Al 

Hudson, O. A. 

Hudson. Mary 

Horton, C. G. 

Horton, Emma 

House, Mrs. Joseph 

Jewell, Harvey 

Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Roy 

Johnston, Mr. and Mrs. Frank 

Johnston, Carl 

Johnston, Francis 

Johnston, Richard 

Johnson, Miss Helen 

Kessingler, Rev. 

King, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Koffel, A. E. 

Lane, Mr. and Mrs. Vinton 

Large, John F. 

Large, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. 

Leavell, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde 

Leavell, John 

Leavell, Miss Garnett 

Lemon, Mrs. Mary E. 



Linder, John 
Linder, Nora 
Lisey, Mary Jane 
Locke, Mrs. Daisy 
Locke, William 
Lovett, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Lowe, Mrs. Neal 
Lowman, Mrs. Silas 
Lucas, Pearl 
Ludwig, Miss Lillie 
Ludwig, Miss Mary 
Ludwig, Sidney 
Ludwig, Kate 
Ludwig, Philip 
Madary, Mrs. Susan 
Martin, Mrs. Hulda 
Martin, Mrs. Edward 
Martin. Mr. and Mrs.- S. L. 
Martin, Crissie 
Marsh, Mr. and Mrs. John 
Masterson, Cassel 
Mathias, Chas. W. 
Matthews, Robert M. 
Matthews, Mrs. Ella 
Maxwell, William 
Maxwell, May 
Maxwell, Chas. 
Messinger, Henry 
Meyer, Mrs. Chas. 
Meyers, Henry 
Meyers, Mrs. Henry 
Mills, Mr. and Mrs. Fred 
Mills, Mr. and Mrs. Mell 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Clinton 
Minter, P. O. 
Mogle, Mrs. Floyd 
Morts, Mrs. Emma 
Morts, Laura 
Morts, Ray 
Moss, John 
Moss, Mrs. Dillie 
Moon, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob 
Moore, James 
Moore, Mrs. James 
Musselman, Joseph 
Musselman, Mrs. Joseph 
Myers, Mrs. John 
McFadden, Mr. and Mrs. F. P. 
McDougle, Mrs. Mary 
McFadden, Miss Lulu 
McDougle, Mrs. Ed 



296 



THE WORLD WAR 



McDougle, Ed 

McDougle, Joshua 

McDougle, Frank M. 

McDougle, Miss Bessie 

McCrosky, Mr. and Mrs. Earl 

McCrosky, Mrs. Nancy 

McGrew, C. C. 

McGrew, Mrs. Clara 

McMillen, Ida 

McCarter, Pearl 

McCarter, Edgar 

McCarter, Mary E. 

McCrosky, Delbert 

Martin, Mr. and Mrs. George 

Martindale, Ella 

McCrosky, Cecil 

McLoughlin, Mr. and Mrs. Leo 

McCrosky, Mr. and Mrs. Harley 

Nellans, William 

Nickols, Wm. J. 

Nichols, Mrs. Ella A. 

Nordloh, Mr. and Mrs. Henry 

Norris, Hugh 

Norris, O. V. 

Norris, Mr. and Mrs. W. V. S. 

Norris, Miss Cleo 

Odell, Delmer 

Ogle, Mrs. Jane 

Olmstead, Mr. and Mrs. Elza 

Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. Irwin 

Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. 

Oliver, Miss Gail V. 

Packard, Oscar 

Painter, John 

Patterson, Mr. and Mrs. William 

Peppers, Mrs. Betsy 

Peffers, Erbert 

Peffers, Samuel 

Phoenix, Russel 

Poorman, Mr. and Mrs. Dave 

Poormcin, James M. 

Poorman, Mr. and Mrs. Earl 

Pow^nall, Mr. and Mrs. William 

Povimall, Frank 

Pownall, Mrs. Hazel 

Pownell, Lee 

Pownell, Mrs. Lulu 

Pownell, Ivan 

Pownall, V. J. 

Pownall, Clara 

Quick, Philo M. 



Quick, Hannah 

Rannells, Mr. and Mrs. W. I. 

Rannells, Mrs. Mae 

Rannells, D. G. 

Redmond, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. 

Reed, Mrs. Agnes 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Pearl 

Reed, Richard 

Reed, Charles 

Reed, Mrs. Nona 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. 

Reed, Clarence 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Otto 

Reed, Calvin 

Rentschler, George, Jr. 

Rentschler, Robert 

Rentschler, Andrew F. 

Rentschler, Mr. and Mrs. George, Sr. 

Rentschler, Mr. and Mrs. Henry 

Rhemenschneider, Harley 

Rhemenschneider, Mrs. Silvia 

Richards, Miss Marie * 

Richart, Rev. O. L. 

Rickison, George 

Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. John 

Robbins, John 

Robbins, Sarah A. 

Robbins, Mr. and Mrs. Chester 

Rose, Harvey 

Rouch, Mrs. Leonie 

Rouch, Mrs. Maggie 

Rouch", Hiram 

Rouch, S. C. 

Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. Omer 

Rouch, Emanuel 

Rouch, Nelson 

Rouch, Mrs. Maude 

Rouch, Miss Goldie 

Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. Jonah 

Sanders, Albert 

Sanders, Josephus 

Sanders, Mrs. Lucy A. 

Sanders, Miss Bessie 

Schindler, Jacob 

Sears, Russel 

Sears, Mrs. 

Sedam, Mrs. Alex 

Severns, Amos 

Severns, Mrs. Amos 

Shaver, Anna A. 

Shaw, Clayton 



CONTRIBUTORS 



297 



Shaw, Mrs. Emma 
Sheets, Clint 
Sheets, Harry 
Sheetz, Elmer 
Shelton, Miller 
Shelton, Mrs. Ross 
Shoemaker, Elmer 
Showley, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred 
Showley, Lloyd Alfred 
Slifer, Susie 
Smith, Russel H. 
.Smith, John F. 
.'Smith, Ira 
.Snepp, Mrs. James 
Snyder, Mrs. Lillie 
Sparks, Mrs. Newton 
Staley, Mrs. Earl 
;Staley, Will 
Stingley, Jacob 
Stingley, Mrs. Sadie A. 
:Stingley, I. E. 
Stingley, Miss Essie 
Stooky, Mr. and Mrs. Harry 
:Stooky, Miss Opal 
Strouss, Aim 

Stude&aker, Mr. and Mrs. Claude 
'Surface, Mr. and Mrs. George 
Surface, Miss Edna 
Surface, Miss Isabelle 
Swank, Geo. 
Swank, W. S. 
Swank, Tieta 
Tharp, Luther 
Thomen, Mrs. Fred 
'Thurston, Mrs. Chas. 
Townsend, Earl 



Zook, 



Townsend, Mrs. A. B. 
True, Mrs. Walter 
Trout, James 

Tyrell, Mr. and Mrs. James 
Tyrell, Miss Agnes 
Tyrell, Wm. 
Tyrell, Mike 
Ulch, Mr. and Mrs. Ed 
Ulch, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. 
Wade, Frank 
Walters, William 
Ward, Truman 
Warner, Mrs. Martin 
Weller, Clint 
Whybrew, Mrs. Joseph 
Whybrew, Mrs. Goldie 
Whybrew, Colonel 
Whybrew, Chester 
Wheaclose, Mell 
Wildermuth, St. C. 
Wildermuth, Mr. and Mrs. Floyd 
Williams, Chas. 
Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Carl 
Wolford, Mrs. G. W. 
Yankee, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Zanger, Mrs. B. F. 
Zanger, B. F. 
Zartman, Omar 
Zartman, Chas. 
Zartman, Cloyd 
Zartman, Vern 
Zartman, Samuel 
Zartman, Virl 
Zigafuse, Miss Tena 
Zook, John 
Mrs. John 



Newcastle Township 



Alber, Mr. and Mrs. E. H.; Florence, 
Novanah, John, Frank, Herman, 
Ella, Helen, Thyel. 

Alderfer, Mr. and Mrs. 

Alderfer, Roy. 

Alderfer, Dorothy. 

_Alspaach, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

Alspach, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Alspach, Mr. and Mrs. Neal. 

.Arter, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Fern, 
Lois. 



Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. O. C; Ber- 
nice, Ernest. 

Barr, Mr. and Mrs_. Burr; Fred, 
Blanche, Earl. 

Barr, Charles. 

Barr, Mrs. Daisey. 

Barrett, Mr. and Mrs. Donald. 

Barrett, Mr. and Mrs. Steve. 

Barkman.,- Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo; Ger- 
trude. Boyd, Floyd. 



298 



THE WORLD WAR 



Barkman, Mr. and Mrs. B. F.; Mary- 
Ruth. 
Barkman, Mrs. Ellen. 
Barkman, Mr. and Mrs. George. 
Barkman, Mr. and Mrs. I. N.; Fay, 
Clyde, Dan, Cloa, Herman, Mary. 
Barkman, Mr. and Mrs. Mondo. 
Batz, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 
Batz, Mr. and Mrs. I. A.; Carl, Mil- 
dred. 
Baugher, Mr. and Mrs. W. H.; Mary. 
Bellward, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 
Bidleman, Mr. and Mrs. Earl. 
Boganwright, Mr. and Mrs. Law- 
rence; John, Ruth, Mary. 
Bowman, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; 

Wonda. 
Bowen, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 
Brecktle, Amiel. 
Bright, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 
Bright, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 
Brockey, Mr. and Mrs. Abe. 
Brockey, Mr. and Mrs. Ben; Lloyd, 

Opal. 
Brockey, Mr. and Mrs. Verdie. 
Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. Ancil; Eva, 

Golda. 
Biyant, Mr. and Mrs. Estil; David. 
Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 
Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. John; Teddy. 
Bryant, Mr .and Mrs. Phillip. 
Bunch, Miss Katherine. 
Busenberg, Bert. 

Busenberg, Mr. and Mrs. David; Esco, 
Ernest, Mable, Reatha, Opal, Ev- 
erett. 
Busenburg, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Ro- 

sella, Beulah. 
Busenburg, Mr. and Mrs. Loren; 

Dale. 
Bybee, Elmer, Etta, Mary. 
Bybee, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph. 
Bybee, Mr. and Mrs. Lawson. 
Bybee, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. L. Hal- 

bert. 
Chapman, Mr. and Mrs. Earl. 
Clingenpeel, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; 

Mary, Willie, Lenden, Aurist. 
Clymer, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Claud, 
Hazel, Forrest. 



Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Francis, Al- 

mira, Lucile. 
Conklin, Edward. 
Conrad, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 
Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 
Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo. 
Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Lucy, 

Jessie, Josephine, Francis, Page, 

Hope. 
Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. Chauncy. 
Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Floyd, 

Grace, Fern, Frank. 
Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; George, 

Olive, Artemus. 
Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. Lee. 
Coplen, Lyman. 
Craft, Mr. and Mrs. Ira. 
Cuiler, Mr. and Mrs. Clem; Audrey, 

Kenly, Herbert. 
Culer, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Russell, 

Rethal, Ignota. 
Cox, Mr. and Mrs. Alvah; Wilber, 

Omar, Roy, Geo. R., Elsie, Ma- 
rion Harold. 
Dalton, Charley. 
Darr, Oat; Marie, Katherine. 
Daulton, Charles B.; Lucia, Goldie, 

Velma, Joe, Bennie, Dail. 
Dawson, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Deamer, Mr. and Mrs. M. F.; David, 

Dorthy. 
Deamer, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. ; 

George. 
Deamer, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Dewall, Mr. and Mrs. James; Eva. 
Dick, Mr. and Mrs. Willard; June, 

Carl, Sidney. 
Drudge, Mr. and Mrs. Amos; Cleo, 

Cena, Lorena. 
Drudge, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Wilson. 
Drudge, Mr. and Mrs. Francis; Edith. 
Drudge, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Isa- 

belle. 
Dunlap, Mr. and Mrs. Jasper. 
Duvalt, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 
Eaton, Mr. and Mrs. Artie; Devon. 
Eheranman, Mr. and Mrs. Albert. 
Eherenman, Mr. and Mrs. Loyd. 
Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 
Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Glen. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



299 



Fmmons, Harley. 
Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse. 
Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Loren. 
Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Otis; Alene. 
Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Tom. 
Entsminger, Mr. and Mrs. Warren. 
Erwin, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Essig, Mrs. Kissy; Charles, Ermal. 
Farry, Mr. and Mrs. A. O.; Charles, 

Isabella, Creamer. 
Finney, Mr. and Mrs. J. D.; Helen, 

Alvin. 
Fisher, Mr. and Mrs. S. M. 
Foor, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 
Fore, Mr. and Mrs. Will; Turl, 

Thelma, Verl. 
Gladdis, Evert R. 
Good, Louisa. 

Gordon, Mr. and Mrs. John; Charles. 
Grass, Mrs. Esther; Eva, Russell, 

Zoa. 
Grass, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob; Emerson, 

Mary. 
Grass, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph J. 
Green, Mr. and Mrs. Sidney L.; Ru- 
dolph, Addie. Charles, Carrie. 
Griffiths, Mr. and Mrs. Milo; Gilbert. 
Grove. Mr. and Mrs. Lou. 
Grove, Mr. and Mrs. Symon; Archie, 

Oliver. 
Haimbaugh, H. J. 
Haimbaugh, Mrs. Henry. 
Haimbaugh, J. B. 

Haimbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. John; 
Edith, Ethel, Roland, Devon, 
Omer. 
Haimbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Lon. 
Haimbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Mack; 

Geraldine, Alonzo.' 
Haimbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Meade; 

Wilma, George, Anna, Doris. 
Haimbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Obe; Rex, 

Edna. , 
Halderman, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; 

Kiennith. Darl. 
Hamlet, Mrs. Emma. 
Hart, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Willis, 

Mildred, Donald. 
Hatfield, Mr. and Mrs. Loren; Ralph, 
Arthur. 



Haynes, Mr. and Mrs. John; Carrie, 

Nora, Alice, Howard, Herman. 
Heighway, Mr. and Mrs. Albert. 
Heighway, Mr. and Mrs. Albert H.; 
Franklin, F., Henry, John, Sarah. 
Heighway, Mr. and Mrs. Dilly. 
Heighway, Mr. and Mrs. H. C; Mar- 
garet. 
Hedrick, Amos; Amy, Thelma, Emil, 

Estil, Lorine. 
Horn, Mr. and Mrs. Ora; Robert. 
Hudkins, Mrs. Lucetta; Okel, Mer- 

iam, Thelma 
Huffman, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; 

Laviy, Donald. 
Jefferies, Mr. and Mrs. Ancil; Don- 
ald, Maurine. 
Jefferies, Mrs. H. E. 
Jones, Mr. and Mrs. Charles T.; Eva, 

Aaron, Charles, Herman. 
Jurgensmeyer, Mr. and Mrs. Wil- 
liam; Ralph. 
Kalmbacher, Mr. and Mrs. John; Oli- 
ver, Reathel. 
Karns, Mr. and Mrs. Elza; Marjorie, 

Willa. 
Katherman, Mr. and Mrs. Boyd. 
Keler, Mrs. Geo.; Anna M., Malita. 
Kelly, Mr. and Mrs. James; Bernice, 

Wayne, Ancil, Audrey. 
Kenedy, Mrs. Elizabeth. 
Kessler, Everett. 
Kesler, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd; Mary 

Marjory. 
Kessler, Mrs. Mary E. 
Kesler, Mr. and Mrs. Milton; Ber- 
nice. 
Kepler, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Clara Eve. 
King, Henry. 

King, Mr. and Mrs. John; Edna, Ray- 
mond. 
Kistler, Mrs. Margaret; Loren. 
Kochenderfer, Doc; Ethel, Farrel, 

Van. 
Kochenderfer, Joseph. 
Large, Geot;ge. 

Leininger, Mr. and Mrs.. David. 
Linch. Dian; Beverly. 



300 



THE WORLD WAR 



Long, Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo; Robert, 

Jessie. 
Long, Mr. and Mrs. Allen A.; 

Charles, Sarah, David, Virgil, 

Gilford, Lester. 
Long, Mr. and Mrs. Jay. 
Long, Mr. and Mrs. John D. 
Long, Wilvan; Fay. 
McGarvan, Mr. and Mrs. Melville; 

John, Howard, Tressie. 
McGee, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. 
Mahoney, John; Emma. 
Marsh, Clarence; Emma, Burl, Hazel, 

Lee, Armetta. 
Markley, Mr. and Mrs. Chauncy. 
Mathewres, Mr. aand Mrs. Harley; 

Mary, Martha, Ernest. 
Mathewes, Lon; Bessie. 
Mathewes, Mr. and Mrs. Steve; Roy, 

Gail, Howard. 
Meridith, Slias; Ruth, Edwin, Francis. 
Meridith, Mr. and Mrs. Vinson; 

Grace, Maude, Herbert. 
Metzler, Mr. and Mrs. Herman; 

Enialine, Jerry. 
Mickey, Mr. and Mrs. F. V. 
Mickey, Howard. 

Mikesel, Mr. and Mrs. Alva; Herold. 
Mikesel, Mr. and Mrs. Asa; Earl, 

Russell. 
Mikesel, Clifford. 

Mikesel, Mr. and Mrs. John; Clar- 
ence, Irvin. 
Mikesell, Philip. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Morrett, Mr. and Mrs. Bruce; Olive 

Louise, Lulu May. 
Montgomery, Mr. and Mrs. Francis 

C; Bella. 
Montgomery, Mr. and Mrs. Oiner; 

Levoy. 
Murray, Mr. and Mrs. Lew. 
Myers, Frank. 
Myers, Mr. and Mrs. J. K. 
Nelson, Mr. and Mrs. Allen; Don. 
Nelson, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel; Mary. 
Nichols, Mr. and Mrs. Laura; Mat- 
tie, Don, Ernest. Edna. 
Noonan, Mr. and Mrs. Robert; 



George, Eleanor. 
Norris, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Norris, Mr. aand Mrs. Wm.; Mary, 

Mildred, Grace. 
North, Mr. and Mrs. Christian; 

Mable. 
Nye, Mr. and Mrs. Esly. 
Nye, Mr. and Mrs. O. E. 
Othniel, Leo. 

Partridge, Mr. and Mrs. Earl; Lavoy. 
Partridge, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Ruth, 

Ruby, Thomas. 
Ffund, Mr. and Mrs. Will. 
Pfund, Mr. and Mrs. Will. 
Phillips, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 
Phoebus, Mr. and Mrs. Howard. 
Perschbacher Alice. 
Perschbacher, M. W.; Meridith, 

Miles, Jr. 
Peterson, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Boyd, 

Joe, Walter. 
Peterson, Mr. and Mrs. Ransford. 
Rahfeldt, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 
Ralston, Mr. and Mrs. Clint. 
Ratlifon, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Helen, 

Everet. 
Roger, Mr. and Mrs. F. A. 
Rogers, Herbert; Susia. 
Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. John L. 
Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. N. O.; Bernice, 

Georgia, Bernard, Morris, Lester. 
Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. Raymond. 
Rubley, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis, John, 

Rethel, Mary, Fred, Harold, Her- 
bert. 
Russel, Zane 

Sensibaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Kenedy. 
Severns, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis. 
Severns, William. 
Sherman, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; 

Doris. 
Shoemaker, Mr. and Mrs. Floyd. 
Shoemaker, Mr. and Mrs. Levi. 
Shock, Chas., Delia. 
Shutz, Mr. and Mrs. Will; Estle, 

Lloyd. 
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. C; Retha, Pearl. 
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel. 
Smith, Dorris, Delia. 
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Foy. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



301 



Smith, Mr. and Mrs. L. D. 

Starner, Mr. and Mrs. Polk; Eva. 

Stockberger, Mr. and Mrs. Alva M. 

Stockberger, Geo. A.; Martha, Fran- 
ces, Loren, Otis, Dwight, Eddie. 

Stuckey, Mr. and Mrs. Geo.; Rudy. 

Sullivan, Mrs. Angeline. 

Sullivan, Mr. and Mrs. Walter; Ger- 
ald. 

Surguy, Dr. A. B.; Dewey, Fred. 

Sutherlin, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Swonger, Mr. and Mrs. David. 

Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Elva, 
Verl, Delford. Ily, Ima. 

Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar; Ruth, 
Carl. 

Teel, Mr. and Mrs. Thedore. 

Teeter, Mr. and Mrs. F. 

Teeter, Mr. and Mrs. Vincent. 

Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel; 
Elza, Frank. 

Thornburg, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 

Tipton, Schuyler. 

Tippy, Mr. and Mrs. Levi; Robert, 
Raymond. 



Tippy, Mr. and Mrs. E. B. 

Truman, Jacob. 

Umbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 

Umbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. John; Reda, 
Edna. 

Umbauagh, Mr. and Mrs. Loy; Fran- 
cis, Esther. 

Wagoner, James. 

Walburn, Mr. aand Mrs. Clinton L. 

Walburn, Mr. and Mrs. H. Keith. 

Walters, Mr. and Mrs. Abe. 

Walters, Alonzo; Earl, Harold. 

Walters, Mr. and Mrs. Russell. 

Waltz, Mr. and Mrs. Geo.; Luez. 

Welker, Mr. and Mrs. Emery; Zelda. 

Wenger, Harry. 

Weygandt, Mr. and Mrs. Jay. 

Williams, Roy H.; Ethel, Laura, 
Hugh. 

Wilson. Mr. and Mrs. Orville; Mary. 

Zent, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd; Earl, Or- 
ton. 

Zolman, Carrie, Grace, Berneice, Guy. 

Zolman, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. 

Zolman, Mr. and Mrs. S. P. 



Richland Township 



Adams, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 
Alderfer, Mr. and Mrs. Amos. 
Alderfer, Mr. and Mrs. Clinton and 

children. 
Alderfer, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 
Alexander, Mr. and Mrs. W. R. 
Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. R. 
Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. H. L. 
Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Milo. 
Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Oren. 
Andrews, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Arnold, Mr. and Mrs. Sam. 
Babcock, Mr. and Mrs. Edward. 
Bailey. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas. 
Bair, E. S. 
Bair, P. 

Baldwin, Mr. and Mrs. James. 
Ball, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde. 
Ball, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 
Ball, Mrs. Maggie. 
Ball Mr. and Mrs. Vernon; Marjorie. 



Barkman, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; 

children. 
Beck, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Beck, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas. Sr. ; 

Helen. 
Beck, Mr. and Mrs. Valorous. 
Beehler, Mr. and Mrs. David; Bessie. 
Beehler, Mrs. William; Clyde, Ruth, 

Alta, Reo, Reathel. 
Biddinger, Mr. and Mrs. William. 
Bordin, Mr. and Mrs. A. C. 
Bower, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Buehler, Mr. and Mrs. Charley. 
Buehler, Mrs. P. H. 
Bunn, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 
Burkett, Mr. and Mrs. Austin. 
Bush, Mrs. Margaret. 
Calhoun, Mr. and Mrs. Tom; Donald. 
Calvert, Mr. aand Mrs.; children. 
Carey, Mr. and Mrs. D. L.; Vera, 

Vida. 



302 



THE WORLD WAR, 



Caslow, Mr, and Mrs. Arthur. 
Caslow, Mr. and Mrs. Dan. 
Castleman, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence; 

Verneice. 
Cime, Mr. and Mrs. Ell. 
Coflen, Alonzo, 
Cole, Mr. and Mrs. Claude. 
Cole, Mr. and Mrs. Emmet. 
Conaway, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. E.; 

Ralph, Joe. 
Conrad, Mr. and Mrs. Kit; Zella. 
Cook, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel. 
Corry, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar. 
Cowan, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Dewey. 
Crable, Festulis. 
Day, Carl. 

Dillon, Mr. and Mrs. G. A. 
Drew, Mr. and Mrs. John; Ora, Elton, 

Flavilla. 
Dudgeon, Mr. and Mrs. James. 
Dudgeon, Mr. and Mrs. Albertus; 

Dewey. 
Eash, Mr. and Mrs. Edward. 
Eash, Mrs. Elizabeth. 
Edington, Jerry. 
Fieser, Mr. and Mrs. A. C. 
Fisher, Alva. 

Fisher, Mr. and Mrs. O. P. 
Fletcher, Elihu. 

Fletcher, Mr. and Mrs. Martin. 
Flora, Mr. and Mrs. Ira; Ralph, Ruth. 
Florence, Mr. and Mrs. Abednego. 
Foor, Mr. and Mrs. Parlee; Harold. 
Foster, Wm. 

Fultz, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W.; Ruth. 
'Gaby, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel. 
Gelbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Leslie. 
■Gorden, Anna. 
Gordon, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph; 

George, Alexander. 
Gordon, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Lillian, 

Margaret. 
Guise, Hugh. 

Guise, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. 
Hallermans, Mr. and Mrs. Leroy; 

children. 
Halterman, Mr. and Mrs. Ben. 
Harpester, Mrs. Jane. 
:Hassenplug, Mr. and Mrs. Elby; 

Mable, Obid, Aletta Ruth. 



Hiatt, Mr. and Mrs. Alvui. 

Hiatt, Chauncy. 

Hiatt, Estella. 

Higgens, John Henry. 

Hisey, Mrs. A. 

Hisey, Mr. and Mrs. Creighton; Rosa, 
Elmer. 

Hubbard, Mr. and Mrs. James. 

Hubert, Hettie, L'zzie, Lilly, Caldie. 

Jackson, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Jackson, Mr. and Mrs. Mark; Gen- 
eive. 

Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Dan. 

Jordan, Mrs. Jane. 

Kale, Mr. and Mrs. Alva. 

Kanouse, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Don- 
ald, Dean. 

Kerle, Anna, Dollie. 

Kewney, Mrs. Sarah. 

Kindig, Mr. and Mrs. Cleabe. 

Kindig, Mr. and Mrs. Lan. 

Krouse, Earl. 

Leedy, Mr. and Mrs. Bert; Margaret. 

Leedy, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Oren. 

Lunsford, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Loyd, 
Harry. 

McGriff, Mr. and Mrs. Ben; Oren, 
Lors. 

McGriff, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

McPherron, Mrs. Minnie; Emil, Clar- 
ence, Mary, Florence, May, Carl, 
Wilma, Harry Edwin. 

McQueeney, Miss Ella. 

Martin, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Gearold. 

Martin, Mr. and Mrs. F. E.; Mildred. 

Matchett, Mrs. Ella. 

Means, Charles. 

Mechling, Henry. 

Mechling, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

Mechling, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac. 

Meek, Dr. L. C. 

Metzger, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Metzger,, Mr. and Mrs. Sue. 

Miller, Mrs. Catherine. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Orville F.; Mil- 
dred. 

Miller, Wm. 

Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Moore, Mrs. Pendleton. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



303 



Mow, Mrs. Catherine. 

Mow, Mr. and Mrs. Clate; children. 

Mow, Clyde. 

Mow, Mr. and Mrs. Dean; Evelyn. 

Mow, Mr. and Mrs. Lee; Edward Lee. 

Mow, Marion. 

Mow, Mr. and Mrs. R. D. 

Mow, See. 

Munn, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Geor- 
gia, Ethel, Lola. 

Nellans, Mr. and Mrs. Dean. 

Newcomb, Mrs. Alice. 

Newcomb, Mr. and Mrs. Willard; 
Ruth. 

Norris, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Nutt, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver; Kennith, 
Bonnie, Cloyd, Ebert, Virginia. 

O'Blenis, Mr. and Mrs. Sanford. 

O'Blenis, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. C; 
Clem, Ray, Dean. 

O'Connell, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. 

O'Dell, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Samuel, 
John G., Thomas, Isaac. 

Olds, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

O'Neal, Mr. and Mrs. John; Hazel. 

Ormsbee, Fred. 

Ornisbee, Mr. and Mrs. Los. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. A. B.; Alpha, 
Clarence. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Bennie. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Boyde. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Carrie; 
Georgia. 

Overmyer, Nelson. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Walter. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. W. S.; Bes- 
sie, Hazel, Arthur. 

Pally, Mr. and Mrs. Tuck; Edward, 
Richard. 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. J. Howard; Don- 
ald T., Joseph F. 
Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Robert R.; John 

H. 
Rhinesmith, Mr. and Mrs. C. E.; 

Leon. 
Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. Riley; Beecher, 

Dean. 
Ridder, Mr. aand Mrs. A. J. 
Rinker, Mrs. Bessie. 
Ritter, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Goldie, 



Fern, Lolo, Dolan. 
Rodgers, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Crystal, 

Mildred. 
Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. 
Rohrer, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Mable. 
Rohrer, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse; Jacob. 
Runnels, Mr. and Mrs. James H. 
Runnels, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. 
Rush, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Helen, 

Nellie. 
Safford, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 
Salts, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Sanders, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Carl, 

Loyd, Irene, Irvin, Delta. 
Sanders, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 
Sanders, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas; Dan- 
iel. 
Sausaman, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 
Schaul, Mr. and Mrs. Emerson. 
Scott, Mr. and Mrs. Q. E. 
Shafer, Mr. and Mrs. R. W. 
Sissel, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Weldon 

Robert, Joe. 
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Byron O.; Irene. 
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Del; Ted, Don- 
ald. 
StichJer, Mrs. Maine. 
Stockberger, Clyde. 
Stockberger, Mr. and Mrs. Delbert 

J.; Kenneth , Harold, Margie. 
Strawderman, Wm. 
Swihart, Mr. and Mrs. Dave; Melvin, 

Fred, Velma, Ruth. 
Thorp, Mr. and Mrs. Al. 
Thorp, Mr. and Mrs. J. O. 
Towne, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Gil- 
ford, Ronald, Demoine. 
Towne, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. E.; Oyis, 

Mildred. 
Towne, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. 
Trimble, Mrs. Lydia; Clinton D. 
Vanatta, Mr. and Mrs. Arnett. 
Walters, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 
Walters, Mr. nd Mrs. Ervine. 
Walters, Mr. and Mrs. Ervine. 
Walters, Mr. and Mrs. Perry. 
Walters, Mr. and Mrs. Robert. 
Warner, Mr. and Mrs. Riley; Von. 
Weir, Mr. and Mrs. George; Harold, 
Howard. 



304 



THE WORLD WAR 



Widup, Mr. and Mrs. M. V. 

Williams, Mr. and Mrs. J. R.; Ruth. 

Wolferman, Johnnie. 

Wright, D. E. 

Wynn, Earl. 

Wynn, Mr. and Mrs. Eli. 



Wynn, H. 

Wynn, Mrs. Martha; Catherine, 

Blanche. 
Wynn, Mr. and Mrs. Milo. 
Young, Mr. and Mrs. Perry. 



Rochester Township 



Adams, A. 

Adamson, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Albright, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred; Frances, 
Pauline, Cleo, Robert. 

Alspach, Mr. and Mrs. Calder; Ola, 
Phelisha. 

Alspach, Mr. and Mrs. Claud; Edith, 
Myra. 

Alspach, Mr. and Mrs. Ezra. 

Anderson, Mrs. Mary; Madge, Ros- 
coe. 

Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Dale, 
Dee, Guy. 

Arnold, Clara. 

Aughinbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. ; 
Ruth, Dorthy, Byron, Billy. 

Ault, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Ruth, Ever- 
ett, Guy, Milo. 

Ault, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde; one child. 

Bailey, Mr. and Mrs. Max, Lavona, 
Bettie Jane, Max. 

Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Ball, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse. 

Barkman, Mr. and Mrs. Vernon; Mil- 
dred M. 

Beall. Mr. and Mrs. John W.; Avon- 
elle. 

Becker, Mr. and Mrs. Henry L.; 
Mable, Lucy, Lee, Walter. 

Becker, Mr. and Mrs. Virgil; Mar- 
garet. 

Beel, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. 

Beghtel. Russell. ^ 

Berrier, Mr. and Mrs. Dee. 

Berrier, Mr. and Mrs. Newton. 

Berry, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. 

Bick, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde; Leroy, 
Lola, Bernice, Andrew, Alvada, 
Jlobert. 



Bixler, Mr. and Mrs. Sidney; Dortliy. 

Black, Mr. and Mrs. Alex. 

Black, Mr. and Mrs. Dal. 

Blackburn, Mr. and Mrs. Elza; Wm. 

Blackburn, Glen. 

Blackburn, Mr. and Mrs. H. O.; Ly- 
man. 

Blackburn, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Anna, 
Lucy. 

Blackburn, Mrs. Susan. 

Blacketor, Mr. and Mrs. Abe; Etta, 
Percilla. 

Blacketor, Mr. and Mrs. S. 

Bligh, Mr. and Mrs. Martin; Thomas, 
Edgar, Bonita, Almyrta, George. 

Boothel, Mr. and Mrs. O. E.; Russel, 
Mabel. 

Bouch, Claude, Fred. 

Bour, Mr. and Mrs. J. F.; Florence, 
Frank, Robert. 

Bowman, Mrs. Amanda; Alice, 
Charles. 

Bradley, Mr. and Mrs. C. E.; Eliza- 
beth, Johnnie. 

Braman, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Brockman, John; Eugene. 

Brouilette, Mrs. Elsie. 

Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene; Orlo, 
Carl, Pauline, Ruth, Elsie. 

Brown, Mr. and Mrs. George; Geor- 
gia. 

Brubaker, Mr. and Mrs. Joel; Eugene. 

Brubaker, Mr. and Mrs. W^m. H.; 
Isabelle. 

Brunson, Mr. and Mrs. John; Irene, 
Bernice. 

Bryan. Mr. and Mrs. Sydney. 

Bryan, Mr. and Mrs. T. J. 

Buck, Mr. and Mrs. 

Bumbarger, John. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



305 



Bumbarger, Wm. 

Burdge, Mr. and Mrs. A. W.; Roy. 
Burkett, Mrs. Ford; Annabelle, Ly- 
man. 
Butler, Mr. and Mrs. Barney; Helen, 

Claude, Jessie, Theodore, Belle. 
Callaway, Mr. and Mrs. Howard; 

Kermit. 
Camerer, Mr. and Mrs. Omer G.; Lu- 
ther, Marjory Manning. 
Carr, Mr. and Mrs. B. F.; Louise. 
Carr, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Clarence, 
Ruth, Madge, Clarabel, Ida Cath- 
erine. 
Carr, Mr. and Mrs. Harley; Howard, 
Robert, Bernice, Weldon, Byron. 
Carr, Mr. and Mrs. Rube; George, 

John, DeVerl. 
Carruthers, Mr. and Mrs. Lon; Mary, 
Harold, Margaret, Ruth, Morris, 
Jennie. 
Carter, Mr. and Mrs. Gene. 
Carter, Mr. and Mrs. John R. 
Castleman, Mr. and Mrs. C. C; Ver- 
non. 
Castleman, Lloyd; family. 
Cessna, Mrs. Hattie; Otto, Minnie, 

Dale, Lorine, Doris, Keith. 
Cessna, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. L. 
Chamberlain, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse. 
■Charters, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Ar- 

dith, Cecil, Albert. 
■Charters, Mr. and Mrs. James V. 
Charters, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse. 
■Charters, Mr. and Mrs. John B.; 
Gretchen, Carl, Earl. Alice, Ruth. 
Charters, Mary C. 
Charters, Samuel. 
Circle, Mr. and Mrs. L W. 
Clark, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph; Ernest. 
Clay, Mr. and Mrs. Roy. 
•Clay, Wm.; Ida, Hazel. 
Clelend, Mr. and Mrs. Herman; 

Belva, Louis, George, Joe. 
dinger. Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 
Cole. Mr. and Mrs. Bert; Harold, 

Leona. 
•Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Conrad. Mr. and Mrs. Dave. 
Conrad, Mr. and Mrs. John; Eva. 



Conrad, Mr. and Mrs. Russcl; Racli- 

ael. 
Corbin, Mrs. 
Crabbs, Fanny; Carl. 
Crabbs, Mr. and Mrs. J .N. 
Crabbs, Mr. and Mrs. L. E.; C'Dale, 

Lester, Leora. 
Curran, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. 
Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. M. 
Czapansky, Mr. and Mrs. 
Darr, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Cleo, 
Helen, Howard, Pauline, Evelyn, 
Marjory, Barbara. 
Darr, Mr. and Mrs. I. N. 
Davidson, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Re- 
becca, Samuel. 
Davidson, Mr. and Mrs. Turp; Har- 
riet. 
Davisson, Mr. and Mrs. C. S. 
Davisson. Mr. and Mrs. O. E.; Pa- 
tricia. 
Dawson, Mr. and Mrs. Merley; Wes- 
ley, Liman, Loyd. 
Day. Mr. and Mrs. Ed.; Cecil, Zinda, 

Levora, Jessie, Raymond. 
Deardofif, Mr. and Mrs. Floyd; 

James. 
Deardoff, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Fred- 
rick. 
Deardoff, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
DeVore, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Dixson, Mrs. Alia. 
Dixson, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 
Dixson. Mrs. Minnie; Joe. Thomas, 

Henry, John. 
Downs. Mr. and Mrs.; children. 
Downs, Mr. and Mrs. Jake. 
Downs, Mr. and Mrs. James; War- 
ren, Ruth. Clifford. Leah, Mar- 
jorie, Morton. 
Downs. O. B. 

DuBois. Mr. and Mrs. George: Rex. 
DuBois, Henry; Jonathan, Mary, 

Catherine. 
DuBois, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Eash. Mr. and Mrs. Leo. 
Eddington. Mr. and Mrs. Simeon, 

Lawrence. Emory. 
Eiseman, Mr. and Mrs. John. 



.306 



THE WORLD WAR 



Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Harly, 
James, Clara. 

Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Orlando; 
Etta. 

Engquist, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Wal- 
ter, Esther. 

Essick, Mr. and Mrs. Viv. 

Estabrook, Mr. and Mrs. J. J.; Sadie, 
Warren, Hamilton. 

Evans, Mr. and Mrs. W. J.; Frances, 
Evans. 

Ewing, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver S.; W. 
Steele, Bula, Grace. 

Eysberg, M. and Mrs. Eyrie; Peter 
Herman, Helen. 

Fairchild, Mrs. J. E. 

Faroute, Charles. 

Fenstemacker, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; 
Mrs. Etta. 

Finney, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. E.; Hor- 

tense, Curtis. 

Finney, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. E. 

Fisher, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; For- 
rest, Elva, Paul, Opal. 

Foor, Mr. and Mrs. Wesley; Alta, 
Lesle. 

Freeman, Charles. 

Fultz, Mrs. Emma; Mildred. 

Fultz, Mr. and Mrs. John; Dee, Ray. 

Fultz, Mrs. Norah; Mildred. 

Garner, Mr. and Mrs. Milo. 

Gaumer, Mr. and Mrs.; Helen, Leon- 
ard, Floyd, Doris, Madge. 

Garner, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Glady.s. 

Good, Alvin. 

Good, Mr. and Mrs. Fred O. 

Good, Mr. and Mrs. Willard. 

Gohn, Mrs. Charles; Ernest, Ray- 
mond, Eva. 

Gohn, Mr. and Mrs. D. W.; Flor- 
ence, Vera, Hazel, Marion. 

Gohn, Raymond. 

Gorden, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene; Em- 
erson, Dorma, Forest. 

Gottschalk, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Graffis, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence; Ho- 
mer, Lorene. 

Green, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Greer, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Greer, Mr. and Mrs. Clay; Ellis. 



Odessa, Glen, Frank, Dorthy. 
Greer, Harry. 
Greer, John. 
Greer, Mrs. John. 
Gurdes, Mr. and Mrs. Theodore. 
Habich, Gus. 

Hagan, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. 
Hagan, Mr. and Mrs. John; Lloyd, 

Ruth. 
Hannah, Mr. and Mrs. Jerry. 
Hannah, Mr. and Mrs. Robert. 
Harter, Mr. and Mrs. David; Trella, 

Otis. 
Haslett, Mr. and Mrs. George. 
Hayward, Mr, and Mrs. Boyd; Rich- 
ard, Lee. 
Hedges, Oscar. 
Henderson, Mr. and Mrs. E. E.; 

Howard. 
Herbaugh, Thomas; America. 
Herlick, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Heeter, Mr. and Mrs. Dick. 
Hetzner, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Carl, 

Tessie. 
Hiat, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Hoffman, Mrs. Mary, Robert, Ruth. 
Holden, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Hoover, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 
Hoover, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Hoover, Wm. 
Horn, S. N. 

Howard, Mrs. Cornelius. 
Hudkins, Wm.; family. 
Huffman, Mr. and Mrs. Biglowe. 
Hunter, Al. 

Hunter, Mr. and Mrs. Cassius; Irene. 
Hunter, Guy. 

Jay, Mrs. Ida; Opal, Bertha. 
Keel, Mr. and Mrs. Omer; Burl, 

Claud, 
Keim, Mr. and Mrs. Israel. 
Kennell, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Kennel, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. L.; 

Blanche, Marian. 
Kersey, Mr. and Mrs. Edward. 
Kersey, Mrs. Electra. 
King, Fred. 
King, W. Harold. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Ethel, 

Lester. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



307 



Klepinger, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver. 

Koch, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Wm. 
Russell, Isabelle, Alta. 

Koflfel, Mr. and Mrs. James F. 

Krom, Mr. and Mrs. George W.; 
Norabelle, Mary, George, Abe. 

I^ear, Mr. and Mrs. Louis. 

Leiter, Mr. and Mrs. Levi. 

Lev^^is, Mr. and Mrs. Lee; Harvey, 
Raymond, Louise, Evelyn. 

Low^e, Mr. and Mrs. Ben. 

Lowre, Mr. and Mrs. • Peter; Alice, 
Helen. 

McClung, Mr. and Mrs. John L.; 
Marjory. 

McClung, Mr. and Mrs. N. A.; Ralph, 
Arthur, Paul. 

McCurdy, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

McGrifif, Mr. and Mrs. 

McKee, Mr. and Mrs. Herbert. 

McKinney, Mr. and Mrs. John; Ma- 
bel, James, Fred. 

McKinney, Mr. and Mrs. John W. 

McMahn, Clara. 

McMahan, Mr. and Mrs. Hugh. 

McMahan, Mr. and Mrs. Pat. 

McMillen, Mr. and Mrs. Guy; Ger- 
ald, Francis. 

McMillen, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

McTavish, Mrs. E. D. 

^agriflf, Mr. and Mrs. Alzonzo. 

Marriott, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Vir- 
gil, Orpha, Marion, Bessie, Lor- 
en, Archie. 

Martin, Alex. 

Marsh, Mr. and Mrs. J.; Pearl, 
Lloyd, Marion. 

Mathias, Wesley; Paul, Helen. 

Mathias, Mr. and Mrs. John; Earl. 

Mathias, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Harry, 
Oren, Floyd. 

Meiser, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Ro- 
land. 

Mercer, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Mikesell, Mr. and Mrs. E. H.; Von, 
Orpha Belle, Victor C, Kennith 
L., Arthur D. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Carl; Agnes, 
Ester, Ruth. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Clem R.; Rus- 



sell, Virgil, Donald. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. G.; Charles, 

Pearl, Lillian, Dee. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. J. W.; Mary. 
Miller, Mary. 
Miller, O. M.; Alida, Hugh, James, 

Donald. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Robert. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Tona. 
Morgan, Mr. and Mrs. High; Paul- 
ine, Donald. 
Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Lee, 

Ida C. 
Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Henry H.; 

Clarice, Maxine, Cecil. 
Moore, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Ross; Harriet, 

Florence, Dale. 
Moore, Mrs. Mahala, Homer. 
Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Bert; Arthur, 

Paul, Elna, Catherine, Herbert, 

Clarabelle. 
Nafe, Mr. and Mrs. Earl. 
Nafe, Mr. and Mrs. E. P.; Mildred. 

Emerson, Lucile. 
Nafe, Mrs. James. 
Neff, Mrs. Harriet. 
Xefif, Mr. and Mrs. Hiram; Florence, 

Cletus. 
Neher, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Nelson, Mr. and Mrs. Lee, Marjory, 

Geraldine, Eldora. 
New^man, Mr. and Mrs. George; 

Maurice, Donald, Oren. 
Nixon, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred. 
Norris, Mr. and Mrs. Leo; Nelson, 

Lucille. 
Norris, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis; Charles. 
Nungesser, Mr. and Mrs. John; Lay- 
ton. 
Oliver. Mr. and Mrs. B. C. 
Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Mabel. 
Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. John; Larue. 
Olson, Mr. and Mrs. Howard. 
Olson, Mr. and Mrs. Theodore. 
Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; 

Opal, Irene. 
Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Roy. 
Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. George; 

Russel. 



o08 



THE WORLD WAR 



Palmer, Mr. and Mrs. D. S. 

Palmer, Mr. and Mrs. James. 

Peeples, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Perkins, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. 

Personette, Mr. and Mrs. U. S.; 
Katherine. 

Phebus, Mr. and Mrs. Sam. 

Piper, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Thurl, 
Anna Ruth. 

Poenix, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. 

Poffenberger, Mr. and Mrs. Milton. 

Pontius, Mr. and Mrs. Periece; 
Harry. 

Pownell, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

Preist, Mr. and Mrs. Arnold. 

Putman, Mr. and Mrs. Audry; Helen, 
Marjory, Mary, David. 

Putman, Mr. and Mrs. David. 

Pyle, Mr. and Mrs. Steve. 

Rans, Mr. and Mrs. H. O.; Blanche, 
Isabelle, Donald, Forrest. 

Ravencroft, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph J.; 
Holden, John Edward. 

Ream, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Reinhart, Mr. and Mrs. J. H.; Free- 
dona, Rovene, Lucille, Leona. 

Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. Frank B.; 
Gorden, Cecil, Gladwin. 

Rhodes, Orville. 

Rice, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer. 

Rice, Mr. and Mrs. Perry; Lester. 

Riffax, Claude; family. 

Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. Tola; Richard, 
Jessie. 

Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. Claude; Don- 
ald. 

Roudebush, Mr. and Mrs. Harvy. 

Roules, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Milda. 
Estel, Janet. 

Sanders, Mr. and Mrs. Amos; Thel- 
ma, Ralph. 

Sanders, Mr. and Mrs. M.; John. 

Seibert, Mr. and Mrs. Kent B.; Al- 
fred, Porter, Frances, Clara. 

Severns, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; chil- 
dren. 

Sewell, Hugh. 

Sheets, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Marie, 
Mude, Donald. 

Shelton, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene. 



Sheeis, Mr. and Mrs. Lon; Jack, 

Anonidas, Faye, Lora. 
Shinn, Mr. and Mrs. Francis. 
Sixby, Mark. 

Smiley, Mr. and Mrs. Milton; La- 
• Vern, Jewell, Gladys, Russel> 

Frank, Dor thy. 
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Marion. 
Smith, Mr. and ' Mrs. Marshall. 
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Omer. 
Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Louise, 

Janet, Bernice, James. 
Spurlock, Mr. and Mrs. Maley. 
Spurlock, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. 
Staley, Mr. and Mrs. Carl. 
Staton, Mrs. George. 
Steininger, Mr. and Mrs. Milo. 
Stinson, Mrs. Amelia; Glue. 
Struckman, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Sturkin, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; 

Maude, Mary. 
Tatnian, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. 
Tatman, O. T.; Kennith, Omer, 

Lucy. 
Thomas, Mr. and Mrs. David; Rob- 
ert, Hubert, Harry, Harold. 
Tilden, Mr. and Mrs. Jack. 
Tobey, Mr. and Mrs. George; Mil- 
dred, Hugh, Mary, Helen. 
Tobey, Mrs. Mary, Stacy, Minnie. 
Toughman, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas. 

A.; Chlae. 
Touhy, Mrs. Lulu May. 
Tranberger, Mr. and Mrs. Doris; 

Emmett. 
Utter, Chester; family. 
\'andergrift, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. 
Vandergrift, Mrs. John; Harold,. 

Bertha. Albert. 
Vanduine, Elias. 
VanDuyne, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; 

Fred, Joe, Dan, Mildred, Bobby, 

Mary. 
Vanlue, Mr. and Mrs. J. W.; Anna,. 

Orval, Leonard, Hubert, Baby. 
Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 
Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs. Edward C.p 

Russell, Melvin, Omer, Stella. 
Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs. L Irma. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



309 



Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs. Harry A., 
Ruth, Dale. 

Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs, Harvey, 
Pauline. 

Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Rob- 
ert, Franklin, Herman, William 
Edward. 

Wales, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Carrie, 
Ernest, Ora, Jennie, Ada. 

Walters, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; 
Robert. 

Weber, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph; Mar- 
garet, Arthur. 

Weirick, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; 
Maude. 

Werner, Mr. and Mrs. Martin; 
Lloyd, Clarebelle, Gertrude, 
Pearl, Charles. 

West, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

White, Mr. and Mrs. John F. 



Whittenbcrger, Mr. and Mrs. Mil- 
ton; Milton, John, Hubert, Mary. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. N. C; Alta, 
Howard, David. 

Winegardner, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; 
Delta, Nellie, Esta, Donald. 

Wiser, Mr. and Mrs. Finley C. 

Wisley, Mr. and Mrs. Clifford. 

Wolf, Mr. and Mrs. David. 

Wolf, Mr. and Mrs. David; Bertha, 
Lloyd, Dorthy, Claretta, Ruth. 

Wolf, Mr. and Mrs. John M.; Thel- 
ma, Eva, Helen. 

Woodcox, Mr. and Mrs. Eli; family. 

Young, Mr. and Mrs. Theodore. 

Zartman, Mr. and Mrs. Al. 

Zegafuse, Mr. and Mrs. Francis, 
Donald, Margeret. 

Zegafuse, Mr. and Mrs. John; Adam. 

Zellars, Mr. and Mrs. Wir.. ; Robert. 



City of Rochester 



Abbott, Mr. and Mrs. C. B.; Leo, 

Harold, Arthur. 
Abbott, Mr. and Mrs. James. 
Adams, Mr. and Mrs. Earl; Nadine. 
Adamson, Mr. and Mrs. H. L. 
Agnew, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel. 
Agster, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 
Alexander, Mr. and Mrs. A.; Fred, 

Frank. 
Alexander, Mr. and Mrs. Vern. 
Allison, Mr. and Mrs. John; Harry, 

James. 
Allman, Mr. and Mrs. Sol. 
Alspauch, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 
Alspach, Mr. and Mrs. Guy; Mary 

Jane. 
Alspach, Mr. and Mrs. Milton; Wil- 
liam. 
Alspach, Mr. and Mrs. Sylvester. 
Anderson, Mrs. Mary J. 
Appleman, Mr. and Mrs. C. H.; 

Mabel, Ruth, Audrey. 
Apt, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Armstrong, Mrs. Blanche; Louise, 

Fredrick. 
Arnold, Mrs. 



Arnold, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph. 

Arter, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel; Lester. 

Arven, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer. 

Aukinbaugh, Mrs. Elizabeth. 

Ault, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph. 

Austin, Mrs. Pearl. 

Babcock, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. 

Babcock, Mr. and Mrs. A. O.; Leon, 
Harold, Grace, Ruth. 

Babcock, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Babcock, Mr. and Mrs. Ira. 

Babcock, Mrs. Laura; Alice, Law- 
rence. 

Babcock, Dr. and Mrs. L. J. 

Babcock, Mr. and Mrs. Pete. 

Babcock, Mr. and Mrs. Ray; Hertha, 
James Albert. 

Babcock, Mrs. Winfred; Charles. 

Bachelor, Mrs. Myrtle; Wm., Hattie, 
Dorthy. 

Bacon, Mrs. M. E. 

Bailey, Ethel. 

Bailey, Mr. and Mrs. S. P.; Louise, 
Elliott, Byron, William Bailey 
Wagner. 

Bair, Mr. and Mrs. Nelson. 



310 



THE WORLD WAR 



Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Alvah; Dean. 

Baker, Peter; Bertha, Bess. 

Baker, Mrs. Tamer. 

Baldwin, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar. 

Ball, Mr. and Mrs. Nooval; Barton, 

Wilidine. 
Ballinger, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; 

Sarah, Oliver, Margaret, Thomas. 
Barcus, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 
Barger, Mr. and Mrs. Guy; Virginia. 
Barger, Mrs. Vida. 
Barker, Mr. and Mrs. 
Barkman, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; Ray, 

John. 
Barkman, Mr. and Mrs. Martin;' 

Mary. 
Barnhart, Mr. and Mrs. Dean; Mary 

Louisee. 
Barnhart, H. A. 
Barr, Mr. and Mrs. Guy. 
Barr, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Barrett, Mr. and Mrs. A.; Pearl. 
Batt, Mr. and Mrs. Martin. 
Baum, Mrs. Sadie. 
Beattie, Mr. and Mrs. Mark; Grace, 

Donald. 
Beattie, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Mar- 

garete. 
Becker, Mr. and Mrs. Cal; Alice, Carl. 
Beeber, Belle. 
Beeber, Mr. and Mrs. G. 
Belt, Mr. and Mrs. B.; Minnie, 

Charles, Melissa. 
Bemenderfer, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Bernetha, Belle. 
Bernetha, Harry. 
Bernero, Mr. and Mrs. L.; Johnnie, 

Celia, Gus. 
Berry, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas; Kathe- 

lyn. 
Beuhler, Mrs. Emma; James. 
Bibler, Letha. 

Biddinger, Mr. and Mrs. Carl B. 
Biddinger, Mr. and Mrs. Peter. 
Biddinger, Mr. and Mrs. Will; family. 
Binding, Mr. and Mrs. L. R. 
Bingham, Mr. and Mrs. 
Bitters, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Mar- 
garet. 
Bitters, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. 



Bitters, Mr. and Mrs. C. K.; Edna, 
Edith. 

Bitters, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 

Bitters, Mrs. M. 

Black, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Blacketor, Mr. and Mrs. 

Blacktor, Mr. and Mrs. Paul; Paul- 
anna. 

Blacktor, Mr. and Mrs. T. B. 

Boelter, Mr. and Mrs. Otto; Kathcr- 
ine. Otto, Jr. 

Bonine, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. 

Bonine, Mr. and Mrs. Wyle; Wyle G., 
Ernest. 

Borden, Mr. and Mrs. E. 

Boring, Mr. and Mrs.; two children. 
Bowell, Mr. and Mrs. James; 
Glen, James, Jr., Hope. 

Bowers, Mr. and Mrs. A. F. 

Bowles, Mrs. Mary. 

Bozarth, Frances. 

Bozarth, Mr. and Mrs. Jap. 

Brackett, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Brackett, Mrs. Effie; Jimmie. 

Brackett, Mr. and Mrs. L. M.; Ly- 
man. 

Brausford, Mr. and Mrs. Carl. 

Bresee, Mr. and Mrs. B. W.; Marjory, 
Audrey. 

Brewer, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Brickel, Glen. 

Brickel, Oscar; Maurice, Bernice. 

Briles, Mr. and Mrs. Dale. 

Briney, Mr. and Mrs. 

Briney, Mrs. Erma; Frank. 

Brinkman, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Ruth. 

Brookins, Mr. and Mrs. Claud; Leah, 
Wade. 

Brower, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Don- 
ald, Meredith, Fredrick. 

Brower, Mr. and Mrs. L. K.; Walter, 
George. 

Brown, Dr. and Mrs. Arch; Mary 
Ruth, Edna, Martha Alice. 

Brown, Mr. and Mrs. James D. 

Brown, Mrs. Mary; Hattie, Bessie, 
Mamie. 

Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Seldon. 

Brown, W. K. 

Brubaker, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



311 



Brubaker, Mr. and Mrs. Claude. 
Brubaker, Mr. and Mrs. Jackson; 

Mabel. 
Brubaker, Mr. and Mrs. Joel; Eugene. 
Brubaker, Mr. and Mrs. Roy. 
Bruce, Mr. and Mrs. Elza; Iretta, 

Goldie, Arthur, Freida, Gale. 
Bruce, Mr. and Mrs. Richard; George. 
Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. Frank E.; Mar- 
garet, Frances. 
Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. Guy; Wilma. 
Bryant, Mrs. Hannah. 
Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. H. L.; Pauline, 

D'Von. 
Bryant, Mr. and Mrs. Ruby; Evelyn, 

Faye, 
Buchanan, Mr. and Mrs. P. M.; Geo. 
Bundy, Mr. and Mrs. Noah; Eva, 

Ellen, Charles. 
Burns, Mr. and Mrs. Furel. 
Burns, Mr. and Mrs. Jake. 
Burns, Mr. and Mrs. J. C; Deveda, 

Albert, Robert, Charles Lee. 
Burns, Mrs. Mellissa. 
Busenberg, Mrs. Sarah. 
Bussert, Mr. and Mrs. B. 
Bussert, Mr. and Mrs. Dan; Palmer, 

William. 
Bussert, Mr. and Mrs. Salem. 
Butler, Rev. and Mrs. 
Butler, Mr. and Mrs. George; Carl. 
Buuck, Mr. and Mrs. W. O.; Wayne, 

Donald. 
Eyrer, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. 
Byrer, Mr. and Mrs. J. W.; Grace, 

Celia. 
Caflfyn, Mrs. Emma; Walter. 
Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 
Camerer, Mrs. Emma. 
Capp, Mrs. Minnie; Edward. 
Cardiamenus, George. 
Carithers, Mrs. Sarah; Fanny. 
Carlson, Mr. and Mrs. Otto; Christ- 
ine, Donald Wright. 
Carlton, Mr. and Mrs. C. B.; Isabelle, 

Josephine, Francis, Mary. 
Carter, Mr. and Mrs. Alf; Voris. 
Castle, Mr. and Mrs. Friday; Lola, 

Howard. 
Chamberlain, Mr. and Mrs. B.; Helen. 



Chamberlain, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 

Chamberlain, Mr. and Mrs. Jack. 

Chamberlain, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse; 
Bernice, Clude, Lenly, Willard, 
Sara. 

Chandler, Mr. and Mrs. S. F.; Rob- 
ert. 

Chestnut, Mrs. A. 

Chestnut, Edith. 

Chestnut, Mrs. Esther; Myrtle Jane. 

Cissel, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. 

Clarke, Miss Lenora. 

Clary, Mr. and Mrs. Elbert; Harvey. 

Clayton, Mr. and Mrs. Bernard. 

Clayton, Mr. and Mrs. Sampson; 
Ruth. 

Clinger, Mr. and Mrs. Joe. 

Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Mildred, 
Milo, Howard. 

Combs, Ted, Robert. 

Condon, Mr. and Mrs. Clark; Walter. 

Conkle, Dr. and Mrs. IJ. C; Dortha 
B., Paul, Ruth. 

Conger, Mr. and Mrs. Mildred. 

Conger, Mrs. Minnie; Mildred. 

Cook, Mr. and Mrs. D. F.; Dr. T. P. 

Cook, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. 

Cook, Mrs. Elizabeth; Ray. 

Cook, E. S. 

Cook, Howard; Pauline, Robert. 

Cook, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Lou; Harold. 

Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Will. 

Copeland. A. P.; Ruth, Arthur. 

Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene; James, 
Maurice. 

Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. G.; Kennith. 

Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. Herman; Chas., 
Herman. 

Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. 

Coplen, Milo; Porter. 

Coplen, Mr. and Mrs. O. M.; George, 
Grace, Ray Omer. 

Corbet, Mrs. Ida. 

Cornell, Mr. and Mrs. P. O. William. 

Crabbs, Mrs. Bessie. 

Crabill, Mrs. Ida; Fern, Zelma. 

Craig, Mr. and Mrs. Bert; Hubert, Al- 
bert, Mildred, Lucille, Opal. 

Craig, Mr. and Mrs. Merle. 



;312 



THE WORLD WAR 



Crane, Rev. and Mrs. George. ' 

Creviston, Mr. and Mrs. I. E.; Milo, 
Pauline, Kennith, Edna. 

•Crim, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob. 

Crose, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Crownover, Mrs. Roy. 

Crownover, Tom. 

'Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. J.; James 
Baker. 

Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. Joe. 

Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. Vine; Frances, 
Junior, Katherine, Percy. 

Daggy, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Elma, 
Verna, Densie, Nilah, Roy. 

Dague, Grant. 

Damas, Mr. and Mrs. John; Edna. 

Darrah, Mr. and Mrs. James. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Anson; Donald, 
Mary, Everette, Lela. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. A.; June. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Cy. 

Davis, Mrs. John. 

Davis, Marcellus. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Marion; Faye, 
Annabelle. 

Davidson, Mr. and Mrs. A. C. 

Davidson, Mr. and Mrs. Harold. 

Dawe, Mr. and Mrs. G. Robert. 

Dawson, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. V. 

Day, Mrs. 

Day, Mr. and Mrs. Albert. 

Delp, Flo. 

Delp, Mr. and Mrs. Will; Edw^ard, 
Howard, Helen, Lawrence, Mary, 
Alice. 

Demont, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Deniston, Mr. and Mrs. A. L.; Dor- 
thy, W. H., Jr.. Barbara. 

Deniston, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. H. 

Dillon, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. 

Dillon, Wm, A.; Grace. 

Ditmire, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

Dosh, Paul. 

Downs, Mr. and Mrs. Kennith. 

Downs, Mrs. John. 

Dubois, Mr. and Mrs. Howard; Rob- 
ert, Benny. 

Dudgeon, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Dull, Mr. and Mrs. Ransom; Cath- 
erine. 



Dulmatch, Levi 

Dunlap, Mr. and Mrs. Heber; Clair, 
Floy. 

Durkes, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Arthur, 
Berdena, Fuller. 

Drake, Mr. and Mrs. H. S. 

Drudge, Mr. and Mrs. Wilson. 

Dysert, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. 

Eash, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Easterday, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer. 

Eastwood, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Wil- 
liam, Jr., Charlie, Ethel. 

Eiler, Mrs. Martha; Bernice. 

Eisenman, Mrs. John. 

Elliott, Mrs. Lydia. 

Elliott, Mrs. Margaret, Frances. 

F.mmons, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Emmons, Mrs. Ellen. 

Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Ike. 

Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas. 

Emrick, Mrs. 

Enoch, Mrs. James. 

Entsminger, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde; 
Yetta, Merriam. 

Enyart, Mr. and Mrs. C. V. 

Erb, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence. 

Ernsperger, Mrs. Ida; Belle, Fred. 

Ewing, Joe. 

Ewing, Mrs. Margaret; Marie. 

Feece, Mr. and Mrs. Clinton E.; Don- 
ald, Vera. 

Fields, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; family. 

Feiser, Mr. and Mrs. Ed.; Arthur. 

Felts, Mrs. Kate; DeVanee, Howard, 
Dale. 

Fenstemaker, Mr. and Mrs. Ora; 
Helen. 

Ferree, Mrs. Sabitha. 

Flagg, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. E.; Doris. 

Foglesong, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; 
Harry. 

Folker, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer. 

Freece, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur; Mor- 
ton. 

Fretz, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. 

Fretz, Mr. and Mrs. Ray; Byron, 
Marjorie. 

Fristoe, Mr. and Mrs. H. A.; Mar- 
garetta, Ericson. Mrs. Eva, Axtel. 

Fromm, Mrs. Elsie. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



31J. 



Frushour, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. 

Fugate, Mr. and Mrs. G. 

Fugate, Mr. and Mrs. James; Orle, 

Cleo, Elma. 
Fugate, Sarah. 

Fulkinson, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Martin; Frank, 

Abbott, Carlton, Byrdie, Rovel. 
Fultz, Mr. and Mrs. Harlej^; Irene. 
Garner, John. 
Geyer, Mr. and Mrs. John L.; Buel. 

Herchel. 
Gibbons, Mr. and Mrs. W. C. 
Gibson, Mr. and Mrs. Earl; Lepna, 

Herschel, Chas. 
Gilbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. H. A. 
Gilbaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Israel; Elsie, 

Geneva, Eugene. 
Gilbert, Mrs. Lavina; Charles. 
Gilliland, Mr. and Mrs. R. K.; Mary, 

Geiger, Robert, Alice, Wm., 

James. 
Ginther, Mr. and Mrs. Jay. 
Ginther, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Ginther, Martha C. 
Glick, Mr. and Mrs. E. 
Goltry, Mr. and Mrs. B. O.; Voris, 

Luther, Ferman, Florence, Opal, 

Grace. 
Good, Mr. and Mrs. 
Good, Mr. and Mrs. I. N. 
Good, Mr. and Mrs. Wesley; Clarice, 

Max, Leona. 
Goodrich, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred. 
Goodwin, Mr. and Mrs. A. B.; Helen. 
Gordon, Mr. and Mrs. Bill; Dorthy. 
Gordon, Mr. and Mrs. R. M.; Elmer. 
Gorden, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Lillian, 

Margaret. 
Goss, Mr. and Mrs. Geo.; Harold. 
Goss, Mrs. Mary. 
Goss, Mr. and Mrs. O. B.; Edna, 

Raymond. 
Gould, Dr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Graber, Mrs. Effie; Merriam. 
Graffis, L. M. 
Greer, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 
Gregory, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Omer, 

Harry. 
Green, Mr. and Mrs. A. B.; Dwight. 



Greeen, B. F.; Elsie. 
Green, Mrs. Rachel A. 
Green, Mrs. W. H.; Georgia. 
Gribben, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Hester, 

Dwight. 
Grimes, Mr. and Mrs. Hez; Ruth, 

Ethel. 
Gross, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene; Samuel,. 

David, Fredrick, Harriet, Irene. 
Grove, Mrs. O. K. 
Hagan, Mr. and Mrs. Otis. 
Haimbaugh, Dr. and Mrs. D.; George 

Don. 
Hall, Mr. and Mrs. John; Elbert,- 

Pauline, Genivere, Helen. 
Harper, Mr. and Mrs. Will; Delta,. 

Blanche, Dorthy. 
Hardin, Mr. and Mrs. William H.; 

Olive, Max. 
Haren, Mr. and Mrs. 
Harrison, Mrs. Mary. 
Hartle, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur. 
Hartman, Mr. and Mrs. L. D.; Dale, 

Walter. 
Hartung, Mr. and Mrs. Carl; Robert, 

Phillip. 
Hartung, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; 

George. 
Haslett, Mr. and Mrs. Foster 
Hattery, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 
Hawkins, Mr. and Mrs. Percy. 
Hay, Mr. and Mrs. Mel, Marjory. 
Hay ward, Mrs. Mary. 
Heath, Mr. and Mrs. Perry; Curtner. 
Heck, Katherine. 
Hedges, Mr. and Mrs. Sam; Arline, 

Gilbert. 
Heeter, Mr. and Mrs. F. A. 
Heeter, Mr. and Mrs. L. W. ; Mary, 

Harold, Fred. 
Henderson, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde; 

Huron, Geneva. 
Henderson. Myrtle. 
Hendrickson, Mr. and Mrs. John; 

Donald, Dale. 
Hendrickson, Mr. and Mrs. O. M. 
Hendrickson, Mr. and Mrs. R. B.; 

Earnest, Mable, Olive, Joseph. 

Alice. 
Henthorn, Mrs. Ella. 



!14 



THE WORLD WAR 



Herbster, Mr. and Mrs. J.; Albert, 
Luther, Madeline. 

Herring, Charles. 

Hetzner, Mr. and Mrs. M. 

Hill, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Hill, Mrs. J. J. 

Hill, John; Clarence. 

Hill, Mr. and Mrs. J. P.; Mary, Rob- 
ert. 

Hill, Mr. and Mrs. Marsh. 

Hill, Mr. and Mrs. Mel; Margaret, 
Morton, Byron, Isabelle. 

Hilburn, Ferd. 

Hisey, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 

Hoffman, Mrs. Anna. 

Hoffman, Mr. and Mrs. Sam. 

Hoffman, Mrs. Wm. 

Hogue, Carrie. 

Holloway, Mr. and Mrs. Granvil. 

Holman, George. 

Holman, Mr. and Mrs. Hugh; Evan- 
geline, Hugh. 

Holman, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. 

Holman, Mrs. Minta; Nina, Earl. 

Holtz, Mr. and Mrs. L. G.; Harry, 
Irene. 

Holzman, Mrs. E. 

Holzman, Henry. 

Hood, Mr. and Mrs. H. H.; Martha, 
Mary Jane, Hannah. 

Hoover, Mr. and Mrs. Cal. 

Hoover, Mrs. Elizabeth. 

Hoover, Jake. 

Hodver, Mr. and Mrs. John; Tom. 

Hoover, Mrs. Margaret; Trude. 

House, Mr. and Mrs. Walter; Elsie, 
Edgar, Helen. 

Howard, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph. 

Howard, Mr. and Mrs. Will; Ayrton, 
George. 

Hudtwalcker, Mrs. 

Hunneshagen, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; 
Hazel. 

Hunter, Mrs. Effie; Leona, Rex 

Hunter, Mr. and Mrs. Otis. 

Hurst, Mrs. Bessie; Jonathan, George, 
Edith. 

Irvin, Mrs. Grace; Barrett. 

Irvin, Mr. and Mrs. M. A.; Conrad; 
Wilbur, Milo, Gilbert, Rose. 



Ivey, Mr. and Mrs. I. W.; Charles. 

Izzard, Mr. and Mrs. Charles. 

Izzard, Mr. and Mrs. Newton. 

Jackson, Mrs. Chas. 

Jackson, Willis. 

Jamison, T. E. 

Jenkins, Mrs. Elza; Minnie. 

Jewell, Mr. and Mrs. C. R. 

Jewell, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. 

Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Ru- 
dolph, Helen, Mildred, Arthur. 

Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Amos; Mabel. 

Johnson, J. C. 

Johnson, Mrs. Nettie; Frank. 

Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. R. C. 

Jones, M. C. 

Jones, Mr. and Mrs. Perry. 

Karn, Mrs. Reuben. 

Keel, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Carl, 
Luther. 

Keel, Mr. and Mrs. J. T.; Estella, 
Bessie. 

Keel, Mr. and Mrs. S. W. Byron; 
Myron, Chleo, Leo. 

Kepler, Mr. and Mrs. C. K. 

Kepler, Mr. and Mrs. J. F.; Edna. 

Kersey, Noah. 

Kessler, Mrs. Del; family. 

Kestner, Mrs. Matilda; William. 

Kile, Mr. and Mrs. Ray; Letha, 
Charles, Foster, Stanley, Wayne. 

Kilmer, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Baker, 
Lucile. 

Kilmer, Mr. and Mrs. W. C; Robert 
Lee. 

Kimes, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. 

Kindig, Douglas. 

King, Dr. M. O. 

King, Mrs. Samantha. 

Kirkendall, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Ray- 
mond, Howard. 

Kline, Mr. and Mrs. James; Gladys, 
Tilman, Roy, Mabel, Wm., Cecil. 

Klise, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey. 

Knickelbine ,Mr. and Mrs. Albert; 
Howard, Mary, Chester. 

Knight, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas; Beat- 
rice. 

Koshendefer, Mr. and Mrs. Ben. 

Krathwohl, Dave. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



315 



Kratzer, Mrs. B. F. 

Kriegel, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Kuhn, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Maurine, 
Barbara, Eveline, James. 

Lacey, Rev. and Mrs. J. H. 

Laudaman, Mr. and Mrs. E. Q.; Faye, 
Fern. 

Leavell, Mrs. Allie. 

Leiter, Mrs. Caroline. 

Leiter, Ethel. 

Leiter, Mrs. Lyda; Jane, MoUie, 
Catherine Hunneshagen, 

Leiter, Mr. and Mrs. U.; Hazel, Flor- 
ence, Robert. 

Leiter, W. J.; Delia, May, Fred. 

Leonard, Mr. and Mrs. Clem; Mil- 
dred, Catherine. 

Leonard, Mrs. Lucille; George, John. 

Levi, Mrs. Bertha; Florence. 

Levi, Mr. and Mrs. Joe; Jeanette. 

Lewis, Mr. and Mrs. Ephraim. 

Lewis, John; Robert, Russel, James. 

Lewis, Mr. and Mrs. S. M. 

Linkenhelt, Mr. and Mrs. Lou. 

Litchenwalter, Dr. and Mrs.; DeVon, 
Dale, Pauline, Ruth, Alden. 

Long, Mrs. H. C; Horace. 

Loring, Dr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Lough, Clyde. 

Lowden, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Lowman, Eva, Treva, Ray, Roy, 
Moneta. 

Lowman, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Lowman, Mrs. Jennie; Jessie. 

Loy, Mr. and Mrs. William; Lucille. 

Lunsford, Mrs. Leota. 

McCall, Mr. and Mrs. Walter; Lewis, 
Herman. 

McCance, Mr. and Mrs. Dave. 

McCarter, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; 
Catherine. 

McCarter, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Se- 
retta, Veda. 

McCarter, Mr. and Mrs. Harley; Lil- 
lian. 

McCarter, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac. 

McCarty, Murray. 

McDowell, Mr. and Mrs. H.; Sadie. 

McElwee, Mr. and Mrs. R. J. 

Mclntyre, Mrs. Lovell. 



Mclntyre, Mr. and Mrs. Dan; Er- 
nest, Bessie, Millicent, Frances. 

Mclntyre, Mrs. Mark; Carmen, De- 
Verl. 

McKiay, Jasper. 

McKee, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Bessie, 
Agnes, Gladys, Katherine. 

McKee, Frank; Robert, Rhu. 

McKee, Mrs. Martha. 

McMahan, Edwin. 

McMahan, Mr. and Mrs. Otto; Reva- 
belle, Robert, George. 

McMahan, Mrs. Rebecca; Jessie, 
John, James. 

McPherson, Mr. and Mrs. Jake. 

McVean, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

McVey, Mr. and Mrs. Luther; Lethia. 

Mackey, Mrs. J.; Joe, Luella. 

Madary, Mrs. Gertrude; Inez, Roy. 

Manley, Mr. and Mrs. Will. 

Manning, Lillian. 

Manning, Mr. and Mrs. L. L.; Velma, 
Opal, Mildred. 

Marsh, Misses Etta and Nettie. 

Marsh, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Martin, Mr. and Mrs. Harrison. 

Martin, Mr. and Mrs. J. Gordon; 
John Gordon, Jr. 

Mason, Mr. and Mrs. Eddie; George, 
Robert. 

Mason, Mr. and Mrs. James T. 

Masteller, Mrs. Tully; Fern. 

Masters, Olie. 

Masterson, Mr. and Mrs. Harold; 
Frances. 

Masterson, Mr. and Mrs. James. 

Masterson, Mrs. William. 

Mattice, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. 

Metcalf, Mrs. 

Metz, Mrs. Versa; Jack Marvin. 

Metzler, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur; Mar- 
jory, Louise. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. A. E.; Merriam, 
Robert. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Archie B. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Clem; Clarence. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Earl. 

Miller, Mrs. Elizabeth. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Robert. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 



316 



THE WORLD WAR 



Miller, Mr. and Mrs. H. G.; Marjory, 

Hiram. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Lee; Belva. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Robert. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Vincent; Ray, 

Sylvia, Harold. 
Mills, Mr. and Mrs. Ira; Wessley, 

Glen. 
Minter, Mrs. S. 

Mitchell, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Fred. 
Mitchell, Mr. and Mrs. Dora; Phillip, 

Daisy. 
Mitchell, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Mary 

Angeline. 
Mogle, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Robert, 

Everett, Hubert. 
Mogle, Mrs. Ella. 
Mohler, Mr. and Mrs. Ed; Marjorie, 

Cutis, Hilda West. 
Montgomery, Mr. and Mrs. Guy; 

Frances, Harold Dee. 
Montgomery, Mr. and Mrs. Harley; 

Barr. 
Montgomery, Mrs. Madge. 
Moore, Mrs. Anna. 
Moon, Rev. and Mrs. F. C. 
Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Moore, Mr. and Mrs. F. F.; Robert. 
Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Helen, 

Hugh. 
Moore, Mr. and Mrs. James; Ralph, 

Frances, Johan. 
Moore, Mrs. Jennie. 
Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Lee; Guy. 
Moon, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. 
Morgan, Mr. and Mrs. John; Burdett, 

Harold. 
Morningstar, Mrs.; Charles. 
Mow, Mr. and Mrs. Enoch. 
Mow^, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 
New, Isom. 
Mow, John. 

Mow, Mrs. Viola; Lee. 
Mullen, Ethel. 

Murphy, Mr. and Mrs. Columbus. 
Murphy, Mr. and Mrs. E. E.; Robert, 

Hugh, Mabel Irene Mohler. 
Murphy, Mr. and Mrs. T. C. 
Musser, Mrs. Sarah; Bertha, William. 



Musselman, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; 

Glen, Lefa, Don, Opal, Lova. 
Mutchler, Charles. 
Mutchler, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. 
Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Al; Charlie. 
Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Enoch. 
Meyer, Mr. and Mrs. Henry, Beryl. 
Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob; Bertha, 

Anna. 
Myers, Joe. 
Myers, Mrs. Jonas. 
Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Julian; Julia 

Anne. 
Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Leroy. 
Myers, Mrs. Mollie. 
Myers, Mrs. Nancy; Rose, Congo. 
Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Ray; Jacob. 
Neher, Mr. and Mrs. John; Russel. 
Newby, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 
Newcomb, Mr. and Mrs. William; 

Dean, Alida. 
Newcomer, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; 

Edna, Robert, Annebelle, Milo. 
Newcomer, Mr. and Mrs. Ray; Don- 
ald, Harold. 
Newman, Mrs. Anna M. 
Nicodemus, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; 

Harry, Fred. 
Nichols, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Hugh, 

Charlotte, Charles. 
Niece, Dal. 
Niece, Mark. 

Niven, Rev. and Mrs. W. J.; Jimmie. 
Noftsger, Mr. and Mrs. Ben. 
Norris, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 
Norris, Mrs. Fern; Elizabeth. 
Norris, Mrs. Mary. 
Norris, Mr. and Mrs. Will; Steele, 

Wade, Nilah, Rachael, Jane, Billy. 
Nutt, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
O'Blenis, Mr. and Mrs. James; Nellie. 
Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. Alvin; Lucy. 

Lowell, Mark. 
Onstott, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 
Onstott, Mr. and Mrs. Ike; family. 
Orr, Mr. and Mrs. Eldridge; Thomas, 

Russel, John, Walter. 
Orr, Mrs. Mary; Robert. 
Orr, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Edna, Wm. 
Osborne, Mrs. Jennie. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



317 



Osborn, Mr. and Mrs. Robert; Jay. 

Osgood, Mrs. 

Oxiey, Mr. and Mrs. Ora; Clara Mae, 

Ruby. 
Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. C. C; Hen- 
rietta, Florence. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey; Es- 
ther, Thelma, Nettie. 
Packer, Mrs. Nissa. 
Painter, Mr. and Mrs. Sant; Lucile, 

Paul, Carrie. 
Paremore, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Myra. 
Parcell, Mr. and Mrs. Steve. 
Parker, Mr. and Mrs. Emett; Lorena, 

Henry, Mary Emily Christal. 
Parker, Norah. 
Parker, Mr. and Mrs. Sam. 
Parker, Mr. and Mrs. William. 
Paschall, Mr. and Mrs. Carl. 
Paschall, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Patton, Mrs. Pearl; Mabel, Josephine, 

Robert. 
Perry, Mr. and Mrs. L. B.; Reva, 

Walter. 
Perschbacher, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; 

Fredrich, Katherine. 
Personette, Arwesta. 
Peters, Mr. and Mrs. Sterling. 
Peterson, Mrs. Carrie; Raymond. 
Peterson, Mrs. Sarah. 
Pfeiflfer, Mr. and Mrs. H.; Lucius, 

Edward, Mary. 
Phillips, Mr. and Mrs. Sam; Irw^in. 
Pike, Mr. and Mrs. O. 
Plank, Mr. and Mrs. C. K. 
Pollay, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob; Esther, 

Ida, Sylvia. 
Pontius, Mrs. Delia; Guy. 
Pontius, Mr. and Mrs. Roscoe. 
Pontius, Mr. and Mrs. Telly; Ruth, 

Howard. 
I'orter, Mr. and Mrs. Marion. 
Preston, Mr. and Mrs. D. E. 
Prill, Mr. and Mrs. Ray; Donald, De- 

voris, Mildred, Mary, Claud. 
Primans, Mrs. Ella. 
Pugh, Mrs. Lida. 
Pyle, Mr. and Mrs. C. E.; Mary. 
Pyle, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Quigg, Mr. and Mrs. 



Rannells, Mr. and Mrs. E. A.; Rob- 
ert, Lucile, Kathleen. 

Rannells, Mrs. Emma. 

Rannells, Mr. and Mrs. Robert; Jean, 
John. 

Rausch, Mr. and Mrs. Val; Emma. 

Ravencroft, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph; 
John, Holden, Edward. M 

Raymer, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Kath- 
leen, Claribel. 

Rea, Mrs. Sylvia A.; Lucretia. 

Reddick, Mr. and Mrs. Oren; Ralph, 
Amos. 

Redinger, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; 
Gladys, Lloyd, Hilda. 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Alvin. 

Reed, Almetta. 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Floyd. 

Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Warren; Edith. 

Rees, Mrs. M. O.; Hermie, Mabel. 

Reeder, Mr. and Mrs. Martin. 

Reiter, Mrs. Anna. 

Reiter, Mr. and Mrs. H. A.; Helen. 

Reinhart, Mr. and Mrs. Ira; Edyth, 
Martha. 

Reiter, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. 

Reno, Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence; Don- 
ald. 

Rhodes, Mrs. Clara; Cyril. 

Rice, Mr. and Mrs. 

Richards, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Richardson, Mr. and Mrs. C. ; Fairy. 

Richardson, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; 
Frances, Glen. 

Richardson, Mr. and Mrs. K. P. 

Richter, Mr. and Mrs. Mark. 

Richmond, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Roy, 
Ruth, Harry. 

Richter, Mr. and Mrs. Leslie; Eliza- 
beth. 

Rickman, Mr. and Mrs. Robert. 

Robbins. A, D. 

Robbins, Mrs. A. F.; Fred. 

Robbins, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. E.; 
Clara, Mae, Fred, Grace, Edith, 
Howard, Angeline. 

Robbins, Mrs. Clara; Fern. 

Robins, Mrs. Cyrus. 

Robbins, Mrs. Lavina; Sard. 



318 



THE WORLD WAR 



Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Otto. 
Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. David; Ken- 

nith, Harold, Helen. 
Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. Willie. 
Rolls, Mrs. Mallissa. 
Roming, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse; Mary 

Ruth. 
Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Zora, 

Mildred, Donald. 
Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Pearl, 

Ruth. 
Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 
Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 
Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Loy; Myrtle. 
Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Omar; Harold, 

Bernice, Emory, Harriet, Leslie. 
Roth, Mrs. Mary, Edna. 
Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. Glen. 
Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. W. H.; Pearl. 
Rowley, Mr. and Mrs. Julius.- 
Rude, Mr. and Mrs. Sylvester. 
Ruh, Mr. and Mrs. Alex. 
Ruh, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 
Runner, E. E.; Sylvia. 
Russel, Mr. and Mrs. Faye; Mildred, 

Pauline. 
Sanders, Mr. and Mrs. Elza; Ellen. 
Sanders, Mrs. W. F.; John, Maud, 

Marion. 
Sayg-er, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Schall, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Schertz, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; Trma. 
Schmitt, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Harley 

A. 
Schuler, Edw^ard. 
Scott, Mr. and Mrs. F. K. 
Seaman, Mrs. Martha; Anna, Grace. 
See, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Elsie, Don- 

. aid. 
Seigfred, Mr. and Mrs. Atvi^ell. 
Shafer, Dr. and Mrs. Hov\rard; Betty, 

David, John. 
Shafer, Mrs. Laura. 
Shafer, Mr. and Mrs. Tommie. 
Shafer, Mrs. W. S. 

Sheets, Mr. and Mrs. Clay; Mildred,^ 
John W., Martha, Dee, Donald, 
Arthur. 
Sheets, Mr. and Mrs. W. H.; Estell, 
Loy, Leon. 



Sheets, Edna. 
Sheets, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Shelton, Mr. and Mrs. Horace. 
Shelton, Mr. and Mrs. John; Louise, 

Leone. 
Shelton, Mrs. Martha. 
Shelton, Mr. and Mrs. Maurice; fam- 

iiy. 

Sherbondy, Mr. and Mrs. Bruce; 
Laura. 

Sheridan, Mr. and Mrs. Michael; 
Charles, Helen. 

Sherrill, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Sheward, Mr. and Mrs. B. F.; Lucille. 

Shindler, John. 

Shiply, Mr. and Mrs. Bryant. 

Shiply, Mr. and Mrs. M. O.; Max- 
Frank, John Ross. 

Shobe, Mrs. Cy. 

Shobe, Mr. and Mrs. Ed; Ruby. 

Shobe, Mr. and Mrs. Herb; Mattie. 
Hattie, Everett. 

Shobe, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. 

Shonk, Mrs. Caroline; Eveline. 

Shontz, Mr. and Mrs. George; Lena, 

Shore, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur; Byron. 

Shore, Mr. and Mrs. C. K. 

Shore, Mr. and Mrs. Earl B.; Glen- 
don, Wilnetta. 

Shore, Mrs. P. M. 

Shott, Mr. and Mrs. Gust; Robert, 
Irene, Margaret, Hubert. 

Show^alter, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; 
Maxine, Eveline. 

Shuman, Mr. and Mrs. A. M.; Helen, 
Ruth. 

Shriver, Mr. and Mrs. Everett. 

Shryer, Mrs. Maude; Lillian. 

Slusher, Mr. and Mrs.' Wm. 

Smiley, Mr. and Mrs. LaVerne. 

Smith, Admiral; Arthur, Madeline. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Curtis, 
Ermil. 

Smith, Mrs. Amos. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest; Phyllis, 
Robert, James, Nellie Mae. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Ed F.; Joseph- 
ine, Liston. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Thelma, 
Frank, Jr. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



319 



Smith, Mrs. Ella. 

Smith, George; Mildred, Wilma. 

Smith, Guy. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Smith, Mrs. Laura; Amie. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Milo; Venus, 
Grace, Bernice, Victor. ' 

Smith, Mrs. Molly; Celia. 

5mith, Mr. and Mrs. O. B.; Percy, 
Genevive. 

Snails, Mrs. A. E. 

Snapp, Mr. and Mrs. Cecil. 

Snowgrass, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. James; Fern. 

Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. Jos.; Esta, Lula, 
Norman, x^lfred, Lenora. 

Spade, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Spohn, Mr. and Mrs. Francis; Hazel, 
Charles, Dorthy, Elsie, Ruth, 
Omer. 

Spotts, Mrs. 

Spotts, Lewis M. 

Squires, Mr. and Mrs. Rube; Arthur. 

Stacy, Mr. and Mrs. William H.; 
Mary, Russel. 

Stahl, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; Donald. 

Stahl, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. 

Stauffer, Mr. and Mrs. C; Paul. 

Stanley, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Stanton, Mrs. E. C. 

.'^teffy, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Ethel, 
Earl, Earnest, Elsie, Elsworth, 
Claude, Carl. 

Stegeman, Mr. and Mrs. Carl; Mag- 
deline, Carl, Jr. 

Steininger, Mr. and Mrs. Artie; Net- 
tie, Lloyd, Herschel, Paul. 

Stengel, Mr. and Mrs. O. W.; George. 

Sterner, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Stetson, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Ra}^ 

Stevenson, Mr. and Mrs. W. K. 

Stockberger, Mr. and Mrs. Joel; Den- 
nis, Margaret. 

Stoner, Mr. and Mrs. N. R.; Rosella, 

Howard, Francis, Robert. 

Stingly, Mr. and Mrs. Peter; Grace. 

Stinson, Mr. and Mrs. Webster; Lo- 
retta, Bernice. 

Stinson, Mrs. L. 

Sutherland, Dr. and Mrs. Ruth. 



Swabey, Mr. and Mrs. E. C; Mary, 
Helen, Laura. 

Swabey, Mrs. Mary. 

Swartwood, Mr. and Mrs. John; How- 
ard, Donald, Harold. 

Swartwood, Mr. and Mrs. Sam. 

Swartwood, Mrs. Sarah. 

Sweany, Mr. and Mrs. Hyron; Rob- 
erta. 

Sweat, Mr. and Mrs. Ben. 

Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Hubert. 

I'aylor, Mrs. Deliah. 

Taylor, Dr. and Mrs. Harley; Ma- 
rietta. 

Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Orbra. 

Terry, Mr. and Mrs. F. H.; Lyon, 
Sarah. 

Thalman, Mrs. Belle; Harry. 

Thompson, Mrs. Ed; Everett, Mar- 
jorie. 

Thornburg, Mrs. Elda; Harold, Cath- 
erine. 

Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. H. J.; Stella. 

Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. Ike. 

Thrush, Mrs. Ellen; Rufus. 

Thrush, Mr. and Mrs. Harold. 

Timbers, Mr. aind Mrs. O. R. 

Tipton, Mr. and Mrs. Fred. 

Tipton, Mrs. Isaac; Raymond. 

Townsend, Mr. and Mrs. Joel. 

Totman, Mr. and Mrs. F. M.; Marion. 

Tracy, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Flavilla. 

Trimble, Mrs. Jennie. 

True, Chas. 

True, Mr. and Mrs. R. P.; Lucy, 
Grace. 

Troutman, Mr. and Mrs. Olvin; baby. 

Turner, Frank, Isabelle, Nona, Marie. 

Van Blaricon, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; 
Nellie. 

Van Dien, Mr. and Mrs. Bert; AI- 
bertus, Gwendolyn, Mary Ann. 

Van Dien, Mr. and Mrs. Burdett. 

Van Trump, Mr. and Mrs. Carl. 

Van Trump, Mr. and Mrs. Harold; 
Helen. 

Van Trump, Mr. and Mrs. Pete; 
Elizabeth, Martha. 

Vawter, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred; Hope. 

Vawters, Mrs. Sarah A. 



320 



THE WORLD WAR 



Vawter, Mr. and Mrs. Ed; Merriam, 
Alice, Helen. 

Veirs, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence; Mar- 
garet, Annabelle. 

Viverette, Mr. and Mrs. A. J.; Do- 
lores. 

Von Ehrnstein, Emily. 

Wagner, Mrs. Elizabeth; Margaret. 

Wagner, Mr. and Mrs. Wallace; Don- 
ald, Helen, Walter, Mary, Mer- 
ril, Howard. 

Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs. Elsworth; 
Vivian. 

Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs. Omer. 

Wagoner, Mr. and Mrs. W. D.; Dor- 
thy. 

Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; 
George, Byron. 

Wallace, George H.; Ruth, Harry. 

Wallace, Madge. 

Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. R. C. 

Walters, Mrs. Catherine. 

Walters, Mr. and Mrs. S. B.; Robert, 
Martha Louise. 

Walter, Mrs. Vera; George, Harry, 
Frances. 

Ward, Mrs. Blanche; Henrietta. 

Ward, Mr. and Mrs. Gus; Robert, 
Ray, Ralph. 

Ward, Stella. 

Welch, Leona. 

Wenger, Mrs. Catherine. 

Wenger, Mr. and Mrs. S. A. 

Werner, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Marvel, 
Robert, Florence, Eveline. 

Wertz, Mr. and Mrs. L. I.; Forrest, 
Olive, Margaret. 

West, Mr. and Mrs. B. O. 

West, Helen O. 

Weygandt, Rev. J. B. 

Wheadon, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. 

White, Mrs. J. C; Florence, Marie, 
Frances. 

Whitmer, Mr. and Mrs. A. L; Or- 
ville. 

Wicks, Mr. and Mrs. Earl. 

Wicks, Mr. and Mrs. Mark. 

Wilder, J. S.; Mary. 

Wile, Mrs. M.; Ike, Arthur, Lee, 
Rose. 



Willard, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; 
Joshua, Daniel. 

Williamson, Wm. 

Wilmont, Mr. and Mrs. Ed; Hildred,, 
James. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde. 

Wils'on, Mrs. Emma; Helen, Etta. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Mar- 
garet, Dorthy, Marjorie. 

Wilson, Dr. M. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Wolf, Mrs. Angle; Herma. 

Wolf, Mrs. H. E.; Roy, Esther. 

Wolf, Dessa. 

Woods, Mr. and Mrs. 

Woods, Mrs. M. 

Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Wrentmore, Mr. and Mrs. A.; Law- 
rence, Marjorie. 

Wright, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Faye, 
Lefa, Ruth Rena. 

Wynn, Mr. and Mrs. Arlie. 

Wylie, Mr. and Mrs. Robert; George, 
Donald, Ardine, Lucile. 

Yike, Mr. and Mrs.; Annabelle, Mar- 
tha. 

Young, Mr. and Mrs. Elliott; Warren. 

"^ oung, Mr. and Mrs. H. G. ; Carl, 
Helen. 

Young, Mr. and Mrs. Levi. 

1 oung, Mr. and Mrs. U. B.; Thurston,. 
Velma, Charles, Jack. 

Young, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Zachman, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Zeazel, Mr. and Mrs. Joe; Rebecca, 
Clinton. 

Zimmerman, Mr. and Mrs. Leo; Em- 
erson, Herbert, Leo, Jr., Major, 
Valentine. 

Zimmerman, Mr. and Mrs. Lon; 
Sarah, J. 

Zimmerman, Mr. and Mrs. Val. 

Zimmerman, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; 
Nina, Dale, Lura, Wilma, Byron, 
Ralph, Martha. 

Zolman, Mrs. Martha. 

Zook, Mrs. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



321 



Flo, Robert. 



Ralph, Ruby, 



Adams, Mr. and Mrs. A. A. 

Albert, Mr. and Mrs. R. D. 

Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred 

Anderson, Mrs. Ruth 

Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. W. T.; 
Keith, Lloyd. 

Arnott, John. 

Ash, Mr. and Mrs 

Ayers, Mrs. Belle. 

Bainter, Ralph. 

Baldwin, Olie; Hugh 
Goldie. 

Barger, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel J.; Wil- 
liam, Edwin, Mary. 

Barker, Mrs. Nancie. 

Barker, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. A. 

Barnett, Mr. and Mrs. John; Enid, 
Edith, Alex. 

Barrie, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. 

Barsh, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 

Baxter, Mr. and Mrs. Sam; Ray Ger- 
trude, Bill, Herschel. 

Bennett, Amanda. 

Bennett, Lee. 

Benson, Mr. and Mrs. 

Bixler, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel B.; Or- 
ville, George. 

Bixler, Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan. 

Blausser, Mr. and Mrs. Eliza; Lu- 
cille. 

Blausser, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Fred- 
erick. 

Blosser, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. 

Bowersox, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Brant, Mr. and Mrs. Arnold; Edward, 
Wm. 

Bremon, Mr. and Mrs. John; Mar- 
garet. 

Brice; Mr. and Mrs. Daniel. 

Bringham, Wilber. 

Brodsord, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Brooker, Mr. and Mrs. David; Edwin, 
Maud, Mildred, Nobeline, Lois. 

Brooker, Edward; Lois. 

Brooker, Isaac. 

Brooker, Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph. 

Brooker, Mr. and Mrs. Walter; Gen- 
e-.n. 



Union Township 

Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 



/Bruce, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Bruce, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Elvon, 
Burdell, Ralph. 

Bruce, Miss Glen. 

Bruce, Mr. and Mrs. Stephen. 

Buchanan, Mr. and Mrs. E. J. 

Burk, Mrs. Samuel. 

Burns, Mr. and Mrs. James; Bernice, 
Donna, Ruth. 

Callahan, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Calvin, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur. 

Calvin, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. M.; Edith. 

Calvin, Mr. and Mrs. V. W.; Edna. 

Calvin, Mr. and Mrs. Vere S. 

Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. C. C; Mil- 
dred. 

Campbell, Frank; Lester, Doyle, Dor- 
tha. 

Cannon, Mr. and Mrs. E. C. 

Cannon, Mrs. Mollie; Evert. 

Cannon, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Hugh. 

Carr, Mr. and Mrs. J. H.; John, Wil- 
ber, Thomas, Catherine, Nancy. 

Carter, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest. 

Carter, Mrs. John. 

Carter, Marian, Sadie, Frederick. 

Clark, Mrs. Lizzie. 

Clark, Samuel. 

Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Cylde; Ruth 
Alene, Lois Irene. 

Collins, Mr. and Mrs. S. S.; Cecil. 

Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Wat. 

Compton, Mr. and Mrs. Feilder; Fr- 
mal,, Frances. 

Cook, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Robert, 
Lois. 

Cook, Mr. and Mrs. O. E. 

Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Melvin. 

Corsant, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Dor- 
tha, Chas. R., Oscar M. 

Cox, Bert. 

Cummings, Mr. and Mrs. Riley. 

Cummings, Mr. and Mrs. Warren; 
Audra Irene. 

Cummon, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph. 

Crabb, Mr. and Mrs. Alvah; Ersa, 
Thelma, Opal. 



322 



THE WORLD WAR 



Crabill, Mr. and Mrs. Harrison; 
Mabel, Mildred. 

Crabill, Mr. and Mrs. Judson; Lu- 
cille, Catherine. 

Crabill, Mr. and Mrs. Lester; Savilla, 
Ulysses, Dewey, Carl, Ermal. 

Daniel,*Mr. and Mrs. L. E.; Ruth. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Opal, 
Donald. 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; children. 

Dellinger, Mr. and Mrs. John; John 
Foster. 
eMoss, Mrs. Grace; Vera, Velma, 
Mamie. 

Denniston, Mr. and Mrs. J. M.; 
Mabel. 

DeVault, Mr. and Mrs. E. B. and 
children. 

DeWitt, Mr. and Mrs. Allen; Robert, 
Thurman. 

Dukes, N. E. 

Eger, Jacob; Ezra, Homer, Ralph, 
Pearl, Roy, Martha. 

Eiseman, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; 
Blanch. 

Elston, Mr. and Mrs. W. C; Harriet, 
Ruth. 

Emmons, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Her- 
ald, Annabelle, Thelma, Carl, 
Donald. 

Enyart, Mr. and Mrs. Erve; Foster. 

Enyart, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar. 

Enyart, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph. 

Epler, Mr. and Mrs. James; Aneda. 

Epler, Mrs. Mary. 

Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Hugh. 

Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer O.; Carl 
Hugh. 

Evans, Joe; Jake. 

Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Ewing, Mr. and Mrs. Wilber; Harry, 
Chloe. 

Fairchild, Mr. and Mrs. Newton J.; 
Jessie, Paul. 

Fansler, Mr. and Mrs. Stephen; Ber- 
tha, Mary, Arthur, Ann, Gilbert, 
Earl, Richard, Emma, Lester, 
Donald. 

Earner, Mrs. Minnie; Athene. 



Feilds, Mrs. 

Feilds, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Cesil. 
Felder, Mr. and Mrs. A. E.; Grant. 
Felder, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Mary 

Ellen, Roseva, Carl. 
Felder, Mr. and Mrs. Chris.; Arthur, 

Frank. 
Felder, Mr. and Mrs. Clifford. 
Felty, Jonathan. 

Foglesong, Mr. and Mrs. Donald. 
Foglesong, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph. 
Foglesong, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Laura. 
Franklin, Mr. and Mrs. John E. 
Freind, Mr. and Mrs. Mathew; John. 
Garman, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W.; 

Dola, Trella, Victor, Ralph. 
Garman, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Harry, 

Jr. 
Garman, Mr. and Mrs. Leroy; 

Louisa. 
Gibbs, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence; Wal- 
ter. 
Gilbert, Dr. and Mrs. A. L 
Geiseman, Mr. and Mrs. Forest E.; 

Opal. 
Gillespie, Mr. and Mrs. Bert. 
Gillespie, Mrs. Warn. 
Gillespie, Mr. and Mrs. Mrs. Van- 

tyle; Frances Lucille. 
Gohl, Mr. and Mrs. W. H.; Earnest, 

Chester. 
Gorshine, Mrs. Susan; Bert. 
Gorshine, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. M. 
Gotschalk, Mr. and Mrs. Edward; 

Elnora, John. 
Gould, Mr. and Mrs. F. P.; Helen, 

Florence, Mary, Gertrude. 
Graffis, Mr. and Mrs. George. 
Graffis, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E.; 

Fred. 
Graffs, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Bessie, 

Edna, Mammie. 
Gray, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. F.; Mary. 
Guise, Mr. and Mrs. Aden; Leota. 
Guise, Daniel. 
Guise, Mr. and Mrs. Earl. 
Guise, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey. 
Guise, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 
Guyer, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Paul. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



323 



Haag, Mr. and Mrs. H. D.; Carl, 
Grace, Edith, Ernest. 

Hammilton, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph. 

Harding, A. P.; A. P., Jr. 

Harris, Mr. and Mrs. Wilfred. 

Hartman, Mrs. Sarah. 

Harrison, Mr. and Mrs. Thos. H.; 
Paul. 

Hecktor, Mr. and Mrs. Axel; Carl, 

Ruth, Adolph, Ethel, Edwin. 

Heminger, Mr. and Mrs. Amos; Vio- 
let. 

Heminger, Mr. and Mrs. Lenord; 
John, Whitfield, Helen. 

Henrichs, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel. 

Henrichs, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Cuba, 
Daniel. 

Henrichs, Mr .and Mrs. Wm.; Mar- 
garet. 

Hensinger, David; Neoma, Lester, 
Orpha 

Henderson, Mr. and Mrs. Bert; Void, 
Ruby. 

Henderson, Mr. and Mrs. Eli. 

Henderson, Mrs. Isaac. 

Henderson, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Hendrickson, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; 
Robert, Louise, Loretta. 

Hendrick, Mr. and Mrs. George; 
Anna, Virgil. 

Herd, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Herman, Mr. and Mrs. David; Mor- 
ris. 

Hern, Harry. 

Herr, Mr. and Mrs. John; Cyril, Paul, 
Catherine. 

Hetzner, Charles. 

Hiatt, Mr. and Mrs. C. H.; Paul, 
Nada. 

Hickel, Mr. and Mrs. Amos. 

Hickle, Mr. and Mrs. Colen; Elmer, 
Elsie, George. 

Hickel, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 

Hickle, Mrs. Rosa; Elsie. 

Hiem, Mr. and Mrs. Herman; Marie, 
Carl. 

Hiland, Mr. and Mrs. Milton; Rob- 
ert, Betty, Arthur. 

Hilflicker, Mr. and Mrs. George; 
Ruth Graham. 



Hilflicker, Mr. and Mrs. John; 

George, Helen, Frances. 
Hill, A. G. 
Hill, Emma. 
Hogan, Mr. and Mrs. Elra; Roy, 

Nelda. 
Hogan, Mrs. Dema. 
Holland, Mr. and Mrs. W. F.; Law- 
rence, Willard. 
Holmes, Mr. and Mrs. John; Madge, 

Doras. 
Hoob, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. 
Hott, Mr. and Mrs. James; Grace, 

Milo, Elva, Charlie, Perle No- 

beline. 
Howell, Mr. and Mrs. Henry D. 
Huber, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Hudkins, Adrian. 
Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. Aloin. 
Hudkins, Mrs. Arch. 
Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. Basil. 
Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. David. 
Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. D. B. 
Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. Edward; 

Violet, Retha. 
uaKins, E. V. 
Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. Ezra. 
Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 
Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Fran- 
cis. 
Hudkins, Mr. and Mrs. L. J.; Jennie, 

Dorcas, William. 
Hughy, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Ruth. 
Hunneshagen, Mr. and Mrs. Adolph. 
Hunneshagen, Eugene; Hugh. Ralph, 

Chester. 
Hunneshagen, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; 

Joseph, Margaret. 
Jackson, Mr. and Mrs. J.; Thelma. 
Jennings, Mr. and Mrs. W. H.; Glen, 

Myron, Florence, Lois, 
[ewell, Mrs. Nannie. 
Judy, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; children. 
Keesey, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; child. 
Kennard, Mrs. Anna; Mary. 
Keney, Mr. and Mrs. Dave; Glide. 

Pearl, Geraldine, Corlista. 
Kile, Mr. and Mrs. P. K. 
Kimball, Mr. and Mrs. Nolan; Cleah, 

Ermal. 



324 



THE WORLD WAR 



Kingrey, Mrs. Bernice. 

Kingery, Mr. and Mrs. P. J.; Norah, 

Delilah. 
Kinnear, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Kirchner, Mr. and Mrs. George. 
Kissinger, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas; 

Raymond and Donald. 
Koff, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel; Minnie, 

Hellena, . Frederick, Katherine, 

Alice. 
Kough, Mr. and Mrs. J. L.; Katie. 
Kough, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Ralph, 

Roy, Donald, Frank. 
Kreamrer, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. 
Kreamer, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 
Kreamer, Mr. and Mrs. J. H.; Naomi. 
Kumler, Mr. and Mrs. H. B.; Mar- 
garet, Florence, Charlotte. 
Lamb, Mr. and Mrs. Sam; Hazel, 

Bernice, Marion, Dorthy. 
Lambert, Mrs. Esthe. 
Lamborn, Mr. and Mrs. Clifford; 

Margaret. 
Lamborn, F. W.; Marjorie, Alice, 

Opal, Darl, Alleo. 
Lamborn, Mr. and Mrs. O. J. 
Landis, Fannie. 
Leap, Mr. and Mrs. Loren; Bulah 

Frances and Manson. 
Leasure, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Leasure, Mrs. Lewis; Naomi. 
Lebo, Mr. and Mrs. Alvah. 
Lebo, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph; Raymond, 

Ruth, Julian, Alice. 
Leiter, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Lewis, Cora. 
Ley, Rev. E. A. 
Ley, Frank. 
Limimg, George. 
Lindern, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Ho- 

bert. 
Litchinall, Mr. and Mrs. 
Lisey, Mrs. Jane; Mettie. 
Lisey, Jacob. 

Lisey, Mr.' and Mrs. John; Mary. 
Lynch, B. B. 
Lord, Mr. 

Louden, Mrs. Loura; Tresa, Melba. 
Lough, Isabell; Ray. 
Mahler, Odella. 



Marsh, Mr. and Mrs. Ora; Angdon. 
Martin, Mr. and Mrs. John; Reba 

Erma, Alice. 
Mathews, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 
Mathias, Chas. 

Masters, Mr. and Mrs. Johnson; Ear- 
nest, Naoma, Margaret, Chester 
Lester. 
McBeth, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Robert 
Mary, Josephine, Bertha, Harold 
Floyd. 
McConaughy, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. 
Hugh R., Sarah. 

McConnell, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph 
Joseph Margaret. 

McCoy, Mr. and Mrs. G. B. 

McCoy, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

McKee, Mr. and Mrs. Virgil. 

McKee, Mrs. 

McKinsey, Harold Byron. 

McLain, Mr. and Mrs. D. A.; Ber- 
tha, Scott, Walter, Eniett, Grace, 
Vera. 

McMurray, Mr. and Mrs. Andy; 
Annabelle, Martin. 

McPherson, Mrs. Wm. 

McVay, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Ray. 

Meade, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Meridith, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Metz, Hazel. 

Metzger, Mr. and Mrs. David; Julia. 

Metzger, Mr. and Mrs. Homer; Ruba. 

Metzger, Jacob; Verda. 

Metzger, Wm.; Nellie, Anna, Bertha, 
Ruth. 

Metzger, Mr. and Mrs. Peter; Nellie, 
Ruby. 

Milbren, John; Letha. 

Mills, Mr. and Mrs. L. C. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Elias. 

Miller, John. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Mose. 

Mishler, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Johnnie. 

Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Stacy. 

Miller, Wm.; Donald, Elias, Robert. 

Molencapp, Mr. and Mrs.; mother. 

Montgoinery, Herbert. 

Moon, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 

Moon, Henry. 

Moon, Mrs. Mary Jane. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



325 



Moore, Mr. and Mrs. George; Louis, 
Helen, Wildamae. 

Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel; Mar- 
garet, William. 

Morris. George; Lyman, Ras, Geneva. 

Mott, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Morrow, Mr. and Mrs. Otto; Lorine, 
Russel, Mary, Norma, Gilbert. 

Murphy, Arabelle. 

Mutchler, Mr. and Mrs. Howard H.; 
Josephine, Isabelle Jennett. 

Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence. 

Myers, Frank. 

Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Irwin. 

Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Seawell. 

Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Myers, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. E. 

Nafe, Mr. and Mrs. D. O.; Anna- 
belle, Mabel. 

Natham, Mr. and Mrs. Francis; Rob- 
ert. 

Neff, Mr. and Mrs. Dean. 

Neflf, Mr. and Mrs. Thos.; Clyde D. 

Nelson. Mr. and Mrs. N. E. 

Nickles, Mr. and Mrs. Warren. 

Niseley, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. C. 

Norris, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Nutt, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Violet, 
Harold. 

Osborn, Mrs. Charles. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. 

Overmyer. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest; Ora 
Lafaun. 

Overmyer. Mr. and Mrs. Ira J.; Edna, 
Raymond, Burdell, Carl. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln. 

Overmyer, Mr. and Mrs. S. C; Ho- 
bart, Charlie, Paul Fred. 

Parker, Mr. and Mrs. Hugh; child- 
ren. 

Parker, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. 

Parker. Mr. and Mrs. John; Vernon, 
Arlie, Landreth. 

Patter, Lewis. 

Penrod. Mr. and Mrs. Daniel; Paul. 

Penrod, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. 

Peters, Christ; Nellie, George. 

Pickins, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Her- 
ma, Helen, Esthe. 



Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. Will. 

Plaietz, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; Eldona. 

Polen, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Polen, Mr. and Mrs. Raliegh. 

Polen, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

F'olly, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Pratt, Mr. and Mrs. George; Omer, 
Russel, Freda, Meda. 

Rankin, Mr. and Mrs. John; Mabel. 

Ranns, Bud; Earl, Donna. 

Reedy, Rev. and Mrs. G. S.; Paul. 

Reeser, Mr. and Mrs. Carlie; Nettie, 
Creath, Harry. 

Reese, Mrs. Frank; Dottie. 

Reno, Mrs. Maria. 

Rhinsmith, Mrs. Flora. 

Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. 

Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey; Loyd, 
Thelma. 

Robbins, Alexander. 

Rolston, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. 

Roth, Mr. and Mrs. S. B. 

Rouch, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. 

Russel, Mr. and Mrs. John P. 

Sales, Mr. and Mrs.; Robert, Gene- 
vieve. 

Schirm, George. 

.Schirm, Samuel. 

Scott. Mr. and Mrs. Frank S. 

Sears, Mrs. Ellen. 

Shere, Mr. and Mrs. John; Sadie. 

Sheridan, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel; Mich- 
ael, Mary. 

Shine, Albert. 

Shine, Mr. and Mrs. W. M. 

Shoemakier. Mr. and Mrs. L. M.; Al- 
bert, Ralph. 

Showley, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur. 

Showley, Mr. and Mrs. Charles; For- 
est, Doyle, Sanford, Dortha. 

Showley, Jacob. 

Sibert. Mr. and Mrs. D. W. 

Simmons, Mr. and Mrs. Fred 
Louise. 

Singer, Brice. 

Singer, Mrs. Ettie. 

Singer, Mr. and Mrs. Lester. 

Singer, Wm. 

Slick, Mr. and Mrs. Herman. 

Slick, Joseph. 



326 



THE WORLD WAR 



Slick, Mrs. Lucie; Emma. 

Slonaker, Mr. and Mrs. Blake; Isaac, 
Ethel, Joanna. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur; Carl. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Boid. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. B. F.; Ruth. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Dan. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer; Chester, 
Thelma. 

Smith, George. 

Smith, John. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. J. K. 

Smith, Maud; Oren. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver. 

Smith, Mr. anr Mrs. Roy; Beulah, 
Beuford. 

Smith. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel; Mar- 
garet, Elizabeth, Georgia, Ralph, 
Helen. 

Smith, Sile. 

Snepp, Mr. and Mrs. D. H. 

Snepp, Mrs. Fannie. 

Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. j. S.; John, 
Paul, Walter, Hubert. 

Spangler, Mr. and Mrs. Adam; Jes- 
sie. 

Sparks, Mr. and Mrs. C. J. 

Sparks, Mr. and Mrs. Justin C. 

Staman, Jessie; Charles, Hugh. 

Stams, John. 

Starr, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. B.; Alta, 
Wallace, Lewis, Lorena, Kath- 
ryn, George, Mildred. 

Steele, John; Dilla. 

Steinke, Mr. and Mrs.; Carl, Flor- 
ence. 

Stiefenhoefer, Dora. 

Stingly, Mr. and Mrs. Amos; Fred, 
Chloe, Esther. 

Stout, Mr. and Mrs. W. H.; Earl. 

Stubbs, Mr. and Mrs. Edward. 

Stubbs, Mr. and Mrs. Frederick. 

Stubbs, Mr. and Mrs. Schuyler. 

Taber, Mr. 

Talbott, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur; Paul. 

Talbott, Mr. and Mrs. J. B.; Maurice, 



Annabelle, Albert, Harlen, Ralph, 

May, Charles, Simon. 
Teeters, Mrs. Ettie; Mildred, Jessie. 
Tomlison, Mr. and Mrs. Robert R.; 

sons. 
Tonily, Mr. and Mrs. Cole. 
Troutman, Mr. and Mrs. H. N. 
Troutman, Mr. and Mrs. George B.; 

Arthur, Ester. 
Troutman, Mr. and Mrs. Ottis. 
Troutman, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Vearl, 

Enith, Jean. 
Urbin, Mr. and Mrs. Guy. 
Urbin, Mr. and Mrs. H.; Bruce. 
Vankirk, Belle. 

Wagners, Don B.; Frank L., Dona B. 
Walle, Wm.; Gertrude, Gerald. 
Walsh, Mr. and Mrs. Jas.; Mary. 
Walters, Mr. and Mrs. C. N. 
Walters, Mrs. Eliza; Lola. 
Walter, J. A. 
Walters, Mr. and Mrs. John; Wilda, 

Wilber. 
Walters, Wm. Eldon. 
Washburn, Dr. and Mrs. J. M.; 

Helen, Herbert. 
Ware, Mrs. Martha. 
Weaver, Lizzie. 

Weiser, Mr. and Mrs. Weiser, Eri. 
Weller, Mr. and Mrs. Claud. 
Weller, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse; Helen. 
Wentzel, Mr. and Mrs. Charlie; 

Marie, Harold. 
Wentzel, Mr. and Mrs. George; Eva. 
Wentzel, Mr. and Mrs. J. S.; Irma. 
Wentzel, Mr. and Mrs. Nathaniel; 

Arthur. 
West, Mr. J. M.; Chas. 
Wharton, Mr. and Mrs. Orville. 
Wharton, Mr. and Mrs. W. B.; Ma- 
rion, Ruth, Harlan, Esther. 
Wharton, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. M.; 

Roy, Gladys. 
Wilckson, Mr. and Mrs. L. C. 
Wilckson, Loel. 
Williams, Mrs. Mary. 
Willoughby, Mr. and Mrs. F. S.; 

Paul. 
Willoughby, Mr. and Mrs. Thos: J.; 

June, Gail, Doris. 



CONTRIBUTORS 



327 



Willoughby, Mr. and Mrs. W. N.; 
children. 

Wilson, George. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. George. 

Wilson, John. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. James. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. John L.; Dar- 
line, Margaret. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. John M.; 
Sarah, Clifford. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. John; James. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Thos. R.; 
Hellen. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. F. 

Wolington, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd. 

Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur; Ethel. 

Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. 

Worfeild, Mrs. John. 

Workings, Mr. and Mrs. Frank. 

Working, Mr. and Mrs. Peter; Les- 
ter, Dana, Elizabeth. 



Wright, Mr. and Mrs. A. C.; Bonnie. 
Wright, Mr. and Mrs. Thos.; Glenn. 
York, Mr. and Mrs. Ebert; Chester, 
Tessie. 

Zartman, Mrs. Louella; Imogcne. 
Zea, Mrs. Mary; Charles. 
Zellars, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 
Zeller, Mr. and Mrs. Howard; Izola, 

Arnold, Helen, Bernice. 
Zellers, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. 
Zellars, Mr. and Mrs. M. 
Zellars, Mr. and Mrs. Roy. 
Zellars, Mr. and Mrs. Ruddy. 
Zellars, Wm. 

Zimmerman, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis. 
Zimpleman, Mr. and Mrs. Michiel; 

Martha, Mollie, Dessie. 
Zuck, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse; Claude, 

Irene. 



Wayne Township 



Alber, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel; Calvin, 

Garrett, Jauneta, Berdenia, Win- 

nefred, Theadore, Nina, Clifford. 
Albro, Mrs. Jane; Sula. 
/Nshby, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. 
Failey, Mr. and Mrs. James, .Sr.; Garl, 

James, Jr. 
Baker, Mr. and Mrs. Earl; Thelma, 

Forest. 
Barker, Mr. and Mrs. Eli; Mae. 
Barker, Mr. and Mrs. Ellis; Vern, 

Edith. 
Barnett, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Helen, 

Mary Nina, Mack, Bessie. 
Beattie, Mr. and Mrs. Ray; Claud, 

Ruby, Roy, Walter. 
Beattie, Warren; Charles. 
Bennett, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey. 
Brewer, Mr. and Mrs. Carl; Dean H., 

Audrey May. 
Bruce, Mr. and Mrs. Albert; Eldon, 

Berdilla. 
Buchanan, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. F.; 

Dessie, Martha, Lela, James. 



Burns, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur. 

Burns, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac; Minnie, 

Donald. 
Burns, Mrs. Josey. 
Caldwell, Mr. and Mrs. James; 

Lienor. 
Callahan, Mr. and Mrs. Russell; Dor- 

thy. 
Calvin, Mr. and Mrs. E. P.; Mable, 

Elizabeth, Vincent, George. 
Calvin, Frank. 
Calvin, John. 
Calvin, Mr. and Mrs. V. W.; Bertha, 

Arthur. 
Carr, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. ; Oscar, Dor- 
othy. 
Carr, Mr. and Mrs. Lonnie; Evelyn 

Erma. 
Carter, Mr. and Mrs. James; Thomas, 

Walter, Fayette, Merle. 
Caton, Mr. and Mrs. C. E.; Lulie, 

Cornell, Donald. 
Caton, Mr. and Mrs. Robert M.; John, 

Joseph. 



328 



THE WORLD WAR 



Comer, Edna. 

Conn, Verl B. 

Conner Nancy. 

Connery, Mary; Nancy. 

Cornell, Mr. and Mrs. Jerry; Ray, 

Velma, Mary, Irvin. 
Costella, Mr. and Mrs. Edward W.; 

Laura M. 
Costello, Mr. and Mrs. John W.; 

Mary, Ellen, Edward, J. W., Jr., 

Joseph, Clara, Ada. 
Cowell, Mr. and Mrs. B. M.; Mabel, 

Cornell. 
Cummings, Mr. and Mrs. John; Lu- 

cile, Cleotis. 
Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. James; 

Everet. 
Daiz, Mr. and Mrs. Doratha. 
Denton, John; Harley, George. 
Dively, Mr. and Mrs. William; Rus- 

sel, ■ George, Edgar. Florence, 

Pauline, Violet. 
Douglass, Mr. and Mrs. Frank; Al- 
bert, John, Eva, Joseph, Elmer. 
Downs, Alfred; Grace. 
Eiselman, Mrs. Margaret. 
Esterbrook, C. 
Foutz, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Harold, 

Elmer. 
Fredner, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
Freeman, Mrs. Lillie; Gladys, Maude. 
Geier, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew. 
Geier, James B. 
Geier, Michel F. 
Geier, Mr. and Mrs. Roy. 
Graffis, Mr. and Mrs. Virgil W.; War- 
ren, George, Sybil, Doris, Blanche 

Irene. 
Graham, Mr. and Mrs. Perry; Frank, 

James, Wilma, Blanche, Elmer, 

Fredrick. 
Grube, Mrs. Mary; Jennings. 
Harrison, Mr. and Mrs. John, Sr. 
Harrison, Mr. and Mrs. John, Jr., 

Minnie. 
Harrison, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas. 
Henderson, Mr. and Mrs. Richard; 

Delma. 
Herd, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas; John. 
Herrold, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.; Luville. 



Herrold, Mr. and Mrs. Henry. 
Herrold, Mr. and Mrs. John W.; Carl, 

Don. 
Heward, Mrs. Irene. 
Heyer, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph, Sr.; 

Mary. 
Hiatt, Mr. and Mrs. Harry. 
Hill, Mr. and Mrs. Lyman; Donald, 

Warren, Marjory, Mildred, David. 
Hirch, Henry. 
Hirch, Tone. 

Hiyer, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. B.; Flor- 
ence, Violet. 
Hizer, Mr. and Mrs. Aaron; Denis. 
Hizer, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel F.; Fred, 

Icel. 
Hizer, Mr. and Mrs.. Henry; Dave. 
Hizer, Mr. and Mrs. Nelson; Frank- 
lin. 
Horton, Mr. and Mrs. Leon. 
Huffman, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence; 

Everett, Merle, Mildred. 
Huffman, Mr. and Mrs. Thurman; 

Joseph, Donald. 
Jenkins, Mr .and Mrs. Robert; Mary. 
Jensen, Mr. and Mrs. J.; Ronald, 

Richard. 
Jones, Mr. and Mrs. Dorley; Gerald- 

ine, Blanche. 
Jones, Mr. and Mrs. Edmond. 
Julian, S. W.; Lillie. 
Kaenig, Mr. and Mrs. Geo.; Caroline, 

Ella, Anna, May, Bessie, Floyd, 

Ruby, Fay, Roy. 
Kent, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Dessie, 

Ralph. 
Kimble, Mr. and Mrs. Edward; Lena, 
Lester, Beatrice. 
Kines, Mrs. Ellen. 
King, Mr. and Mrs. Wm.; Dwight. 
Kirk, Mr. and Mrs. Leonard; Blanche, 

Samuel, Golda. 
Kumler, John J.; Mae. 
Kumler, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Loren, 

Lois, Byron. 
Lambert, Mr. and Mrs. H. C. 
Leasure, Mr. and Mrs. Floyd; Wayne. 
Leedy, Mr. and Mrs. Bert; Harold, 

Clyde, Dale. 
Long, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence; Irene, 



CONTRIBUTORS 



329 



Everett, Marie. 
Lower, Mr. and Mrs. Mose; Alfred, 

Ida. 
Ivuey, Mr. and Mrs. John; George, 

Russell. 
McClain, Mr. and Mrs. D. A.; Walter, 

Scott, Vera, Grace, Emmitt. 
McCoy, James; Lela. 
McDonough, George; Jane. 
McLochlin, Mr. and Mrs. John R.; 

Marie, Omar, Albert, Gurtie, 

Ralph. 
Mangold, Mr. and Mrs. Gustave. 
M^rsh, Mr. and Mrs. Earl; Annal, 

Rosalie, Sherrel. 
Marsh, Mr. and Mrs. S. C. 
Marsh. Mr. and Mrs. Sherman. 
Martin, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Maudlin, Mr. and Mrs. Ray. 
Meyers, Mr. and Mrs. J. F.; Madge, 

Jessie, Hazel. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Alva. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Michael; Ethel, 

Pearl, Olive, Alva. 
Mogle, Mr. and Mrs. Harry; Leah, 

Marion. 
Miller, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver. 
Moore, Mrs. Enoch; Ernest, Freida. 
Morphet, Mr. and Mrs. John. 
Murray, Mr. and Mrs. Asa J.; George, 

Rex, Flossie, Cloyde. 
Nichol, Mr. and Mrs. S. S.; Elma, 

Elva, Ruth, Paul, Ralph, Ruby. 
Nickels, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. E.; Des- 

sie, Fred, Howard, Bertha. 
Nickles, Walter, Elsie, George, 

Phoebe, Ruth, Dan, Florence. 
O'Brien, Mr. and Mrs. Patrick A.; 

Pricilla, James, Allen. 
Parcel, Mr. and Mrs. John; Mary, 

Theodore. 
Pensinger, Mr. and Mrs. Warren; 

Margaret, Helen, James. 
Phillips, Freemont, Virgil. 
Rans, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel. 
Rans. Mr. and Mrs. F. M.: Edgar. 
Rans, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Ethel, 

Helen, Harold, Hubert. 
Rans, Spurgen. 
Rans, William. 



Rife, Mr. and Mrs. Charley; Marvin, 
Hewell, Henrietta, Nellie, Lloyd. 

Robbins, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde; Ken- 
nith. 

Robbins, Arthur, Glenn. 

Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. T. F.; Ranna 
Margaret, Fern Fay, Forrest 
May. 

Sadler, Mr. and Mrs. C; Elvin. 

Sadler, Mr. and Mrs. Edward; Nelson, 
Jack. 

Saunders, Mr. and Mrs. E. {.; Eu- 
gene, Eva, Marjorie. 

Sedan, Mr. and Mrs. Ora; Lottie, 
Ruth, Clod, Lee, Herold. 

Shanley, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; Laura, 
Lester. 

Smith, Mr. and Mrs. James; Lafay- 
ette. 

Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. Michael. 

Spotts, Mr. and Mrs. Fred; William 
Perkins. 

Stewart, Mr. and Mrs. O. P.; Tressa, 
Marie, Beaula, Ruby. 

Stone, W. C; Dora, Harvey. 

Tatman, Mr. and Mrs. John; Leslie, 
Jessie, Clarence, Vernie, Roan, 
Raymon. 

Thomas, Mr. and Mrs. Richard M.;, 
Lela, Robert, Floyd. 

Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. Kennith; 
Josephine. 

Thrush, Robert; Milo. 

Thrush, Mr. and Mrs. Winfield; Ola. 

Todd, Mr. and Mrs. Roy W.; Bruce. 

Torrence, Mr. and Mrs. John. 

Waddups, Mr. and Mrs. George; 
Ruth, Mary, George E. 

Walsh, Mr. and Mrs. F. K.; Dorothy. 

Walsh. Mr. and Mrs. Will, Sr.; Jo- 
seph, Margaret, Thomas, Arthur, 
Helen, Lawrence. 

Ware, Mr. and Mrs. Greenville; Earl. 

Weasner, Mrs. William. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Henry; Chas. 
Olive. 

Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Roy; Forest, 
Ruth, Hazel. 

Young, Chester. » 



Illustrations 



Soldiers Leaving for Camp 1 

Gen. Pershing's Headquarters 26 

General Headquarters in France 26 

Whippet Tank ^^ 

Liberty Guards 

Groups of Soldiers Every Other Page 

between 



Nurses 

Dugouts at Verdun. 



Black, John W 

Burns, Ernest V 

Clymer, Claude Everett 

Golub, Jacob 

Hartz, Fred 

Hartz, Benjamin Joe 

Irvine, Martin A 

Koester, Earl C 

Mikesell, Deane Wilbur 

Madary, Clarence Verle 

Merely, Adolph R 

Murphy, Raymond George. 

Nicodemus, John A 

Parrish, George L. D 

Snyder, Jesse LeRoy 

Shelton, Leroy C 

Van Meter, Frank 



96 and ISO 
-_186 
__188 



Gold Star Men 

Benge, Clarence Oren 191 

191 

191 

192 

192 

192 

193 

193 

193 

194 

194 

195 

195 

195 

196 

196 

197 

197 



Table of Contents 

Aubbeenaubbee Schools 277 

Banks 94 

Boys in Khaki ^ 95 

Bridge Workers 93 

Civil War, Recollections 258 

Committees 42 

Contributors 277 

Councils of Defense 54 

Conscription Board 71 

Death of Verle Madary 257 

Financing the War 62 

Food Administration ^^ 70 

4th Division 204 

42nd Division 218 

Fuel Administration 79 

Fulton County in the War 40 

Fulton County's Folicy 56 

General Pershing's Story 25 

Gold Star Men . 191 

Honor Roll 198 

Liberty Guards 81 

Liberty Red Cross 293 

Library Work 80 

Miscellaneous Statistics 39 

Nurses 187 

Newspapers 94 

Red Cross Work 83 

Rochester Workers 49 



Soldiers' Letters and Experiences 

Brickel, Harry '^'^'^ 

Deardorf, Frederick K. 266 

Emrick, Ross D. 260 

Emons, Lester E 241 

Flora, Arch 274 

Ferry, Chas. F 229 

Garner, Clarence K. 264 

Goss, Byron C. 244 

Houser, A. W. 269 

Irvine, Chas. G ^^' 

King, Milo S. 242 

Kistler, Chas. 240 

Marshall, Claude 275 

Overmyer, Roy -^ 

Owen, Foster -^ 

Redmond, Walter I. 236 

Swihart, Frank 243 

Sisson, Earl 245 

Shelton, Ray _— • 261 

Sterner, Howard 2/1 

Safford, Fred L -72 

Wright, Marcus -^^ 

Wright, Miss Ruth ^2 

Westwood, Benj. 263 

Township Workers 

79 
Victory Boys and Girls 

War Savings 

Women's Work 

Women's Liberty Loan 

Women's Committees 

Work on Farms 

Work in Schools 

The World War. ^ 

First Battle of the Marne J^ 

Fighting the East 

War in Air and Sea ^ 

The West Front ^ 

The Russian Collapse 

United States Enters War -^ 

Last German Drive 



441k 



^ r